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Transactions of the fifth Annual meeting of the Western Literary Institute and College of Professional Teachers, held in Cincinnati, October 1835. Cincinnati: published by the Executive Committee, 1836."
We have received a copy of this valuable work, but have scarce more than time to mention its contents. The nature and value of some of them we can however speak of, having heard many of the lectures and reports, and can recommend them to the study of all those interested in education. Hereafter we may speak more at large with respect
to them, for we look on this association as the most valuable existing in the West.
Introduction; Part 1. Minutes; Part 2. Opening Address, by the President, Albert Picket, Sen.; Lecture on Domestic Education, by the Rev. T. J. Biggs; Report on the Education of Immigrants, by the Rev. C. E. Stowe; Remarks on the above Report: by the Rev. J. L. Wilson, D. D.; E. D. Mansfield, A. M.; Alexander Kinmont, A. M.; Daniel Drake, M. D.; Discourse on the importance of a more practical education, by Rev. J. W. Scott. A. M.; Report on Anatomy and Physiology, as a branch of study in Schools, by Alexander Kinmont, A. M.; Remarks on the above Report, by Daniel Drake, M• D.; Remarks in reply to Dr. Drake, by Alexander Kinmont, A. M.; Lecture on the Relative Duties of Teachers and Parents, by the Rev. W. H. McGuffy, A. M.; Report on the best method of establishing and forming Common Schools in the West, by Samuel Lewis, Esq.; Abstract of the discussion on the above Report; Remarks on the above Report, by the Hon. Judge Looker and E. D. Mansfield, A. M.; Remarks on the preceding Report, by Daniel Drake, M. D.; Remarks on the preceding subject by the Chairman of the Committee, Samuel Lewis, Esq.; Report on the System of Education, proposed by the late T. S. Grimke, by Nathaniel Holly, Sen., A. M.; Table of Derivatives; Remarks on Mr. Holley's Report, by W. H. McGuffy, A. M.; Report of a Committee on a Manual of Instruction; Report of the Committee on the expediency an improved Book of Definitions, by Wm. Hopwood, A. M.; Report on the best method of teaching English Composition, by D. L. Talbott; Remarks on the above Report, by the Rev. W. H. McGuffy; Report on the Castarian System of Penmanship, by G. W. Woolley; Abstract of the Report of the Committee on the questions submitted by the Trustees of Common Schools, Cincinnati; Remarks in reply to Mr. McGuffy, on the establishment of Auxiliary Societies, by M. G. Williams.
APPENDIX. Proceedings of the Education Convention, held in Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1835, Proceedings of the Education Convention, held in Columbus, Ohio, January, 1836.
NEW ORLEANS, DEC. 22ND.
To the Editor of the Western Messenger.
DEAR BROTHER.-I drop a line to you from this wonderful Babelthis strange city, where mingle together those of every color, tongue,
and clime; this great mart to which all our western produce pours down-this sacred Venice, city of the waters, whose merchants are indeed princes. I arrived last Friday and preached on Sunday to a large audience in brother Clapp's Church. His society contains the most intelligent and wealthy citizens of the place, and is full to running over. He tells me, enough persons apply every year for pews, in vain, to make up a good society. The prospects of liberal Christianity here are truly encouraging. The people are ready and willing to bear rational and pure Christianity, but Calvinism they will not bear, nor ever again can they be made to put their necks under that yoke. This state of opinion is owing in part to the noble stand which Mr. Clapp and his Church have taken for freedom and truth-but even, far more, as he assures me, to the genius of the people, which is utterly averse to priestly usurpation, and the doctrines of the dark ages. The body of the people of this city have been much misrepresented. They are generous, kind, moral, intelligent. They have to suffer from the conduct of foreigners, who come to this place and throw off all restraint. A highly cultivated creole lady informed me that the people from the North and East were the most dissipated part of the community-then they go home and talk of the wickedness of New Orleans. The foreign sailors in port, and the rough boatmen from above are dissipated and turbulent, but the citizen's character ought not to suffer for their faults. The city is very quiet and still in the evenings, at least as far as I have observed it; I never knew one half so still. I have walked home about 10 o'clock at night from a considerable distance, and met not an individual but the watchmen with their cutlasses and pistols-a formidable and efficient police. It is the only city in which I ever saw the watchmen on their rounds, but here you will not go two squares in the night without meeting them, and undergoing a close scrutiny from them also.
Every thing I have seen and heard since I left Louisville confirma me in the belief that only Unitarianism, or something equivalent to it, under another name, can ever bring the people of this valley to God. I bless and adore the Providence which has raised up this form of Christianity to refresh and regenerate this great and growing country. The harvest truly is great and the laborers few, but the God who has caused the harvest to ripen will send forth laborers to gather it. Solitary and frowned upon as we stand here, vilified and slandered by almost every party-I bless God that he has made me a Unitarian, and a preacher of his Gospel. I know nothing this world can offer that would tempt me to relinquish it. Wo is me if I preach it not, for not to preach it would be relinquishing my chief joy on earth. Is it not so, iny brother? Shall we not bless God for having made us ministers of the NEW
Testament-the Gospel, not of terror and fear and threatening, but of confidence in human nature and good will to men.
I preached Sunday before last on the steamboat, to a most attentive audience, composed of the passengers and crew, I distributed our tracts, which are always read with interest. I had a good deal of religious conversation, with the "publicans and sinners, the blasphemers and gamblers," and found them willing to be rebuked, docile and serious. I find a soul of goodness in things evil wherever I go. And my heart leaps with joy at each new discovery of something pure, and some love of truth in the roughest shell, the most thorny husk of humanity. Confidence in them unlocks their hearts. Not by looking on them as totally depraved, but by believing there is something good in them, and speaking to them as though you thought so-this breaks down their opposition, makes them gentle and tame, so that a little child may lead them. I will write you again from Mobile.
Yours in Christ Jesus.
J. F. C.
In consequence of the illness of the Rev. Mr. Peabody, which has obliged him to leave this city, the Messenger will hereafter be published at Louisville, under the care of the Rev. J. F. Clarke. But, as this number has been kept back so long by circumstances connected with the office at which it is printed, the next number will not be issued till April; the volume closing in July instead of June, thereby completing the twelve numbers due for the first year.
All letters and papers should be hereafter directed to "Western Messenger, Louisville, Ky."
In note to page 551, for Christian Messenger read Christian Examiner.
The POLITICAL GRAMMER OF THE UNITED STATES; Or a complete view of the theory and practice of the General and State Governments, with the relations between them. Dedicated and adapted to the Young Men of the United States: By EDWARD D. MANSFIELD, Counsellor at Law, Cincinnati:-Published by Wiley & Long, New-York: Russell, Odiorne & Co. Boston: Corey & Webster, Cincinnati, &c. &c. 1835-pp. 292.
AN ADDRESS delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Harvard University, 27th August, 1835-on the duties of educated men in a Republic-By THEOPHILUS PARSONS. Boston: Russell, Odiorne & Co. 1835-pp. 28.
HOME:-By the author of Redwood, Hope Leslie, &c.-Boston and Cambridge: James Munroe & Co. 1835. pp. 158.
EVERY year the study of constitutional law is spreading in our land. "Ten years since," as Mr. Mansfield says in the preface to this, the second and stereotype edition of his Political Grammer, "the whole nation presented what, to a philosopher, must have been the anomaly of a people undertaking to carry out organic truths and precepts, embodied in a written Constitution, without even knowing what they were."-That this is no longer the case is well known by the fact that in little more than a year, a second edition of this work has been called for. And we think the author has done well to make this a stereotype edition, for when its merits are known and its worth weighed, it will, we think beyond doubt, become the text-book of schools and academies. Clear, condensed, and full of method, it is better suited to both teacher and scholar than any other yet published; and contains what is all-important, but no where else to be found, a connected and short view of the State Governments, their relations to that of the Union, and