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EXTRACTS FROM PRATT'S POEM ON HUMANITY,
At length bloom'd forth, diffusing all their charms,
The good man spake, applanding thousands bow'd,
EXTRACTS FROM MR. HENDERSON'S REPORT OF A VISIT TO ICELAND.
[The Rev. E. Henderson was mercantile stations on the Island. employed by the British and Fo- On the 8th of June, 1814, I took reign Bible Society to visit Iceland. my departure for Reykiavik, where, His report is a long and interesting after a tedious passage, I arrived on document. Some extracts from it the 15th of July, and received a will be gratifying to our readers.) hearty welcome from the natives,
“Previously to my leaving Co- who had already been apprised of penhagen, I succeeded in getting the object of my visit. 2123 copies of the Icelandick Bible, “ The singular nature of the and 4108 copies of the N. T. ship- island, arising chiefly from the reped for seven of the principal peated volcanick revolutions to
* This latter extract is a part of Mr. Pratt's tribute of respect to William Penn, on account of his exertions in the cause of liberty and humanity. As Mr. Pratt appeare - not to have been of the Society of Friends, this eulogion is the more remarkable
which it had been subjected, to- springs of Laugarvatn, in which gether with the small degree of the greater number of the inhabitprogress the inhabitants have made ants were baptized in the abovein the more useful arts, render mentioned year, on their return travelling a matter of much difficul. from the Assembly. Both here ty and inconvenience. I was under and at the Geysers, the people disthe necessity of providing myself covered the most ardent desire to with a tent, horses, provisions, &c. possess the divine oracles.” as if I had intended to penetrate “At the Geysers, the most magsome of the vast deserts of Asia. nificent and astonishing hot spouting Having resolved to strike in a fountains in the world, we spent direct line through the interiour to two days, chiefly to rest our horses the northern shores, I set off on the and fit them for a desert and moun26th of July, in company with Capt. tain journey, several days in length. Von Scheel, one of the Danish We were here surrounded by numeofficers. Our first station was a rous orifices and craters, filled with small farm on the southern margin hot water, from several of which of the Thingvalla Lake-the inhab- columns, from three to ten feet in itants poor and destitute of the diameter, were darted at irregular Bible. "A copy which I gave them intervals, some of them to the height the following morning, was received of nearly an hundred feet in the with every demonstration of grati- atmosphere, enveloped in volumitude and joy. The road, or rather nous clouds of steam, and accompatrack, now lay across the ruins of nied with subterranean reports, and nature, a vast region of lava, crack- a concussion of the ground beneath ed and rent in the most dreadful our feet. I doubt if a scene more manner, and often presenting deep grand and impressive be displayed chasms, between which there was within the limits of the visible scarcely sufficient space for the creation. horses to proceed. Into the largest “ We arrived at the Factory of of these we were obliged to descend Akureyri on the 4th of August, and with our horses, and were struck the following day I was happy in with wonder at the force which has executing a commission I had redisrupted the solid masses of cal- ceived from Bishop Vidalin. Precined rock, so as to form a gap not viously to my departure from Rey. less than one hundred and eighty kiavik, his Lordship jokingly said, feet deep, in many places nearly that on my arrival in the north, it of the same width, and about three would be in my power to settle a miles in length. Close to this stu- serious dispute which had arisen pendous fissure, is the spot where between two of his clergy, and that the Christian religion was publick- he invested me with full powers to ly established by law, A. D. 1000, that end. The subject of the diffeand where the General assembly of
a copy of the Bible, the nation continued to be held which had been lent from a church nearly nine hundred years. · on the main land, but had so long
“ After dinner we proceeded been in possession of the church of across the plain which is completely Grimsey, that the clergyman of filled with lava, trembling, at times, that place refused to give it up to at the monstrous parallel fissures, the church to which it originally which yawned upon us on every belonged. It was the only copy side ; and after advancing with among twelve families residing on difficulty through another dismal an island, thirty miles from the volcanick tract, we came to the hot main land. As he was at the Fac:
tory I had some eonversation with a Bible and Testament-me for him, and not only gave him a copy three New Testaments,” &c. for the use of the parish, till the “ Early on Monday 1 prosecuted proper supply should arrive, but my journey, accompanied by the gave him one for his own use, as I clergyman, his son, and one of bis found his circumstances did not servants. We had not rode many admit of bis purchasing one.
steps, when we all took off our hats " The same evening I sold a Bible for about the space of five minutes, and New Testament to a peasant, and implored Divine mercy and who had come from a neighbouring protection. This laudable and imparish to buy them. His wife had pressive custom is universally prac. been at the factory in the forenoon, tised in such parts of Iceland as and though she was desired to wait remain uncontaminated by the intill the general distribution took Auence of those foreigners, who place, the desire of obtaining copies" live without God in the world.” which was excited in the family on Before crossing, and after having her return was so great, that her crossed a river, the genuine Icelanbusband was obliged to set off, and der also moves bis hat, in token of try if his application would not be the sense be entertains of his demore snccessful. Besides what I pendence on the Supreme Being : sold him, he wished to have six Tes. and the fishermen, when they put taments, that each of his children to sea, all take off their hats and might be furnished with a copy. send up a prayer.
“On inquiry I discovered that “I now entered the dreary volscarcely a copy of the scriptures canick regions of Myvatn. To was to be found in the valley in whatever side I turned, nothing which Holum is situated. In the presented itself to my view but contiguous and populous district, the dismal effects of subterranean there is one parish consisting of fires. At one time I had to pass about two hundred souls, yet in over a track of lava between two possession of only four Bibles; parallel rents, the bottom of which another, in which there were only I could not discover from the quanthree copies among fifty families. tity of smoke they continued to On my return from Holum, the send forth; and at some places the peasants all left their meadows and space between them was scarcely came running to the road to see sufficient to allow the horses to pass. me; they wisbed that a thou- At another time I was separated sand blessings might descend on from semi-liquid beds of burning me, and the good Christians who sulphur only by a deceitful crust, had sent me among them.
which in some places, was so thin, “At Hals I was very affection that on the horse's foot sinking in ately received by the clergyman. the mould, a hole was made, from The next day, being Lord's day, I which a quantity of steam issued attended divine service in the with a hissing noise. The road Church. Before dismissing the here lies across a mountain of brimcongregation, the clergyman gave ' stone, which sends up, without them intimation of the New Bible, intermission, immense columns of and desired such as wished to fur- smoke into the atmosphere. nish themselves with copies to give “On the morning of the 22d, I him their names. We had scarcely arrived at Hof, where I met with got into the house when it was the kindest reception from the crowded with people, calling out, Dean Having read the lette of “ Put me down for a Bibleme for introduction, he could not contain
his joy op learning the provision experience I had had of his provithat had been made for Iceland, dential mercy, and the facilities and broke out in expressions of he had afforded me in the way of gratitude to God.
ascertaining and making provision • Having spent too much of the for the scriptural wants of more 29th at the house of the excellent than balf the population of this Mr. Paulson, I got benighted in a
extensive island." desert mountain tract, and after wading and leading the horses a Mr. Hendersou wintered in Ice considerable way down the channel land, and renewed his labours the of a river, out of which I had the next year. His report is accordatmost difficulty in extricating my- ingly divided into two parts. The self, pitched my tent in a morass extracts which bave now been given on the right bank of the river, not are from the first. In copying them daring to proceed any farther in the Mr. Henderson's language has been dark. Next day I visited the used, yet liberty has been taken to Dean of South Mulè Syssel, who abridge many sentences, by excludreceived me with much kindness; ing the less important circumassured me that his Deanry stood stances, and names of difficult proin great want of the Divine Ora- nunciation, which would embarrass cles. The present supply he could and not instruct many readers. view in no other light than the What has been extracted may be manna which came down froin regarded as a specimen of the diffiheaven.
culties and dangers which Mr. Hen“On the 3d of September I derson had to encounter,' his intrereached Stafafel. The Rev. Berg pidity and perseverence, and the Magnussen had been endeavouring manner in which he was received to procure an Icelandick Bible for by the people of Iceland. Near his own use these seventeen years the close of the first part of his narpast, but had at last given up all rative, he says, “Wherever I came hopes of ever obtaining the trea- the people received me with open
His joy on receiving a copy arms, and complained sadly of the was very great.
dearth of the scriptures; and what “After an absence of about two is remarkable, in the parish where, months, during which time I had about the middle of the thirteenth travelled upward of twelve hundred century, the first attempt was British miles, I arrived again at made to translate the scriptures Reykiavik on the 20th of Septem- into the vernacular language, not a ber, with a heart full of gratitude single copy was found to exist at to the God of my life, for the rich the present day!”
REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE EVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETY, IN
MASSACHUSETTS, Oct. 2, 1816.
Since our last anniversary, it has join in condolence with the Society pleased the Parent of life, whose under this afflictive event. dispensations are inscrutable by The Hon. Elijah Brigham was man, to remove our venerable Pre- descended from a respectable famisident, by death. The Trustees ly; he was educated in Christian Vol. IV, No. 11
principles, and formed to the vir. Institution in his vicinity, he sedutues of the gospel. Having com- ously promoted the interests of inpleted a collegiate education, he tellectual and moral education. engaged in mercantile pursuits, and This society can bear witness that his diligent application to business he devoted himself to his duty, as was rewarded with success.
their President. Pure in his manPossessed of a vigorous and inde- ners, and social in his disposition, pendent mind, and of a sound judge he no less adorned a private than a ment, he early attracted general publick station. notice, and was introduced into pub- In the honourable execution of lick life. He was raised to office, his trust, as a member of the Naas well by the suffrages of his tional Council, without having felt fellow-citizens, as by the appoint- the infirmities of old age, or the ment of the supreme Executive of distress of languishing sickness, and the Commonwealth. None of these while in the full possession of every distinctions originated either in a domestick endearment, of the affecmean compliance with the will of tion of numerous friends, and of the the ruling power, or an unmanly respect and esteem of the wise and condescension to popular prejudice; good of his countrymen, he was but they resulted from a confidence suddenly summoned to render his which every class in the cornmunity account to his God, to whose serplaced in his inflexible integrity, vice he had devoted the talents his unyielding, justice and perse- committed to his management. vering rectitude. For many years, The memory of the just shall be he sustained the office of a magis- blessed. trate, through the Commonwealth, In the management of the conand of a Judge on the bench of the cerns of the Society, the Trustees Common Pleas, in the County of have, by all the means iu their Worcester. From 1796 to 1810, power, sought the promotion of its the period at which he was elected great objects. into Congress, with one exception, Some inconvenience having arisen he was chosen into the Senate of from the Rev. Messrs. Nurse and Massachusetts. The character of Warren's depending for that part of a citizen, a legislator, and a judge, their support, which the people of he sustained with personal dignity; their charge could not pay, upon he manifested a vigilant attention two different Missionary Societies, to the appropriate duties of these a conference was holden by a Comrelations, and uncorrupted fidelity mittee of your Board of Trustees, in their execution. To him may and a delegation of the Society for be applied the sentiment of the Ro- Propagating the Gospel. And it man Poet,
was agreed between them, that in “ Justum et tenacem propositi vivium
future, Mr. Nurse should excluNon ardor civium prava jubentium,
sively depend upon the last menNec vultus instantis tyranni
tioned Society, and Mr. Warren Mente quatit solida."
depend solely on us.
The Trustees feel painful emoJudge Brigham, while a young tions at the separation from Mr. man, made a profession of religion, Nurse and the people of Ellsworth. and through life, gave an exemplifi- Under the auspices of this Society, cation of the piety and righteous- Mr. Nurse began his successful inness, the benevolence and charity, structions in that place ; their which become the Christian. As a annual donations having greatly Governour of a respectable literary assisted to ripen measures, which