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If these transactions took place ed, the publie zeal would be cal- . in any part of England, instead led forth, and every possible enof the indifference with which deavor would be used to put aR they have been too long regard. end to them.



A person informing us that a woman was about to be burnt with the corpse of her husband, near our house, I, with several of our brethren, hastened to the place. But before we could arrive, the pile was in flames. It was a horrible sight. The most shocking indifference and levity appeared among those who were present. I never saw any thing more brutal than their behavior. The dreadful scene had not the least appearance of a religious ceremony.

It resembled an abandoned rabble of boye in England, collected for the purpose of worrying to death a cat or dog. A bamboo, perhaps twenty feet long, had been fastened at one end to a stake, driven into the ground, and held down over the fire by men at the other. Such were the confusion, the levity, the bursts of brutal laughter, while the poor woman was burning alive before their eyes, that it seemed as if every spark of humanity was extinguished by this accursed superstition. That which added to the cruelty was, the smallness of the fire. It did not consist of so much wood as we consume, in dressing a dinner; no, not this fire that was to consume the living and the dead!

I saw the legs of the poor creature hanging out of the fire, while her body was in Aames. After a whil, they took a bamboo, ten or twelve feet long, and stir. red it, pushing and beating the half consumed corpses, as you would repair a fre of green wood, by throwing the unconsumed pieces into the middle. Per. ceiving the legs hanging out, they beat them with the bamboos for some time, in order to break the ligatures which fastened them at the knees, (for they would not have come near to touch them for the world.) At length they succeeded in bending them upwards into the fire, the skin and muscles giving way, and discavering the knee sockets bare, with the balls of the leg bones; a sight which, I need not say, made me thrill with horror, especially when I recollected that this hapless victim of superstition was alive but a few minutes before. To have seen wolves thus tearing a human body limb from limb, would bave been shocking; but to see relations and neighbors do this to one with whom they had familiarly conversed not an bour before, and to do it with an air of levity, was almost too much for ine to bear.

"You expect to hear perhaps, that this unhappy victim was the wife of some Brahmin of high caste. She was the wife of a barber, who dwelt in Serampore, and had died that morning, leaving the son I have nientioned, and a daughter of about eleven years of age. Thus has this infernal superstition ag. gravated the common miseries of life, and left these children stript of both their parents in one day. Nor is this an uncommon case. It often happens to children far more helpless than these; sometimes to children possessed of property; which is then left, as well as themselves, to the mercy of those, who have decoyed their mother to their father's funeral pile.”

[This narrative may excite feelings of disgust and horror. But it is suited al. so to excite the liveliest gratitude for that most benign religion, under which we are permitted to live. I will not ask what female, but what individual in christendom, in contemplating this scene, can refrain from blessing God, that he was born, and has been reared, under the benign influence of the Gospel ? And distressing as the spectacle may be, let us not turn bastily from it. "True bumanity consists not in a squeamish ear, or eve; but in feeling for the sufferings of others, and being forward and active in relieving them.” In another number, we may be able to conclude this summary; and as we may rely on the facts which it contains, it cannot fail, we think, of being very interesting and niseful.]



“1. That stating any doctrine infidels amongst us, by exhibiting in a coufession of faith with a Christianity under a form and in greater degree of precision than a system, which many are disthe Scriptures have done, is in gusted with, and who yet will not effect to say, that the Scriptures be at the pains to inquire after have not stated it with precision any other." enough; in other words, that the Scriptures are not sufficient.


years ago, a serious at662. That this experiment of tempt was made in England by leaving men at liberty, and some members of the established points of doctrine at large, has church, to free themselves and been attended with the improve others from the tyranny and inment of religious knowledge, convenience of having to subwhere and whenever it has been scribe articles of faith, which tried. And to this cause, so far they neither believed nor underas we can see, is owing the ad- stood. At that period a publicavantage which protestant coun- tion appeared, entitled “Consitries in this respect possess above derations on the propriety of retheir popish neighbors.

quiring a subscription to articles "3. That keeping people out of of faith.” To this followed an

“ churches, who might be admitted " Answer from the Clarendon consistently with every end of press.” Dr. Paley is not suppublic worship, and excluding posed to be the author of the wen from communion, who desire “Considerations," but he wrote a to embrace it upon the terms that “Defence” of them in reply to God prescribes, is certainly not the Answer. The defence is an encouraging, but rather causing ingenious and able performance. men to forsake the assembling of Having replied to the answer, he themselves together.

stated the six arguments which 664. That men are deterred we have copied, as "contained in from searching the Scriptures, by the Consideration, to which no the fear of finding there more or answer has been attempted.” less than they looked for; that is, As we have reason to doubt something inconsistent with what whether there was any person in they have already given their as- Great Britain able to answer sent to, and must at their peril these arguments, we publish them abide by.

for the consideration of all vur “5. That it is not giving truth a readers, and particnlarly those fair chance, to decide points at who think it to be safe and proone certain time, and by one set perto require subseription to huof men, which had much better man creeds. Il' any one of these be left to the successive inquiries will furnish us with a concise, of different ages and different candid, and well written answer, persons.

he may rely on its being publish66. That it tends to multiply ed in this work.






B. I am well enough acquaint- they choose; but it is shocking ed with the rights of peace: they thut a whole people should be saconsist in keeping one's word, and crificed to their interests.-For leaving every man in possession example-the archduke Charles of the rights of nature. But as disputes the throne of Spain with to the right of war, I don't know the duke of Anjou, and four hunwhat it is. The code of murder dred thousand men are slain. I seems to me a strange fancy. I wish to know if this be just? hope we shall shortly have the A. I confess it is not.-How laws and rights of robbers on the can we explain this rager highway.

B. In the same A What! do you deny the pos- physicians give an account of the sibility of a just war?

plague and madness. B. I never knew of any such not always attacked with mad. thing; it appears to me self-con- Dess-Nothing more is necessary tradictory and impossible. in general, than for one mad min

A. Two princes dispute con- ister of state to bite another, and cerving an inheritance, their ti. in three or four months the mad. tles are litigious, and their rea- ness is communicated to four or sons equally plausible; war must five hundred thousand men. decide, and consequently the war [The above sentiments have is just on both sides.

been extracted from the Dialogie B. It is physically impossible on the “Right of war." Vol. but that one of the two must be taire and Volney have very justin the wrong; and it is absurd and ly reproached Christians, for barbarous that nations should pe- their inconsistency in making rish, because one of these two

Let Christians no princes has reasoned falsely. Let expose themselves to such res them fight in single combat, if proaches.]




HEROISM scarce ever exists less superior to another distinwithout atrocity; and when we guished for valor, but distinguish. analyze the high feats of all ed also for treachery and perfidy. those conquerors who are extoll- Conquests are not always founded as prodigies of valor and ge.. ed on justice. In history we nius, we ordinarily find them read of many heroes, who were shaded by the blackest horrors." only renowned robbers.''

«The most brilliant actions are The warlike were not the not always the most estimable. happy nations; besides that vicA nation, observant of its word, tories are often attended with the and attached to its duty, is doubt. rain of conquerors, fortune and glory are not always at our com- quainted with the nature of mand. A single defeat makes things, as well as the human many victories be forgotten.” heart.”-Discourse on different

'These are truths which can- Nations. not be denied by men who are ac



Don CARLOS, king of Naples, Quito represented, that the sowould not permit the Jesuits to licitor general of the Jesuits, at approach his person; and his a- Guipuzcoa, had possessed himversion for their society was self of all the commerce of Peru; longer doubted, when he solicited that, to no purpose, they had at Řome the canonization of Don commanded him repeatedly, to John de Palafox.

confine himself to his province; Don John de Palafox descend. that by purchasing the cominoed from one of the most ancient dities of Europe for ready mofamilies in Spain. Learned, ney, there was twenty per cent. and pious, he had merited by difference between the price curthese qualities the nomination of rent and theirs; that the monoPhilipthe Second, to the bishop- polies granted to the Jesuits, riek, newly erected in America, combined with the facility of “De los Angelos de la Puebla.” smuggling, allowed them to sell He became consequently the ri- at a cheaper rate; that from this val of the Jesuits, who had emi. cause, innumerable bankruptcies grated to tbat canton, armed had ensued; and that these abus. with papal bulls, which authoriz. es not only reigned in the Spanish ed them to exercise the functiops dominions, but extended into Asia of bishops. He thought their through the Philippine islands. privileges suspended by his no- The court of Spain had the mination, and ihis excited violent good will to prescribe, but not contestations between him and the power to administer, a remethem. Neither the king of Spain, dy to these disorders, true or nor the sovereign Pontiff's could false. The Jesuits disdained succeed in their exertions, to de. the orders which they received, prive them of their chimerical, and the government was reduced pretensions, for they had gained to dissemble and to wait. the people, and Palafox died a Besides these grievances a. martyr to the persecution of these gainst the transatlantic members ambitious monks.

of the society, the king had peDon Carlos ascended the culiar provocations from the Jethrone of Spain in 1759. It was suits of Spain. then that the complaints of the The question was not concern. governors, and the merchants of ing their erroneous opinions, America burst out. The Vice- their daring theological system, roy of Lima, and the governor of their licentioas morality, nor

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their renovated Pelagianism. their congregations, courtiers by The Spanish ministry thought their projects, sovereigns by their little of these objects. The weaknesses, popes by appearancquestion was, concerning the as- es of devotion and obedience. sassination of the king of Portu. They disposed of all sexes, ages, gal, the verbal process, and the and conditions. Did religion op. proofs, which convicted the Je- pose their various projects of am. suits as the original instigators bitiopi They altered it. They of that crime, the predic ed and folded and twisted morality to executed empoison went of Bene- their views and their interest, dict the Fourteen:h, the ruin of by their interpretations of its dethe great honses of commerce, cisions. If a defender of reli. and the contempt of episcopacy. gion and morality arise, like Don Glaring abominations of every John Palafox, they calumniated kind commanded the aliention of him—He a dangerous the sovereign. The court pur- man.” 6.He was a rebel.” Some sued the steps of the Jesuits, such they drove away by arbiwithout awakening their appre. trary strokes of power, or des. hensions. The court of France poiled them of their fortunes and informed the Spanish ministry, situations. Others intimidated that these Fathers had a printing by their numerous partizans, press al Villa Garcia. conducted Others assassinated or poisoned. by Father liliaquez, from which Whoever dared to unmask their issued a multitude of publications intrigues ensured his own desinjurious to the tranquillity of the truction, They marched beFrench government.

Certain tween hypocrisy and tyranny; booksellers at Bayonne were ar- the Gospel in one hand, and the rested, and spoke, at the Bastille poniard in the other. They and the court of Spain, suppress. were cringing and insinuating, ed the printing press without despotic and menacing. Hence making any noise.

that whimsical mixture of moThe Jesuits, nevertheless, desty and arrogance, of poverty guided by the instructions and and riches, of edification and orders of their general, collect. scandal, of study and business, ed parties, and employed them of artifice and violence, of fraud in rendering the ministry odious. and usurpation, of tlattery and Under the preceding reigns, they defamation, of intrigue and simhad usurped a most extensive plicity, of zeal and fury, of virpower. The vast texture of their' tue and villany. It was by unitpolicy had surrounded and en- ing extremes and opposites, that velped the king and his sub- they rendered themselves formi- . jects, the grandees and the com- dable. mon people, the ehurch and the Things were altered under the state, the learned and the igno- reign of Charles the Third, who rant. They commanded the fa. knew the Jesuits, and had rethers by their children, the mas. solved to reduce them to obedi. ters by their domesties, the wo- ence, or to suppress them. Charles men by confession, artisans by commenced by sending Don Ca


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