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gentiles walk, in the vanity of sealed to the day of redemptheir mind, 18 having the un- tion. derstanding darkened, being 31 Let all bitterness, and alienated from the life of God, anger, and wrath, and clamourthrough the ignorance that is ous evil-speaking, be put away in them, because of the hard from you, and all malice: 32 ness of their heart: 19 who, and be ye kind one to another, being past feeling, have given tenderly affectioned, forgiving themselves over to lascivious one another, as God in Christ, ness, to the working of all hath also forgiven you. uncleanness with greediness. Ch. V. 1 Be ye therefore

20 But ye have not so learn- imitators of God, as beloved ed Christ; 21 since ye have children; 2 and walk in love, heard concerning him, and have as Christ also loved us, and been instructed in him, even as gave himself up for us, an ofthe truth is in Jesus ; 22 to put fering and a sacrifice to God off, according to your form for an odour of a sweet smell. er behaviour, the old man, 3 NOW let not fornication, who was corrupt according to or any uncleanness, or covetousdeceitful desires ; 23 and to be ness, be even named among you, renewed in the spirit of your (as becometh saints;) 4 or filthimind; 24 and to put on the ness, or foolish talking, or scurnew man, who is created, ac rilous jesting, which are not fit : cording to God, in righteous- but rather the giving of thanks. ness and true holiness.

5 For this ye know, that no for25 WHEREFORE put away nicator, or unclean person, or lying, and speak every one covetousness man, who is an truth to his neighbour; for we idolater, hath any inheritance are members one of another. in the kingdom of Christ and 26 Though ye be angry, yet do of God. not sin : let not the sun go

6 Let no one deceive you down upon your wrath : 27 and with vain words: for because give no advantage to the im- of these things the anger of postor. 28 Let him who stole, God cometh on the sons of dissteal no more ; but let him obedience. Be not therefore rather labour, acquiring by his joint-partakers with them. 8 For hands what is good, that he ye were formerly darkness, but may be able to bestow on him now ye are light in the Lord : who needeth. 29 Let no cor- walk as children of light: 9 rupt discourse proceed out of|(for the fruit of light is in all your mouth; but that which is goodness, and righteousness, good to the edification of the and truth;) 10 searching out faith, that it may minister be- what is well-pleasing to the nefit to the hearers : 30 and Lord : 11 and have no fellowoffend not the holy spirit of ship with the unfruitful works God, in which ye have been of darkness; but rather even

reprove them. 12 For it is for it; 26 that he might sancti. shameful even to speak of those fy it, having cleansed it by the things which are done by them washing of water, through the in secret. 13 But all things word ; 27 that he might prethat are discovered, are made sent it to himself a glorious manifest by the light: (for it church, not having blemish, or is the light which maketh every wrinkle, or any such thing; thing manifest.) 14 Wherefore but that it might be holy and the spirit saith; “ Awake, thou spotless. 28 Husbands ought who sleepest, and arise from so to love their wives, as their the dead, and Christ will give own bodies. He who loveth thee light.”

his wife, loveth himself: 29 for 15 See then that ye walk no one ever hated his own flesh; exactly; not as unwise, but as but every one nourisheth and wise: 16 redeeming the time, cherisheth it, as Christ also because the days are evil. 17 doth the church : 30 for we are Wherefore be not senseless, members of his body ; [of his but understand what is the will fesh, and of his bones.] 31 of the Lord. 18 And be noti“ Because of this, a man shall drunk with wine, wherein is leave his father and mother, dissoluteness; but be filled with and shall cleave to his wife, the spirit; 19 speaking to one and they two shall be one another in psalms, and hymns, flesh.” and spiritual songs; singing 32 This mystery is great ; and 'making melody in your but I speak concerning Christ, heart to the Lord; 20 giving and concerning the church. 33 thanks always for all things to However, let every one of you God even the Father, in the likewise so love his wife as name of our Lord Jesus Christ. himself; and let the wife take

21 In submitting yourselves care that she reverence her one to another in the fear of husband. Christ, 22 wives [submit your.

Ch. VI. 1 Children, obey selves] to your own husbands, your parents [in the Lord]: aś to the Lord : 23 for the hus- for this is right. 2 “ Honour band is the head of the wife, thy father and mother,” (which as Christ also is the head of is the first commandment with the church: (and he [is] the promise,) 3 “ that it may be Saviour also of the body:)* well with thee, and thou may24 however, as the church is est live long in the land." 4 subject to Christ, so let the And, fathers, provoke not your wives be to their [own] hus- children to anger; but nourish - bands'in every thing.

them in the instruction and 25 Husbands, love your discipline of the Lord. wives, as Christ also loved the 5 Servants, obey your maschurch, and gave himself up ters according to the flesh, with

'i. e. the church,

fear and trembling, in singleness having your feet shod with a of your heart, as ye obey Christ : readiness for preaching the gos6 not with eye-service, as men-pel of peace; 16 besides all, pleasers; but as the servants having taken up the shield of of Christ, doing the will of God faith, with which ye will be from the heart; 7 doing ser- able to quench all the fiery vice with cheerfulness, as to the darts of the enemy 17 (take] Lord, and not to men: 8 know also the helmet of salvation; ing that whatever good thing and the sword of the spirit, any one doth, he will receive which is the word of God: 18 it from the Lord, whether he praying in spirit, at all times, be a servant or free-man. with all prayer and supplica

9 And, masters, do the same tion; and, to [this] end, watchto them, forbearing threats : ing with all manner of readiknowing that yourselves also ness and supplication on behalf have a Master in heaven, with of all the saints; 19 and for me, whom there is no respect of that utterance may be given to persons.

me, in opening my mouth with 10 FINALLY, (my brethren,] freedom, to make known the strengthen yourselves in the mystery of the gospel, 20. for Lord, and in the power of his which I am an ambassador in might. 11 Put on the whole a chain ; that therein I may armour of God, that ye may speak freely, as Iought to speak. be able to stand against the 21 But that ye also may wiles of the impostor : 12 for know the things concerning we wrestle not against flesh me, what I do, Tychicus, a beind blood,* but against princi- loved brother and faithful mipalities, against powers, against nister in the Lord, will make he rulers of this world of dark- known to you all things ; 22 less, against the spirits of whom I have sent to you for wickedness in heavenly places. this very purpose, that ye

13 Therefore take up the might know our affairs, and whole armour of God, that ye that he might comfort your may be able to withstand in hearts. the evil day, and to stand, hav. 23 Peace be to the brethren, ing conquered every thing. 14 and love and faith, from God Stand therefore, having your the Father, and from the Lord loins girt about with truth; Jesus Christ. 24 Favourbe and having put on the breast- with all those who love our plate of righteousness; 15 and Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.

* “Flesh and blood is a Hebraism denoting mankind in general.” Macknight.




proof the things which differ; 1 PAUL - and Timothy, ser- and that ye may be sincere, vants of Jesus Christ, to all the and without offence, till the saints in Christ Jesus* who are day of Christ; 11 being filled in Philippi, and to the bishops with the fruit of righteousness, and deacons : 2 favour be to which is through Jesus Christ, you, and peace, from God our to the glory and praise of God. Father, and from the Lord Je 12 NOW I wish you to unsus Christ.

derstand, brethren, that the 3 I thank my God upon things concerning me have falevery remembrance of you; 4 len out rather to the furtheralways, in every supplication of ance of the gospel ; 13 so that mine for you all, making my in all the palace, and in all supplication with joy, 5 for other places, my bonds are wellyour kind contribution to the known to be on account of gospel, from its first day until Christ ; 14 and that many of now; 6 being confident of this the brethren in the Lord, growverything, that he, who hath ing confident by my bonds, are begun a good work in you, much more bold to speak the will continue completing it word without fear. until the day of Jesus Christ : 15 Some indeed, even through 7 as it is right for me to think envy and strife, and this of you all, because I have also through good-will, preach you in my heart, both in my Christ. 17 Those who preach bonds, and in my defence of Christ from love, preach him myself, and my confirmation of knowing that I am appointed the gospel, even all of you as for the defence of the gospel: being joint-contributors to the 16 but those who preach from gift which I have received. contention, preach Christ not

8 For God [is] my witness, sincerely, thinking to add afflic. how greatly I long after you tion to my bonds. all with the tender affection of 18 What then ? notwithstandJesus Christ. 9 And this I pray, ing, every way, whether in pre

love may abound still tence, or in truth, Christ is more and more in knowledge, preached ; and herein I rejoice, and in all judgment; 10 to the yea, and will rejoice. 19 For I end that ye may put to the know that this will end in my • " To all who are holy by means of admission into the Christian covenant." See 1 Cor. i. %. * Gr. ETIOXONOIS (literally)“ overseers.” See Clarke.


that your


deliverance, through your pray- firmly in one spirit, striving er, and through the supply of together, with one mind, for the spirit of Jesus Christ ; 20 the faith of the gospel ; 28 and according to my earnest expec- in nothing terrified by those tation and hope, that I shall be who oppose it: which is to put to shame in nothing; but them a declaration of destructhat, with all freedom of speech tion, but to you of salvation, in me, Christ, as always, so now and that from God: 29 for to also, will be magnified in my you it hath been graciously body, whether it be through given, as concerning Christ, life or through death. not only to believe in him, but

21 For as concerning me, to also to suffer for him ; 30 havlive is Christ, and to die is ing the same contest which gain.* 22 But if it be given me ye saw in me, and now hear to to live in the flesh, this preach- be in me.t ing of Christ is the fruit of my Ch. II. 1 If therefore there labour : yet what I should be any comfort in Christ, if any choose I know* not: 23 but I consolation from love, if any am in a strait between the two, mutual affection, if any comhaving a desire to depart, and passion and mercies; 2 fill up to be with Christ; (for] this my joy, that ye be of the same would be very far better: 24 mind, having the same love, nevertheless to remain still [in]! joined together in soul, of one the flesh is more needful for mind: s doing nothing through you. 25 And, confident of this, contention, or vain-glory; but I know that I shall remain, in humility of mind, esteeming and shall even remain with you others better than yourselves : all, for your furtherance and 4 not regarding every one his joy in the faith : 26 that your own things only, but every one boasting in Christ Jesus may the things also of others. abound through me, by my pre 5 [For] let this mind be in sence with you again.

you which was also in Christ 27 Only let your conduct be Jesus : 6 who, being in the form worthy of the gospel of Christ : of God, did not eagerly grasp that, whether I come and see at this resemblance to God: 7 you, or be absent, I may learn but divested himself, taking concerning you, that ye stand the form of a servant, was made

*" The apostle probably thought that the advent of Christ to raise the dead was very near. See 1 Thess. iv. 13-18, and therefore judged that a quiet rest in the grave till that event, would be to himself preferrable to a life of suffering and persecution: though he was content to continue in his present suffering state for the benefit of the church. At any rate he could not mean 10 express an expectation of an intermediate state of enjoyment between death and the resurrection : for he hints at no such topic of consolation to the bereaved Thessalonians in the passage above cited. And if he had expected that a state of felicity would have immediately succeeded the dissolution of the body, it would have been impossible for him to have declared to the Corinthians, 1 Cor. xv. 17, 18, that if the dead rise not, their faith would be vain, and that all who had fallen asleep in Christ had perished.” Im. Ver. note.

† Some think that ver. 30 is misplaced, and that it ought to be inserted immediately after ver. 27.

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