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quiet, decorum, and attendance anxieties, cares, and affairs of the on publick worship on Sundays, present state, and living, by anthan in Boston ; and no philan- ticipation, in futurity. If I roam thropist, moralist, patriot, or abroad in the morning of Sunchristian, but must acknowledge days, eager after news, inquisithe happy effects produced by the tive to find subjects of conversaobservance of this day of retire- tion; if I hurry from the wharf ment and devotion. Without or the news-room to church, and intending to criminate one class after listening impatiently to the of inbabitants more than another, services there, retrace my steps, or to pronounce which deports pour over the newspapers, fresh most agreeably to the purposes from the mail, with an intenseof the day, I am of opinion that ness as if I were reading the the day is not hallowed as it “ words of eternal life,” and ought be by commercial men. making myself ise salvaWere a stranger to witness great tion,” surely I do not hallow the numbers of respectable persons day, nor, in scripture sense, issuing from different churches, “ remember the Sabbath-day to converging to the reading-rooms, keep it holy.” Many good men and devoting a considerable por- differ in opinion as to the advistion of the day to the perusal of ableness of forwarding mails on newspapers, and to conversation Sundays, or of distributing newson commercial topicks, I think papers and letters at the offices; he would justly form a most un- but whatever argument, there fovourable opinion of the reli- may be in favour of perusing gion of the inhabitants. He letters, there can be, in time of would suppose they had issued peace, sew or none, in favour of from a Lyceum, Athenæum, or reading newspapers. What time Debating Society rather than has the busy merchant, whose from the house of God, that they six days are sedulously devoted had been auditors of a political to business, to read or reflect on orator or scientifick lecturer, in- things concerning his eternal stead of listening to the oracles welfare, if he gives the seventh of heavenly wisdom.

also to the pursuits of the rest ? I am not an advocate for the In regard to himself, his family, rigid observance of Sunday, held or society, it is irrational, ruinby our ancestors, and by many There is a calm, serenity, of the severer sects of chris- and delight, in the retirement of tians at the present day ; for it Sunday, which is delicious to a has disgusted the minds of young reflecting mind. It is a sweet persons, and given an unsocial, respite from the corroding cares, frigid, and secluded character to the din of business, and the religion. But I am in favour of labours of the busy week. For devoting the day to thought, self- myself I would not exchange examination and devotion; I am the peaceful hours of Sunday, in favour of detachiog the mind their. tranquillity, and happy as much as practicable, from the tendency for the pleasantest portion of the other days. To the in opinion on the disposal of their christian, other motives should leisure. I delight in witnessing be addressed than the self-satis- the happy visages of my fellowfaction which a religious ob- beings on a Sunday, and would servance of this sacred day not be rigid in enforcing the produces. It is exceedingly un- requirements of law, or the becoming a Christian to give all precepts of religion. But it is his days to the world, to hold po the duty of every one to contriconverse with his own soul, the bute, by his example and opinion, scriptures, or his Maker. I hope to the religious observance of a these remarks will not be suppos- day set apart by God himself for ed to proceed from a splenetick the benefit of the human race, distaste to the innocent or pro- and conducive to the welfare, per employments of those, who order, and happiness of mankind. merely happen to differ from me

ous.

MERCATOR.

THOUGHTS ON CHRISTIAN EDUCATION.

BELIEVING, as we verily do, counsel of his own will." But that a Christian education is the we wish to impress these ideas most probable means for forming upon every reader, that the minds the character of a Christian Dis- of children and the earth may be ciple, for abolishing vicious and cultivated with equal prospects inhuman customs, for reforming of success; that, in both cases,

the morals of society, and for it is God who giveth the in: promoting the peace and happi- crease, and that the harvest may

ness of mankind; believing also be expected generally to corresthat the power of education for pond to the prudence and fidelity these important purposes has with which we plant or sow. hitherto had but a very partial When children are suffered to experiment, we shall cheerfully grow up to adult age, under the exbibit in this work an account dominion of ignorance, prejuof such modern improvements dice and vice, there is but a disin the modes of education as mal prospect of their being aftershall come to our knowledge. wards thoroughly reformed by

Io speaking of the power of the preaching of the gospel. education, to produce such glori- Preaching to such persons is, in ous results, no thought is enter- a great measure, like preaching tained, that such means can pro- to convicts in a State Prison, duce the effects, independent of whose habits of vice are almost the agency of him “v rk- as fixed as the Ethiopean's cometh all things according to the plexion or the leopard's spots.

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In both cases some good effects account of several recent instihave evidently resulted; but, in tutions, in the hope that it will general, preaching to such peo- awaken serious attention to the ple makes little more impression, interesting subject, and to the than the falling of rain upon

of providence, which paved streets.

seems to be directed to the Possessing these views of the emancipation of the world from importance of a Christian edu- ignorance, irreligion, vice, and cation, we shall, in this number, misery. present to our readers, a concise

A REMARKABLE INSTITUTION FOR EDUCATION IN SWITZERLAND.

66

A PHILANTHROPIST, by the tural instruments; one for making name of M. de Fellenberg, has es- for sale, the best instruments now tablished in Hoswyl, near Berne, in use; another for “a school of in Switzerland, a remarkable invention and improvement." institution for the education of “ The children of the laborichildren, and one which has

ous class, are not only taught to attracted the attention of the read, write, and account, but Emperour of Russia.

they are attended by their masThe most remarkable feature ter, a man of liberal education, in Fellenberg's institution, is, during their hours of labour as " the union of instruction, in let- well as of recreation; and are ters, with the operations of agri- instructed by him in the properculture.”

It “ also unites a sem- ties and connections of the obinary for the poor, with a semi- jects of nature, and the operanary for the rich."

tions of art. They are taught The agricultural part of the to observe and to reflect, and to establishment, consists of two acquire habits of drawing useful farms; one is called the model ideas from things themselves." farm, the other, the experimental The education of the rich farm. The first is intended to class, embraces all those points exhibit a well conducted farm on of art and science which belong the best existing methods ; on to a liberal education.

The this, the poor class of children great objects of the Institution, are employed. The other is in- appear to be these ;-to teach the tended to advance the science youth how to obtain a comfortaof agriculture by new inventions ble living in the world, and how and experiments. The rich class to be useful and happy. are here instructed in the theory The effects of this mode of and practice of agriculture. education, are said to be “

perConnected with this institu- petual happiness and good hution, there are also work-shops mour; no quarrels; gentleness, for the manufacture of agricul- industry, and contentment."

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success.

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“ The encouragement of cheer- zerland,

he was

informed of ful dispositions amongst the Fellenberg's institution and his children, and the attempts to

He ordered his minisreoder them good-tempered, alert, ter in Switzerland to make inand active, are considered as quiry into the circumstances, and objects of great importance. report to him. On receiving the They are constantly encouraged, report, he wrote to M. Fellenand their wants anticipated ; berg the following letter. every thing invites them to confi. “ Sir-The labours of so much dence. Verhly, their instructor, importance to the human race, always speaks to them with in which, for a number of years, smiles. He works with them; you have been successfully enhe reads, talks, and sings with gaged; the great results which them; he entertains them with they have already produced, and amusing anecdotes, and is their those which humanity may still constant companion.

expect to derive from them in Every morning before they future, could not fail to arrest go to work, and every evening my attention, and to gain for you after it is finished, Verhly talks all my esteem. I have with with the children, and M. Fel- satisfaction observed, that your lenberg is commonly present at system of agriculture and of eduthese conversations. The plan cation possessed the double adof the day's work, and suitable vantage of perfectionizing at once admonitions and exhortations cultivation and the cultivator. follow the morning prayer. In Desiring to give you a testimony the evening remarks are made of the interest, which I take in on the little occurrences of the the success and extension of such day. What is praiseworthy is exalted labours, I create you a encouraged ; faults are gently knight of the order of St. Wlareprimanded, and good resolu- dimer of the fourth class, the tions strengthened : this useful decoration of which I transmit practice is beneficially concluded to you, and I am happy to give with prayer.”

you the assurance of my consiWhen the Emperour Alexan- deration. der was in the vicinity of Swit

“ALEXANDER. “ Vienna, 16th, November 1814."

These facts relating to M. bers of the Philanthropist, in Fellenberg's Institution, have which may be seen a more copibeen collected from several num- ous account. See No's. 9, 10, 18.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.

6 British In England, they have not Bible Society,” but a only a “ British and Foreign and Foreign School Society,"

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which promises the most exten- the use of slates, the expense of sive benefits to the human fami- paper and pens is reduced to a ly. The mode of education sup

mere trifle.

The school is dividported by this Society, is that ed into eight classes; and out of which has been called the Lan- each class, the best qualified is casterian, now British system of selected as a monitor. He has education. The British and Fo- printed rules for his direction, reign School Society is the Lan- and is responsible for the conduct casterian Schcol Society, with of the class. Under him are another name and more exten- assistant monitors, chosen from sive objects.

lads who have made the greatest In the Philanthropist, for Jan- proficiency. By taking preceuary, 1815, and for April, we dence, and a judicious system of have an account of this Society, rewards, learning becomes a defrom which the following facts light, instead of a drudgery to the are collected :

children, and a spirit of activity The Duke of Bedford was and attention is constantly mainthen President. Samuel Whit- tained. In this way it is found, bread, M.P. John Jackson, M.P. that children will learn more in Samuel Hoar, jun. and William one year than in the old way in Allen, were the Trustees of the three, and at less than a fifth part funds. “ To the firm, manly, and of the expense. steady support of the Royal “ The expenses of a school, on Dukes, this Society, in a great this plan, consists in the salary measure, owes its preservation." of the master, the rent of the

“ The British and Foreign school room, the outfit of lessons School Society, is established for and slates, and in a trifling anthe promotion of Schools in all nual expense in keeping up the parts of the world.” By the ex- stock, also for fuel for warming ertions of this Society, a great the school in the winter." number of schools have been

These paragraphs have been established in England, Ireland, taken from a report of the Comand Scotland; and the system mittee; and in a note they state, has been introduced into Asia, that the whole expense for furAfrica, and America, by persons nishing a school of five hundred, trained and qualified in the pa- with an outfit of lessons, badges, rent institution. In less than medals, and slates, is but about seven years, many thousand thirteen pounds three shillings children, of both sexes, have and two pence; for one thousand been rescued from ignorance, and scholars, twenty-three pounds have been directed into the eight shillings and three pence. paths of virtue and piety. The Committee say, their object

“ One master is sufficient for is “NOT TO LEAVE A SINGLE INDIfive hundred or a thousand children; one book will serve a whole school, however large; and, by STRUCTION.”

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VIDUAL IN THE WHOLE COUNTRY
WITHOUT THE MEANS OF IN-

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