One- and Two-Dimensional Fluids: Properties of Smectic, Lamellar and Columnar Liquid Crystals
Smectic and lamellar liquid crystals are three-dimensional layered structures in which each layer behaves as a two-dimensional fluid. Because of their reduced dimensionality they have unique physical properties and challenging theoretical descriptions, and are the subject of much current research. One- and Two-Dimensional Fluids: Properties of Smectic, Lamellar and Columnar Liquid Crystals offers a comprehensive review of these phases and their applications.
The book details the basic structures and properties of one- and two-dimensional fluids and the nature of phase transitions. The later chapters consider the optical, magnetic, and electrical properties of special structures, including uniformly and non-uniformly aligned anisotropic films, lyotropic lamellar systems, helical and chiral structures, and organic anisotropic materials. Topics also include typical and defective features, magnetic susceptibility, and electrical conductivity. The book concludes with a review of current and potential applications in the displays, materials science, and biomedical industries.
Rather than focusing on one aspect of liquid crystal research, this book provides a cohesive summary of the properties and applications of smectic, lamellar, and columnar liquid crystals. One- and Two-Dimensional Fluids is a valuable resource for those working with liquid crystals every day and an effective foundation for newcomers to the field.
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One- And Two-Dimensional Fluids: Properties of Smectic, Lamellar and ...
Antal Jakli,A Saupe
Aucun aperçu disponible - 2019
alignment amphiphilic anisotropic axis behavior bent-core birefringence cell Chem chiral cholesteric cholesteric liquid crystals coefficients columnar phases Cryst defects deformation density dielectric dipole disclinations effect elastic constant electric field example ferroelectric flow fluid foam free energy frequency geometry gradient helical helix homeotropic illustrated in Figure interactions isotropic isotropic phase Jákli layer normal layer spacing Lett light liquid crystalline lyotropic magnetic field materials membrane micelles microscope molecular molecules N.A. Clark nematic nematic liquid crystals nematic phase observed optical order parameter orientational order P.G. de Gennes parallel phase transition Phys piezoelectric plane polarization polymer properties rotation Saupe shear shown in Figure smectic smectic layers smectic phases soap film splay surface tension surfactant symmetry temperature tensor textures thermotropic thickness torque twist typically uniaxial vector velocity viscosity wave ε ε