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ing ehildren by terror and severe their brethren the spirit of bitterity, are not only unchristian and ness and sarcasm. Such things barbarous, but in the highest de- may justly be termed "traditiongree pernicious, to their tempers al errors” and antichristian bar. and morals.
barisms; they discover a want of There are many things which Christian feeling and good manit is desirable that ministers of pers. religion should forget; some of There are also many things which perhaps are to be found in which rulers and politicians persons
should forget; a few only of 1st. Ministers should forget to which can now be mentioned. think that the moral character of a 1st. While they justly abhor man is to be estimated by his pro- the spirit of party as it is often fessing to believe, or to disbelieve displayed by the ministers of repropositions which are not to ligion one towards another, they be found in the Bible, and which should forget to think that the no man can understand.
vices of the clergy are virtues 2d. They should forget to in them; or that what they would think, that a belief of the pecul- condemn in the clergy is comiar tenets of any one seet is bet, mendable in legislators and mago ter evidence of a good heart, istrates. Party spirit, in all its than "love, joy, peace, longsuf- forms, is subversive of virtue and fering, gentleness, goodness, faith, happiness. The law of kind. meekness, temperance;” because ness is binding on all, whatever these are the fruits of the spirit, may be their rank or profession. by which the followers of Christ
Politicians and rulers are to be known.
should also forget to think that 3d. They should forget to im- war is a christian mode of set. agine, that a war spirit may be tling national disputes; or that lawfully indulged in controver. they have a right to vote away sies, on religious subjects, or the lives of innocent people, to that gospel charity, and the wis- gratify their own ambition, or to dom which is from above, will revenge the wroags they receive. produce the same bitter fruits, Such opinions and practices are as hatred, and the wisdom which gross (traditional errors," deis from beneath.
rived from a savage state of so. 4th. They should forget to ciety, and unworthy to be named imagine, that they ever truly among a Christian people, explead the cause of Christ, any cept with abhorrence. farther than they are influenced Happy will be the day, when by a kind, forbearing temper; or all these traditional errors" that they ever truly preach the and barbarian vices shall be bangospel, when they indulge against ished from our land!
SONSTITUTION OF THE MASSACHUSETTS PEACE SOCIETY.
In forming a society, which it is admirable lesson on the subject. We hoped may have an extensive influ. now see, that when two governments ence, we, the subscribers,deem it prop- are inclined to peace, they can make er to make a concise declaration of some friendly power the umpire and our motives and objects.
last resort, for settling points of conWe have been strongly impressed, troversy For this ray of pacific by considering the manifold crimes light we are grateful, and we hope and tremendous calamities of public that it will be like "the shining light war, and the melancholy insensibility which shinech more and more unto the which has been induced by education perfect day." This hope is strengthand habit, in regard to this most bar- ened by reflecting on the animat ng barous, destructive, and unchristian fact, that the horrid custom of pricustom. Our earnest wish is, that vate wurs, which for ages desolated men may be brought to view war in a Europe, was finally abolished by a simjust light, to see clearly its baleful in- ilar project. fuence on the political, moral, and Besides, it is clear that every popu. religious condition of communities, lar custom must depend on public and its opposition to the design and opinion; and we also know, from his. spirit of the gospel. Most earnestly tory, that many customs and usages do we desire that men may be brought which were formerly considered as to feel that a spirit of conquest is a- honorable, useful, and even necessary, mong the most atrocious of crimes; have since been abolished, as inhuman that the thirst for military glory is in- and barbarous, and are now regarded human, delusive, and ruinous, and with detestation and horror. that the true dignity and happiness of To the list of encouraging facts we e people result from impartial justice may add, that by their late dreadful towards all nations, and the spirit and sufferings, the attention of the Eurovirtues of peace.
pean nations is unusually'exoited to the Various facts and considerations guilt and miseries of war; and with have conspired in exciting a hope, that joy we have learned that Peace Socie. a change may be effected in public ties have been proposed, if not already sentiment, and a more happy state of established, * the other side of the society introduced. It is evidently the Atlantic. These things not only design and tendency of the gospel, to encourage our hearts and strengthen subdue the lusts and passions from our hands, but preclude the objection which wars and fightings originate; which might arise, that it is dangerand encouragement is riven that a ous to cultivate the spirit of peace time will come when the nations will in one nation, whilst others retain the learn war no more. We believe that spirit of war. A cooperation in dif. a great majority of the people in ferent countries is joyfully anticipat. every civilized country, when free ed, in this great work of promoting from the delusions of party passions peace on earth and good will among and prejudices, have such an aversion to public hostilities that they would But above all other sources of en. rejoice, if any plan could be devised, couragement, we contemplate the bewhich would both secure their rights nevolent character of our heavenly and absolve them from the burdens Father, as displayed in the gospel of and sufferings of war. A late Treaty his beloved Son: We there behold of Peace has suggested the practica- him as “the God of peace," and we bility of such a plan, and given us an have a cheering hope, that he will own Vol, IV, No. 2,
and prosper a society of peace-makers. be recorded; and every donor of fifty
It is well known that a diversity of dollars cr upwards, shall be an honsentiment has existed among christians orary member of the society and of the on the question, whether war be not in Board of Trustees. all cases prohibited by the gospel. VII. Each member of the society But we intend that this society shall
ne half his annual subbe established on principles so broad, scription in such books or tracts as to embrace the friends of peace who the officers shall approve, and at the differ on this as well as on other sub- lowest prices of the society. jects. We wish to promote the cause VIII. The annual meeting of the of peace by methods which all chris- society shall be on the last Thursday tians must approve,-by exhibiting in every year; at which time reports with all clearness and distinctness shall be made by the Trustees and the the pacific nature of the gospel, and
Treasurer. by turning the attention of the com- IX. This society will encourage the munity to the nature, spirit, causes forming of similar societies in this and effects of war. We hope that by country and in foreign countries, by the concurrence of the friends of peace the dispersion of tracts, by corresponin all nations, and by the gradual illu. dence, and by other suitable means. mination of the Christian world, a They will also encourage mutual aid pacific spirit may be communicated and cooperation among all the friends to governments,--and that, in this way, of
every denomination. the occasions of war, and the belief of X. Should any person become a its necessity, will be constantly dimin- member of this society whose resiishing, till it shall be regarded by all dence is remote from Boston, it shall Christians with the same horror with be regarded as honorable for him to which we now look back on the explod- encourage the establishment of a simed and barbarous customs of former ilar society in his own vicinity. ages.
XI. No change in the objects of the On these principles, and with these society shall ever be made; but the hopes, we adopt the following
articles may be amended, and new arARTICLES.
ticles may be added, as occasion shall I. The name of this society shall be require; provided that no alteration THE MASSACHUSETTS PEACE SOCIETY. be made except at the annual meeting,
II. The government of this society and by the consent of two thirds of the
Facts relating to the Massachutees, who shall be annually chosen,
setts Peace Society. three of whom shall constitute a quo
In consequence of an arrangement III. The funds of the society shall made by four individuals, wh be under the direction of the officers,
now members of the Massachusetts to be employed for the diffusion of Peace Society, a meeting of 17 perlight on the subject of war, and in cul. sons took place in Boston, on the 18th tivating the principles and spirit of of December last, to consult on the peace. The officers, shall have pow. subject of forming a Peace Society. er to appoint an Executive Committee, It was the wish of the projectors of and Counsellors to advise with the Cor- the plan, to form a society on such responding Secretary, and to make re- principles as would embrace the real gulations for the dispatch of business. friends of peace, without any regard to
IV. Each subcriber of one dollar difference of opinion on other subjects, annually shall be a member.
whether religious or political. But it V. Each subcriber of twenty-five was not known how extensively the dollars shall be a member for life. sentiments in favor of such a society
VI. All donations to the society shall had been embraced: and of course but
a few persons were requested to at- and Apollo, may never see, or come to tend. At the first meeting a commit- the knowledge of it. tee was chosen to form a constitution, “I was particularly pleased that an and the meeting was adjourned to the attempt was made to guard persons 28th of the same month, to be held at from basty and rash judgments of the Chauncey Place, immediately after the characters of men, without regard to Thursday Lecture; at which time the time in which they lived. There is the committee reported a constitution. room for further views on this subject, This was read, discussed, adopted and and views that inculcate the tenderest subscribed, by a considerable number feeling and charity for one another, of persons.
The choice of officers on every subject in which conscience was postponed to January 11, 1816, in is concerned. Indeed I should like to the hope that the number of subscri: see in some of thy future Numbers a bers would be increased. The num. lucid explanation of conscience itself;bers of subscribers has indeed been in without understanding what it is, I creasing, and some of the officers have think Christians are liable to great er. been chosen, but the list is not complet- ror in judging of themselves or oihers. ed. We shall therefore defer giving the “With respect to the subject thou names of the officers to a future Num. bast delicately touched, ought we not ber. But we have the pleasure of to remember, that the full display of stating that in the list of subscribers the gospel dispensation is not opened may be seen the names of the Governor to any man at once! Who can read of Massachusetts, the Chief Justice of of the simple and childlike obedience the Supreme Court, the President and of the apostles, and the heavenly conseveral of the Professors of Harvard descension of Christ Jesus, even to University, twenty ministers of the their prejudices, without believing ten. gospel, and a considerable number of der compassion ought to be in our respectable laymen.
hearts toward all who have not seen as This may surely be considered as an we see? Only consider his blessed cunauspicious beginning; it is the Lord's descension. 'I have many things to duisigs, and to him be all the praise. say to you, but ye cannot bear
thein now,' and surely our eyes would
be opened to see, that many Christians Extracts of a letter from a Friend, may be faithful and sincere as far as to the author of the “Friend of many things to learn in his school;
they have seen, who nevertheless have Peace.”
yes, even to learn that they 'are not to
resist evil.' How senseless then, and “The Friend of Peace, 3d No. came very opportunely, as leisure, and a state
how fraught with evil is that blind of mind favorable to its perusal combin
zeal that condemns all who differ from ed; and it has been attentively and de
themselves upon doctrines!
“With these sentiments, thou canst liberately read. It must do good to hold believe, my friend, that I can sit down up to view such a picture of the horrors, in my worship, in the persuasion, that and of the miseries of war. Secret con
what is to be known of God is manifest viction, that war is unlawful for a
in man.' That Christ has come to Christian,' if not an open avowal of the doctrine, I hope will be the happy fruit
teach his people himself, that he is
with his disciples to the end of the of thy labors in many minds. But while
world--that he is not far from every we entertain such hope, let it be remembered, that we ought not to look spirit and in truth, without feeling any
one of us, and that he is worshipped in for our reward in the fruit or effects of heart-burnings, of jealousy, or dispolabor, but in the consciousness that we sition to condemn those that have not "have done what we could' Paul may plant, and Apollos, water, but it is
the same understanding of his coming,
his service, or his worship. God who gives the increase'--and he
“Much of the difference in our com. may give that increase where Paul
prehensions, or understanding of our invitation of the New Brick church to various obligations, may be accounted assist their pastor, Dr. Pemberton, for in the considerations of conscience. whose health was declining. After The state of a mani's judgment, and his the death of Dr. P. the two societies conscience always coincide. Judgment united, and Mr. Lathrop became their is a thing acquired;-the capacity to joint pastor in June 1779, in which re. acquire is a gift to every rational crea. lation he continued till his death, ture. That capacity early shows it. Dr. Lathrop was highly respected self in little children: how rea lily they and beloved, through his long life, as may be taught to understand, as their a teacher and a pattern of religion and parents understand and whether they virtue. His religion appeared to be be taught correctly or not, their judge not merely the conviction of his un
so far formed, and their derstanding, but the warm sentiment consciences also- They will believe it of his heart. His piety was manifesta to be right to do as they have been ed by his care to conceive rightly of the taught, and their conscience would character of the Supreme Being; and condemn them if they did not, even if to study the divine word; by deference they have been taught that war is law. to all the declarations and commands ful. It is nothing then less than the of the gospel, and a believing, affecconsciences of man that thou hast to tionate regard to the work and offices contend with in thy publications Bu, of the Son of God. It expressed ite if thou canst convince their judgments, self further in attention to the age their conscience in this thing will be pects of providence, in gratitude and wholly changed; and though they may submission, in religious joy, and de. acknowledge with the apostle, 'i veri. veut worship, and a tender conscience ly thought I ought to do many thing's guiding and prompting him in the way contrary to the name of Jesus,' yet, if of obedience. His piety was serious once convinced, they, like him, may be without superstition, lively without fawilling to build the faith which once Daticism, and strict without austerity. they destroyed.”
His love of God operated in love to man; and those parts and acts of so
cial and personal virtue, which make Died in Boston, January 4, John religion appear at once true, and use. Lathrop, 11. D. A, A. S., minis. for equity of mind and conduct; the
ful, and inviting. He was conspicuous ter of the second church in that law of truth as well as of discretion toin, Et. 76.
was on his lips. He was compassion
ate, candid, forgiving; grateful for Dr. LATHROP was born at Norwich,
benefits; a true friend, courteous, conConnecticut, May 17, 1740,* was edu.
descending, peaceable, forward to do cated at the college of New Jersey, good; liberal, hospitable; a man of Princeton, where he was graduated in public spirit; alive to the sufferings 1763, was ordained to the care of the
and dangers, to the honor and interests Congregational Church in Boston,
of his country; in private life most called the Old North, on his birth-day amiable and exemplary as a husband, in May, 1768. When the town was father, master, brother, the delight and occupied by the British forces in 1775,
veneration of his family. he removed to Providence, and offici.
Dr. Lathrop was a lover of knowl. ated in the Congregational Society in
edge and truth, setting a just value on tbat place till Boston was evacuated by his intellectual nature. His careful self. the enemy in the spring of 1776, when he returned to the charge of his own
government was acknowleriged. He
was distant from all sensual irregularity; people. Their house of worship hav. abstemious, temperate; slow to anger; ing been demolished, he accepted the humble, modest. He was very indus.
• See obituary article in the Daily Advertiser of the 17 January, and in other newspapers.