Yale University Press, 1994 - 302 pages
Giuseppe Mazzini was one of the outstanding figures in the political history of nineteenth-century Europe. A vigorous proponent of nationalism, pre-eminent figure in the struggle for Italian independence and unity, and fascinating personality, his ideas were influential throughout Europe. Yet successive Italian governments, fearing the consequences of his belief in democracy and revolution, deliberately obscured his achievements: there have been few modern studies of Mazzini, and no biography in English since 1902. Denis Mack Smith's major new account re-examines Mazzini's ideological impact and his place in the political and intellectual world of the mid-nineteenth century. Based on profound scholarship and immense archival research, the book vividly re-creates Mazzini's long years of poverty and exile in London, and the networks of friends, associates and enemies that brought him into contact with the greatest European figures of the age, among them Marx, Carlyle, Mill, and Bakunin. Mazzini is revealed as an acute but largely unrecognised prophet of the idea of a European community: he saw nationalism as a step towards larger and more harmonious confederations. Adept at inspiring animosity, as well as admiration, Mazzini affronted the pope by his demand for religious reform, Karl Marx by his powerful critique of communism, and many of his less enlightened contemporaries by his campaigns on behalf of social security, universal suffrage, and women's rights. Yet he was universally venerated for his brilliance, humanity and wisdom, and even his critics agreed that he left an enduring mark on his time.

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In a long and distinguished career, Smith (history, Oxford) has written extensively on the Risorgimento (the period of modern Italy's liberation and unification). This political biography is a natural ... Consulter l'avis complet

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À propos de l'auteur (1994)

David Mack Smith was born in London, England on March 3, 1920. He attended Haileybury College in Hertfordshire and studied history at Peterhouse College, Cambridge. He taught at Clifton College in Bristol and served in the war cabinet during World War II. In 1947, he became a fellow at Peterhouse College, where he taught until he was elected a senior research fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, in 1962. He retired in 1987. He wrote numerous books about modern Italy including Cavour and Garibaldi 1860: A Study in Political Conflict; Italy: A Modern History; A History of Sicily written with Moses Finley; Mussolini's Roman Empire; Victor Emanuel, Cavour and the Risorgimento; and Italy and Its Monarchy. He wrote several biographies including Garibaldi: A Great Life in Brief, Cavour, Mazzini, and Mussolini: A Biography. He was the editor of The Making of Italy, 1796-1870 and Great Lives Observed: Garibaldi. He died on July 11, 2017 at the age of 97.

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