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appeared of a powerful renova- We have heard of the ardent zeal, ting iufluence.

The gospel the incredible labor, and uncon. seems to be fouling iis way, und querable firmness, intrepidity, sending forih its gentle beams, and perseverance, which carried into the regious of darkness and the gospel two centuries ago ipto superstition; and new efforis, distant regions of the East, and of prompted by zeal, and aided by the power with which it went ample means, are pushing the forth; idolatry, superstition and triumphs of light and Christian ignorance falling before it, so ihat li verty for into the domains of its fioal and complete conquest ignorance and moral slavery. seemed to be fast approaching. We would cheerfully contribute. But where are now the monuments to the benevolent design, and of that success—where the re. we do offer our fervent prayers for mains, or the descendants of the increasing success. We yield converts, which were then made? to the delightful vision, which The arts of a worldly policy were seems opening to our eyes, and seen to mingle with the efforts to hail the approach, and, as we propagate Christianity. The defondly flatter ourselves, the com- signs of avarice and of power were mencement of a new and brighter discovered. And at the touch of era; and fancy that we see in sueb detection, the splendid vis. prospect the nations of the East ioo vanished. Christianity sunk and the tribes of the South flock under the supposed by pocrisy, ing as duves to their windows, detected avarice, and love of powe laying down their prejudices, er iu those who attempted its proand renouncing their supersti- pagation. tions, receiving with thankfulness It would strengthen our confithe new light imparted to them, dence in the present promise of and submitting with cheerfulness extensive spread and prevalence to the new authority imposed on of the gospel, couid we discern them. We see the ancient inun. none of the same counteracting uments of superstition sinking in- causes in operation, which have to ruins, the fabric of ignorance before proved so fatal. But we crumbling into dust; and the fair cannot shut our eyes against facts temple of truth rising in its maj. that force themselves on our noesty and beauty to be beheld and tice. The whole intercourse of admired, and to become the re- the nations of christendom, with sort of the world,

the southern and eastern hemis. But our fancy receives a check, phere, has not been calculated to and our expectations are chas- inspire confidence in the disinter. tened to à soberer character, estedness of their views and dea when a nearer view, and a retros. signs. It has not been calculated pect of the past, present to us to prepare them for the reception the obstacles that are yet to be of their principles and institu. encountered, the causes which tions. The miserable Africanyet remain to counteract every can he soon forget that the Chris. good purpose and effort for the tian who now invites bim to receive conversion of heathen nations. a doctrine of peace, humanity, and

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mutual affection, is the same that trine, the teachers of a pure mofor two centuries has been stir- rality; the heralds of the glad ring up ferocious wars among the news of salvation, will be heard tribes of his country, and trans. with respect and confidence, and porting his ancestors and his the Christian faith be once more brethren to a cruel and a hope. extended beyond the limits, to less slavery?_The wretched Hin- which centuries have confined it. doo sees around him the mónu. It is delightful to look forward ments of his country's wrongs with such a hope, and to cherish the permanent records of the ava- the belief that it may not be disrice, and fraud, and violence, and tant. It is delightful to notice Țapacity of those Europeans, who and acknowledge the symptoms are now coming with so much of its approach, in any change in zeal and benevolence to impart a national policy-by which the religion which teaches righteous. most flagrant wrongs are in some ness, and truth, and charity. Will measure redressed or prevented he distinguish between the Chris- by which some check is given to tian teacher and the Christian unchristian rapacity and violence, conqueror, oi trader: Will 'he lis- and thus some better hopes and ten to the words of the missiona. greater facilities are furnished ry, and be blind to the deeds of at least some obstructions removthe unprincipled adventurer?- ed, by which fairer prospects are still more, to what must seem to opened to those who are ardent: him, whatever it may be in real- lý looking for the conversion of ity, an authorized system of fraud the heathen world. and pillage, of violence and op- We see with unfeigned satis. pression?

faction, and with admiration, the In, proportion as a more just generous ardor that is displayed, and humane policy is pursued by and the honorable efforts employChristian nations in their politi- ed in the nation from which we cal and commercial intercourse originated, to spread abroad the with heathen nations, and meas- light of the gospel, and impart ures are adopted to restrain and its blessings and hopes to distant prevent individual wrongs, and regions. Nor would we refuse indications thys appear, that they the tribute of applause to that make the principles of the relig. zeal, and piety, and charity.which ion they offer them in some mea- from our own country have sent sure the basis of their own public a tributary stream to join with policy, and the rule of their indi. the larger current which they vidual transactions—we may rea: have supplied, and directed to a sonably hope, that the prejudices remote land. Yet may we not be which have presented the spread allowed to hope, that our own efof the gospel will subside; that forts, though less splendid, and past injuries will be gradually less adapted to attract the public forgotten, and the inemory of oth- notice and admiration, may not er examples effaced; that the be less useful*-may not be less messengers of a heavenly doc- promotive of the Christian cause,

* This discourse was delivered before the society for propagating the gospel among the Indians and others in North America.

or less acceptable to our common praise-worthy, which, leaping oMaster? While we honor the en- ver the common limits, that coplarged charity, which lends its fine our sympathies, and bound wealth, and the intrepid zeal and our exertions, seeks the objects of piety, which offers its personal ser. its regard in distant climes; travvices in foreign missions, may we erses foreign regions, and fies not feel a reasonable satisfaction over seas to offer the news of sal. in our humbler efforts; and believe, vation to the remotest parts of that in furnishing religious ine the earth. But it is not our sostruction to the scattered inhabi- berest and correctest judgment, tants of our new settlements, and that overlooks and despises the in offering the gospel to the un. common and useful, to admire the converted savages near our bor- rare and splendid. While thouders, and the half civilized tribes sands of our brethren through within our own territory, we may poverty and the circumstances of do something for our Master, and their situation, unprovided with promote as certainly and as ef- the regular instructions of our fectually the progress of his reli- religiou, are calling for our aid gion in the world? We are apt and thousands more of the ba. to be dazzled by appearance, and tives on our own shores, grøping carried away in admiration of in darkness, and perishing for that, which is showy and mag. lack of vision, lay claim lo far nificent. That charity seems

more of our benevolence, than can cold, and mean, and narrow, be spared from still nearer obwbich goes not beyond the circle jects, we have little reason to of our neighborhood or country. think meanly of that charity, That only appears heroic and which thus limits its provisions,



“Let all men believe the scrip- ral words of God, and laying tures, and them only, and endeav. them upon men's consciences toor to believe them in the true gether; this vain conceit, that sense, and require no more of oth- can speak of the things of God ers, and they shall find this not better than in the words of God; only a better, bot the only means this deifying our own interpretato restore unity. And if no more tions and enforcing thein upon than this were required of any others; this restraining the word man to make him capable of of God from that latitude and

genchurch communion, then all men, erality, and the understandings $ so qualified, though they were of men from that liberty wherein different in opinion, yét, notwith. Christ and his apostles left them, standing any such difference, must is, and hath been the only founbe, of necessity, one in commun. tain of all the schisms of the ion.

church, and that which makes "The presumptuous imposing them immortal. of the sensesof men upon the gene. these walls of separation, apd

Take away


all will quickly be one. Require full liberty of captivating their of Christians only to believe in' understanding to scripture only; Christ, and to call no man mas- and then as rivers, when they ter but him only; let those leave have a free passage, run all to the claiming infallibility that have ocean, so it may well be hoped,

, no title to it; and let them that by God's blessing, that univerin their words disclaim it, as pro. sal liberty, thus moderated, may testants do, disclaim it likewise quickly reduce Christendom to in their actions. Iu a word, re- TRUTH and unity.”—Life, and store Christians to their just and the religion of Protestants.


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On paraphrasing, the scrip. In one you trace the metaphys. tores, Dr. Campbell has the fol. ical ratiocination of Arminius; lowing observations:

in another, you recognize the “We are told of the torpedo bold conclusions of Gomarus; that it has the wonderful quali- and in each you hear the lanty of numbing every thing it guage of a inan, who has thortouches. A paraphrase is a tor:- oughly imbibed the system of pedo. By its influence, the most one or another of oor Christian vivid sentiments become lifeless, Rabbis. So various and so opthe most sablime are flattened, posite are the characters which the most servid chilled, the most in those performances our Lord vigorous enervated. In the very is made to exhibit, and the diabest compositions of this kind that lects which he is made to speak. can be expected, the gospel may How different is his own char. be compared to a rich wine of a acter mid dialect from them all!" high flavor, diluted in such a Philosophy of Rhetorick, p. 437. quantity of water as renders it This passage has the appearextremely vapid. Io all those ance of severe animadversion. paraphrases we have had occa- But is it not a fact that the sesion to be acquainted with, the verity consists in the pertinency, gospel may more justly be com- force and justness of the remarks? pared to such a wine, so much And may we not with propriety adulterated with a liquor of a that all these observations very diferent taste and quality, are as perfectly applicable to that little of its original relish human creeds as to "paraphrases” and properties can be discovered. of the language of scripturer Let Accordingly in one paraphrase the phrase human creed be sub, Jesus Christ appears a bigotted stituted for “paraphrase,” and Papist; in another, a flaming will not all the observations apProtestant. In one he argues pear correct? "A human creed with all the sophistry of a Jesuit; is a torpedo." It produces the in another he declaims with all effects ascribed to paraphrase. the fanaticism of a Jansenist. "In the best compositions of this


kind, the gospel may be compar. bibed the system of one or othed to a rich wine of a high fla- er of our Christian Rabbis." vor, diluted with water.” In me. The Dr. admits that in some ny of them "the gospel may more instances "paraphrase” may be ay justly be compared to such a useful; we admit the same of hu. wine-adulterated with a liquor man creeds. But when these fof a very different taste and qual. creeds are established as tests of ity."-" In one human creed Je. orthodoxy, of piety, of admission sus Christ appears a bigotted Pa- to Christian privileges, or minpist; in another, a flaming Pro. isterial fellowship, they are TORtestant. In one he argues with pedos emphatically. They have all the sophistry of the Jesuit; "the wonderfuleffect of numbing?? in another he declaims with all Christian liberty, free inquiry, the fanaticism of the Jansenist. candor, and kind affections; of In one you trace the metaphysic. chilling brotherly love, or changal ratiocinations of Arminius; ing it into mere party attachment; in another you recognize the bold of dividing the church of Christ conclusions of Gomarus; and in and transforming Christians incach, you hear the language of to partizans, and enemies one to a man, who has thoroughly im- another.


In an essay

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on the amuse. 66we suffer so much," that it is ments and punishments proper desirable to forget them. for schools,"Dr. Rush has the fol- Some school-masters would do lowing remarkable paragraph:- well to forget the barbarous modes

“We suffer so much from tra- of governing schools by terror ditional error of various kinds, in and storm; and instead of these education, morals and

govern- to adopt the modes which are diement, that I have been led to tated by wisdom, kindness, and wish that it were possible for us love." The first care of a schoolto have schools established in the master should be to gain the love United States, for teaching the of his scholars, by the display of ART OF FORGETTING. I think a kind, conciliating temper, that three fourths of all our school. his pupils may be induced to remasters, divines, and legislators, gard him as a friend, and not as would profit very much by spend. a tyrant; that they may obey him ing two or three years in such from respect and not from slavuseful institutions."-Essays, p. ish fear; and that they may 71

esteem his admonitions and reWe are not likely very soon proofs as the fruit of good will, to have such schools as Dr. Rush and not of ill nature. wished for; but it may not be The same observations will apamiss to mention some of those ply to many parents and heads of Straditional errors," from which families, The modes of goverr

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