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in the likeness of men; 8 and 19 But I hope in the Lord being found in fashion as a man, Jesus, to send Timothy shortly he humbled himself, and be to you, that I may also be of came obedient to death, even good comfort when I know the death of the cross.

your affairs. 20 For I have no 9 Wherefore God, on his one likeminded, who will sin. pari, hath very highly exalted cerely care for your affairs. him, and of his favour rewarded 21 For all seek their own him with that name which is things, not the things of Christ above every name: 10 that, in Jesus. the name of Jesus, every knee 22 But ye know the proof should bow, of those in heaven, of him ; that, as a child serveth and those on the earth, and a father, he hath served with those under the earth; 11 and me as to the gospel. 23 I hope that every tongue should con- therefore to send him forthwith, fess that Jesus Christ is Lord, as soon as I shall see how the to the glory of God the Fa. things concerning me will end. ther.

24 But I trust in the Lord, 12 Wherefore, my beloved, that I myself also shall come as ye have always obeyed, not shortly. 25 Yet I thought it as in my presence only, but necessary to send to you Epanow much more in mine ab. phroditus, my brother and felsence, work out your own sal. low-labourer, and fellow-soldier, vation with fear and trembling: and your messenger and minis13 for it is God who worketh ter to my wants. 26 For he in you both to will and to do, greatly longed after you all, of his good pleasure.

and was full of anguish, be. 14 Do all things without cause ye had heard that he had murmurings and disputings; been sick. 15 that ye may be blameless 27 For indeed he was sick and harmless, unreproveable near to death: but God had children of God, in the midst pity on him; and not on him of a crooked and perverse only, but on me also, lest I generation, among whom ye should have sorrow upon sorshine as lights in the world, row. 28 I have sent him there. 16 holding fast the word of fore the more diligently, that,

that I may boast in the when ye see him again, ye may day of Christ, that I have not rejoice, and that I may be the run in vain, nor laboured in less sorrowful. 29 Receive him vain.

therefore in the Lord with all 17 YEA, if I be even poured joy; and hold such in reputaout upon the sacrifice and pub. tion: 30 because for the work lic offering of your faith, I joy, (of Christ] he was and rejoice with you all : 18 death, having hazarded his life, and in the same manner do ye to fill up what remained behind also joy, and rejoice with me. I of your service towards me.


near to

safe for you.

CH. III. 1 FINALLY, my breth- 1 by any means I might attain ren, rejoice in the Lord. To to the resurrection of the dead. write the same things to you 12 Not that I have already is not grievous to me, and is attained, nor am I already per

fected : but I still pursue, that 2 BEWARE of dogs, beware verily I may lay hold on that of evil-doers, beware of the for which indeed I was laid concision. 3 For we are the hold on by Christ.* circumcision, who worship God 13 Brethren, I count not mywith our spirit, and glory in self to have laid hold on the Christ Jesus, and have no con- prize: but one thing I do ; forfidence in the flesh : 4 though getting the things which are beI might have confidence even hind, and reaching forth to the in the flesh. If any other one things which are before, 14 I seem to have confidence in the press towards the goal, for the flesh, I have more : 5 circum- prize of the heavenly calling cised the eighth day, of the of God in Christ Jesus. 15 Let race of Israel, of the tribe of us therefore, as many as are Benjamin, a Hebrew of He perfect men, think thus: and brews; concerning the law, a if in any thing ye think otherPharisee ; 6 concerning zeal, wise, God will reveal even this persecuting the church ; con- to you. 16 However, as far as cerning righteousness, which we have reached, let us walk cometh, by the law, blameless. therein.

7 But what things were gain 17 Brethren, be joint-imitato me, those I counted loss for tors of me, and mark those the sake of Christ. 8 Yea doubt- who so walk, as ye have us for less, and I count that all things an example. 18 For many walk, are loss for the excellency of of whom I have told you often, the knowledge of Christ Jesus and now I tell you, even weep. my Lord : (for whom I have ing, that they are the enemies of suffered the loss of all things, the cross of Christ; 19 whose and count them as refuse that end is destruction, whose God I might gain Christ, 9 and is their belly, and whose glory might be found in him, not is in their shame: who mind having mine own righteousness, earthly things. 20 For our citiwhich is from the law, but that zenship is in heaven ; whence which is through the faith of we also look for our Saviour, Christ, a righteousness which the Lord Jesus Christ; 21 who upon this faith, is from God :) will change our debased body, 10 that I might know him, that it may be of like form with and the power of his resurrec. his glorious body, according to tion, and the partaking of his the working by which he is sufferings, being made con- able to subject even all things formable to his death; 11 if I to himself.


* So Macknight. The allusions here are to the Grecian gymnastic games.

CH. IV. 1 Wherefore, my learned, in whatsoever state I jyrethren, beloved and greatly am, therewith to be content. desired, my joy and crown, thus, | 12 I know both how to be O my beloved, stand firmly in brought low, and I know how the Lord.

to abound: always, and in all 2 I BESEECH Euodia, and I things, I am instructed, both beseech Syntyché, to be of the to be full and to be hungry, same mind in the Lord : 3 and both to abound and to want : I entreat thee also, true com. 13 I can do all things through panion, help those women, who him who strengtheneth me. 14 have laboured with me in the However, ye have done well, gospel, with Clement also, and that ye jointly contributed to with mine other fellow-labour- relieve


affliction. ers, whose names are in the 15 And, ye also know, O book of life.

Philippians, that, in the begin 4 Rejoice in the Lord al- ning of my preaching the gosways : and again I say, Rejoice. pel, when I was departing 5 Let your mildness be known from Macedonia, no church to all men. The Lord is near. had intercourse with me, as 6 Take no anxious thought for concerning giving and receivany thing; but in every thing ing, but ye only : 16 and that let your requests be made in Thessalonica ye sent, once, known to God by prayer and and also a second time, to my supplication with thanksgiv- necessity. 17 Not that I furing: 7 and the peace of God, ther desire a gift: but I further which exceedeth all compre- desire fruit which may abound hension, will keep your hearts to your account. and minds in Christ Jesus. 18 But I have every thing,

8 Finally brethren, whatso- and abound: I am full, having ever is true, whatsoever is received from Epaphroditus grave, whatsoever is just, what the things which were sent from soever is pure, whatsoever is you, an odour of a sweet smell, kind, whatsoever is of good an acceptable sacrifice, wellreport, if there be any virtue, pleasing to God. 19 And my and if there be any praise, God will supply all your wants, think on these things ; 9 what according to his riches in glory, ye have both learned, and re- in Christ Jesus. 20 Now to ceived, and heard, and seen in our God, and Father, be glory me, these things do : and the to the ages of ages. Amen. God of peace will be with you. 21 SALUTE every one who is

10 But I have rejoiced in holy in Christ Jesus. The breththe Lord greatly, that now at ren who are with me, salute length your care of me hath you. 22 All the saints sa. revived; wherein ye were care lute you ; chiefly those who are ful also before, but wanted op- of Cæsar's household. 23 The portunity. 11 Not that I speak favour of [our] Lord Jesus concerning want : for I have | Christ be with you all. [.Amen.]




9 For this cause

we also, 1 PAUL, an apostle of Je- since the day we heard it, cease sus Christ, by the will of God, not to pray for you, and to ask and Timothy our brother, 2 to that ye may be filled with the the saints and faithful brethren knowledge of his will, in all in Christ who are in Colossé: spiritual wisdom and underfavour be to you, and peace, standing; 10 that ye may walk from God our Father.

in a manner worthy of the Lord 3 We give thanks to the so to please him in all God [and] Father of our Lord things, being fruitful in every Jesus Christ, (praying always good work, and increasing in for you, 4 since we heard of the knowledge of God; 11 your faith in Christ Jesus, and strengthened with all might, of your love to all the saints,) 5 according to his glorious powbecause of the hope which is er, to all patience and endurlaid up for you in heaven, of ance with joyfulness; 12 giving which ye have heard before in thanks to the Father, who hath the true doctrine of the gospel ; made us fit to be partakers 6 which is come to you, as also of the inheritance of the saints in all the world; and is bring in light. ing forth fruit, and increasing ; 13 TO him who hath delivereven as it doth among you ed us from the power of darksince the day ye heard of it, ness, and hath translated us and knew the favour of God into the kingdom of his bein truth ; 7 as ye have learned loved Son : 14 to him in whom [also] from Epaphras our be- we have redemption, even the loved fellow-servant, who is for forgiveness of sins; 15 who is you a faithful

minister of the image of the invisible God, Christ; 8 who hath declared the first-born of the whole also to us your love in the creation : 16 (for in him all spirit.

things were created* that are * " That the apostle does not here intend the creation of natural substances is evident ; for, ist, He does not say that by (or in) him were created heaven and earth, but things in heaven, and things on earth : 2dly, He does not, in descending into detail, specify things themselves, viz. celestial and terrestial substances, but merely states of things, viz. thrones, dominions, etc. which are only ranks and orders of beings in the rational and moral world : 3dly, It is plain from comparing ver. 16 and ver. 18, that Christ is called the first-born of the whole creation, because he is the first who was raised from the dead to an immortal life : 4thly, The creation of natural objects, the heaven, the earth and sea, and all things therein, when they are plainly and unequivocally mentioned, is uniformally and invariably ascribed to the Father, both in the Old Testament and the New. Hence it follows, that the creation, which the apostle here ascribes to Christ, expresses that great change which was introduced into the moral world, and particularly into the relative situation of Jews and gentiles, by the dispensation of the gospel. This


in heaven, and that are turn fill up that which in my earth, visible or invisible, whe- flesh remaineth behind of my ther they be thrones, or domi- afflictions because of Christ, nions, or principalities, or pow for the sake of his body, which ers: all things were created is the church : 25 of which through him, and for him: 17 church I have been made a miand he is before all things, and in nister, according to the dishim all things subsist: 18 and pensation of God which hath he is the head of the body, the been given me towards you, church: even he who is the that I may fully preach the chief, the first-born from the word of God, 26 even the mys. dead, that amongst all he might tery which hath been hidden be the first.) 19 For it hath from ages and from generapleased the Father to inhabit tions, but now hath been made all fulness in him ; 20 and, manifest to his saints : 27 to through him, to reconcile all whom God hath been willing things to himself, (having made to make known what are the peace through the blood of his glorious riches of this mystery cross,) (through him,] I say, among the gentiles; which myswhether they be things on earth, tery is Christ in you, the hope or things in heaven.*

of glory : 28 whom we preach, 21 And you, though ye were admonishing every man and formerly aliens, and enemies in teaching (every man,] with all your mind, by wicked works, wisdom; that we may present yet hath he now reconciled, 22 every man perfect in Christ: in the body of his flesh, through 29 for which I also labour; and death, to present you holy, and contend according to his workspotless, and irreproachable in ing which powerfully worketh his sight; 23 if ye continue in me. grounded and stedfast in the Ch. II, 1 FOR I would that faith, and not moved away from ye knew what earnest care I the hope given by the gospel have for you, and for those in which ye have heard, and Laodicea, and for as many as which hath been proclaimed have not seen my face in the in all [the] creation which is flesh ; 2 that their hearts might under heaven; of which, I Paul, be comforted, they being knit have been made a minister. together in love, and to all

24 I now rejoice in my suf- riches of the full assurance of ferings, for you, and in my their understanding, to the is often called creation, or the new creation, and is usually ascribed to Jesus Christ; who was the great prophet and messenger of the new covenant. See Eph. i. 10 ; ii. 10-15; iii. 9; iv. $4; Col. m. 10; 2 Cor. v. 17. This great change the apostle here describes under the symbol of a revolution, intraluced by Christ amongst certain ranks and orders of beings, by whom, accord ing to the Jewish demonology, borrowed from the Oriental philosophy, the affairs of states and individuals were superintended and governed. See Mr. Lindsey's Sequel, p. 477, and Wetstein in loco.” Im. Ver. note.

* that is, gentiles or Jews, who were first reconciled to one another, and then to God, through Christ: i. e. through the gospel of Christ. See Eph. i. 10, also Eph. ii. 14–16.

+ In their heathen state they were ceremonially and morally sinners. They are now ceremo mially reconciled, i. e. brought to the profession of christianity that they may be morally purified.

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