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evangelizing of the world. But their hearers to animated exertion the field we have chosen is one to in the missionary cause. A short which the American Board has address was made to them and to never sent a single missionary, and the deeply affected audience, by to which that Board, it is believed, the present writer; and with arhad no design of sending one dent supplications to God in their speedily,* at the time this mission behalf, and the singing of approwas resolved on. There can, priate missionary hymns, the final therefore, be no interference in the parting took place. They left the field of operation; and at home it city at an early, hour the next is hoped that the most friendly morning, in the steamboat for Balfeelings and courteous intercourse timore. Of their subsequent prowill be cherished and maintained. ceedings, although anxious for in
formation, we had heard nothing,
till on the 5th inst. we received by In our number for last month, mail, “ The Southern Religious we gave a short account of the Telegraph,”—for which its editor ordination, on the 12th of that will accept our thanks-containmonth, of two missionaries, Messrs. ing, under date of “ Richmond, Pinney and Barr, destined to the Nov. 2, 1832,” the following arinterior of Africa; on which oc
ticle: casion an address was made of which the foregoing, as already DEATH OF REV. JOSEPH W. BARR. intimated, was intended as a part, “ Another missionary has fallen. It is On the 19th of the month, being our painful duty to state, that Mr. Joseph obliged to hasten their departure, W. Barr departed this life at the residence in order to reach the vessel at
of Mr. John N. Gordon, in this city, last
Sabbath, (the 28th inst.) about 3 o'clock, Norfolk, in which they expected P. M. His death was sudden and unexto sail for Liberia, they took their pected. At 9 o'clock on Saturday night, farewell of their Christian friends he was apparently in perfect health. We in Philadelphia, at an evening with a few friends of missions, who fest
passed the evening with him in company prayer meeting, in the Session deeply interested in the enterprise on room of the church in which they which he was about to embark.) He had been ordained; and in fervent was slightly indisposed (as he afterwards prayers, accompanied with tears of stated) when he retired to his chamber
for the night. About 1 o'clock, he was devout affection, were commended
taken violently ill of Cholera. Able phyto the protection and blessing of sicians were immediately called in, and Almighty God. No solemnity of the usual remedies administered; but in a long life was to us more interest- vain.—His Lord and Master had called ing, or impressive. Each of the for him. The progress of his disease was
so rapid as to baffle the efforts of medical young brethren made a short ad- skill--and at 3 o'clock he was released dress, in which they thanked their from his sufferings, and admitted, we trust, Christian friends for the kindness into the rest which the Lord has prepared they had received, bespoke a con
for his people. stant remembrance for themselves friends, and to the young ministers who
It will be consolatory to his distant in earnest prayer, and exhorted were recently his fellow students, to know
that he appeared to be perfectly resigned * Such was truly the belief of the speak- to this mysterious stroke of Providence. er, after some inquiry, at the time the ad- Though his heart, filled with compassion dress was delivered. It appears, however, for the perishing, was fixed on the work that the A. B. C. F. Missions, resolved, of missions in Africa, to which he had deat their last anniversary, to send a mission dicated his life-yet he was willing to to Africa.
Still, notwithstanding, there leave it, and to die. He discovered no can be no danger of interference: There alarm at the approach and near prospect is a field for much more missionary labour of death. The summons, though sudden in Africa, without hazard of injurious in- and unexpected, did not find him unpreterference, than could be furnished by all pared. On being asked by the writer, the missionary societies in the world. concerning the state of his mind, he ex
Ch. Adv.-VOL. X.
pressed with earnestness his confidence in ledge of the gospel among the benighted God, and submission to his will, adding- tribes of that land. At their ordination, "the blood of Christ cleanseth from all the Rev. Dr. Green presided; Rev. Dr. sin.” Here rested his hope, on the Rock of Alexander preached on the command of ages--and it sustained him in the hour of Christ to make disciples of all nations: trial. He repeatedly expressed the same and the Rev. Dr. Miller delivered a charge unshaken trust in the Lord to other Chris. to the missionaries. Arrangements had tian brethren, who attended him during been made for their leaving their country, his short illness. Death to him was a to enter at once upon their work, and vanquished enemy. In the near view of they were expecting to embark for Africa eternity, he could pray in the language in the vessel that was to sail from Norfol's of the Apostle-- Even so, come Lord for Liberia, the present week. Jesus,' &c.
Mr. Barr arrived in this city on ThursThe general distress of body produced day evening. On Friday he went to Poby his disease, did not cloud or impair the lersburgh, and after making arrangeenergies of his mind. While looking to ments for a public meeting in that place, his Saviour for support, and to the glories to be held on Tuesday, he returned to of that world which he was about to enter, Richmond. This was on Saturday:--The be did not forget his distant friends, nor same day a notice was inserted in our the attentions of those around him. When daily papers that he would preach on the no longer able to speak aloud, he said to Sabbath-the day on which he was disthe writer in a low whisper—'I wish while missed from his labours to enter into rest. I am able to speak, to express my grati. Though he was a stranger to our churches tude to my friends here (referring to Mr. -his visit was welcomed; and those who and Mrs. Gordon, and the brethren who became acquainted with him, felt deeply were with him) for their kindness to' me;' interested both in him and the cause thus recollecting every thing which Chris. in which he was enlisted. Already new tian courtesy might suggest to one in hopes were awakened for Africa—and the bealth.
friends of missions rejoiced that their breHis funeral was attended on Monday thren of the Western Board had obtainod at the First Presbyterian Church, at 11 for the arduous enterprise the services of o'clock. The pastor of the church was one who appeared to be so well qualified absent, having left the city a few days and prepared for the work. How suddensince, to attend the meeting of the Synod ly have these hopes been swept away! In of Virginia. The Rev. Mr. Taylor preach- a moment the plans of usefulness which ed a sermon appropriate to the occasion, our brother had formed, are destroyed, from Rev. xxii. 20. He which testifieth and the benevolent work is interrupted. these things, saith, Surely I come quickly: The Lord saw that it was in his heart to Amen. Even so, come Lord Jesus. The accomplish it, and discharged him from words in the last clause of the verse, the service. The purposes of Jehovah in our departed brother had used in a con- this affecting dispensation, are shrouded versation with Mr. Taylor, on Sabbath 'in darkness—but it becomes the church, morning.
instead of regarding it as a calamity, or We can say little of the life or character fearing that it may be the occasion of deof our young brother who was sent here lay in the work of missions in Africa, to to die-as he was not personally known trust in the Lord, believing that He, to to us, till the evening before his death. whom this cause is unspeakably dear, is He was the son of the Rev. Thos. Barr, of ordering all things wisely for its accomMonroe, Butler county, Ohio. He pursued plishment. his studies preparatory to the ministry, at This young missionary, though dead, the Theological Seminary, Princeton, N, may yet speak to the churches and plead J. On the 12th of October, but 16 days for injured Africa, in language which before his removal froin us, he and Mr.'J. shall a waken many from their slumbers, B. Pinney, a native of Georgia, were or- and excite them to call on God to sustain dained and set apart for the work of Christ and bless the efforts which his people make among the heathen, by the 1st Presbytery for the salvation of her benighted, barbarof Philadelphia. They had recently been ous tribes. How impressively are the students together at the Theological Se- Western Board and the friends of missions, minary, and had given themselves unre- exhorted, to enter on this work in the servedly to the Western Foreign Mis- posture of earnest prayer. Cease ye from sionary Society of the Synod of Pittsburg. man-God only can sustain the cause. They had been appointed, agreeably to The best plans may be formed the best their own wishes, to explore the interior men may be appointed to execute them of Africa, with a design of establishing a all things may be prepared for the enter missionary station, in such a place as prise-but if the church be not instant should appear to them, after a syrvey, and earnest in prayer to God, taking hold moet favourable for diffusing the know- on the divine promises with a vigorous
faith, so that the Lord shall direct and sus. it is his prerogative to bring light tain her benevolent efforts-can the work out of darkness, and good out of be effected? Will not the plans be fruit- evil; that the language of this afless?
When a missionary falls in a barbarous fecting providence is, "Be still, or unhealthy clime, how prone is unbelief and know that I am God;" and to regard the event as an indication of that doing so," what we know not Providence, reproving the friends of missions for their imprudence in thus rushing now, we shall know hereafter.” It into danger! Had our young brother as
is not ours, who have felt what suddenly fallen in Africa-how many it is to lose a beloved first-born would have looked at the event as a warn. sun, in the bloom of ripened maning, admonishing them to neglect her pe. hood and opening usefulness, to in Africa! Has there not been too much speak lightly of parental sorrowfear and false reasoning on this subject?, ing, on such an occasion. But howMay not such providences as this correct ever we might feel
and even sancthe views of many Christians? If such tified nature may have her tears, men as Cornelius and Barr, men of vigor: for Jesus wept at the grave of a ous constitutions and perfect health and of much physical strength, are suddenly friend-we think we should also cut down in places where no fatal disease* thank God and rejoice, that we had prevailsshall it be thought strange that had a son, to live and die like men die in like manner, in Africa, or In- Joseph W. Barr. Nor let our the cause of missions urged from a consi- young brother Pinney be disheartderation of the unhealthy climates to ened, nor turned from his purpose. which missionaries, must be exposed, Our hope is sanguine, that this might be answered by many facts of this mournful occurrence is intended kind."
by the God of Providence and For the prompt publication of this well written article, the friends crease the holy zeal and ardour of
grace, not to extinguish, but to inof Mr. Barr, and of the mission in.
our young ministerial brethren to which he laid down his life, will publish the tidings of salvation to feel peculiarly grateful to its au
the perishing miilions of the Afri. thor-It anțicipates many thoughts can continent. We recollect that which we might otherwise suggest. a few years since, when two or Most deeply do we sympathize three Moravian missionaries were with the aged and bereaved pa- suddenly cut off by disease, in a rents of Mr. Barr, and with those situation of great peril, so many brothers and sisters for whom, in others immediately offered to go his farewell address, he requested and supply their place, that all the the prayers of his Christian friends, difficulty was to make a selection as much as for himself-Next to among the volunteers, of those them, our sympathy is awakened who were the best fitted for the for Mr. Pinney, who has, by this
enterprise. Our disappointment sudden and unlooked for stroke, will be great, if a companion for been deprived of the cherished our dear brother Pinney will not friend and companion, with whom
soon make a deodand of himself he hoped to share the labours and for this service. The mission perils of carrying the lamp of gos. may suffer a little delay and it pel light into the thickest gloom of
that its sucbenighted Africa. But his mourn
cess was promoted by this delaying relatives and companions will but it will not be, it cannot be not need our admonition to remem- abandoned. . On the contrary, we ber, that “ The Lord reigneth;" trust that this afflictive dispensathat he doth all things well; that tion is mercifully intended to wake
* We do not learn that any case of up the dormant feelings and enerCholera existed in this city at the time gies of thousands in our church, Mr. Barr was here.
by the attention it will attract to
this great object, and the interest taught that there may be danger in it which cannot fail to be ex- and death where neither is thought cited, when it is seriously consider- of, and protection from both, where ed. Thus our youthful martyr much had been apprehended. On to the cause may promote it inore the whole, we hope that the death by his death, than he could have of the beloved Barr will excite done by his life. “ Thou didst many of the members of our Theowell that it was in thy heart," was logical Seminaries, to offer themthe repeated declaration of God to selves for foreign missions, and for David, who desired to construct those to Africa in particular; for the temple, the building of which ask them—who of you
all was reserved to another. And is would not think it desirable, rather it presumptuous for us?-we think than dreadful, to die as Barr died, not-to indulge an humbleconfident if such should be the will of God? hope, that He who is made head -To go by a triumphant death to over all things to the church, has the heavenly crown of a missionaalready said to our deceased mis- `ry, without a missionary's trials sionary in the mansion above, and toils! We cannot think that " thou didst well that it was in thy our brethren of the Western Foheart” to go to Africa; but enter reign Missionary Society will be into thy rest; thy death shall be discouraged, but rather animated blest; and another shall bear the - to increased activity and effort, by toils, and meet the perils which this trial of their faith and fidelity, are spared to thee; and with him in the death of one of their Afrithou shalt rejoice in the success can missionaries, before he had left of the gospel, which, from these his native land. It was not till afheights of glory, thou shalt wit- ter more than fifteen years of deness in the dark regions to which lay, and the death, if we rightly thou wouldst have gone.
recollect, of several missionaries, A monitory lesson is solemnly that the London Missionary Sogiven to all the friends of missions ciety were permitted to witness by the
death we contemplate. any decided success in their misWe are taught to regard our mis- sion to Tahite. But then their sionaries as unreservedly conse- believing perseverance was crowncrated to God, to be disposed of ed' with such a triumph as has according to his sovereign will, scarcely been paralleled since the and not according to our wishes. apostolick' age. “A nation was We are taught that He may see born in a day.” Let us follow meet to make use of them as in- their example-Let our faith be struments to promote his cause, firm; let our exertions be augmenteither by life or by death, in a way ed; let our dependence on God be wholly unexpected by us. We are more simple; let our prayers be taught that our faith, and patience, more fervent, and more frequent, and perseverance, in missionary and more believing; and in due plans and efforts, may be-probably time we shall reap if we faint will be--severely tried, before suc- not." cess will be granted.
LECTURES ON THE PRAYER OF FAITH; to expect from the performance of this
Read before the Theological Stu- duty. It places distinctly before us, not dents at Auburn, N. Y. and pub- peculiar importance of prayer." if any
only the indispensable obligation, but the lished at their request. By James man lack wisdom, let him ask of God, Richards, D. D. New York: Jo- who giveth to all men liberally and upnathan Leavitt, 182 Broadway. braideth not, and it shall be given him.”
But if God will give wisdom to him that 1832.
asks—and that because he is liberal and We have read these lectures- upbraideth, not-no reason can be assign
ed why he should not give other needed two in number—with great inter- blessings to those who duly solicit them. est, and with no small gratification. In this passage we are taught also the The subject of them is one of manner in which prayer should be offered, much importance in itself; and one, to make it acceptable and availing “Let
him ask in faith, nothing wavering; for at the same time, in regard to
he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea which very hurtful errors are en- driven with the wind and tossed ; let not tertained and propagated, in some that man think he shall receive any thing, parts of our country, particularly of the Lord.”. It is not every kind of in the region in which the respect- of faith only. The doubting or wavering
prayer which is prevalent, but the prayer ed author resides. For this rea- man has no reason to expect any thing son, as well as because he is placed from the Lord. If he receive at all, it at the head of a Theological Semi- must be in a way of mere sovereignty, nary, it was peculiarly proper that
and not according to promise ; for none he should discuss the subject; and
of his prayers possess the character to
which the promise of acceptance is made. we are glad it has fallen into such But to place this whole subject more able hands.
distinctly before you, I shall direct your We are not accustomed to re
attention to the following inquiries:
I. What is the great end or design of view, at much length, pamph
prayer? lets of the size of that now before II. Wherein does the importance of
But for the reasons already this duty appear? intimated, we shall, on the present
III. What are some of the characteris. occasion, depart somewhat from tics of an acceptable prayer?
IV. What is to be understood by the our common usage; give'a brief prayer of faith, and how far has God analysis of these lectures, make bound himself to hear and answer such some passing remarks, and add prayer? quotations of considerable length. The first of these divisions is
At the head of each of these treated both negatively and posilectures, we find placed the text tively. In answering the question James 1. 5, 6, 7. ,
-What is the great end or de* If man lack wisdom, let him aşk
prayer, the author says any of God that giveth to all men liberally and “1. It is not, most surely, to inform the upbraideth not, and it shall be given him; Most High of our situation or our wants. but let him ask in faith, nothing wavering.
*** 2. Nor is it to excite him to greater For he that wavereth is like a wave of the degrees of pity or benevolence, or to rensea, driven with the wind and tossed. For der our own case, or the case of others, let not that man think that he shall re- more interesting to him than before. * * * ceive any thing of the Lord.”
3. Nor is it the design of prayer to effect
any change in the purposes of God.” The professor introduces and After very briefly, and very permakes a distribution of his subject tinently illustrating these particuas follows:
lars, it is said in the close of the This is one of the many promises made
last to prayer; and, if properly understood, “ Though it [prayer) cannot change or would teach us both how to pray and what persuade God, it may accomplish very