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teaching, and all the miracles repent. (ch. vi. 12.) Repentance which they wrought in proof of was therefore the great prepartheir commission, and their doc- ation for the kingdom of God. trine. (Comp. John v. 19.-xvii. (Compare Matt. iii. 1, 2, and iv, 8. And Acts iii. 16.-iv. 10.) 17.)
It was, I think, peculiarly Having performed the duties with a view to the election which assigned to them, the apostles rehe was about to make of his a. turned, and told Jesus all that they postles, that our Lord retired had done. (Luke ix. 10.) And as from his disciples, and passed a we do not find that they were awhole night in a proseucha, or gain sent out, or again returned to house of prayer. In John xvii. him, the immediate object of their 12, we find him referring to the election seems at that time to answer of God to his prayers, have been accomplished. They on this important occasion; "those were ordained as well to be with thou hast given me, I have kept." him, as witnesses of what he The expression indicates the ef- said and did, as to proclaim the ficacy of prayer; and his exam-- approaching establishment of his ple, our duty of seeking divine kingdom. (Mark iii. 14.) Other direction, particularly in the seventy were now chosen, and great and most interesting con- sent two and two before his face, cerns of life. Compare with this into every city, whither he himhis expressions at the tomb of self would come. (Luke x. 1.) Lazarus. “Father, I thank thee The instructions and powers that thou hast heard me; and I which were given to these seknow that thou hearest me always. venty disciples, were the same But because of the people which were given to the apostles. stand by, I said it, that they may But as the apostles were to be believe that thou hast sent me." peouliarly his witnesses after his (John xi. 41, 42.)
resurrection, they were from this The apostles were chosen for time constantly with him. the immediate purpose of preach- After the resurrection of our ing the kingdom of God; or, that Lord, we find in the company the kingdom of God—the king of apostles, Barnabas, a Levite, dom foretold by Daniel, (ch. vii. and Paul, who was educated at 13, 14.) and anticipated by the the feet of Gamaliel. But it is Jews-was at hand. Our Lord not difficult to account for the very seldom, and only in places choice of twelve illiterate men, remote from Jerụsalem, acknow. to be the first messengers of his ledged in direct terms that he great design. Men of birth and was a king, or the Messiah, till education, who believed in him, just as he was about to suffer. having much to lose from the What the apostles were commis. enmity of their unbelieving counsioned to preach, we learn from trymen, were afraid to acknowl. what Mark inforins us of the edge him, and therefore, very manner, in which they executed unfit to be apostles. Witness their commission. “I'hey went Nicodemus, and Joseph of Ariout, and preached that men should mathea. The choice of distin,
guished and influential men, would betray him, and yet eleetinight also have excited the ed Judas into the number of the jealousy of the Roman govern- accredited witnesses of his teachment. Nor would learned and ing and miracles, and without inquisitive men, eager to know. doubt,it was one design of a choice his objects, and the manner in so peculiar, that in the testimony, which they were to be effected, which the traitor would gladly have waited patiently, as did have with holden, an evidenco those whom he elected, till he might be given as strong as that was ready fully to develop them. of testimony can be, ibat all But a still more important rea- which the Evangelists have writson for this choice was, that in ten of Jesus is true; that he is the courage, the wisdom and the Son of God, and the Savior mighty works of these unlearn- of all who believe. ed men, the Jews and the world Hammond on the text. Lord might know, that they were en- Barrington's Miscellanea Sacra. dued with power from on high.-- b. i. pp. 1-6, and 101-4. Ed. It
may be added, that Jesus, 1725. knew from the beginning who
RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS IN GREAT BRITAIN,
Abridged from Bigland's View of the World. “The distinguishing charac- tiang. This sect took its rise ter of the church of England is about the middle of the sevenmoderation; and its clergy, froin teenth century; their founder bethe highest to the lowest orders, -ing the celebrated George Fox, are more tolerant in their princi- a man of benevolent sentiments ples than those of most other and exemplary piety. If some of national establishments.
their tenets and usages be tincThe Roman Catholics are in tured with singularity, it must at some particular places pretty least be aoknowledged, that nei. numerous; but bear a much less ther their principies nor their proportion to the whole popula. practices, are inimical to society, tion of the kingdom than some and as they have united, they other descriptions of nonconform- have long enjoyed the protection ists. There are however among of the legislature. them many families of distinc- “The modern Presbyterians are tion, and others in opulent cir- the remains of the puritans, cumstances.
whose clerical aristocracy was, “The Quakers are a pretty during the civil wars of the sevnumerous and a very opulent enteenth century, so despoticalsect, and in regard to their prin- ly obtruded on the English naciples and conduet, may be con- tion, and, by its intolerance, ren
, . sidered as one of the most re- dered so extremely odious to the spectable denominations of Chris. majority, as, under the ostensible
pretext of establishing, it entire. eral, and that of the particular ly abolished religious freedom. baptists. The former huld the Their intolerant spirit was ex. doctrioes of Arminius, the latter tremely conducive to the exalta. those of Calvin. tion of the independeuts, who, "The Swedenborgians derire either through motives of benev- their name from Baron Swedenolence or policy, granted univer- borg, their founder, a Swedish sal toleration.
nobleman, who left bis native “Every one knows the con- country to reside in England. spicuous part which the Inde
“The Unitarians are in many pendents acted in the civil parts of the kingdom very nu
Supported by the iron merous. Their principal tenet, hand of Cromwell, avd by the ar- from which their name is derivmy, they soun gained the ascen. ed, is the unity of the godhead, deucy over the presbyterians, and without a trinity of persons. are yet very numerous. The This doetrine, which is fundaEnglish presbyterians originally mentally the same as that of derived their discipline, as well Socinus, appears to be rapidly as their doctrines, from Calviu's spreading, and its professors not institutions in the church of Ge- only form numerous and distinct neva, which vested the ecclesias- societies, but are intermixed atical government in councils of mong almost all the other classes presbyters, while the Indepen. of dissidents. Among the 'memdents maintained the right of bers of the established church, each congregation to regulate its this opinion also appears rapidOWN concerns, From this modely to gain ground; and the docof church government, which has trine of the trinity, which was been considered as one of their formerly considered as too samost characteristic distinctions, ered to be opposed or even disthe latter derived their appella- cussed, is now openly controverttions of independents or congre. ed, and in some societies publicgationalists, as holding the in- ly renounced. dependency of congregational «The Methodists, although eburches. In this respect, how- they profess themselves memever, most of the protestant dis-bers of the established church, senters in England are now In- are generally considered as a dependents. Even the presbyter. distinct class; but it is difficult ians themselves have almost laid to describe their tenets, as they aside their Genevan discipline, are split into two grand divisand in their notions of ecclesi- ions, one of which consists of the astical government have, in a followers of Mr. Whitfield, and great measure, adopted indepen. profess themselves Calvinists; dent principles.
The other, acknowledging Mr. “The Baptists explode the Wesley as their founder, are for doctrine of infant baptism, and the most part Arminians. The baptize adults by immersion in truth, however, is, that among water. This sect is divided in the Methodists, the Calvinistic to two branches, that of the gen- and Arminian tenets seem to be
considerably blended; and the which nearly correspond withi greatest part of the members of the tenets of Arminius, and a their societies, appear to adopt great number of the members of a system of independence with Arminian societies, in regard to respect to speculative opinions, their speculative opinions, apwhich they mostly regard as non- proach' very near to the doca essentials, and which each one, trines of Calvinism.-The autherefore, models according to thoritative sway of the creeds the light of his own understand- and councils of former days, is, ing, and the dictates of his own at this time, exceedingly diminconscience.
ished; and the Christians of the “In regard to religion, Eng. present age seem to revere their land exhibits so diversified a pic- definitions and decisions, no farture, that it would require a con- ther than as they correspond siderable length of time, as well with their own private opinions. as great attention, to examine “Many of the ministers and it minutely, and the opinions of others of the different sects of different sects are so various, English dissidents have greatly that it is impossible to trace distingaished themselves by their them through all their ramifica- talents and learning; and severtions. It is, indeed, to be ob. al of their literary performances served, that the creeds of the
are held in high estimation. English sectaries are far from The clergy of the established being settled. Few, even of the church, and those of the various members of the established sects of noneonformists, treat church, at this day, think them- one another with friendship and selves conscientiously bound to candor." believe the doctrinal theory of Perhaps the clergy in this the thirty-nine articles. Sever country will yet become as wise al among the adherents of Cal.
as they are said to be in Great vinistical sects, entertain ideas Britain.
THE ANCIENT MÉTHOD OF SUPPORTING THE OPINIONS OF THE
MAJORITY. In the last July Namber of the The Assembly sat five years, Christian Disciple we admitted six months and twenty-two days. a Dialogue, which gave some In which time they held eleven account of the light that prevail. hundred and sixty-three sessions. ed at the time of the Westmin. The works produced by the Asster Assembly. Some other facts sembly were, 64. Their Humble relating to that Assembly, and Advice to the parliament for orits influence on the English na- dination of ministers, and settling tion, may be useful. The facts the Presbyterian government. now to be stated, will be taken 2. A Directory for public wor. from the third volume of Neale's ship. 3. A Confession of Faith. History of the Puritans.
4. A Larger and Shorter Cate
chism. 5. A Review of some of, head and manhood are distinct the thirty-nine articles."
p: 452. naturen, or that the humanity of The Assembly "subsisted until Christ is pure and unspotted of February 22, 1648–9,” about all sin. three weeks after king Charles I. 5. “The maintaining that was beheaded.
Christ did not die, nor rise again, May 2, 1648, the English par- nor ascend into heaven bodily. liament, having a majority of 6. “The denying that the deaih Presbyterians, passed an ordi. of Christ is meritorious, on the dance for the support of ortho- behalf of believers; or that Jesus doxy and the suppression of here. Christ is the Son of God. sy, which shows in a striking 7. "The denying that the homanner the light and the spirit ly scriptures of the Old avd New which then prevailed. The or- Testament are the word of God. dinance contains the following 8. “The denying of the respassages:
urrection of the dead and a fu“That all persons who shall ture judgment.” pp. 459, 459. willingly maintain, publish, ok By embracing any one of the defend, by preaching or writing, foregoing supposed errors a man the following heresies with ob- was exposed to suffer death. stinacy, shall upon complaint be. But the ordinance enumerates fore two justices of the peace, or sixteen other opinions, to which confession of the party, be com
the sentence of death was not anmitted to prison without bail or nexed. The person accused, if mainprize till the next gaol de- found guilty, and would not livery; and in case the indictment publicly renounce his error or er. shall then be found, and the par
rors, was to be committed to ty upon his trial shall not abjure prison till he found sureties that his said error, and his defence he should not publish or mainand maintenance of the same, tain the said error or errors any he shall suffer the pains of death, more. The errors are these fol. as in case of felony, without ben- lowing: efit of clergy.”- The heresies 1. “That all men shall be sav.
these follow. ed. ing:
2. “That man by nature hath 1. "That there is no God. free will to turn to God.
2. “That God is not omnipres- 3. “That God may be wor. ent, omniscient,almighty, eternal shipped in or by pictures or imand perfectly holy:
ages. 3. "That the Father is not 4. “That the soul dies with God, that the Son is not God, the body, or, after death, goes that the Holy Ghost is not God, neither to heaven nor hell, but to or that these three are not one purgatory. eternal God; or that Christ is 5. “That the soul of man sleeps not God equal with the Father, when the body is dead.
4. “The denial of the man- 6. "That the revelations or hood of Christ, or that the God- workings of the Spirit are a rule Vol. IV. No. 4.