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first-fruits of Achaia, and that | salute you. Aquila and Pristhey have addicted themselves cilla salute you much in the to the service of the saints, 16 Lord ; and the church also that that ye also submit yourselves assembleth in their house. 20 to such, and to every one who All the brethren salute you. Sahelpeth with me and laboureth. lute one another with a holy kiss. 17 I rejoice at the coming of 21 THE salutation by the Stephanas and Fortunatus and hand of me Paul. 22 If any one Achaicus; for what remained love not the Lord Jesus Christ), to be done on your part, they let him be separated from you. have supplied ; 18 for they Our Lord cometh. 23 The fa. have refreshed my spirit, and vour of our Lord Jesus Christ yours: acknowledge, therefore, be with you. 24 My love* be such persons:

with you all in Christ Jesus. 19 The churches of Asial [Amen.




which we ourselves are com1 PAUL, an apostle of Jesus forted of God: 5 for as the Christ, by the will of God, and sufferings of Christ abound in Timothy our brother, to the us, so our comfort also abound. church of God which is in Co- eth through Christ. 6 But wherinth, and to all the saints who ther we be afflicted, it is for your are in all Achaia: 2 favour be comfort and salvation; or whe. to you, and peace, from God ther we be comforted, it is for our Father, and from the Lord your comfort, which worketh Jesus Christ.

in the patient enduring of the 3 BLESSED be the God and same sufferings which we also Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, suffer: 7 (and our hope conthe Father of mercies, and the cerning you is stedfast ;) since God of all comfort; 4 who com we know, that as ye are parforteth us in all our affliction, takers of the sufferings, so are that we may be able to com- ye also of the comfort. fort those who are in any affic 8 For, brethren, we would tion, through the comfort with not have you ignorant of our

* « The Alex. MS. omits you my, and Le Clerc thinks that you my, may have been writ" ten in mistake for fou, (which is a contraction for Sou) of God, so that the true reading is “ The love of with you all in Christ Jesus.” Compare 2 Cor. xiii. 14." See [.

Ver. note


affliction which befel [us] in by you on my way towards JuAsia ; that we were exceedingly dea. 17 When therefore I thus pressed above our strength, so purposed, did I use any lightthat we despaired even of life : ness? or the things which I 9 but we had the sentence of

purpose, do I purpose accorddeath in ourselves, that we ing to the flesh, that with me should not trust in ourselves, there should be yes, yes, and but in God who raiseth the no, no? + dead : 10 who delivered us 18 But as God is faithful, our from so great a death, and doth preaching to you was not yes deliver us; in whom we hope and no. 19 For Jesus Christ, that he will yet deliver us ; 11 the Son of God, who you likewise helping, together preached among you by us, with others, by prayer for us; (even by me, and Silvanus, and that, because of the benefit Timothy,) was not yes, and no, bestowed on us by means of | but in him was yes : 20 (for many persons, thanks may be all the promises of God are, in given for us by many:

him, the yes, and, in him, the 12 For this is our boasting, * amen,) to the glory of God the testimony of our conscience; through us. 21 But he who es. that, in simplicity and sincerity tablisheth us, together with you, towards God, (not with carnal in Christ, and hath anointed us, wisdom, but by the favour of is God: 22 who hath also sealGod,) we have behaved our- ed us, and given the earnest of selves in the world, and more the spirit in our hearts. abundantly towards you. 13 For 23 Moreover I call upon we do not write different things God as a witness against my to you, but only what ye read soul, that to spare you, I came or even acknowledge, and I not as yet to Corinth : 24 (not hope that ye will acknowledge that we have dominion over (even] to the end : 14 as ye your faith,

but are

fellowhave acknowledged us also as to helpers of your joy; for in faith part of you; for we are your ye stand.) boasting,* as ye also will be

ye Sun. 17. 1 But I determined ours in the day of the Lord this with myself, that I would Jesus.

not come to you again in grief. 15 And in this confidence, I 2 For if I grieve you, who was formerly desirous of com- maketh me glad, but he who is ing to you, (that ye might re- grieved by me?' 3 And I wrote ceive a second benefit;) 16 and this matter [to you], lest, when to pass by you into Macedonia, I came, I should have grief and to return to you from Ma- from those, on whose account I cedonia, and to be conducted ought to rejoice; having con

* See 1 Cor. xv. 31, and the note there.

+ Michaelis conjectures that the true reading is to vel, ou, XXI TO Ov, val, that my yes should be no, and my no, yes. Marsh's Michaelis, vol. ii. p. 408.


fidence in you all, that my joy, umph* in Christ, and maketh is the joy of you all. 4 For out manifest the odour of the know. of much affliction, and distress ledge of himself through us, in of heart, I wrote to you with every place. 15 (For we are a many tears; not merely that ye sweet odourt of Christ unto might be grieved, but that ye God, among those who are savmight know the love which I ed, and among those who are have most abundantly for you. I lost: 16 to the one we are the

5 But if any one have caus- odour of death unto death ; and ed grief, he hath not grieved to the other, the odour of life me, but in part; that I may not unto life: and who is sufficient charge you all. 6 Sufficient to for these things ?) 17 For we such one is that rebuke, are not as many, who corrupti which was given by many : 7 the word of God: but, as of so that, on the contrary, ye sincerity, as of God, as in the ought rather to forgive him, and presence of God, we speak conto comfort him; lest such an cerning Christ. one should be swallowed up Ch. II. 1 Must we begin by excessive grief. 8 Where. again to recommend ourselves? fore I beseech you to confirm or need we, as some, letters of your love towards him. 9 For recommendation to you, or letto this end also I wrote, that I ters (of recommendation] from might know the proof of you, you ? 2 Ye are our letter of whether ye be obedient in all recommendation, written in the things. 10 But to whom ye for- hearts of us all, known and give any thing, I forgive also : read by all men: 3 since ye are for what I have forgiven, if I manifestly declared to be the have forgiven any thing, for letter of Christ, ministered by your sakes I have done it, in the us; written not with ink, but person of Christ; 11 lest the by the spirit of the living God; adversary should gain advan- not on tables of stone, but on tage over us: for we are not the fleshy tables of the heart. ignorant of his devices.

4 Now we have this kind of 12 NOW when I came to self-confidence through Christ Troas to preach the gospel of towards God : 5 not because Christ, and a door was opened we are sufficient of ourselves to me by the Lord, 13 I had to reason any thing as from no rest in my spirit, because I ourselves, but our sufficiency found not Titus my brother: is from God : 6 who hath even but I bade them farewel, and made us able ministers of the went thence into Macedonia. new covenant; not of the letter,

14 But thanks be to God, but of the spirit : for the letter who always causeth us to tri- | killeth, but the spirit giveth

* who leadeth us in triumph, Wakefield. + smell, Newcome. that adulterate, N. “ an allusion to vintners, who adulterate pure wine with unwholesome

mixtures." Im. Ver. note.

life. 7 But if the ministry of is freedom.) 18 For we all, with death, engraven in letters (on) unveiled face, reflecting as mirstones, was glorious, so that rors the glory of the Lord, the sons of Israel could not are transformed into the same stedfastly behold the face of image, from glory to glory, Moses, in consequence of the even as by the Lord of the glory of his countenance, which spirit.* glory was to be done away ; 8 Ch. IV. 1 WHEREFORE hay. how shall not the ministry of ing this ministry, according as the spirit be rather glorious ? we have received mercy, we

9 For if the ministry of con- faint not; 2 but have commanddemnation was glorious, much ed away the hidden things of more doth the ministry of justi- shame, not walking in craftification abound in glory. 10 For ness, nor acting deceitfully even that which was glorified with the word of God; but, was not glorified in ihis re-l by manifestation of the truth, spect, by reason of the excelling recommending ourselves to glory. 11 For if that which is every man's conscience, in the abolished, is abolished by glory, sight of God. 3 But if our gosmuch more that which remain-pel also be veiled, it is veil. eth, remaineth in glory.

ed to those who are lost;f 12 Having therefore such 4 to those unbelievers, whose hope, we use much plainness minds the god of this age hath of speech ; 13 and not as Mo- blinded ; so that the lustre of ses, who put a veil upon his the glorious gospel of Christ, face; that the sons of Israel | who is the image of God, doth might not steadfastly behold not enlighten them. 5 For we the end of that which is now preach not ourselves, but Christ abolished. 14 (Yet their minds Jesus the Lord ; and are ourare blinded : for until this day selves your servants on account the same veil remaineth, in of Jesus. the reading of the old covenant; 6 For God, who commanded it not being discovered that it the light to shine out of darkis abolished in Christ; 15 butness, hath shone in our hearts, even to this day, when Moses | to give the lustre of his glorious is read, the veil is upon their knowledge, in the face of Jesus heart: 16 nevertheless, when it Christ. shall turn to the Lord, the veil 7 But we have this treasure will be taken away. 17 Now the in earthen vessels, that the exLord is the spirit : and where cellence of the power may be the spirit of the Lord is, [there] Iof God, and not of us. 8 We

* So Macknight.“ The meaning of this passage, stripped of the metaphor, js, We apostles, the ministers of the covenant of the Spirit, do not impart to the world a veiled or dark knowledge of that covenant, as Moses gave the Israelites an obsuure knowledge of the covenant of the letter. But we all, having a complete knowledge of the covenant of th Spirit by inspiration from Christ, preach it every where in the plainest manner. So that in diffusing the knowledge of Gol and religion through the world, we are the images or representatives of Christ, by the power of an abiding inspiration from him who is the Lord, or author of the covenant of the Spirit." See Macknight in loco. † “ to them who destroy themselves.” Ibid.


e " 5 Now he who hath prepared

are every way afflicted, but not, if our earthly house of this tadistressed; we are perplexed, bernacle were destroyed, -we but not in despair; 9 persecut have a building from God, a ed, but not forsaken; cast house not made by hands, aiodown, but not destroyed ; 10 nian, in the heavens. 2 For we always bearing about in our groan in this tabernacle, earnbody the death of Jesus ; that estly desiring to be clothed the life, also, of Jesus, may be upon with our habitation which made manifest in our body. is from heaven: 3 since we

11 For we, who are alive, shall indeed be found clothed are continually exposed to death upon, and not naked. 4 For we for the sake of Jesus; that the who in this tabernacle life also of Jesus may be made groan, being burdened; not manifest in our mortal flesh. 12 that we wish to be unclothed, So that death 'worketh in us, but clothed upon; that morbut life in you. 13 Yet having tality may be swallowed up by the same spirit of faith, as it is life. written, “ I believed, and therefore I have spoken,” we also us for this purpose, is God; believe, and therefore spcak; who hath [also] given us the 14 knowing, that he who raised ! earnest of the spirit. 6 Whereup the Lord Jesus, will raise fore we are always of good couup us also by Jesus, and will rage, and know that, while we present us together with you. are present in the body, we are

15 For all our sufferings are absent from the Lord: 7 (for for your sakes; that the favour we walk by faith, not by sight:) which hath abounded to many, 8 we are of good courage, I say, may, through the thanksgiving and desirous rather to be absent of many, overflow to the glory from the body, and to be pres of God. 16 For which cause, sent with the Lord: 9 wherewe faint not; but, even though fore we earnestly strive also, our outward man perish, yet that, whether present or absent, the inward man is renewed day we may be well-pleasing to him. by day. 17 For our present 10 For we must all be made light affliction worketh for us manifest before the judgmentan excessively exceeding aio- seat of Christ; that every one nian weight of glory;* 18 for may receive the things in the we look not at the things which body, according to what he hath are seen, but at the things done, whether it be good or bad. which are not seen : for the

11 KNOWING therefore the things which are seen are for terror of the Lord, we persuade a short time, but the things men; and we are made maniwhich are not seen are aionian. fest to God; and I hope that

Ch. V. 1 For we know that, we are made manifest in your * Gr. καθ' υπερβολην εις υπερβολην αιωνιον. Now if αιonian be strictly infnite or endless how can any thing exceed it, even by a rhetorical figure, so as to be hyperbole upon hyperbole above or beyond it?

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