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them, seem to have been regarded by the 20th inst, one of the chiefs of the the parties, as nothing more than a Alleganies, well known through this customary form of suspending hostili- country, as the Indian Prophet. ties, to take breath and recruit, with. Those who have been acquainted out any sincere desire of preventing with the influence which this man's future collisions, or any thought of preacbing has had upon the conduct adopting gospel principles for the of the Six Nations, (the Oneidas ex. avoidance of war. But the treaty now cepted) cannot but look upon bis death before us was formed by sovereigns as a severe dispensation of divine Prove who had experienced the evils of war, idence. We think that a short bioand who, previous to the treaty, were graphical sketch of this extraordinary on terms of amity and friendship. man cannot be unacceptable to the The apparent design of their solemn public. covenant is, to render their peace with During the first fifty years of his each other permanent; and to extend life he was remarkable only for his stuthe blessings of peace, if possible, pidity and beastly drunkenness. About throughout the world.

thirteen years ago, while lighting his Whether these sovereigns are fully pipe, he suddenly fell back upon his aware of the extent of gospel princi. bunk, upon which he was then sitting, ples and precepts, as they relate to and continued in a state of insensibil. war, may perhaps be questionable. ity for six or eight hours; his family But they appear to be convinced, that supposing him dead, had made prewar, is a dreadful evil, which they parations for laying him out, and while should study to avoid;-that it is time in the act of removing him from his for them, as responsible rulers of na- bunk, he revived. His first words tions, to adopt a different policy from were, "don't be alarmed, I have seen that, which has for ages filled the heaven; call the nation together that world with war and misery—and that I may tell them what I have seen and gospel principles afford a basis on heard.” The nation having assem. which they may hope to enjoy more bled at his house, he informed them durable tranquillity.

that he had seen four beautiful young This treaty may do unspeakable men, who had been sent from heaven good by exciting the attention of peo- by the Great Spirit, and who thus ad. ple in general to the contrast between dressed him "The Great Spirit is the principles and duties enjoined angry with you, and all the red men, by the gospel, and the savage maxims and unless you immediately refrain and crimes of war. In this way it may from drunkenness, lying, siealing, &c. be an important link in that chain of you shall never enter that beautiful events, which shall finally result in the place which we will now show you.” He permanent peace of the Christian stated that he was then conducted by world.

these young men to the gate of beaIt must be gratifying to the friends ven, which was opened, but he was of peace in this country, to remark the not allowed to enter; that it was more coincidence of events in favor of their beautiful than any thing they could beloved object. The same week in conceive of or he describe; and that which the MASSACHUSETTS Peace the inhabitants appeared to be perSociety was formed in Boston, the fectly, happy; that he was suffered to IMPERIAL PEACE SOCIETY was an. remain there three or four hours, and nounced in Russia.-'Whoso is wise was then reconducted by the same and will observe these things, even

young men, who, on taking their leave, they shall understand the loving kind. promised they would visit him yearly, ness of the Lord.”

and commanded him to inform all other Indians what he had seen and

beard. He immediately visited the Death of the Indian Prophet. different tribes of Indians in the wes.

Onondaga, August 23, 1815. tern part of the state, the Oneidas ex. Died, at the Onondaga Castle, on cepted. They all put the most im

plicit faith in what he told them, and tender and aftectionate to his consorts, revered him as a prophet. The con- children and other connexions. By sequer.ce has been, that from a filthy, the death of this venerable servant of lazy, drunken, wretched set of beings, Christ, religion and humanity have they have become a cleanly, industri sustained a heavy loss. ous, sober and happy people. The At London, Sir George Prevost, prophet has continued, as he says, to late governor general of the British receive regular annual visits from these provinces in America. heavenly messengers, immediately af. At Georgia, Rev. George Franklin, ter which, he, in his turn, visited the aged 55. different tribes. He was on one of At Spartansburg county, South Carthese annual visits at the time of his olina, Rev. Avery Williams, late pasdecease.

tor of the church in Lexington, Mass. It will be proper to observe, that he At Halifax, N.S. Charles Inglis D.D. was called the peace Prophet, in con• bishop of that diocese, and the first tra-distinction to the brother of Tecum- protestant bishop, appointed in a Britsch, who was called the war Prophet. ish colony-aged 81.

Amer. Mag.

At Oneida Castle, Schenandoh, an Indian Chief, aged 113. Many years

ago it was agreed that he should be Obituary.

buried by the side of Rev. Mr. Kirk.

land. Before his death he called the Died at Wendell Feb. 27, the Rev. tribe together and enjoined on them a erend and amiable Joseph Kilburn, in fulfilment of that agreement. He was the 61st year of his age, and the 33d accordingly buried by the side of that of his ministry; a gentleman highly venerable missionary, who in his life esteemed through life, and greatly la- was the FRIEND OF MAN. mented at his death. On every ac-" At Greenwich, N. Y. Rev. Benjacount he was solicitous to maintain the min Moore D. D. bishop of the prohonor of the Christian character, was testant episcopal church in that state. sound in the faith of the gospel, and At Washington, Hon. Elijah Brigwhilst he maintained the free and sov. ham, aged 65, member of Congress ereign grace of God in our salvation, from Massachusetts, and President of he was zealous of good works, and set the Evangelical Missionary Society. against an ineffectual faith; for know

It is presumed that some member ing that faith without works is dead, of that society will furnish a sketch of he applied himself diligently to the his character for the next Number. various duties of Christianity, and magnified the ministerial office by his works, as well as with his lips-In bis

Editorial Note. private life, the gentleman and the Christian appeared to great advan- In this Number we have furnished tage; he was in his constitution active, our readers with four pages more than and from principle, disposed to do usual, and we believe it will be found good and communicate-was of an af. that they are filled with important fable, condescending and obliging dis. articles. It may be necessary to deposition; kind, gentle, and friendly duct as many pages from some future to all-he was in the highest degree Nuraber, but we hope it will not.


Candidates for the ministry in Cambridge and its vicinity. Mr. Ed. W. Andrews, Newburyport. Mr. Thomas Prentiss, Cambridge. Mr. Francis Jackson, Cambridge. Mr. Hiram Weston, Duxbury. Mr. David Reed, do.

Mr. Samuel Clarke, Cambridge. Mr. Joseph Allen, do.

Mr. Henry Ware, jun.

do. Mr. Jonatban P. Dabney, do,

Mr. Rufus Hurlbut, do. Mr. Samuel. Gilman,


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No. V. The last number of this in- sy had conspired with the Saraquiry brought down the history cens to poison all the springs of our ancestors to 1307, the and fountains ; and men being time when Edward 14. ascended glad of any pretence to get rid of the throne. In his reign a most those who were a burden, many sanguinary war occurred be- of those unhappy people were tween the English and the burnt alive on this cbimerical im. Scotch. In addition to this, ju- putation." trigues, insurrections, rebellions, Edward III, commenced his murders and robberies without reign 1327. He was a military number, stand recorded in histo. characier, and reigned 56 years. ry, as proofs of the barbarity of A great portion of this half cen. the people of that age. The tury he spent in spreading havoc, queen and her favorites conspire death, and misery among his ed against the king, filled the brethren, by needless and unjust land with confusion, dethroned, wars with Scotland and France. the monarch, and caused him to But being successful, he was sure be inurdered in a manner shock of renown; for then, as well ing to humanity. 6. The disor- as in later ages, honor was given ders of the times from foreign to military men in proportion to wars and intestine dissentious, their success in doing mischief. but above all, the cruel famine The ravages and desolations, which occasioned the nobility to made in France by Edward, dismiss many retainers, increas- were dreadful, and the savage ed the number of robbers in the custom of giving no quarter was kingdom ; and no place was se- adopted by hiin. It ought howcare from their incursions. They ever to be observed that his wife met in troops like armies, and and his son, the prince of Wales, overran the country,

were more huinane, and some in. “Among the wild l'ancies of stances are recorded of their the age, it was imagined that the conduct, which probably had persons infected with the lepro. consiilerable influence in mitigatVol. IV, No. 5..


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ing the horrors of war in suc. supposed to be friendly to them ; ceeding times.

yet he was induced to engage the Edward kept the people of parliament to pass a law for England so employed in war their suppression.

“It was with other nations, that they acted, that when any heretic who “ had no leisure to breed those relapsed or refused to abjure his disturbances to which they were opinions, was delivered over to naturally so much inclined. This the secular arm by the bishop or was the chief benefit which re. his cominissaries, he should be sulted from Edward's victories committed to the flames by the and conquests. His foreign wars civil magistrate before the were in other respects neither whole people.” “This weapon founded in justice, nor directed did not long remain unemployed to any salutary purpose." in the hands of the clergy. Wil

The state of religion and mo- liam Sautre, rector of St. Osirals during this long rein was thes in London, had been conprobably such as might have demned by the convocation of been expected among å people, Canterbury ; his sentence was who could not be kept from kille ratified by he House of Peers; ing one another without employ- the king issued his writ for the ing them in murdering the peo- cxecution ; and the unhappy man ple of other countries.

atoned for his erroneous opinihappy however to remark, that ons by the penalty of fire. This in the latter part of the reign of is the first instance of ihat kind Edward III. Wickliff made his in England; and thus one horror appearance, and began to call in more was added to those dismal question the propriety of many scenes, which at that time were opinions, which had for ages already but ton familiar to the been regarded infallible people." Hist. Eng. Vol. III. truths. This was like the morninz star before the dawn of day. Mr. Hume informs us, that unWickliff was the harbinger of til this reign there had been no the partial reformation, which penal law in England agajnst occurred in the days of Luther heresy. “ An indulgence," he and Calvill.

says, “which proceeded, not Richard II. succeeded his from a spirit of toleration in the grandfather Edward III. A. D. Romish church, but from the 1377. Insurrection, war, and ignorance and simplicity of the homiciile prevailed in his reign, people, which had rendered them till the king himself was unfit either for starting or redered.

ceiviug any uew or curious doeHenry IV. successor to trines, and which needed not to Richard II. A. D. 1399. He obe be restrained by rigorous penaltained the crown by rebellion; ; and finding himselt weak, he ,

Passing and executing this courted the papal clergy. The sanguinary law against heresy principles of Wickliff"

may be regarded as proof of two Saining ground, and Heary was facts : 1st, that the

clergy and


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the people in general were blind king to his son, not to allow the as to the nature of Christianity; English to remain long in peace, and 2d, that some dawnings of which is apt to breed intestine light had arisen in the minds of commotions; but to employ them individuals. From the days of in foreign expeditions, by which our Savior to the present time, the prince might acquire honor,it has been the general practice the nobility, in sharing his danof the majority to treat reform- gers, mighi attach themselves to ers as heretics or wicked men. his person, and all the restless So uniformly has thi, been the spirits find occupation for their case, that when we hear that a inquietude." inan was abused or reviled as a This murderous “injunction” heretie, there is ground to hope of the dying" monarch was not

s that there was some good thing only followed by bis son, but by in him, and to sospet that he too many of his successors. The was really a better mau than his savage principle, implied in it, persecutore.

has probably occasioned the Henry V. hegan his reign A. slaughter of ten millions of peoD. 1413. The Wickliffites or p!e in Christendom Lollards still gained ground in That we may have a proper England. The king was oppos. view of the av fol character of ed io sanguinary modes of con- this popular principle, let us version; bat the clergy had so bring it nearer home. A. and R. much influence, that they suc- are brethren and neighbors. The ceeded in their attempt 10 de- children of A. are much inclined stroy Lord Cobham, who was a to quarrelling and murder. The principal character among the father, instead of teaching them disciples of Wickliff. Addi. better, and through fear that they tional laws were passed against will kill him, or one anotber, the “ heretics," which not only employs them in fighting with exposed them to be burnt alive, the family of B. Sueli las been but which deprived their chil- the murderous policy of princes dren of the right of inheritance. bearing the name of Christians! It was also enacted, that 56 the Between the years 1422 and chancellor, treasurer, justices of' 1485 we have the reign of Hen. the two benches, and all the ry VI. of Edward V. of Ed. chief magistrates in every city waril V. and the usurpation of or borough, should take an oath Richard III. About half this to use their utmost endeavors for teren of 63 years was employed the extirpation of heresy :” that by our ancestors in vanton and is, those officers were required destructive wars with the French; to take an oath “to use their ut- and the other half in butchering most endeavors" to burn men one another. alive, who happened to dissent After mentioning the batile of from the opinions of the domi. St. Alhans, which occurreel 1455, nant party.

in a civil war for the crown, Mr. It was,"

says Mr. Huine, Hume says, “This was the first “ the dying injunction of the late blood spilt in that fatal quarrel,

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