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our Lord,-who left us an ex. his own practice. Nor will it ample that we should walk in be useless to have ascertained, his steps, the solemn duty, in that it was to a proseucha, or all the great and important pur. fo a house of prayer upona : poses of our lives, with an ap- mountain, that Jesus retired for plication of our minds and hearts, a night, before he made his elec. proportioned to the magnitudé tion of his twelve apostles, if, of the object which interests us, in dwelling for a few moments to seek the guidance, and to cast upon the place of which he availourselves on the disposal of God! ed himself for a night of prayerIt is a rich indulgence to the in entering with him the encloChristian student, to compre. suré in which he had secreted hend, as exactly as he can, the himself-we feel, as perhaps the actual situation of our Lord as association may aid us to feel, he is described by the Evangel. more deeply the obligation of ists; "the characters of those his example, and are more powwhom he addressed; the precise erfully excited to go and do likemeaning of his expressions; and wise. every circumstance which has a Joseph Medes' works, p. 65– connexion with his character 67. Lardner, v. 1. p. 110–112. and his instructions. But let it Lewis' Orig. Heb. B. 3. c. 9. never be forgotten, that the end Prideaux, Connect. P. 1. B. 6. of a, Christian's knowledge v. 2. p. 556] should be, the improvement of
EFFECTS OF THE MICROSCOPE ON THE MIND OF A
BRAHMIN. DEAR SIR,
To the Editor of the Christian Disciple. I send to you the following habits of great intimacy with an anecdote, from a review of Forbes' Englishman, who was fond of Oriental Memoirs. It will inter- natural and experimental philosest those who read only to be en- ophy: The Brahmin, who had tertained. It wili much more learned English, read the books deeply interest all, whose Chris.' of his friend, searched the Cyelotian sympathies are excited by pedia, and profited by his philothe debased condition of the heas sophical instruments. It happen. then world; and are accustomed ed that the Englishman received to indulge their thoughts upon a good solar microscope froni Euthe practicability, or are already rope. He displayed its wonders convinced of the duty, of extend. with delight, to the astonishment ing the light which we enjoy, to of the Brahmin; and convinced those who are in darkness. him, by the undeniable evidence
“A Brahmin, far beyond his of his senses, that he and his brethren both in powers of mind countrymen, who abstained so and extent of knowledge, lived in scrupulously from tasting any
No. 2. Vol. IV.
thing which had life, devoured shall have some satisfaction in
Its won. plain his reasons. Upon that ders will be exhibited, and the visit he thus ddressed his friend: progress of general knowledge
6() that I had remained in that advanced; and the fall of superhappy state of ignorance, in which stition will be the triumph of the you found me! Yet I confess, that gospel. as my knowledge increased, so I cannot refrain from the redid my pleasure, lill I beheld the mark, although it will probably wonders of the microscope. From be suggested to the minds of ma. that moment, I have been tor- ny of your readers, that while mented by doubts. I am misera. the genius of the religion of an ble, and must continue to be so, East Indian, shrinks appalled etill I eùter upon another state of ven from one ray of light, and reexistence. I am a solitary indi. taivs its reverence and exercisvidual among fifty millions of peo- es its power, only because it is ple, all brought up in the same shrouded in darkness, and acts belief as myself, and all happy upseen, the religion of Christians, in their ignorance. I will keep blessed be God, after being exthe secret within my own bosom. posed to the broad day of all the It will destroy my peace; but I enlightened periods of eighteen
centuries, after being ten thou vancement of our most holy faith. sand times ten thousand weighed I have lately read the subin the balance of reason and stance of two specches, delivered learning, it has been received by Mr. Wilberforce in the House with the fullest conviction, and of Commons, in 1813," on the the warmest devotion, by the subject of inproving the condiinost improved minds in every tion of the natives of india. It age. The progress of knowledge contaius much valuable inforin society, is one of the great mation, on the stuie of the Inpreparations for the progress of dian character, and the impor, Christianity. It is peculiarly tauce of exteuding to them the the religion of civilized inan; and meads of beiter instruction. Will if the exertions which are now it be agreeable to you to receive made in the cause, are continued, a comp:essed view of this subject, in proportion to the advancement for your very useful publicae of tru civilization, with the tioni* Yours with greal respect. blessing of God, will be the ad.
ALFRED THE GREAT. ALFRED, the boast of Britain, cession to the throne as a matter was boru about the year 849 or of regret rather than of triumph. 850. He was the son of the An. According to Mr. Hume, he beglo-Saxon king Ethelwolf, and gun to reign in 871, at 22 years grandson to Egbert. Ethelwolf of age: Mr. Cotile says he was had several sons; Alfred was the but 21 when his reign commenc. fourth, and the father's favorite. ed. At that period the Danes At six years of age
he accompas were making terrible ravag's in pied his father to Rome, and con- England. Alfied possessed great tinued there a year. The next military talents, which he em: year after his return to England, ployed according to the custom his father sent him again to Rome of the age, in attempts to free his with a considerable retinue. He country from the Danish barbawas noticed and anointed by pope rians. But at one period the Leo III. But the lot of Alfred Danes were so successful that was cast in a barbarous age and he was obliged to lay aside the among a barbarous people. Tho' ensigns of royalty, dismiss bis a prince, his education was much servants, and disguise himself neglected till he was twelve years in a peasant’s habit. The Danes
His genius was then pursued their work of destrucroused by hearing some Saxon tion, but sought in 'vain for the poems; he soon learned to read, king. He concealed himself till and obtained a knowledge of Lat. he found they had become rein. His thirst for learning and miss; iben he availed himself his devotion to study became so of the opportunity to recover his ardent, that he regarded his ac. kingdom and his dignity. He
* To this question we ayswer in the affirmatire. Ed.
had great difficulties to encoun- to counties, the counties into ter, but success finally crowned hundreds, and the hundreds into his efforts.
tythings or tens. Ten house. Considering the age in which holders made one tything, and he lived, the character of his en. ten tyihings one hundred. Each emies, and the havoc they had tything had a head, called a ty? made of his coutrymen, he was thingman, who was made respon, remarkably humane in his treat- sible for the conduct of those un, ment of them. When it was in der his care. The institution, his power to exterminate the ar. was so formed, that it became not my of the Danes under Guthrum, only the duty but for the interest he not only spared their lives, of every man to keep a watchbut gave them a part of the coun- ful eye over the conduct of hiş try for settlement, and placed neighbors. In cases of difficulty them on the ground of equality the tythingman called his whole with his other subjects. This class together to assist him in and other instances of humanity deciding. In affairs of great mogave a lustre to his character, ment, appeals were allowed from which far surpassed the glory of the tything to the hundred, who military conquests.
assembled every month for the In the reign of Alfred, the peo- settlement of controversies. From ple of Eugland were professedly the hundred, 12 men were chosen Christians, but they had received to sit with the presiding magis: Christianity in the papal form, trate in deciding causes. Thus and probably had no idea of any originated the present custom of other. They were generally trial by jury in England and in ignorant, having advanced but a this country. The county court little from the sayage state. By met twice in a year; in this ą, frequent invasions and by a bishop presided, and from this an long course of savage warfare, appeal was allowed to the king, they had become a mixed multi- Bụt such was the incompetency tude-a ferocious, rapacious and of many of the judges, and such blood-thirsty people. Violence the confidence the people had in and revenge, privale wars, rob. the superior wisdom and integbery and murder abounded in the rity of the king, that appeals beJand. To establish civil govern. carpe so frequent as to be embar. ment and equitable laws among rassing. To remedy this evil
, such a people was an arduous he exerted himself to have the task, and one that required ex nobility well instructed in letters, traordinary talents. Such tal- and in law; he was also careful ents were found in Alfred, in a to have men appointed as julg. degree which has perhaps never es who were most esteemed for been surpassed among men. knowledge and probity, and he
That he might render the exe- severely punished malversation in cution of justice strict and regu- office. Jar, and that he might effect à Such was the success of hię change in the habits of the peo- legislation and efforts, that a re. ple, he divided his kingdom in- markable change was produced
in the manners of the people. He did not think it beneath his Robberies and other atrocious dignity to act the part of a teachcrimes were repressed, and a new er among his people. Tbeir moaspect was given to the state of ral improvement and happiness society. So exact was the po- was an object dear to him, and lice, that it is said, Alfred hung for which he was willing to make up golden bracelets near the high- many sacrifices, way as a test of the manners of "The inerit of this prince," the people, or of the efficacy of says Mr. Hume, “botb in private the laws, and no man dared to and public life, may with advantouch them.
tage be set in opposition to that of When he ascended the throne, any monarch or citizen which the such was the ignorance of all annals of any age or any patior elasses of society, that he said he can present to us. He knew how knew not one person south of the to reconcile the most enterprising Thames, who could interpret the spirit with the coolest delibera. Latin service, or prayers used in tion; the most obstinate perseverthe churches; and very few, he ance with the easiest flexibility; said, in the northern parts had the most severe justice with the attained that pitch of 'erudition. gentlest lenity; the greatest vigBut he invited the most celebrat- or in commanding with the must ed scholars from the various parts perfect affability of deportment; of Europe to settle in England the highest capacity and inclinaestablished schools throughout tion for science with the most his kingdom, and obliged parents sbining talents for, action. Nato send their children to school. ture also had bestowed on bim er
But the most effectual means ery bodily accomplishment, vig. employed by Alfred for the en- or of limbs, dignity of shape and couragement of learning was his air, with a pleasing, engaging own example. He divided his and open countenance.” days into three equal parts-ope King Allred died A. D. 901. A third he devoted to sleep, diet and greaterloss was perhaps never susexercise-one third to the dis- tained in Britain by the death of patch of business, and the other
How happy it would to study. That he might the have been for that nation, had all more exactly divide his time, he their kings been Alfreds! Altho' made use of tapers of equal length, he possessed great military talwhich he burned in lanthorns-ents, still it appears that he was of clocks and watches being then un.
a pacific, humane character, and known. By such a careful dis. was far from delighting in warand tribution and employment of time, blood. The title THE GREAT, he acquired much knowledge, and was probably never before or since wrote much for the benefit of oth- added to any man's name with
greater propriety than to his. Το
convey moral instruction to And if unwearied endeavors to his people, he employed apo- advance the moral improvement logues, parables, stories, and a. and happiness of a nation, are pophthegins, couched in poetry. evidences of goodness, he, in com.