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and exposures we owe so many of the excuse this freedom, and accept of it. comforts and gratifications of lite? We as coming with the best wishes, that may ask, since it is ascertained that our the endeavours of your society may be tracts are sought by seamen, and actu- crowned with all the success, which its ally read by them with interest, is there good intentions deserie. I subscribe not ground for belief that some good myself, your very humble and thankful effect may be produced by them? Bub servant. we will lay before the Society extracts
A SEAMAN. from a letter, written by one of the masters of our merchant ships.
We and also, an extract from a letter,
received from an officer in one of our “ SEPTEMBER, 1816. pablic ships. Rev. Mr. Channing, -Sir, On sailing
JUNE 4th, 1815, from Boston a few months back, I bad ". There are many opportunities put into my hands an address to masters here of doing good; and I believe that of vessels, and likewise a book of pray- any exertions of this kind wonld be suc. ers, a Bible, and sundry tracts, all be. cessful to a great degree. The tracts ing for the particular use of seainen. which are published for seameni, are On perusing the address, I inquired for read by many of the sailors with consid. the author; and having a (circular) let- erable interest, and will undoubteilly ter at the same time, and finding your have some good effect on their conduct." name, with others to it, wishing for our assistance in aid of your praise-wor- We have now therefore, very carthy design, I have taken the liberty to nestly to solicit the public patronage of address to you this letter. In the first our endeavours, in extending, as far as place then sir, please to accept my best we can, the means of moral and religwishes, for your happiness in this world, ious improvement, to the seamen of and the reward of a friend of seamen, our metropolis. Let it not be said, that (and all mankind) in the next. I per- they are constantly changing, and that fectly agree with you, that if your ad- there is therefore no distinct class, vice was put in practice, it would pro- which calls for our peculiar attention. duce much good, not only in saving This is not entirely correct.
Many, in some souls from destruction; but pres- whatever part of the world they be, ent and daily good, in the social love consider Boston as their home ; and a and good order between masters and great portion of the seamen of the state,
I have made it a practice, for in seeking here for employment, feel ten years back, as master of a vessel, to an interest in the place in which they read prayers night and morning; and I find their means of subsistence, scarcely have seen some good effects from it. I less than is felt by our native sailors. never found it ridiculed, but always at- And will it not strengthen this attachtended with cheerfulness; and to ap. ment, and increase their interest in our pearance, with as much real devotion, service, to extend to them here in the as in any places of public worship on hour of leaving port the means of imshore. On this my present voyage, proving, and of finding new pleasure in which I must call a rare instance, I their hours of leisure at sea. Sucha think we have more religious books than hours have sailors in every vessel. Or, men; and with these, and the tracts at least, they are called to no unneces. presented as above, on Sunday, if bad sary labour on the Sabbath. And it on weather, under the lee of the long boat, these days only they sit together, and Lif good, on the windlass, they appear read useful tracts, suited to the variety to enjoy themselves; and if called to of their tempers, characters and cirpump ship, obey with a smile. One
cumstances, is it not probable that some thing I must remark of my present will become better men ? that they ship’s company, which is, that among will be restrained from some vice? that fifteen, the number on board, and in a they will feel happier at the close of the passage of twenty eight days, in which day, than if their time had been passed we experienced much trouble, and bad in profane, or indecent conversation. weather, I heard one impure word, and And in becoming more cheerful in duty, one only, escape from the lips of one on will they not become bette seamen board. Therefore I think your socie. we cannot but rely on a continuance of ty may place some credit to the account the patronage which we have received ; ef their tracts. I only beg yog sir, 10 and if our objects shall obtain the atten
tion they deserve, that the number of
an oath to defend the constitution and our society will be increased. * Your committee have passed a vote,
government of their country: men, who
in all their other dealings with the world that in future, a copy of every tract
are strictly moral and upright, from the which shall be published, shall be sent
mere influence of custom, have violated to each subscriber. We are desirous
without scruple, because without examof giving to the society an opportunity ination and reflectiori, a law which was of judging for themselves, of the means intended, and is competent, if duly obby which we propose to promote the served, to secure most important public improvement of seamen. We indulge and private blessings. Laws to regulate the hope, should one tract be approved, innholders and retailers, of the same that an increasing interest will be exci- character with ours, exist, we believe, ted in a cause, which we deem of very in most, if not all, of the United States; great importance:-At least we hope and have recently been found expedient under the auspicious circumstances of
in a neighbouring foreignt State. They peace, that a fair experiment may be have existed in this State from the year made, whether the characters of our
1680 to the time when the present law Beamen may not be improved ; and 10
was enacted, If any argument for the those who have formed a just estimate
wisdom and policy of such laws can be of the importance of religion and virtue
derived from the united opinion of the to man, we trust that this appeal will
most enlightened men in our country, not be made in vain. GAMALIEL BRADFORD, Pres’t.
during the period of more than a cenJOSEPH TUCKERMAN, Sec’y.
tury, the concurrence of a majority of
our legislature for one hundred and Report of the Committee of the Society thirty-six years, seems to be unanswer
able in favour of the restraints imposed in Portland for suppressing Vice in this commonwealth upon the retailand Immorality, made at the fourth
ers of ardent spirits. annual meeting of the Society, holden In the course of the past year, the at the Friend's meeting house, April whole subject was carefully examined 27, 1816.
and minutely investigated in our legisThe Committee of the Society in Port lature, upon the request of many re
land, for suppressing Vice and Im- spectable individuals, who wished to morality, beg leave to present the fol- have some provisions of the statuto lowing, as their fowih annual Re- modified or repealed; but the legisla port:
ture, after full deliberation, negatived THE object, which in the opinion the application, and this investigation of your Committee claimed their more served to convince a number of the apa immediate attention during the past plicants, if we have rightly understood year, and which seemed imperiously to the fact, that their object was not found. demand their exertions, was the sup- ed on sound policy or expediency; and pression of intemperance by procuring were it not for the influence of custom, the execution of the law respecting re- your Committee are convinced, that tailers of spirituous liquors. It is deep. most of the retailers themselves, as well ly to be lamented that the usage of ma- as the community in general, would be ny years should in any measure have of the same opinion, sanctioned the violation of the law, and It will be recollected that your Com. afforded facilities to the indulgence of a mittee have aimed by persuasion and most degrading vice, the parent of so advice, to induce the retailers voluntamany others. This melancholy proof rily to abandon the practice of selling of the influence of unlawful custom, has liquors to be drank in their shops, and naturally excited the less surprise in once entertained the hope that their proportion to its almost universal prev. endeavours would have succeeded. They alence We have seen that many re
are still convinced that some of the spectable retailers have been in the most respectable of them are desirous habit of disregarding the statute in of discontinuing it. Some persons, to question, while under a recognizance our knowledge, have voluntarily abanentered into in open court to obey it, doned it from a sense of duty, and a full and while under the sacred obligation of conviction of its deleterious consequena * Any one becomes a member, by the annual payment of twe dollars:
tes. How pleasing would it be if all convenienees are magnified, and are of were similarly disposed ! How conducive no weight at all when put in competito the comfort and happiness of their tion with the deplorable evils which thoughtless customers, and of those who have long resulted from the unlicensed are connected with them by domestio sale of spirituous liquors. The inconties! But there are some of a different veniences alluded to are those to which character who seem unhappily resolved country people would be subject, who to disregard not only the laws of the have been in the habit of bringing their country, but every sacred and social food from home and buying their drink principle, whose shops and houses are in town; or who when wet and cold the resorts of gamblers and drunkards have been accustomed to purchase a where the miserable victims of vice are small quantity of spirit at the stores pillaged, without shame or remorse, of where they were transacting their bus. the scanty earnings, scarcely sufficient iness. This is really the most plausible even when frugally husbanded, to supply argument we have heard against the the wants of their families. — Were it policy of the law. Surely if many counnot that offenders of this character have iry people have by degrees contracted increased, not only in number, but in a habit which constitutes a continual their contempt of law and disregard to temptation to the retailers to violate the peace and happiness of their nearest their duty, it is time they began to form friends, the attention of the sober part of another, which would remove it. It the community would not so often have would be but a very short time that been directed to us for relief; nor called our country brethren would suffer inforth such exertions on our part, as an convenience on this account ; they imperious sense of duty has dictated. would soon find a satisfaction in reflect.
The Committee feel in common with ing on the good which the relinquishthe members of the Society, great re- ment of such a habit would produce. gret for the inevitable consequences in
Your Committee bave thought it una pecuniary point of view, which have necessary to enumerate tbe many evils resulted from the prosecutions they which flow from the vice we are aiming have been instrumental in commencing; to suppress. These evils are generally but they feel much greater regret for well known and much lamented. They the necessity, which made a recourse think it proper, however, to mention to these measures an incumbent duty, one thing which may not have been in consequence of the failure of more sufficiently considered and which conmild and friendly steps; and in partic- cerns the town at large. It is the exular of their expectation, through the pence of supporting those whose poverundertaking of a friend, to impress upon ty has been produced by the too frethe publick mind, the destiuctive ef- quent and excessive use of spirituous fects of intemperance, and to point out liquors. We find upon enquiry, that remedies for it through the medium of out of eighty-five persons now support. one of the public newspapers; but from ed at the work house in this town, sev, an improper influence, this privilege, enty-one became paupers in consequence though at first granted, was (reluctants of intemperance; being seven eighths ly however, as we believe) withheld. of the whole number; and of one han
Much good, however, we apprehend, dred and eighteen, mostly heads of famhas been done by holding up the terror ilies, who are supplied at their own of the law, as well as by awakening the houses, more than half are of that charattention of many to the evils it was de- acter. The expence of supporting that signed to eradicate.
number, the year past, amounted to upIt has been urged by some, that an wards of 6000 dollars.-Now, were it universal observance of the law would not for these persons, or rather that be productive of many inconveniences; vice, the expence of supporting the but to say nothing of an argument which town's poor, instead of six thousand dol. favours a violation of law, your Commit- lars,—would have been less than two tee are perfectly satisfied that these in- thousand.*
Upon the reading of this Report, the Society appointed a special Committee to enquire into the accuracy of the circumstances here stated. For their Report, see Appendix.
The Appendix is omitted in the Christian Disciple for want of room ; but we may briefly say, that the Committee expressed their belief that the circumstances stated in the Report were “substantially correct.” Ed.
They would further obserre, that the a serious considcration in the minds of law for regulating licences has not only any, we presume not to determine. But been in substance of long standing, but have we not reason to believe that the as it now exists, is wisely calculated to disposition of a few to promote the effect its original design. Were it suit- cause of virtue and religion would stimabiy attended to by those whose duty it ulate others to join in the attempt? is to observe the regulations it contains, Happy, thrice happy, would it be to all, and particularly by selectmen, in duly were these principles prevalent in every regarding the character of the persons heart. It may be unbecoming to exwho apply to them for approbation-in press sanguine expeetations that an imlimiting the number " necessary for the mediate and great reformation will atpublic good," instead of recommending tend our efforts, though we have already any merely for their private emolument reaped some reward of our labours. -in causing “to be posted up in the Yet the generations to come may derive houses and shops of taverners and re- incalculable benefits from theni; and it tailers, a list of the pames of all persons should be considered that all experience reputed common drunkards, or com- declares that most important and blessed mon tiplers, or common gamesters, effects are frequently the result of limitmispending their time and estate in such ed and feeble undertakings. Reflect 017 houses,” and by forbidding such lavorn- the astonishing increase of moral and ers and retailers to sell spirituous lic religious societies in Europe : Bible Soquors to such persons, under the penalty cieties, Missionary Societies, Tract Sowhich the law provides, there woald be cieties--altdesigned to spread the knowfewer instances of the breaches of that ledge and promote the principles of law, and a better disposition in the pere christianity--many if not all of which sons licensed, to comply with its saluta.
sprung from the laudable zeal of a few ry provisions. If selectmen would also individuals. “Look at the wonderful (as another law requires) see that guar- efforts to do good which our own coundians were appointed to every person try exhibits. Eight years ago there who,“ by excessive drinking, gaming, was not a single Bible Society in the idleness or debauchery of any kind, so United States, now there are upwards spend, waste or lessen his or her estate of ao hundred. Three years ago there as thereby to expose himself or herself, was scarcely one Moral Society, now or his or her family or any of them to there are hundreds.” In addition to want or suffering circumstances, or the these, contemplate the highly important towu to which he or she belongs, in alliance or religious treaty, recently their judgment, to a charge or expence formed and ratified by three great po. for their maintenance or support,” much teņtates in Europe, and the intended evil would be avoided and much good establishment of Peace Societies. All produced. In short, the legislature as designed and suited to diffuse the spirit well as the people, rely almost entirely of the gospel and increase the happiness on these fathers of the town for the of man. These are considerations which benefits which these laws were intended should strengthen our hands and ento produce. With their faithful atten
courage our hearts, tion, the endeavours of others to secure To help, in some degree, this great those benefits to the community would cause, we wish to support the salutary be much encouraged; without it, they laws of this state, to produce a reformamust be arduous if not ineffectual. tion in those who are in the habit of vio
They conolude by expressing their lating them; and we cannot but think ardent wish that the time may soon that those who disregard or encourage come when a due sense of the evils we crimes which are against the laws of deplore will be duly felt by all who now God and man, are in some degree par(perhaps thoughtlessly) encourage them takers in the guilt. He whose governwhen the blessed effects of good order ment is without defect, and whose saand sobriety will be experienced and cred word, contains many warnings and when we shall have the satisfaction to
prohibitions against intemperate drinkreflect that we may have been in some ing, and declares that drunkards shall degree instrumental in producing them. not inherit the kingdom of God, will, It is consoling to reflect upon ap- if we seek his blessing, and possess pearances of moral and religious im. becoming prudence and zeal, unques provement among us. How far 80- tionably prosper our well meant exercieties like ours may have produced tions --Let us, therefore, not relax or
look back, but conducting with delibera
From Erie. 'tion and discretion, "let us stand to our A letter from a Clergyman of Walwork and go forward ;” yes, let us per- nut Creek, Eric County, Penysylvania, severe in the undertaking we have be- to the Editor the (Chillicothes gun, until few be found who will not pat- Weekly Recorder, dated February 16, ronize our design, and rejoice in our 1816, says " Moral Societies have success.
been formed throughout Erie Presby, SAMUEL FREEMAN, Chairman. tery generally. We have formed one At the annual meeting of the Society in each of my congregations. We have for suppressing vice and immorality, also formed a Female Cent Society in holden at the Friend's meeting-house, cach, to which there is a respectable in Portland, April 27, 1816, the forego- number of Subscribers the funds of ing Report was read and aceepted. these are to be appropriated solely for T. BROWNE, Secr'y. the eduoation of poor, pious youth for
the Gospel Ministry—the first donation From New Orleans.
will be made to the Theological School In the month of August last the at Princeton.”
Recorder. Philadelphia Bible Society forwarded an order to England for 300 Spanish
From India, Testaments, designed for distribution Extract of a letter from the Rev. Sanamong the Spaniards at New Orleans. UEL NEWELL, Missionary 20 InUpon liearing of this order, the Com- dia, to the Rev. Edward D. Griffin, mittee of the British and Foreign Bible D. D. dated Society voted 1000 Spanish Testaments,
BOMBAY, June 11th, 1815. 500 French do, and 100 French Bibles, Dear Sir-By the present opportuto be forwarded to the Louisiana Bible nity I send to Dr. Worcester my jourSociety for gratuituous distribution a- nal, which contains the history of all mong the destitute in that quarter. my wanderings and afflictions from my These books arrived at New Orleans in arrival in India till I came to Bombay. January last, and have since beeu dis. I have requested Dr. W. to let you see tributed, and received with gratitude it This will supply the place of many and joy by the inhabitants of that city. letters. You will also learn, from our About 600 of the French Bibles printed communications to the Board, from in New York have also been rapidly time to time, the history of our Misdistributed, and very generally read, sion, and its present state. We have particularly by the youth in schools. been carried through a series of aftlic
tions, painful and distressing in the ex
From Natchez. treme, and have often been ready to A letter has been received, dated say, "The mercies of God are clean Natchez, March 4, from Mr. Daniel gone, and the Lord will be favourable Smith, a missionary, who left Boston
But we can now sing of for New Orleans in October last, with the goodness and faithfulness of God, about 1000 English Bibles, and a large and say, " Hitherto the Lord hath number of religious tracts and other helped us.”
We are now permanentbooks for gratuitous distribution ; twen- ly established in this important place, ty-five of the Bibles were deposited at and have, through divine goodness, the Custom-House in New Orleans, for made so much progress in the language the use of the shipping that clear out as to be able, though with stammering from that port, and 225 were distributed lips, to preach the good news to a peoamong 8 or 900 troops in New Orleans. ple to whom Christ was before unA Bible Society has been organized on known. Mr. Hall and myself are the the Amite, called “the Amite and only Protestant Missionaries on this West Florida Bible Society." Its sub. side of India, except an Armenian seriptions are large already. The ladies brother at Surat, in connexion with the at Natchez have formed a charitable so. Serampore Mission. The Mahratta ciety Tor the instruction of poor chil language, which we are learning, is the dren. The subscription amounts to 500 language of many millions of people in dollars, and it was expected that a char- this region. There are two hundred itable School would soon be established, thousand in Bombay alone. The English Bibles sent on to the Miss
[Newark Centinel souri Territory, have all been distribated, and more are wanted.