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shall have no rest day or night sickle to the earth, and cut who worship the beast and his off the clusters of the vine of image, and if any one receive the earth, and cast them into the mark of his name.”

the great wine-press of the 12 Here is the patience of wrath of God. 20 And the winethe saints, who keep the com- press was trodden, without the mandments of God, and the city; and blood came forth from faith of Jesus. 13 And I heard the wine-press, even up to the a voice from heaven, saying, bridles. of the horses, for the “ Write: happy are the dead space of a thousand and sixwho die in the Lord henceforth: hundred furlongs. Yes, saith the Spirit ; they rest CH. XV. 1 And I saw from their labours; and their other sign in heaven,' great and works follow them."

wonderful; seven messengers 14 And I looked, and, behold, having the seven l'ast scourges : a white cloud, and upon the for in them the wrath of God cloud one sitting, like a son of was finished. 2 And I saw as man, having on his head a gold- it were a glassy sea mingled en crown, and in his hand a with fire; and those who had sharp sickle.

gotten the victory over the 15 And another messenger | beast, and over his image, and came out (from the temple], over the number of his name, crying with a loud voice to him standing by the glassy sea, havwho sat on the cloud, “ Put in ing harps of God. 3 And they thy sickle, and reap : for the sang the song of Moses, the time is come to reap ; for the servant of God, and the song harvest of the earth is ripe.” of the lamb, saying, Great and 16 And he who sat on the cloud wonderful are thy works, , O applied his sickle to the earth; Lord God Almighty; righteous and the earth was reaped. and true are thy ways, O King

17 And another messenger of the nations. 4 Who shall not came out from the temple which fear [thee,] [O Lord,] and glowas in heaven, he also having rify thy name? for thou only a sharp sickle. 18 And another art holy: for all the nations messenger came out from the shall come and worship before altar, who had authority over thee; for thy righteous acts the fire thereof, and called with are made manifest." a loud cry to him who had the 5 And after that I looked, sharp sickle, saying, “ Put in and the temple of the taberthy sharp sickle, and cut the nacle of the testimony in heaclusters of the vine of the earth; ven was opened: 6 and the seven for its grapes are fully ripe.” messengers, who had the seven 19 And the angel applied his scourges, came out [from the

to states of things in the present world, the punishments threatened ought, in all reason, to be understood of temporal punishments, and not of the sufferings of a future life. So in Jude, ver. 7, Sodom and Gomorrah are represented as suffering the vengeance of aionian fire, i. e. of a temporal calamity, a fire which completely destroyed them.

temple,] clothed in pure white, worthy." 7 And I heard a voice, linen, and girded about their from the altar, saying, “ Yea, breasts with golden girdles. 7 Lord God Almighty, true and And one of the four living righteous are thy judgments." creatures gave to the seven

8 And the fourth messenger messengers seven golden phials poured out his phial upon the full of the wrath of God who sun; and command was given liveth to the ages of ages. 8 to him to burn mankind in fire. And the temple was filled with 9 And mankind were burned smoke from the glory of God, with great heat; and yet men and from his power; and no blasphemned the name of the one was able to enter into the God, who had power over these temple, till the seven scourges scourges; and reformed not 80 of the seven messengers were as to give him glory. finished.

10 And the fifth messenger Ch. XVI. 1 And I heard a poured out his phial upon the loud voice (out of the temple,] throne of the beast: and its saying to the seven messengers, kingdom became darkened : “ Go, and pour out the seven and men gnawed their tongues phials of the wrath of God upon for pain ; 11 and blasphemed the earth.”

the God of heaven, because of 2 And the first went, and their pains and their ulcers; poured out his phial upon the and yet they returned not from earth; and a bad and a noisome their evil deeds. ulcer fell upon the men who 12 And the sixth messenger had the mark of the beast, and poured out his phial upon the upon those who worshipped his great river Euphrates; and image.

its water was dried up, that 3. And the second [messen- the way of the kings from the ger] poured out his phial into east might be prepared. 13 the sea ; and it became blood And I saw three unclean spirits, as of one dead : and every [liv. like frogs, come out from the ing] creature in the sea died. mouth of the dragon, and out

4 And the third messenger from the mouth of the beast, poured out his phial into the and out from the mouth of the rivers and springs of waters; false prophet. 14 For they are and they became blood. 5 And spirits of demons, working mirI heard the messengers of the acles, (which go forth] to the waters saying; “ Thou art righ- kings of the whole world, to *teous, who art, and wast, and gather them to the battle of art abundantly kind, because [that] great day of the Almighty thou hast thus executed judg. God. 15 (“ Behold, I come as a ment: 6 for they have shed the thief. Happy is he who watchblood of saints and of prophets, eth, and keepeth his garments, and blood thou hast given them lest he walk naked, and

expose to drink : of which they are his shame.") 16 And the spirits



gathered the king: together into made drunk.” 3 So he carried a place, called, in the Hebrew me away, in the spirit, into a tongue, Armageddon.*

desert : and I saw a woman sit17 And the seventh messen. ting on a scarlet beast, which ger poured out his phial into was full of names of blasphemy, the air ; and a [loud) voice and had seven heads and ten came from the temple (of hea- horns. 4 And the woman was ven], even from the throne, clothed in purple and scarlet, saying, “ It is accomplished.” and adorned with gold, and pre18 And there were voices, and cious stones, and pearls, and thunders, and lightnings; and had in her hand a golden cup [there was] a great earthquake, full of abominations and the such as had not been since men filthiness of her fornication ; 5 were upon the earth, so great and upon her forehead a name and mighty an earthquake.

written, MYSTERY, THE GREAT 19 And the great city was BABYLON, THE MOTHER OF HARdivided into three parts, and LOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS the cities of the nations fell :

EARTH. 6 And I saw and the great Babylon was the woman drunk with the remembered before God, so blood of the saints, and with that he gave her the cup of the blood of the witnesses of the wine of the fierceness of Jesus : and when I saw her, his anger. 20 And every island I wondered with great wonder. fled away ; and the mountains 7 And the messenger said to were not found. 21 And there me, “ Why didst thou wonder? fell upon men a great hail from I will tell thee the mystery of heaven, every stone, as it were, the woman, and of the beast the weight of a talent: and men which carrieth her, which hath blasphemed God because of the the seven heads, and the ten scourge of the hail; for the horns. 8 The beast which thou scourge of it was very great. sawest, was, and is not; and is

Ch. XVII. 1 THEN one of about to come up from the the seven messengers, who had abyss, and go into destruction : the seven phials, came and and those who dwell on the talked to me, saying, “ Come earth (whose names were not hither, I will show thee the written in the book of life from judgment of the great harlot, the foundation of the world) who sitteth upon the many wa- will wonder when they behold ters ; 2 with whom the kings the beast, which was, and is of the earth have committed not, and will appear again. fornication ; and with the wine 9 Here is the mind which of whose fornication the inha- hath wisdom. The seven heads bitants of the earth have been are seven mountains, on which

* “ That is, the mountain of Megiddo: a city famous for slaughter, Judg: v. 19, 2 Kings ix. 27; for the defeat of King Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii. 29; and for great mourning, Zech. xii. 11.' Newcome.

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the woman sitteth ; 10 and they had great authority; and the are seven kings : five are fallen, earth was enlightened with his [and] one is, and the other is glory. 2 And he cried with a not yet come; and when he strong voice, saying, doth come, he must continue great Babylon is fallen, is fallen; a short time. 11 And the beast, and is become a dwelling-place which was, and is not, even he of den ns, and a haunt of every is the eighth, and is as one of unclean spirit, and a haunt of the seven, and will go to des- every unclean and hateful bird. truction. 12 And the ten horns, 3 For all the nations have drunk which thou sawest, are ten of the wine of the fury of her kings that have not yet received fornication ; and the kings of a kingdom; but will receive the earth have committed forauthority, as kings, at the same nication with her, and the mertime with the beast. 13 These chants of the earth have been will have one mind, and will made rich through the abundgive their authority and strength ance of her luxury.” to the beast. 14 These will 4 And I heard another voice make war against the lamb, from heaven, saying, “ Come and the lamb will overcome out from her, my people; that them : for he is Lord of lords, ye be not partakers of her sins, and King of kings; and those and that ye receive not of her who are with him are called, scourgès: 5 for her sins have chosen, and faithful."

reached to heaven; and God 15 Then the messenger said hath remembered her iniquito me,“ The waters which thou ties. 6 Render to her as she sawest, where the harlot sit- also hath rendered ; and repay teth, are people, and multitudes, her double, according to her and nations, and languages. 16 works : in 'the cup which she And the ten horns which thou hath mixed, mix to her double. sawest, and the beast, will hate 7 By how much she hath glori. the harlot, and will make her fied herself, and lived luxudesolate and naked, and will riously, so much torment and eat her flesh, and burn her in mourning give to her : for she fire. 17 For God hath put in saith in her heart, “I sit as a their hearts to do his will, and to queen, and am not a widow, agree, and give their kingdom and shall not see mourning.' 8 to the beast, until the words of Therefore her scourges shall God shall be fulfilled. 18 And come in one day, pestilence, the woman whom thou sawest, and mourning, and famine ; and is that great city which hath she shall be utterly burnt in fire; dominion over the kings of the for strong is the Lord God who earth."

hath judged her. Ch. XVIII. 1 And after these 9 And the kings of the earth things, I saw another messenger who have committed fornicacoming down from heaven, who tion and lived luxuriously with


her, shall bewail her, and la- , and every one who saileth to ment for her, when they see the place, and mariners, and as the smoke of her burning; 10 many as use the sea, stood afar standing afar off for the fear of off, 18 and cried out, when her torment, and saying, “ Alas, they saw the smoke of her alas, O great city Babylon, o burning, saying, "What city mighty city! for in one hour was like this great city! 19 thy judgment is come.' 11 And And they cast dust on their the merchants of the earth shall heads, and cried out, weeping weep and mourn over her; for and mourning, saying, Alas, no one buyeth their merchan- alas, that great city, whereby dise any more: 12 the merchan- all who had ships on the sea dise of gold, and of silver, and were made rich through her of precious stones, and of pearls, costliness! for in one hour she and of fine linen, and of purple, is laid waste.' 20 Rejoice over and of silk, and of scarlet; and her, thou heaven, and ye saints all sweet-smelling wood, and and apostles and prophets; for all ivory vessels, and all vessels God hath visited her condemof most precious wood and of nation upon her. * brass and of iron and of marble; 21 And one mighty angel 13 and cinnamon, and amomum, took up a stone like a great and odours, and ointments, and mill-stone, and cast it into the frankincense, and wine, and oil, sea, saying, “ Thus shall that and fine flour, and wheat, and great city Babylon be thrown cattle, and sheep, and horses, down with force, and shall by and chariots, and slaves, and no means be found any more. lives of men. 14 And the fruits 22 And the sound of larpers, which thy soul desired are de- and of musicians, and of pipers, parted from thee, and all things and of trumpeters, shall by no which were delicate and sump- means be heard any more in tuous are perished from thee, thee ; and no artist of any kind and thou shalt by no means ob- shall be found in thee hereafter; tain them any more.

and the sound of a mill-stone 15 The merchants of these shall by no means be heard any things, who were made rich more in thee ; 23 and the light. by her, shall stand afar off, for of a lamp shall by no means the fear of her torment, weep- shine any more in thee; and ing and mourning, 16 [and] the voice of the bridegroom saying, “ Alas, alas, that great and of the bride shall by no city, which was clothed in fine means be heard any more in linen, and purple, and scarlet, thee: for thy merchants were and adorned [with] gold, and the great men of the earth ; for precious stones, and pearls ! 17 by thy sorceries all the nations For in one hour so great wealth were deceived. 24 And in her is laid waste.' And every pilot, hath been found the blood of

* i. e. God, because she condemned you, bath visited her with condemnation.

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