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which threatens the reigning emperor. The British are exploring the river Indus, .with a view of making a settlement in the fertile country of Sinde. In Palestine, Ibrahim Pacha, the son and commander-in-chief of the armies of the Pacha of Egypt, is carrying all before him, in a war with the Turkish Sultan. He has captured Acre, and defeated the Sultan's army, with great loss, at Homs; and was, at the last accounts, marching for Aleppo, in confident

expectation of taking it by storm. The whole of Palestine and the adjoining regions, seem, for the present, and probably forever, to be lost to the Sultan,

AFRICA. While Ibrahim Pacha is prosecuting the war against the Grand Seignor in Asia, Ali Pacha, his father, is doing every thing to sustain him, by efficient measures in Egypt. This Ali is a man of great resources, and is changing the whole aspect and character of his African possessions. The last accounts from Liberia represent the American colony there as in a more prosperous state than at any former period. It seems to us that the United States will disregard both duty and interest, if this promising and important colony does not speedily receive a liberal and efficient patronage.

AMERICA. There are so many ephemeral changes among the states in the southern part of our continent, that it scarcely seems proper, in such a publication as ours, to record them. When any thing takes place which promises a permanent result, or that is of general interest, we shall chronicle it, but smaller occurrences and changes we shall omit. We must defer till the coming month, the notice of a few events of some interest, which our space forbids us to specify at present.

UNITED STATES.–Our whole country is agitated by the elections which are going forward, or being prepared for, of legislators and electors for the several states, and for the general government. We think it is much to be regretted, that all local concerns are influenced by the presidential election; but so it is, and so we fear it will continue to be. That our country is in a really perilous situation is admitted and proclaimed by both the great parties which divide our population. The issue, let us remember, is under the control and direction of the providence of God; and let his praying people implore his interposition to give that result which will be most for his glory, and lihe welfare, peace, prosperity, and permanent happiness of our beloved country.

We have been not a little mortified, to find that in our last number we were instrumental in giving currency to an atrocious falsehood, relative to an answer said to have been returned by the President of the United States, to a memorial of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions; and yet we consider ourselves in this matter as unfortunate only, and not criminal. We found the misrepresentation by which we were misled, published and republished, with marks of quotation, and without any denial or suspicion of forgery that we had heard of; and yet we used the precaution to say—“This is the statement we have seen extracted from the paper bear. ing the title of The Protestant; and we are unable to say whether it is correct or not. If correct, we remark” &c.--Now it appears by the report of the Prudential Committee of the A. B. C. F. Missions, at the meeting of the Board in the present month, that the memorial which they addressed to the President was before the decision of the Supreme Court, and not, as we were misled to state, after that decision. It also appears that the answer to the memorial was made in behalf of the President, by the Secretary of War, and was of an entirely different character from that which we quoted from The Protestant, as having been made by the President himself, using the personal pronoun l-"I do not wish I cannot refrain,” &c: and of course that this alleged answer of the President is an entire and deliberate forgery. We do think that the editor of the Protestant, who has been given to the publick as the first publisher of this detestable fraud, ought, for the sake of his own character, to ferret out and give to the world the author of this abominable slander-Let us not be misunderstood -we are not vindicating the course taken by President Jackson, in the matter of controversy between the Indians and the state of Georgia. To the whole of that course our humble opinion is directly and strongly opposed; but let the course pursued by the President be fairly stated; and not be aggravated by a wicked fabricalion, which will ultimately injure-as every such base artifice will eventually most deeply injure-the cause which it professes to serve, Perhaps it is vain to expect that in a free country ---and we rejoice and give thanks to God that ours is a free country-excesses of various kinds can be entirely prevented, when an important popular election is pending

Some evil is ever mixed with the good, in concerns which deeply interest and are much affected by human feelings and passions. Yet every good man ought to prevent as much evil as he can; and we are persuaded that every species of fraud and falsehood will ultimately rebound, and injure the party that uses it. In the existing conflict of parties, in our country, every Christian man, every friend of religion, every enlightened patriot, ought so to temper his zeal as not unnecessarily to inflame the passions of his opponents; and this he may do, in consistency with using his whole influence, and the greatest amount of influencé, in favour of the cause he advocates.



Heligious Communications.

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LEOTURES ON THE SHORTER CATE- blessed Lord, shortly before his CHISM OF THE WESTMINSTER AS- ascension into heaven. Even SEMBLY OF DIVINES-ADDRESSED among the Jews, the company of

believers was emphatically TO YOUTH.

tle flock," and aniong the Gentiles

it was still less.* But the injuncIn the lecture on which we now

tion to the apostles was, “Go ye, enter, we are to consider who are therefore, and teach all nations, the proper subjects of baptism. baptizing them in the name of the Our Catechismo teaches us, that Father, and of the Son, and of the “ Baptism is not to be administer- Holy Ghost; teaching them to obed to any that are out of the visi

serve all things whatsoever I have ble church, till they profess their

commanded you; and lo, I am faith in Christ and obedience to

with you always, even unto the him; but the infants of such as are

end of the world." members of the visible church, are It is plain from the nature of to be baptized.”

the case, that adults were, in this In order to a right understand commission, contemplated as the ing of this article of our creed, first recipients of Christian bapyou must observe that it consists tism; for till they had become beof two distinct parts; the first part lievers themselves, they would not referring exclusively to persons of be disposed, even if they had been adult age, and the second part to permitted, to receive this sacrainfant children.

ment for their children. It is 1. In regard to those whose fa- therefore no valid objection to inculties or powers are so far ma- fant baptism, that in the original tured that they are able to com- institution there was a command prehend the truths of the gospel, and who have not been baptized in * The Syrophenician woman, the Greeks infancy, and of course are out of introduced to our Lord by Philip at the the visible church,” it is declared last passover, the Centurion whose servant that they are not to be baptized, the nobleman also who received a similar

our Lord healed at Capernaum, possibly “ till they profess their faith in favour at the same place, appear to have Christ and obedience to him.” been believing Gentiles. Of the SamariSmall indeed was the number of tans, beside the woman who first met our those who had faith in Christ, Saviour at the well, it is said that “ many

believed on him." Yet in all, the number when the ordinance of Christian

was probably less than the 120 mentioned baptism was instituted by our Acts i. 15. Ch. Adv.-Vol. X.


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" to teach” those to whom it was truths of the gospel by the evanto be administered; of which in- gelist Philip, received this sacred fant children, we know, were, and rite, it was connected with the viever will be, altogether incapable. sibility, or profession, of a saving

The gospel was to be preached, faith. I remark, further, that the and when, under the powerful in- words of the institution, while fluence of the Holy Spirit, its sav- they imply what has already been ing efficacy should be experienced, stated, indicate also, that teaching the subjects of this blessed opera- should accompany the celebration tion were, on their profession of of Christian baptism. Accordingtheir faith in Christ and obedience ly, our Directory for worship reto him, to receive this seal of his quires, that “ before baptism, the gracious coyenant, and to be en. minister use some words of inrolled as members of his visible struction respecting the instituchurch. This was accordingly tion, nature, and ends of this ordidone both to Jews and Gentiles in nance.” the apostolick age, and was pre- Private baptism, although not sc ibed in the command, to be done forbidden either by the divine in every successive age to the end word or the standards of our of the world. But although Hea- church, but recognised by both, as then, Jews, and Infidels, and the lawful in special cases, ought, neignorant and uninformed among vertheless, to be regarded only as professing Christians, and even

an exception to a general rule. If those who had been ever so well the united prayers of God's peoinstructed, were not to be baptized ple in publick worship are valuatill they were prepared to make a ble on any occasion, they certainly credible profession of sincere faith are so on this; the witnessing of in Christ and obedience to him; the ordinance also, is calculated yet, as soon as they were thus pre- to be useful to every spectator; pared, no matter what might have and when an addition is made to been their previous character, they the members of the church, whewere, by this ordinance, to be ad- ther those members be in adult or mitted into the visible Christian infant age, there is an evident church.

propriety that, in ordinary cases, That a profession which implies it should be made publickly. a saving reception of evangelical It is evident from the circumci. truth, is to be made by all who re- sion of John the Baptist, that a ceive baptism in adult age, may be name was given, when that rite was gathered from the command to administered by the Jews,* and it * teach” the recipients of this sa- it is usually given in the adminiscrament-to disciple them' it is in tration of Christian baptism. But the original--to observe all things the remark of Dr. Doddridge on whatsoever, which Christ deliver this subject is, in my apprehension, ed to his apostles: for the injunc- both just and important. He saystion here given manifestly related “The giving the child its name, to a teaching which should be effec- was no more a part of the original tive; and which appears to be so, intent of circumcision than of bapat the administration of the ordi- tism: it was an incidental circumnance. But in regard to this point, stance that custom had added. we have example as well as infer

* The Bible certainly contains no preWe find that when those cept relative to the giving of a name when who were converted under the the rite of circumcision was celebrated. preaching of Peter on the day of Yet the conjecture seems not improbable, Pentecost, and the Ethiopian eu

that the usage originated from the cir:

cumstance that Abram was called Abra. nuch who was taught the essential ham, when circumcision was appointed.


And I cannot forbear saying that, by the neglect of daty, is a princiin administering the Christian or- ple which few will deny, and dinance, I think care should be which we shall here take for granttaken to order the voice, so that it ed. On this principle, many may plainly appear we only then churches in our communion, respeak to the child by the name that garding a neglect of the express hath been already given it.” command of Christ in regard to 2. The second, and affirmative the sacramental supper,

“ Do this part of the answer now under con- in remembrance of me," as marksideration is, “ that the infants of ing, in all cases, a very censurable such as are members of the visible deficiency in Christian duty, exchurch are to be baptized.” clude from the privilege of offer

The first question here seems to ing their children in baptism, all be,“ Who are members of the 'vi- who are chargeable with this nesible church?” To this, our larger glect; although they are the offcatechism, inexact accordance spring of believing parents, and the with Chap: xxv. of the Confession general aspect of their character, of Faith, answers" The visible and the declared exercises of their church is a society made up of all mind, are such as would othersuch as in all ages and places of wise entitle them to the privilege the world, profess the true reli- which is denied them. Other gion, and of their children;" and churches in our communion think our form of government, chap. ii. this system unduly rigorous, and sec. 4, says-"A particular church adopt a different practice. This consists of a number of professing subject has been referred to the Christians, with their offspring, vo- supreme judicatory of our church luntarily associated together, for in repeated instances; and the redivine worship, and godly living; sult has been, that each particular agreeably to the Holy Scriptures, church has been left to pursue, in and submitting to a certain form this matter, the course which to of government." Agreeably to them may appear most conformathese constitutional articles of the ble to the principles of the gospel, Presbyterian church, which the and most conducive to Christian passages of Scripture, to which edification. they refer, clearly show to be in I have hesitated, my young conformity with the unerring ora- 'friends, whether I would introduce cles of God, it appears that the this topick at all, in the course children, or offspring of church of lectures which I am now delimembers, are themselves members vering to you. But being willing, of the church, as really and fully on every topick of religion and as their parents; and all that we morals, to make, on all proper ochave said hitherto on the subject casions, a frank avowal of my senof baptism is in coincidence with timents, and considering that the this idea. The offsping of pro- matter in question is one of pracfessing believers, then, having, by tice in the Presbyterian church, I their birth and baptism, a com- thought on the whole, that my plete standing in the visible duty required that I should offer church, have, it appears, a right to you my sentiments upon it. This, present their children'in baptism; however, I must do briefly and unless they forfeit this right by summarily, as the nature of these such acts or neglects as justly to lectures do not admit, in any case, subject them to the discipline of of an extended discussion. Let mé the church: and that this right then be understood as delivering may be forfeited or suspended, my own individual sentiments, and both by actual transgression and not as advocating any opinions or

any practice inconsistent with the is extremely difficult to satisfy or statement I make. With regret remove. In the congregation in and grief I admit, that in some which I was born and brought up, churches of our denomination, and in which what is called the there is what appears to me a very strict plan was most strictly folcriminal laxness, in regard to the lowed, there was a man who was administration of this ordinance. regarded by its pastor, my own faNeither have I any belief in such a ther, as second to no man in his thing as a half way covenant; nor charge, as an exemplary Chris. am I prepared to say that the es- tian, and yet this man never could, sential qualifications for participa- and to the day of his death, I betion in both sacraments are not the lieve, never did, get his own consame: and I distinctly say, that sent to approach the table of the baptism, in my judgment, ought Lord-nor were his children bapnot to be administered to those tized. It is no very uncommon of whom there is not reasonable thing for a communicant of deground to believe, after examina- cided Christian character, after tion and inquiry, that the requisi- partaking of the eucharist for tions of duty specified in the vii. years in succession, to become so chapter of our Directory for Wor- scrupulous in regard to his fitness ship will be solemnly regarded, and to sit down at the Lord's table, as their performance conscientiously to absent himself from it for a seaendeavoured. All this notwith- son-in some instances for a long standing, I cannot make absti- season. Are persons of this denence from the Lord's supper, the scription fit subjects for discipline? ground, in all cases, of precluding I think not; on the contrary, it from the privilege of devoting their seems to me they are subjects for infant offspring to God in baptism, much Christian sympathy, and some who are desirous of doing it, great tenderness of treatment. And although they cannot, for the pre- should such individuals as those sent, view themselves as prepared to whom in the two foregoing into go to the table of the Lord. It stances I have referred, be willing is one thing for me to be willing to and desirous to offer their children admit a person to the holy com- in baptism-and so they might munion, and another thing for that bemought they to be refused? person to be willing to come; one My answer is decidedly in the nething to be actually prepared to gative. It may be said, I am aware, come, and another thing to be sa- that the refusal of baptism, in such tisfied that such is the fact; one cases, might be the means of thing to be confounded and si- bringing the parties the sooner to lenced by arguments, which go to the full discharge of duty; but I show that if you are prepared for cannot persuade myself that the one sacrament you must also be Saviour, who taught his disciples prepared for the other, and ano- as they were able to bear it," and ther thing to be so convinced and bore with their infirmities to a satisfied of this, as to have free- very great extent; nor the apostle dom to act in so solemn a concern. who enjoined so much tenderness Confusion and silence are not sa- toward those who were weak in tisfaction or conviction.

faith,” and “babes in Christ,From whatever 'cause it may would either have inflicted disciarise, the fact is indisputable, that pline in any such case, or rethere is in some minds and they fused any privilege of which the are often among the best minds--a parties concerned were willing scrupulous tenderness about going and desirous to avail themselves. to the table of the Lord, which it Doubtless, all hollow pretences,

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