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generally known and appreci- been done, for which we could ated by the friends of the cause not be too thankful; and that he in England; that it had given (the Emperour) had been a potrthem pleasure beyond measure, ful instrument under Providence to find that this injured people in accomplishing them. But had so powerful a protector and those in England, who had been friend; and I could not doubt, the means of developing and that he (the Emperour) should bringing to light, the mass of any opportunity offer, would con- crime and suffering continued in tinue to advocate their cause. the slave trade, and whose feelHe replied, that he would never ings, perhaps, had led them to desert it. In the original treaty be too sanguine in their expecwith France, he had taken a tations, had been disappointed; very active part in their behalf; (I hoped his majesty would exbut the obstacles were so very

cuse the freedom with which I great on the part of the French was going to speak; here he government, which at that time bowed assent.) I then resumhad great and extravaganted--"had been disappointed in colonial schemes in prospect, finding, that the allied sovethat he found it impossible to reigns, at the Congress of Vienrealize his wishes. In a period na, had not proclaimed the slave succeeding this, viz. during the trade PIRACY.” This would have Congress at Vienna, he had ex- been a noble declaration in the erted himself again; he had face of the whole world, in united with the British minister favour of justice and religion ; in their favour; and though new and it would only have accordand great obstacles had arisen ed with the principles all of them upon the part of other nations were daily obliged to confess in concerned in the odious traffick; the administiation of their respeche trusted, that some further ad- tive governments. They were vantages had been gained there; all obliged to punish, and thus something like a foundation of a try to put an end to robbery and new treaty had been laid there, murder; this was essentially neand at a subsequent period very cessary, or their governments lately, (that is, since his last arri- could not go on. But the slave val at Paris) he had again taken trade, was a combination of robup the cause in conjunction with bery and murder, and it was the British minister. Again he deeply to be regretted, under had been so successful, that this, and under every other view France had agreed to give up of the subject, that such a noble the remaining four years conti- decree had been overlooked. nuance of the trade ; so that ano- The Emperour admitted the ther nation had been added to truth of what I had said; he adthe list of those who had agreed mitted, that it would have been to abandon the infamous traffick. more worthy the Congress to

I replied, that we were all of have passed the decree now us sensible, that great things had mentioned ; and moreover, the Vol. IV. No. 12.


continuance of the slave trade glorious cause, should be disby the allies, was in direct vari- posed to write to him, I was at ance with their own principles liberty to do so; but I must as Governours ; but that we write to him fully and without could not cure great and invete- ceremony, as to a friend acting rate evils at once. Besides, the in, and for the same great object. difficulties at Vienna were great He added, “I trust we have so er than I had any idea of. The laboured in the Congress, that decree which I had mentioned the result will be yery satisfacmight have passed, if some of the tory to all Christian people.” most powerful sovereigns had This last sentence was uttered agreed upon it; and is, at the after a pause, and as if it came same ime, they had agreed to out unexpectedly. I was at a use furce ; but the Congress at loss to determine, whether it Vienna consisted of sovereigns related to the slave trade, or to united, and in alliance for one some arrangement at the Congreat object, viz.--the future gress at Paris, respecting reli

, safety, peace, and tranquillity gious toleration, or any other of Europe, where harmony was religious subjects; and wbile I essentially necessary, as far as was reflecting upon it, the Em it could be obtained. This har- perour turned to another subject, mony must have been broken, if and asked how Mr. Allen, Mr. such a decree had been persist- Wilkinson, and Mr. Grellet were, ed in. He trusted, however, and where they were now. I great objects would be finally replied, that the two former accomplished, in consequence of were in England, and were well what had already taken place. when I left them; but the latter Indeed, he did not doubt it. was gone home to America, to Great progress had already been the bosom of his family. The

new nation, viz. Emperour said, the two hours France, had now fully come conversation he had with them into the measure; he did not in London, were amongst the doubt from what he had seen most agreeable hours he spent and heard, that Spain and Por- in England. The religious optugal would follow. If any portunity which he had with other exertions were necessary them, had made a very serious on his part, it was only for us impression on his mind, such an to point them out, and he would one, indeed, that he believed he attend to our suggestions on should never forget it; and he principles of duty. I might re- could not but have a high regard turn to England with the assu- for the society, to which three rance from himself, that he such good men belonged. With would not desert the cause of respect to the society itself, it the injured Africans ; he would seemed to him as if its members, never disappoint our hopes; and considering the plainness of their if I myself, or one of the indi dress and appearance, and the vidgals who had laboured in the simplicity, yet independence of

made ;



their manners, approached pear- On his arrival there, one of his er the primitive Christians than first questions was, whether there any other people; he might say were any of those good men the same of their doctrines; called Quakers in the place? their first great doctrine of the and being told there were, he influence of the Holy Spirit, was signified his intention of attendthe very corner-stone of religion. ing one of their meetings, acHere he abruptly asked me, if companied by his suite.

He I was a Quaker." I replied, I heard the discourse, which folwas not in name, but hoped in lowed, with great attention, and spirit ; I was nine parts out of bestowed his commendations ten of their way of thinking; upon it. He (the Emperour) they had been fellow-labourers might remember this was prewith me in the great cause; the cisely his own case, when last more I had known them, the year he attended the Quakers' more I had loved them. The meeting-house in St. Martin's Emperour said (putting his hand lane; so that he had (probably to his heart) i embrace them without knowing it) trodden in more than any other people; I the footsteps of his great predeconsider myself as one of them.

The Emperour thanked I told him as he had such an me for this anecdote, which was esteem for them, I would furnish new to him; and said, that he him with one or two anecdotes, could not follow a better examwhich I had no doubt would ple than that of Peter the Great, please him to hear; but more and desired to follow him in particularly, if he had not heard every thing that was good. them before. His predecessor, He then asked if Mr. WilkinPeter the Great, professed an son and Mr. Allen were of any attachment to the Quakers, simi- profession. I said Mr. Wilkinlar to that which he had just son was a minister of the gospel, expressed. He was acquainted and devoted himself to his reliwith the great William Penn gious office; and Mr. Allen was and others, of the first founders in trade, but that he spent his of the society; and when he time principally in doing good. worked in the dock-yard, at Here I could not resist the imDeptford, in order to learn prac- pulse I felt to do justice to the tically the rudiments of naval character of my friend, by an architecture, he frequently at- eulogium in which, however high tended the Quaker meetings it might appear, I was conscious there, when be conducted him- it did not exceed the bounds of self with all due solemnity and truth. After which, I said, of decorum

the many objects which engaged The Emperour said, he had Mr. Allen's attention, that of known that anecdote before. I forming publick schools, was said, that with his permission, I amongst the foremost ; and that would relate another. The same I knew he wished similar estabPeter the Great, about sixteen lishments might be formed in the years after he left England, went Emperour's dominions. He abwith an army to Fredericstadt. ruptly replied, that I knew there

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were schools in Russia, but that with him on this subject, were perbaps they were not on not labouring for a private or a improved a plan as those in En- partial good"; their views exgland. I said the difference tended to the whole world; and Jaid there ; I then said, in the for this purpose, they were edumechanism the English cating foreigners of different naschools ; and that in

tions to qualify them to carry quence of the, great number of the system of British education boys, that one master could into the countries to which they teach, education became cheap, severally belonged. They had so as to be even in the power of lately educated, one from Denthe poor. I then enlarged on mark, and another from France, the benefit of education. I ob- and they would be glad to eduserved, that his empire was great cate one from Russia with the and powerful; but what would same design. it be, if his subjects were im- On hearing this, the Empeproved by a wise and universal rour seemed pleased, and said, education ! His empire would be “ You may be sure I should be more powerful, more happy, and glad to promote the system in more permanent. Nothing con- Russia; and said he was sorry. tributed so much to make sub- to take his leave of me so soon, jects useful, orderly, virtuous but that he had more engageand happy, as an acquaintancements than he feared he could with the truths of the gospel; perform, whilst he staid in Paris. and education, in as much as it He added, remember me kindly taught them to read, was one of to Mr. Allen, and his good friends the outward means of enabling the Quakers; and tell Mr. Allen, them to know these truths. In that I wish him to write me on this point of view, these schools the subject of his schools; be were of inestimable value.

may depend on my countenance He replied, that there was no in Russia. He then took my surer foundation for peace, order, hand and said, my best wishes and happiness among a people, attend you to England ; and if, than the Christian religion, and at any time, I can be useful to added, This is quite as neces.

the cause

of the poor Afrisary for kings as for the people.” caps, you may always ha

I then informed him that Mr. my services, by writing me a Allen, and those that laboured letter.

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Yes I will seek the hallowed house of prayer,
And listening to the precepts taught me there,
Adore the God of nature, and of Love.

The swelling Organ's peal
Shall rouse my languid zeal,

And every sense to wrapt devotion move ;
No gorgeous altars and no mystick vest,
Awakes the ardour of my breast-

Yet truth, with purest ray,

Shall light the devious way,
And point to future bliss my dazzled sight;

Shall teach me to sustain

Severest mortal pain;
Make sorrow's burthen on the heart sit light,
And change despairing gloom to visions bright.


Witb mended heart, I'll leave the house of prayer,
And to the woodland grove repair ;
There feast with nature's charms mine eyes,
And listen to its melodies.
The primrose bank shall then dispense
More fragrance to the awakened sense ;
For gratitude shall that pure joy impart,
With which it warms the elevated heart;
And the full tears that down my cheek will steal,
Shall eloquently speak the praise I feel.

Yes I will seek the hallowed house of prayer,
Nor let my erring tootsteps stray ;
For pure religion meets me there,
To guide me through life's thorny way;
Not her in false Philosophy array'd,
The idol of the modern Poet made,

And taught with inodern liberty to roam :
But such as warms the real Christian's breast,
His sorrows sooths and calms his griefs 10 rest;
Her influence lends from dark despair to save,
Displays a brighter world beyond the grave,

And bids him seek in Heaven a peaceful home.




A COMMITTEE, chosen by the tions, from various parts of the Convention of Congregational Min- United States, may receive the isters the last year, to petition serious attention of the National Congress on the subject of the Legislature at the approaching sestransmission and opening of the sion. mail on the Lord's day, prepared the following Petition, which was presented at the last session by the Hon. Mr. WARD. It is devoutly The Convention of Congregawished, that this and similar peti- tional Ministers, in the Common


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