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the original, or our translation, tend on every institution of God put this construction on the words. then in force: but there was not If John could in any sense be said the same reason for his joining to baptize his disciples in the name in the ordinances of the Gospel, of the Lord Jesus, Jesus himself which he appointed merely as our must have been baptized virtually Lord and King. Doubtless he ate in his own name. Even St. Paul's the passover with his disciples, question, Unto what then were yet it does not appear that he parye baptized?' implies a distinction took of the eucharist: (Luke, xxii. between different kinds of bap- 17–20;) it is not probable that he tism; and shows that he concluded did; neither can it be supposed, that they had not received Chris- that he was baptized into the name tian baptism, having never heard of the Father, of the Son, and of of the Holy Spirit, in whose name the Holy Ghost, which seems esChristians were baptized. This sential to Christian baptism. I is visible even in the words of St. apprehend therefore that these Paul here, John said to those that persons, being further instructed came to his baptism ivc TiCTEUCWsev, by Paul, were admitted into the not that they did, but that they Church by baptism; previously to should, believe in him that was the communication of the Holy coming after him; now they were Spirit to them, by the imposition not to be baptized in the name of of the apostle's hands.” Jesus Christ, till they did actually Water, the element employed believe in him, which they who in baptism, is, in its nature, emhad received John's baptism were blematical of the spiritual objects so far from doing, that they were
and benefits referred to in this "musing whether John himself sacred ordinance. Water is so were not the Christ.” (Whitby.) abundant, that the freedom of its After Christ's ascension no inqui- use, by all who need it, is proverry was made, that we read of, bial; and its cleansing or purifywhether the converts had been ing qualities are confessedly prebaptized by John, or no: and if eminent. Thus, the great salvabut one of the three thousand, who tion of Christ is freely offered to all were baptized on the day of Pen- who desire to embrace it; and in tecost, had been John's disciple, its application, the soul is purified (and probably numbers were such,) from all its moral defilement. By the baptism of John and that of the blood of Christ, the soul of the Jesus must have been distinct or- believer is cleansed from the guilt dinances. The difference between of sin, and by the powerful influthat introductory institution to the ences of his Holy Spirit, the stain Christian dispensation, and the in- or pollution of sin is gradually, itiatory external seal of that dis- and at length entirely, removed; pensation, has been already consi- and both these inestimable spiridered, (Notes, Matt. iii.) Some tual benefits are significantly shahave indeed said, that if John's dowed forth by the washing of baptism and Christ's were differ- water in baptism. ent, our Lord had no communion According to the answer of the with the New Testament in bap- Catechism now under consideratism, as he had with the Old Tes- tion, baptism is to be administertament Church in circumcision. ed “ in the name of the Father, But he was made under the law and of the Son, and of the Holy to fulfil its rightequsness, as our Ghost;” and as this is in accordSurety; and must therefore, both ance with the express and particuon that account and as our exam- lar command of Christ himself, it ple, obey every command, and at- must be held as essential to the validity of the ordinance, that person and atonement of the incarthese very words of the original nate Son, and by the sanctification institution be used in every in- of the Holy Spirit; and who, in stance of its administration. The consequence, gives up himself to Greek preposition, es eis), which, be the worshipper and servant of in the common version of our the triune JEHOVAH, in all his orbible is, in this place, rendered dinances and commandments; that in, properly denotes into, and is according to the ancient and exso rendered in many other pas- cellent Doxology, “Glory may be sages of the New Testament to the Father, and to the Son, and to Christians are therefore baptized the Holy Ghost; as it was in the be“ into the name of the Father, and - ginning, is now, and ever shall be.” of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost;" The answer before us farther and I have met with nothing more states, that baptism “doth signify satisfactory, in explanation of the and seal our engrafting into Christ, important and solemn import of and partaking of the benefits of the this sacred formula of Christian covenant of grace, and our engagebaptism, than that which is given ment to be the Lord's.” by Scott, in the following passage 1. It signifies and seals our enof his commentary:—“The Apos- grafting into Christ. It has been tles and preachers of the gospel justly remarked, that baptism were ordered to baptize those who does not constitute a visible subembraced the gospel, into the name ject, but only recognsies one al(not names) of the Father, and of ready existing; it does not introthe Son, and of the Holy Ghost. duce an individual into the coveThis is a most irrefragable proof nant of grace, but it signifies that of the doctrine of the Trinity; that he is already there. It seals a is, of the Deity of the Son, and of covenant already formed, and the distinct personality and Deity which, indeed, would not admit of of the Holy Spirit; for it would be a seal, if it were not previously absurd to suppose that a mere made, and prepared for sealing. man or creature, or a mere modus, Abraham had “the righteousness or quality of God, should be joined of faith,” before he was circumwith the Father, in the one name, cised; Cornelius “feared God and into which all Christians are bap- was accepted of him," before he tized. To be baptized into the was baptized; and every adult canname of any one, implies a pro- didate for baptism ought to give fessed dependence on him, and de- credible evidence of being born voted subjection to him: to be of God, before he is admitted to baptized, therefore, into the" name the ordinance. The infant seed of of the Father, and of the Son, and professing Christians, in virtue of of the Holy Ghost,” implies a pro- their parent's faith and standing, fessed dependance on these three are born members of the visible divine Persons, jointly and equal- church, and are considered as parly, and a devoting of ourselves to takers of those benefits of the cothem as worshippers and servants. venant of grace which belong to This is proper and obvious, upon the offspring of believers, before the supposition of the mysterious they are baptized: and hence it unity of three coequal persons in appears, that when professing the unity of the Godhead; but not to Christians have not had a proper be accounted for on any other prin- opportunity to offer their children ciples. Christianity is the religion in baptism, and they die without of a sinner, who relies for salva- it, no fear or regret should be intion from wrath and sin, on the dulged by their parents. Their mercy of the Father, through the children were born within the covenant, and no duty has been ne- pointment, it is to be continued in glected, if a fit occasion for affixing his church until the end of the the outward seal has not occurred. world." If indeed such opportunity has 2. Baptism signifies and seals a been enjoyed, and yet neglected, “partaking of the benefits of the then the guilt of the parent is un- covenant of grace.” This follows questionable-guilt which it still of course, from being ingrafted may be hoped will not affect the into Christ, as members of his future state of the child, but mystical body, and the head of which, if not repented of, will sure that gracious covenant which has ly affect that of the sinful parent. been ratified in his blood. The It clearly follows, also, from the Apostle Paul, in his epistle to the fact that a participation of the Gallatians (Gal. iii. 27.)) says, “As grace of God is supposed to pre- many of you as have been bapcede baptism, that this ordinance tized into Christ, have put on cannot be essential to salvation. Christ." Compare this with RoMany, doubtless, have been parta- mans iii. 22. where the same Aposkers of the saving grace of God, tle declares that “the righteousness who have died without baptism. of God, which is by faith of Jesus The penitent_thief, on the cross, Christ, is unto all, and upon all was, we know, an example of this them that believe," and you will see kind. Yet when this, or any other that the union with Christ which plain duty, is deliberately, wilfully, baptism signifies and seals to eveor carelessly neglected, it may well ry believer, assures to him the inoccasion doubts and fears in the estimable benefit of being clothed minds of the neglecters, that they upon with the Redeemer's perfect are not, and never have been, righteousness, and consequently of sharers in the sàving grace of justification from the condemning God. Another remark may here sentence of the law, with the fafind its proper place; namely, that vour of God, and all the blessings as among men there are certain of time and eternity which are transactions which can be render- promised in the covenant of grace. ed valid only when the evidence of The benefits of this covenant are them is sealed by the proper civil justly stated in our Larger Cateofficer, so our Lord and Saviour chism to be,“ remission of sins Jesus Christ has commissioned by the blood of Christ; regeneranone but his ministers to affix the tion by his Spirit, adoption and baptismal seal of the covenant of resurrection unto life everlasting." grace, and has commanded that Our Confession of Faith also very they be accounted “ as stewards of properly reminds us, that “The the mysteries of God;" and there- efficacy of baptism is not tied to fore it is on good and scriptural that moment of time in which it is authority that our Confession of administered; yet, notwithstanding, Faith teaches (chap. xxvii. sec. 4.] by the right use of this ordinance, " that neither of the sacraments the grace promised, is not only may be dispensed by any, but by a offered, but really exhibited and minister of the word, lawfully or- conferred, by the Holy Ghost, to dained.” And as there is no com- such (whether of age or infants,) mand, and no adequate example as that grace belongeth unto, acfor the repetition of baptism, our cording to the counsel of God's Confession of Faith also declares, own will, in his appointed time.” in the chapter just cited, that“ The 3. A solemn “engagement to be sacrament of baptism is but once the Lord's" is contracted by all to be administered to any person;" who receive the sacrament of bapand that “by Christ's own ap- tism. It may be considered as the
seal of God set upon every re- ments, and in the observance of all cipient; a seal of the covenant vo- his ordinances and institutions: luntarily assumed on the part of and doing this, you will be the the believer, and pledging him to sure possessors of an inheritance the fulfilment of his covenant sti- infinitely richer than all the treapulations; binding him to sures of the world-an inheritance nounce utterly, and oppose for. incorruptible, undefiied, and that ever, all rivals and competitors of fadeth not away, in the mansions his God and Saviour; and en- of eternal bliss. Oh, may none of gaging him to be the Lord's, in all you be guilty of the sacrilege of that he has and is-in body, soul, alienating yourselves--the properand spirit, for time and for eterni- ty of God-from his service to ty. In a word, as our Larger Ca- that of his adversary! May you techism teaches,“ the parties bap- all esteem it your privilege, as well tized are solemnly admitted into the as your duty, to be consecrated visible church, and enter into an unreservedly to the Lord, and make open engagement to be wholly and your parent's act your own, by only the Lord's."
your voluntary choice and assumpIt would be a lamentable error, tion; and thus insure to yourmy young friends, if any of you selves. all the blessings and benefits who were baptized in infancy, of heirs of God and joint heirs should think, or say in your hearts, with his own Son, our Lord and that you have been subjected to Saviour Jesus Christ. a grievous hardship by your pious I close this extended lecture by parents, when in this ordinance quoting from our Larger Catethey offered you up to God in chism, the admirable statement it your infancy, and had you seal- contains of the improvement that ed as his property, and engaged ought to be made of their baptism, for you, so far as their influence, by all who have received it. “The efforts and example could avail, needful, but much neglected duty that you should do and be all of improving our baptism, is to be that is implied in the baptismal performed by us all our life long, covenant, as now explained. You especially in the time of temptawould not have thought it a hard- tion, and when we are present at ship, if your parents had, by acting the administration of it to others, in your behalf in your non age, se- by serious' and thankful consideracured to you the eventual posses- tion of the nature of it, and of the sion of a large and valuable world. ends for which Christ instituted it, ly estate, on condition of your do- the privileges and benefits confering and acting, in your coming red and sealed thereby, and our soyears, in a manner most reasona- lemn vow made therein; by being ble in itself, and most worthy of humbled for our sinful defilement, yourselves. But infinitely more and our falling short of, and walking better than this, did they do for contrary to, the grace of baptism you, when they devoted you to God and our engagements; by growing in infant baptism, and placed you up to assurance of pardon of sin, under the bonds of his gracious and of all other blessings sealed to covenant. Nothing can be so rea- us in that sacrament; by drawing sonable in itself, and so worthy of strength from the death and resuryour rational and
mmortal na- rection of Christ, into whom we ture, as that you should renounce are baptized, for the mortifying of the world, the flesh, and the devil, sin, and quickening of grace; and cordially embrace the great salva- by endeavouring to live by faith, tion of your redeeming God, and to have our conversation in holiness walk before him to your life's end, and righteousness, as those that in obedience to all his command- have therein given up their names
to Christ, and to walk in brotherly thirst for doctrinal preaching, of a love, as being baptized by the philosophical character, would same spirit into one body.” read and regard it!
Quest. By what means may mi
nisters best win souls? WHAT MEANS MAY MINISTERS BEST WIN SOULS?
1 Tim. iv. 16. We have found a discourse in Take heed unto thyself, and unto thy reply to the above question, by doctrine: continue in them: for in doing the Rev. Robert Traill, in con
this, thou shalt both save thyself, and nexion with his sermons on "The them that hear thee. throne of grace,” one of which has These words are a substantial been given in the last two num- part of the good counsel and dibers of our Miscellany. The first rection the apostle giveth unto part of this discourse we insert in Timothy, and in him unto all the our present number, and in our ministers of the gospel. next the remainder may be expect- In them are two things. ed. We entreat our readers not 1. A threefold duty laid on gosto pass over this discourse as pel-ministers, Take heed unto thysomething put in for the purpose self, and unto thy doctrine; continue of filling up, or as some antiquated in them. stuff, that happened to hit the fan- 2. A double advantage consecy of the editor of the Christian quent upon the discharge of this Advocate. No, truly. We insert duty: For in doing this, thou shalt it as an article of rare value, well both save thyself, and them that hear adapted to edify every attentive thee. reader. · It is, indeed, particularly 1. Ministers' duty is in three calculated to benefit theological things here. students, and young ‘ministers of 1st, Take heed unto thyself. Thou the gospel; and those of our read- art set in a high office, in a daners who are of this character- gerous place; take good and narand we have a good many such- row heed, look well to thyself, we beseech to mark and weigh thy heart and way. every sentence, as replete with 2dly, Take heed unto thy doctrine. matter worthy of their serious re- Though thou be ever so well gifted, gard. But it is fitted to profit pious and approved both of God and readers of every descripton. It men; though thou be an extraormay be particularly useful to show dinary officer, (as Timothy was); those who have occasion, as many yet take heed unto doctrine. now have, to choose a pastor un- These two we pass at present; beder whose ministry they and their cause we shall resume them at children are to sit, perhaps for life, greater length, when we take their what are the qualities or charac- help to the resolving of this questeristicks which they ought chiefly tion. to look for, and most highly to 3dly, Continue in then. This prize, in the man who is habitually hath relation, it appears, unto ver. to minister to them in holy things. 12, and 15, as well as unto the preThis discourse was originally ceding part of this verse. I shall preached and published as a se- dismiss this part of the verse with quel to the well known“ Morning these. Exercises.” It abounds in thought; (1.) Continue in thy work. and every important position is Thou who art. a minister, it is a seated and sanctioned by a perti- work for thy lifetime; and not to nent quotation from the oracles be taken up and laid down again, of God. Oh, that those who according as it may best suit á