Convergence and Fragmentation: Media Technology and the Information Society
Convergence under pressure leads to fragmentation. Therefore, the role of the newest information and communication technologies and formats in a changing Europe must be analysed not only in terms of optimistic market projections but also in terms of realistic trends toward complementary fragmentations. The exclusion of majorities of the populations of most European countries from technologically advanced and expensive consumer devices means that we should take into account the shifting conflicts of inclusion and exclusion. Continuity and discontinuity in the development of media technology requires us to leave behind a number of traditional notions, methods and data used for national developments and international comparisons. The contradictory tendencies of convergence (implying a similarity and increasing unity of experience) and fragmentation (implying a growing differentiation of experience) are tied to general aspects of this development and to the question of whether we are really moving into a new European information society.
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activities ADSL analysis Bologna process broadband broadcasting challenges changes competition computer games concept convergence countries Danish Denmark diversity e-learning economic entertainment Europe European Union experiences film Finland flexible learning focus forms fragmentation framework France France Télévision French function global higher education ICT-mediated learning implementation individual industry information culture Information Society innovation institutions interaction Internet ISDN knowledge Loi Toubon mass media media companies media concentration Media Economics Media Governance media policy medium mobile multimedia museums networks Norway Norwegian objects paradigm participation perspective play political price cap price-cap regulations programmes projects public service television public sphere question regulations relation role SCALEX sector social specific Storsul strategies structure teachers teaching technological convergence telecommunications Telenor test visitors traditional UIAH universal service University of Oslo users virtual university visual communication
Page 7 - FOREWORD This volume is the product of a major programme under the title Changing Media Changing Europe supported by the European Science Foundation (ESF). The ESF is the European association of national organizations responsible for the support of scientific research. Established in 1974, the Foundation currently has seventy-six Member Organizations (research councils, academies and other national scientific institutions) from twenty-nine countries.