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Obituary May 1, 1816, Rev. John Field was Died-At Augusta in Georgia, A. installed pastor of the North Society in pril 22d, Rev. John Garvin, aged 53. Wrentham Introductory prayer by

A pative of Windsor in England, and a Rev. Mr. Wood, of Upton; sermon by preacher of the Methodist connection. Rev. Mr. Nelson, of Leicester; instal- At New Haven. Vermont, Rev Stelation prayer by Rev. Mr. Wilder, of phen Fuller, in the 60th year of his age. Attleborough ; charge by Rev. Dr. Em- He was pastor of the Congregational mons, of Franklin ; right-hand by Rev. Church in Versbire. Mr. Fiske, of Wrentham ; concluding In Claremont, N. H. May 5th, Hon. prayer by Rev. Mr. Storrs, of Brain Caleb Ellis, one of the judges of the tree.

Supreme Court.

At Athens, in New York, Hon. Samuel Dexter, of Boston, aged 54.

Candidates for the ministry in Cambridge and its vicinity.
Mr. Ed. W. Andrews, Newbury port. Mr. Thomas Prentiss, Cambridge.
Mr. Francis Jackson, Cambridge. Mr. Hiram Weston, Duxbury.
Mr. David Reed,


Mr. Samuel Clark, Cambridge. Mr. Joseph Alleil,


Mr. Henry Ware, do. Mr. Jonathan P. Dabney, do.

Mr. Rufus Hurlbut, do. Mr. Samuel Gilman,



THE Editor presents his thanks to the friends and patrons of the Christian Dis. oiple, for their aid in conducting and circulating the work ; and also to the many subscribers who have been punctual in their payments. He solicits a continuance of patronage, exertion and punctuality. It is incumbent on him to inform the subscribers and agents, and all his correspondents, that a change of Publishers has taken place, and that Messrs. Wells and Lilly, the present publishers, have the subscription book in their bands, and are authorised to receive all that is now dae for past years, as well as for the present. All letters, communications, and packages, addressed to the Editor, may be consigned to the care of Wells and Lilly.

The subscribers are respectfully desired to bear in mind that payments for the present year should be made by the first of July; and all who are indebted for any of the preceding years, are earnestly requested to consider, that a periodical work cannot be supported without great expense, and to forward the money which is now due, without delay. It is indeed true, that an individual subscription amounts to but little, yet it is by such small sume that tbe work must be supported-if these are not paid, embarrassment to those who conduct the work is the necessary consequence. As this intimation is given in the spirit of candor and not of menace, it is hoped that it will be so received, and that no other means will ever be found necessary to secure the trifling amount of an annual subscription for the Christian Disciple. As it is the aim of the Editor to conduct the work on pacific and Christian principles, he hopes the subscribers will pay due regard to this Christian precept--" Owe no man any thing, but to love one another,-and that by their punctuality, they will enable him to be punctual.

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As successor to Elizabeth, copal hierarchy was more favourJames I. who had been king of able to monarchy, than the prinScotland, ascended the throne of ciples of the Puritans. England, 1603, and reigned over The king regarded himself as both nations. The long and a learned theologian, and was prosperous reign of Elizabeth had for.d of disputing. In the Puriprepared the way for James to tans he found more of a similar enjoy a considerable share of spirit than was agreeable to him, tranquillity. He gloried in the as their views were not accordant character of a “pacifick prince,” with his own. and avoided war till near the But while the Puritans apa close of his life.

peared as advocates for liberty, The severity of Elizabeth had “they maintained,” says Hume, weakened the Popish party; but “that they themselves were the the sect called Puritans had only pure church ; that their made their appearance, and when principles and practices ought to James ascended the throne, they be established by law, and that were found to be numerous. This no other ought to be tolerated." sect was in some things impru- Such has too often been the case dent and assuming, but they were with advocates for religious libamong the foremost iu pleading erty. While they have perceived for civil and religious liberty. the evil of intolerant principles, About 750 clergymen of this sect as exercised towards themselves, presented a petition to James, they have too readily adopted soon after his arrival in England. them, as soon as power came into They entertained a hope, that their hands. The Puritans are he would abate the rigour of the not alone in this inconsistency. laws which had been enacted It was in the reign of James, against them, and in favour of that the daring gunpowder plot the ceremonies of the Episcopal was discovered—a plot for blowchurch. James was much more ing up the king and parliament, tolerant than his predecessors, and which came near to being but he was aware that the Epis- executed. This, however, apVol. IV. No. 7.


pears to bave been a project of a that there was indeed a considfew Papists, who were so bewil- erable number of men in the difdered by fanaticism as to imag- ferent sects, who were eminent ine, that any means were lawful, for real piety. But from the facts which would advance the cause recorded of this reign, it is very of Popery.

certain, that the predominant One of the most important zeal was neither according to events in the reign of king James, koowledge nor charity. The was the translation of the Bible. fervour that prevailed was not The translation which was made the fervour of love one to another ; under his patronage and direc- and it had but little resemblance tion, has been in common use to the mild, forbearing, pacifick, from that age to the present. and benignant spirit of the MesThat event probably contributed siah. Their zeal for God was much to the improvement of so- expressed, not in works of selfciety, as it was done in a time denial and beneficence, but in of peace, and must have excited oppressing and destroying one considerable attention to the another. Nor is this remark to scriptures. Although there were be limited to any one sect; it will some defects in the character of apply to all which have been the king, his reign was probably named. more favourable to the progress In Ireland, the religious zeal of of religion and virtue, than any the Papists, in 1643, was disone which had preceded.

played in one of the most horriKing James died in 1625, and ble massacres which blackens the was succeeded by his unfortunate pages of history. "An universal son, Charles I. The history of massacre commenced of the EnCharles is in a great degree com- glish. No age, no sex, no conposed of records of deplorable dition was spared. The old, the and sanguinary scenes. He reign- young, the vigorous, the infirm, ed over England, Scotland, and underwent a like fate, and were Ireland. In each of these coun- confounded in one common ruin. tries a restless, fanatical, and Amidst all these enormities, the blood-thirsty spirit prevailed. sacred name of RELIGION

The population of these islands sounded on every side,-not to was principally divided into three stop the hands of the murderers, or four large sects; Papists, Epis- but to enforce their blows, and copalians, and Puritans, or Pres- to steel their hearts against every byterians, and Independents, each movement of human and social of which possessed the principle sympathy. The English, as heand spirit of intolerance and per- reticks, abhorred of God, and desecution.

testable to all holy men, were Historians represent, that a marked out by the priests for spirit of religion” prevailed in slaughter; and of all actions, to this age; and it is unquestionably rid the world of these declared true, that great attention was paid enemies to Catholick faith and to what was called religion, and piety, was represented as most


meritorious.”-Hist. of Eng. vol. change it to a conformity with VI. pp. 437–439.

the religion of Scotland, was This, the reader will say, was done under all the disadvantages the work of Papists. It was so; which resulted from a state of and happy should I feel in re- national distraction, and the inviewing the history of those fluence of party passions. times, if nothing of a similar In the same deplorable state of spirit could be found in the Pro- publick ferment, was formed the testants. But, alas! the diiferent “Solemn League and Covenant” sects of Protestants still retained between England and Scotland, the worst ingredients of Popery; for the destruction of Popery and the principle and spirit of perse- Episcopacy, and for the estabcution.

lishment of the Presbyterian form Even prior to the dreadful ex- of government. The covenant ample of the Papists in Ireland, was such as might have been the different sects in England expected from the circumstances had blended their religion and under which it originated; and politicks together, and introduced from men who were so bewildera horrid civil war, which raged ed as to imagine, that the Chrisfor many years; and which, in its tian religion could be promoted progress, occasioned the slaugh. by swearing and fighting, oppresster of many thousands, filled the ing and destroying their brethren, land with confusion and dis- who happened to dissent from tress, overwhelmed the Episcopal their opinions. church, established Presbyteri- Thus the covenanters sayanism in England, beheaded the “ We have resolved and deterking, dissolved the parliament, mined to enter into a Solemn and placed Oliver Cromwell, a League and Covenant, wherein military chief, in the chair of we all subscribe, and each one state, as Lord Protector. Du- of us for himself, with our hands ring these

of havock, lifted to the most high God, do fasling, and praying, and fighting swear.” In this solemn, if not seem to have been blended to- profane manner, they bound gether, as duties of the Christian themselves to act the part of inreligion, and as equally accepta- tolerant persecutors against the ble to God!

Papists and Episcopalians, and In the midst of this scene of others who should dissent from confusion, fiery zeal, and civil their covenant, or oppose their war, the celebrated Westminster unjustifiable usurpation. Assembly of Divines was called This covenant was signed by together by the parliament, while the members of parliament, and at war with their king. “ This by the Westminster Assembly; Assembly sat five years, six by multitudes of the people of mouths, and twenty-two days, in Scotland, under severe penalties; which time they had 1163 ses- and it “ was ordered to be taken sions." What they did to reform throughout the kingdom of Enthe religion of England, or to gland, by all persons above the


age of eighteen years.”—History resy, which was published in the of the Puritans, vol. 111. p. 70. Christian Disciple for April, p.

If we reflect on the small ad- 104. vantages for education which If that ordinance had been were then enjoyed, and the popu- fully executed, it would probably lar insanity which then prevailed, have occasioned five times the may it not be presumed that not slaughter that occurred in the one in a hundred of those who Popish massacre in Ireland; and swore to that covenant, ever un- it is not to be ascribed to the derstood its meaning? It fills wisdom or benevolence of those nearly four octavo pages, close who made the law, that it was not print, in Neal's History of the executed, but to the providence Puritans; yet such is the manner of God, which limited their power of composition, that there are but and subverted their designs. eight sentences in the whole That the morals of society League, and the first sentence among our ancestors, at that pecontains forty-five lines. On riod, must have been deplorable, what principle of reason or reli- may naturally be inferred from gion, could an ignorant multitude the fact, that their religion was be compelled or enticed to swear made suhservient to the most to such a complicated, and to sanguinary deeds, or was itself of them, unintelligible covenant ? a sanguinary character. But farWas not this to compel or entice ther evidence respecting the depeople to șwear falsely, and to pravity of morals, may be protake the name of God in vain? duced. What excuse can be made for A law was passed for displacthose ministers of religion, or ing ministers of religion, who members of parliament, who were of immoral and scandalous planned and executed the mea- lives, and for sequestering their sure, but this;—that they were estates. By this law, a large the subjects of that kind of in- portion of the clergy were resanity or delusion which ever ac- moved, and deprived of their liv. companies the war spirit, in poli- ings. If the complaints against ticks and in religion,—and by them were well founded, we may which even good people are often naturally infer a gross depravity led to “do evil that good may of morals in the community at come ?” The whole business of large ; for it is not probable that war, and every species of perse- the people in general were less cution, proceeds on the same corrupt than their teachers.

On principle, and is accompanied the contrary, if we suppose that with the same kind of insanity or the allegations against the Episdelusion.

copal clergy were unjust, a That the Preshyterians of that charge of licentiousness and image were as really disposed to morality will lie against the rulpersecute, as the Episcopalians, ing party which abused them. or even the Papists, is clear from We have another document, hy the “ordinance” respecting he- which both the ignorance and

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