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of faith or Christian life, though ing of the Papists, Arminians, diverse from, or contrary to the Antinomians, Arians, Baptists

, written word of God.

and Quakers, &e. of those times, 7. “That man is bound to be. The ordinance was a comprehen. lieve no more than by his reason sive engine of cruelty, and would he can comprehend.

have tortured great numbers of 8. "That the moral law con- gond Christians and good subtained in the ten commandments is jects. The Presbyterians of the no rule of the Christian life. present age are not only thank

9. “That a believer need not ful that the confusion of the repent or pray for the pardon of times did not permit their presin.

decessors to put this law into ex. 10. That the two sacraments ecution, but wish also that it could of baptism and the Lord's Sup. be blotted out of the records of per are

pot ordinances com- time, as it is impossible to brand manded by the word of God. it with the censure equal to its

11. “That the baptism of in- demerits.” fants is unlawful and void, and If such a law were to be fully that such persons ought to be executed in our land at the presbaptized again.

ent day, would not one ball the 12. "That the observation of adult persons of the United the Lord's day, as enjoined by States be put to death, and three the ordinances and laws of the fifths of the other half commit. realm, is not according, or is cou. ted to prison? What reason then trary to the word of God.

have dissenters from the creed 13. “That it is not lawful to of the Westminster Assembly to join in public or family prayer, be thankful to God, that the punor to teach children to pray. ishment for dissent has been

14. “That the churches of changed from a destruction of England are no true churches, life to ruin of character! In fornor their ministers and ordinan- mer times the sixth commandces , true ministers and ordi- ment afforded no more security to nances; or that the church gov- a dissenter's life, than the ninth ernment by presbyteries is autie commandment now does to his ehristian or unlawful.

reputation. 15. "That magistracy, or the The third article in the list of power of the civil magistrate by heresies made it death for a man law established in England, is to deny that Jesus Christ was unlawful.

the "one eternal God.” The 16. «l'hat all use of arms, sixth exposed him to the same though for the public defence, punishment if he denied that Je. and be the cause ever so just, is

sus Christ was the Son of God. unlawful."

By comparing the two 'artieles After reporting this antichris- together, it must be evident, that tiap ordinance, Mr. Neal has the

& man was exposed to be put to following paragraph:

death for denying either part “This

black list of heresies was of a palpable contradiction, or taken from the speeches or writ. that in the sixth article, that

the word Son" is used in a sense, cords of time;" so it is probable for which we have no analogy in that the posterity of some persons the use of language.

of the present day, may wish the As the Presbyterians of Mr. same in regard to a number of Neal's day wished the sanguin- things which have been done in ary ordinance of their ancestors

our age. "could be blotted out of the re

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Substance of the speeches of W. Wilberforce, on the clause in the East

India Bill, for promoting the religious instruction and moral improvement of the natives of India.

Continued from page 79.) “But higher ground is taken tives of India just such, as we by the opponents of this bill, than might have been led to expect, the practicability of converting the from a knowledge of their dark Hindoos to Christianity. The and degrading superstitions, and principles of the Hindoos are so their political bondage. good, their morals are so pure, “But honorable gentlemen have it is said, that this conversion is' read us passages from their re. not desirable; that to attempt to ligious books, some of which communicate to them our reli. breathe a strain of pure, and gion and our morality, is, to say even sublime morality. But I the least, a superfluous, perhaps ask such of our opponents as a mischievous, attempt.

urge this argument, whether they “This is no new doctrine. It did or did not know, that which sprang up among the French is an undeniable fact, (I refer to sceptical philosophers, by whom Mr. Halhed's translation of the it was used for the purpose of Hindoo laws,) that if a Soodra discrediting Christianity, by should get by heart, nay, if he she wing, that in countries which should read, or even listen to the were wholly strangers to its sacred books, the law condemns light, the people were in gener- hion to a most cruel death? al more gentle, and peaceable, “Let me quoie to you, sir, some and innocent, and amiable, than general opinions of the moral in those countries, which had for state of the Hindoos, which have the longest period professed the been given by authors of estabChristian faith. But, sir, have lished credit, as well as by pernot moral causes their sure and sons who bave for many years infallible effects? Is it not no- held high stations in the comtorious that the natives of India, pany's service, and who must be from the very earliest times, have supposed to have been perfectly groaned under the double yoke acquaivted with their real charof political and religious despo- acter. tism? And in truth, we find the «The traveller Bernier, whose morals, and manners of the na- work was received as evidence

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at Mr. Hastings' trial, places the people who, from their infaney, character of the people in gener- are utter strangers to the idea of al, and especially of the Brah- common faitli and honesty. The mius, in the most unfavorable Gentoos in general are as dan: light. i only refer in general to gerous and wicked, as any race his high authority. Bernier trav. of people in the known world,

, elled in ludia about one hundred if not eminently more so; espeand fifty years ago. And Mr. cially the common run of BrahOrme, the excellent historian of mins. We can truly aver, that the Caryatic, leads us to form a during almost five years, that we still lower estimation of their presided in the Judicial Court of moral qualities. He speaks of Caleutta, never aby murder, or the Gentoos as 'infamous for the other atrocious crime came bewant of generosity and gratitude, fore us, but it was proved in the in all the commerce of friend end, that a Brahmin was at the ship; a tricking, deceitful peo- bottom of it.' ple in all their dealings. Every “Says Lord Clive, the inbab, offence is eapable of being ex- itants of this country, we know, piated, by largesses to the Brah. by long experience, have no ato mins, prescribed by themselves, tachment to any obligation, according to their own measures “Lord Teignmouth paints their of avarice and sensuality' character in still darker colours.

"Stili worse is the character "The natives are timid and ser, of the East lodian Mahomedans. vile. Individuals have little “A domineering insolence to- sense of honor, and the nation wards all those who are in sub- is wholly void of public virtue. jection to them, ungovernable They make not the least scru. wilfulness, inhumanity, eruelty, ple of lying, where falsehood is murders, and assassination, per- attended with advantage. To petrated with the same calmness lie, steal, plunder, ravish, or murand subtlety as the rest of their der, are not deemed sutfcient politics, and insensibility to re- crimes to merit expulsion from morse for these crimes; sensual society.' excesses, which revole against “And four hundred years ago, nature; unbounded thirst of pow- said Tamerlane, their great coner, and a rapaciousness of wealth, queror, “the native of Hindostan equal to the extravagance of his has no pretensions to humanity, propensities and vices! This is but the figures whilst imposture, ihe character of an Indian Moor.' fraud and deception, are considOrme on the manners ge. of the ered by him as meritorious ab« Indian Moors, vol. iv. 4to. p. 423- complishments! 434

“The moral standard of the “Governor Holwell, to say the natives of India, has even deteleast, was not in any degree riorated of late years. Sir James biassed by his attachment to the Mackintosh, it is well known, Christian system, as compared lately presided on the bench of with that of the natives of India. justice in Bombay; and in a But he calls them, ưa race of charge to the grand jury at Bome kay, in 1803, he thus expresses testimony. No rank, no caste, kimself: I observe that the ac- is exempt from the contagion. complished, and justly celebrated Their minds are totally uncutii. Sir William Jones, who carried vated; of the great duties of mowith him to this country a pre- rality they bave yo idea; and judice in favor of the natives, af- they possess a great degree of ter long experience, reluctantly that low cunning, which so genconfessed their general depravity. erally accompanies depravny of The prevalence of perjury, which heart. They are indolent, and he strongly states, and which I grossly sensual; cruel and cowhave myself already observed, ardly; insolent and abject. They is perhaps a more certain sign have superstition, without a sense of the general dissolution of of religion; and all the vices of moral principle, than other more savage life, without its virtues. daring and ferocious crimes, No falsehood is too extravagant much more horrible to the imag- or audacious to be advanced beination, and of which the imme. fore a circuit court. A Brahdiate consequences are more de. min, who had circumstantially structive to society.'

sworn to the nature, and pumber, 6A woman, who was a wito and authors of the wounds of Bess in the court of Sir James two men, whom he alleged to Maskintosh, and who, it was ob. have been murdered, scarcely vious, had very greatly prevari. blushed when the two men were cated, was asked by the record. produced alive and unhurt in er, whether there was any harm court; and merely pleaded, that in false swearing? She replied, had he not'sworn as directed, he that she understood that the Eng. should have lost his employ. lish had a great horror of it, but “God forbid that we should that there was no such horror in sit down in hopeless dejection, her country. See the Bombay under the conviction, though Law Reports, Asiatic Register these evils exist, that they are for 1804.

not to be removed; and were all “Lord Wellesley, when gov. considerations of a future state ernor general, applied to the out of the question, 1 hesitate judges of circuit, and also to mag- not to affirm, that a regard for istrates permanently settled in their temporal well being, would the different provinces, for infor: alone furnish abundant motives mation of the general character for endeavoring to diffi:se among of the patives. The result was, them the blessings of Christian that perjury was so general, as to light, and moral instruction.” produce a total distrust of human

THE CIRCUMSTANCES AND BENEVOLENCE OF PRIMITIVE

CHRISTIANS.

( Concluded from p. 86.) The first reflection to be made generosity of the first church of upon this holy and unexampled Christians in the world, is this;

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-How strong must have been bably never before known;-men their persuasion of the truth of who could have no common bond their religion; how powerful must but this new and most extraordihave been the first preaching of nary belief in the resurrection of the apostles; how irresistible the a despised Master-a Master evidence of their early miracles. whom his earliest followers 'had How shall we account for the joined, with the hope of some temearly and prodigious increase of poral advantage;minen in fuet, the Christian church, immedi- whose hopes had all been blasted ately after the death of its foun- by the crucifixion of their Leadder and the apparent extinction Yet we find them rising up, of its hopes; except on the sup- like a new creation in the midst position of the truth of the story, of Jerusalem, with principles, and the perfect disinterestedness feelings and habits, more like of the first preachers of the re- heaven than earth;-ready to saligion. Was there a class of crifice life, fortune and reputapeople in the world, where Chris- tion, for the support of one anTianity was less likely to suic- other and their common faitheeed, than at Jerusalem? Where without any object on earth to could the first prejudices against allure them, without any hope of Christianity be imagined to be recompeuse, but in the promises stronger, than where the founder of a crocified Savior, and in the of that religion had been publio- visible protection of a God, who Jy crucified; in the sight of those seems to have taken them under very people who had seen bim his peculiar patronage. expiring on the cross in igno- Surely this is a state of things miny;-the victim of the ruling for which nothing will account, powers,

the execration of those but their firm persuasion of the inen whom they had been most truth of the resurrection of their accustomed to reverence, and to Master. But if he was yet dead, whose authority, especially in whence this astonishing, this unmatters of religion, they had been accountable persuasion? Did God taught implicitly to submit?! Yet interpose to infatuate the minds of a few preachers, such as Peter these men, in the belief of a paland John, men of common life pable falsehood? or do you supand no extraordinary talents, not pose the world of wicked spirits only collect in a very short time, was for a time let loose to take a community of several thousands possession of the minds of thouof professors, who acknowledge sands of people, and transform the truth of the miraculous res. them into new, pious, and disinorrection of Jesus, an:I gave their terested creatures? Certainly names to his cause; but of men not. Nothing more is necessary of all ranks in life, rich as well to account for it than their knowas poor, all animated by one spir. ledge of the facts, of which they it of faith and charity; men who were witnesses, and their certain. sold their possessions, and con-", ty of the miraculous powers with tributed their fortunes to the re- which the apostles were endued. Jief of those whom they had pro. New views were opened to their

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