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may abide with you to the age; that I have spoken to you. 27 17 even the spirit of truth, Peace I leave with you, my peace which the world cannot receive, I give to you; not as the world because it discerneth it not, nor giveth, do I give to you. Let knoweth it; but ye shall know not your heart be troubled, nor it; for it shall abide with you, let it be dismayed. and shall be in you. 18 I will 28 “ Ye have heard that I said not leave you orphans: I will to you, "I go away, and will come to you.

come again to you. If ye loved 19“ But a little time longer, me, ye would rejoice, because and the world shall see me no I go to the Father : for (my]

shall see me: be- Father is greater than I. 29 cause I live, ye also shall live. And now I tell you, before it 20 In that day, ye shall know come to

pass, that, when it that I am in my Father, and you cometh to pass, ye may believe. in me, and I in you. 21 He that 30 Hereafter, I shall not talk hath my commandments, and much with you; for the prince keepeth them, he it is who lov- of the world is coming, and eth me: and he who loveth me, I hath nothing in me.* 31 But shall be loved by my Father; this must be, that the world may and I will love him, and will know that I love the Father, manifest myself to him.

and act in such manner as the 22 Judas (not Iscariot) said Father hath commanded me.t to him, “ Master, how is it that Arise let us go hence. thou wilt soon manifest thyself Ch. XV. 1 “I am the true to us, and not to the world ?" vine; and my Father is the hus23 Jesus answered, and said to bandman. 2 Every branch in him, “ If any man love me, he me which beareth not fruit, he will keep my words; and my taketh away: and every branch Father will love him, and we which beareth fruit, he pruneth, will come to him, and make our that it may bear more fruit. 3 abode with him. 24 He who Ye are already pruned, through loveth me not, keepeth not my the doctrine which I have taught words : and yet the word which you. 4 Abide in me; and I will ye hear, is not mine, but the abide in you. As the branch canFather's, who sent me.

not bear fruit of itself, unless it 25 “ These things I tell you, remain in the vine; so neither while I abide with you. 26 But can ye, unless ye continue in the advocate, even the holy me. spirit which the Father will 5 “I am the 'vine ; ye are send in my name, shall teach the branches. He that continuyou all things, and shall bring eth in me, and I in him, he to your remembrance all things I beareth much fruit: for, sepa

* Some good copies read, “ but will find nothing in me.” q. d. I shall soon be arrested and brought before the tribunal of the magistrate as a criminal: but no crime will be proved against me. See ch. xii. 31, and the note there.

" The ruler of this world is coming: and I have nothing now to do but to convince the world that I love the Father, and do as he commanded me.” Wakefield.

rated from me, ye can do no

17 « These things I give you thing. 6 If any one continue not in charge, that ye love one anoin me, he shall be thrown away, ther. 18 If the world hate you, like a separated branch, and consider that it hated me beshall wither: and such are fore you. 19 If ye were of the gathered together, and cast into world, the world would love its a fire, to be burned. 7 If ye con own : but, because ye are not tinue in me, and my words con- of the world, but I have chosen tinue in you, ye shall ask what you out of the world, therefore, ye will, and it shall be done for the world hateth you. you.

20 “Remember the words 8 “Herein is my Father glo- which I said to you, 'The serrified, that ye bear much fruit: vant is not greater than his masso ye will be my disciples. 9 As ter.' If they have persecuted the Father hath loved me, so I me, they will also persecute have loved you: continue

ye

in you: if they have kept my my love. 10 If ye keep my com- words, they will also keep yours. mandments, ye will continue in 21 But, all these things they my love; as I have kept my will do to you, on my account; Father's commandments, and because they know not him thereby continue in his love. 11 who sent me. These things I have spoken to 22 “If I had not come, and spoyou, that my joy in you may ken to them, they would not have continue, and that your joy may had sin: but now they have no be full. 12 This is my com excuse for their sin. 23 He that mandment; that ye love one hateth me, hateth my Father another, as I have loved you. also. 24 If I had not done among

13 “ No one can show his them such works as none other love more, than by laying down ever did, they would not have his life for his friends. 14 Ye had sin : but now, though they are my friends, if ye do whatso- have seen these works, yet they ever I command you. 15 Hence- hate both me, and my Father. forth, I call you not servants ; 25 But thus is fulfilled the sayfor the servant knoweth not ing written in their law, · They what his master doth: but I hated me without a cause.' call you friends; for all things 26 “ But when the advocate which I have heard from my is come, which I will send to Father, I have made known to you from the Father, even the you.

spirit of truth which proceedeth 16 “ Ye have not chosen me; from the Father, he will testify but I have chosen you, and ap- of me. 27 And ye also shall tespointed you, that ye may go tify, because ye have been with forth and bear fruit, and that me from the beginning. your fruit may continue: that Ch. XVI. 1 “ These things whatever ye shall ask the Father I have spoken to you, that ye in my name, he may give you. may not fall away. 2 They will

put you out of the synagogues : 14 " He will glorify me: for yea, the time is coming, when he will receive of mine, and whosoever killeth you will think will declare it to you. 15 All he offereth sacrifice to God. 3 things which the Father hath And these things they will do, are mine :* therefore, I have because they have not known said, that he will receive of the Father, nor me.

mine, and will declare it to you. 4.“ But these things I have 16 A little time, and ye will spoken to you, that, when the not see me; and again, a little time shall come, ye may re- time, and ye will see me; [bemember that I told you of them. cause I go to the Father].” And these things I said not to 17 Then said some of his you from the beginning, be- disciples, amongst themselves, cause I was with you. 5 But“ What is this which he saith now I depart to him who sent to us, “A little time, and ye me; and no one of you asketh will not see me: and again, a me, Whither goest thou ?' 6 little time, and ye will see me:' But because I have spoken and, Because I go to the Fathese things to you, sorrow ther p? » 18 They said, therehath filled your heart.

fore, “ What is this which he 7 “ Nevertheless, I tell you saith,' A little time?' we do not the truth: it is advantageous to comprehend what he speaketh.” you that I go away : for if I go

19 Now Jesus knew that they not away, the advocate will not were desirous to ask him, and come to you; but if I go, I will said to them, “ Do ye inquire send him to you. 8 And when amongst yourselves concerning he is come, he will convict this, that I said, • A little time, the world of sin, and of right, and ye will not see me: and eousness,and of condemnation: 9 again, a little time, and ye will of sin, because they believe not see me?" 20 Verily, verily, I

10 of righteousness, say to you, that ye will weep because I go to [myj Father, and and lament, but the world will Eye see me no longer; 11 of con- rejoice: [and] ye will be sor

demnation, because the prince rowful, but your sorrow shall of this world is condemned. 121 | be turned into joy. have still many things to say to 21 “ A woman, when she is you ; but ye cannot bear them in travail, hath sorrow, because

13 However, when he her hour is come; but when cometh, even the spirit of truth, she hath brought forth the child, he will guide you into all the she remembereth no more the truth: for he will not speak of affliction, for joy that a man is himself; but whatsoever he shall born into the world. 22 And hear, that he will speak: and he thus ye have sorrow now: but will show you things to come. I will see you again, and your * “Every thing which relates to the kingdom of God, in the world, is committed to my di: rection and superintendence." Dr. Priestley

in me;

now.

heart shall rejoice, and your joy I thou camest forth from God." no one shall take from you. 23 31 Jesus answered them, “ Do And in that day, ye shall request ye now believe? 32 Behold, nothing of me: Verily, verily, the hour is coming, yea, is I say to you, Whatsoever ye [now] come, that ye will be shall ask the Father, in my scattered every one to his own name, he will give you. 24home, and will leave me alone: Hitherto, ye have asked nothing and yet I am not alone, because in my name: ask, and ye shall the Father is with me. 33 These receive, that your joy may be things I have spoken to you, full.

that in me ye may have peace. 25 “ These things I have in the world ye will have afflicspoken to you in dark speeches: tion : but be of good courage; the time is coming when I shall I have overcome the world.” no more speak to you in dark Ch. XVII. 1 Jesus spake speeches, but I shall show you, these words, and lifted up his plainly, concerning the Father. eyes to heaven, and said, "Fa26 In that day, ye shall ask in ther, the hour is come; glorify my name; and I say not to you thy Son, that thy Son (also] that I will request the Father may glorify thee: 2 as thou hast for you : 27 for the Father him-given him authority over all self loveth you, because ye love flesh, that he may give aionian me, and believe that I came life to all whom thou hast given forth from God.* 28 I came him. 3 And this is the aionian forth from the Father, and am | life, to know thee the only true come into the world : again, 1 God, and Jesus Christ whom leave the world, and go to the thou hast sent.† 4 I have glorified Father.”

thee on the earth : I have finish29 His disciples said to him, ed the work which thou hast “ Lo, now thou speakest plain-given me to do. 5 And now, O ly, and speakest no dark speech. Father, glorify thou me with 30 Now, we know that thou thyself, with the glory which I knowest all things, and needest had with thee before the world not that any one should ask was. I thee: by this we believe that 6“I have manifested thy

* I came forth from the Father, q. d. I was sent by him as his messenger to mankind. See ch. i. 6. xiii. 3.

† Observe, here, that there is but one true God, and that Jesus Christ is expressly excluded from being that true God, and contra distinguished from him as his messenger.

Or, as Mr. Wakefield renders it, “ with that glory, thine own glory, which I had before the world was.” The glory which is the object of our Lord's petition is that glory of which he speaks ver. 22; the glory of instructing and converting mankind, verses 8-14. This glory he had given to his apostles, ver. 22; that is, he intended it for them. The same glory the Father had given to him: that is, had reserved it for him, and purposed to bestow it upon him. He had it therefore with the Father before the world was, that is, in the Father's purpose and recree. In the language of the scriptures, what God determines to bring to pass is represented as actually accomplished. Thus, the dead are represented as living, Luke xx. 36, 37, 38. Believers are spoken of as already glorified, Rom. viii, 29, 30. Things that are not, are called as though they were, Rom. iv. 17. And in ver. 12, of this chapter, Judas is said to be destroyed; though he was then living and actually bargaining with the priests and rulers to betray his inaster. See also ver. 10. Epb. 1. 4; 2 Tim. i. 9; Rev. xiij. 8; Heb. X. 34; Eph. i. 4; 2 Tim. i. 9; Rev. xiii. 8; Heb. X. 34.

name to the men whom thou they are not of the world, as I hast given me out of the world: am not of the world. 15 I rethey were thine, and thou gavest quest not that thou wouldst take them to me; and they have kept them out of the world, but that thy word.

thou wouldst keep them from 7 “ Now they know that all evil. things, whatsoever thou hast 16 “ They are not of the given me, are from thee. 8 For world; as I am not of the world. I have given them the words 17 Sanctify them through thy which thou gavest me; and they truth: thy word is truth. 18 have received them, and have As thou hast sent me into the surely known that I came forth world, I also have sent them infrom thee, and have believed to the world.t 19 And for their thou hast sent mę. 9 I re- sakes, I sanctify myself, that quest for them ; I request not they also may be sanctified for the world, but for those through the truth. whom thou hast given me; for 20 “ Nor do I pray for these they are thine. 10 And all mine only, but for those, also, who are thine, and thine are mine; shall believe in me, through and I am glorified through their words; 21 that all may be them.

one; as thou, Father, art in me, 11 “ And now I am no lon- and I in thee, that they also may ger in the world ; but these are be (one) in us: that the world in the world, and I shall go to may believe that thou hast sent thee. Holy Father, keep them me. 22 And the glory which in that name of thine which thou thou hast given me, I have given hast given me; that they may them; that they may be one, be one, as we are. 12 While I as we are one: 23 I in them, was with them [in the world] and thou in me; that they may I kept them in thy name: those be perfected in one; † [and] whom thou hast given me, I that the world may know that have preserved ; and none of thou hast sent me, and hast lovthem is destroyed, but the son of ed them, as thou hast loved me. destruction ; so that the scrip 24 “ Father, I will that those ture is fulfilled.* 13 But now I also, whom thou hast given me, go to thee, and I speak these may be with me, where I am ; things in the world, that they that they may behold my glory, may have my joy on their account which thou hast given me: for completed in them. 14 I have thou lovedst me before the foungiven them thy words; and the dation of the world. 25 ( rightworld hath hated them, because eous Father, the world hath not

* See ch. xviii. 7-9; by which it will be seen that this destruction or loss was a temporal loss only.

ťThis text shows, that to be sent into the world, does not express or imply a pre-existent state, but a divine commission for the instruction of mankind.

1 To" be one,” to “be perfected in one,” and “we are one,” mean here exactly the same thing, and the same here as in ch. X. 30, which see.

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