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of and that oppression and war come as durable as their exist
would cease! But Benezet was ence. Let every Christian min. ved not inore humane, kind and pa- ister, and every influential char.
cific, than every Christian ought acter, be the instrument of make
to be—than every ruler ought to ing as many proselytes in fuvor a ni,
be. Have we not then reason to of the abolition of war, as Bene
mourn, that such blindness exists zet did in favor of the abolition of it aniong Christians, that they can the slave trade, and the nations
suppose the custoin of war to be will soon be employed in beating necessary to the safety of Chris. their swords into ploughshares. tian nations; when in fact war The character of Benezet has is among the greatest of calami- been commended, not because he ties, and nothing more is want belonged to the society of Friends, ing to prevent its recurrence, but becanse he was a friend inthan that rulers should display deed. Those things in him which the temper of Christians indeed! have been the subject of commenLet rulers, who bear the Chris. dation, certainly should not be of tian name, conforın to Christian the number of peculiarities, by precepts, and it will soon be found which any sect may be distinthat war is no more necessary to guished; they should be common the safety of nations, than duel. io all who name the name of ling is to the safety of individuals. Christ. It is an honor to the so
Éifth. Let Christian minis. ciety of Friemis, that they have ters, and Christians in general, had such men as Benezet of their engage with the zeal of a Bene- number; and it will be an honzet, in an effort to abolish the or to Christians of any other deeustom of war, and the rivers of nomination to imitate such ex. human blood will cease to flow, amples of humanity and benevoand the peace of nations will be- leuce.
Much has been done to counAmong the unhappy causes,
teract this baneful and odious which contribute to private dis- practice. of late a society has tress and guilt, and to public been organized in our capital for calamity, intemperance must be “l'he suppressiou of intemper. allowed to hold a distinguished ance," and auxiliary associations rank. Unlike the inevitable judz. are multiplying in every direction. ments of heaven, it is to be traced This consideration, so far from to the folly of man; and, although dispensing with the duty of indi. it is a habit, for the most part, vidual exertions, is a solemo call insensibly contracted; yet no ex. on every one to use his influence cuse can be urged in its defence, in the cause of reformation which will not justify vice of ev- The writer of this essay inilul.
ges not the sanguine hope, that
he shall rival the elegance or ties. Let however the comparthe energy, with which intemper- ison be instituted between the ance has often been depicted and loss of lives, occasioned by war reprobated. The utmost, to which and by intemperance. To this he aspires, is to keep the atten- purpose, let us select any distion of his readers fixed upon this trict of country within our know. tremendous evil, to warn the un- ledge, and iet us make a fair wary of their danger, and to ex- estimate of the number of its incite, as far as possible, the solici- habitants, who were slain in our tude of all with respect to a vice, seven years' revolutionary confraught with such incalculable test, and of the number, who, miseries.
during the same portion of time, To this purpose it is unneces- have fallen victims to intempersary to give an exaggerated de- ance, at any period since; and the scription of its prevalence among result will probably be different
from what would generally be This has so frequently been expected. done, as to countenance the opin- It is not the wish of the writer ion of foreigners, that intemper inconsiderately to join in the ance is more common with us, outcry of the great degeneracy of than in any other nation. the present compared with for.
Alas! we need no magnifier to mer times. In every age, this discern or to expose its wretched has been the language of desfeatures! Let any person of ob- pondent moralists. In some reservation look around him; and spects, it cannot be doubted, that he will behold too many fright- the present manners and customs ful instances of those, who are are preferable to those of our aninjuring their health, squander- cestors. To prove this assertion, ing their time, wasting their sub- we need to instance only in the stance, and endangering their rights of conscience, and freesalvation by intemperance in dom from persecution in mat. drinking. Let any clergyman in- ters of religion. But as to the spect bis records of mortality; abuse of ardent spirits, it is unand he will be surprised to find, deniable, that the advantage is what a proportion of deaths have greatly on the side of our forebeen hastened, if not occasioned fathers. by this pestilential vice. Let the This surely needs no labored judicious physician be consulted, demonstration. Let the appeal and he will astonish you with be made to aged persons of obenumerating the diseases, which servation; and, were not their derive from
the same source their testimony uniform, the difference fatal and untimely influence, if in the quantity of distilled li. not their entire origin.
quors, used in former and in laWe generally agree in consid- ter times, might well be considering war a distressing evil. ered incredible. Doubtless the inducements, which To arrest this growing evil it furnishes to intemperance, are demands the exertions of every not among its smallest calami. friend of religion, of morality, of
decency. That he may contri- Numbers, tbe causes, the evils, bute something toward this laud- the delusive nature, the prevenable end, the writer proposes to tives, and the remedies of this consider, in a few subsequent dangerous and pernicious vice.
On the present defects of sacred music, as practised in most of the
New England churches, and the best means of removing them. Mr. EDITOR,
blessing of heaven, their remonALTHOUGH several of your pa. strance had an immediate effect, ges have already been given to It brought many to serious restrictures on this subjeet, ils flection, who needed nothing else, copiousness and importance will, to make them ashamed of the it is hoped, be an adequate a- taste they had indulged, and pology for this communica- grieved for the countenatice they tion.
had given to one of the greatest The design of sacred music perversions.
From that time to is undoubtedly to give a deeper ihis, the number of zealous re
, iinpression of sentiment on the formers has been gradually inmind and the heart, than would creasing, till at length, we hail
, , be likely to be made by reading. the prospect of a universal resBut time, we conceive, has been, toration, of those substantial and when this design, if not over. pathetic kinds of music, which looked and forgotten, was gen
alone can aid our devotions. erally defeated by the use of un- In this change of tubes, a great suitable music. Twelve years and indispensable point is gainago, the greater part of the mu- ed. But, if we limit our viens sical compositions we heard, and and our zeal to this object, we that in almost every place, were shall, it is probable, be disapinsipid and unmeaning, if not pointed in the effects of the reperverse. For twenty or thirty formation. We shall not discove
. years preceding, the taste of our er in others, we shall not realize country had been sinking in cor. in ourselves, those lively impresruption from depth to depth, till sions from our musical perform. it was absolutely greedy of the ances, we anticipate so mueh.
, vilest stuff, impiety or folly was The fact is, we can hardly fivd a pleased to present.
common choir of singers in New Every evil, it is said, has a England, that are not miserably tendency to cure itself, This deficient in their style of performwas verified in the case before us. ance; while many of their de. A few friends of religion and fects are enhanced by the very genuine music protested here excellences of the tunes they atand there against such an aban- tempt to perform. donment of one of the best means 1. A great part of the voices of devotion; such a profanation, we hear, are like marble, rough of God's house. Through the from the quarry. It is somewhat No. 3, Vol. IV.
rare to find one, that has receive which renders it a fil expression ed either the polish or form, with- for one sentiment, and not so fit out which it is incapable of har. for any other, however little it monizing with others, or giving inay differ from that. But how any pathos to its own perform- little is this intoite diversity in
the natural expression of music 2. Another glaring and almost understood or regarded! How universal defect in our vocal per- rarely do we observe any nice formances, is the want of pro- discrimination in the adaptation of nunciation. In many societies it the tune to the words! How would be difficult for one who commonly are they wide from came in, after this exercise had each other. if not in direct opcommenced, to catch a single position! Aud again in the perword from the singers, that would formance, how little attention is lead him to the particular verse paid to that appropriateness of they were performing, though he manner, which nature itself has were directed to the psalm. And given to every diversity of sentihow sadly does this neglect de- ment and musical expression! feat the design of singing! How How often, for instance, do we lifeless and unmeaning the per- hear that which is designed to formance! It is not enough, that sooth and tranquillize the feelings, by the help of our books we find sung with the same quantity of out the words, for which the suc- voice, and the same mudulations, cessive notes are designed. Our with that, which is intended to feelings would not be very much produce the strongest excitements! aided by a reader, who was too How often, but how unnaturally unskilled to ulter one half of his is the sentiment of resignation in letters, and still less by one, who sorrow confounded, in the mode was too lazy and indifferent to of performance, with earnest sup. do it As little can we expect plication! How commonly, in a from the like' musical perform- word, do we hear those psalms, ances,
which contain the greatest vari3. Another capital and extreme- eties of sentiment, sung in the ly coinmon defect in the musical same manner, from beginning to exercises of our churches, con- end! the same quickness, or slowsists in neglect of the characteris- ness, loudness or søftness, accent tic diversities of music, both in and modulation! Of course, how adaptation and performance. often must the music, though in
The diferent effects, we wish other respects good, be rather an to produce by the psalmody of incumbrance, than an aid to our our churches, are, in nature and feelings! degrees, more than can be num- 4. Another defect in our psalmbered. To this variety there is, ody, (which however is not pecuit is conceived, a perfect corres. liar to this country,) is the want pondence, in the natural powers of coincidence between the musicor tendencies of music. eryal and rhetorical pauses, or divis. tune. that deserves the name, has ions of time, which frequently obsomething peculiar in its essence, scures if it does not pervert the
sense, and of course prevents the ply himself heartily to the cause; proper effect.
soinetbing by publications from Other defects in the music of the press; and someihing by the most of our churches might be institution of musicai sucieties. named; but these, when, us fre. All these things are calculated to quently happens, they are all have a gooil, but gradual and limunited, appear to the writer suf- it d effect. One thing is still ficient to frustrate the design of wanting, as a basis to the whole; vocal music.
and that is a MUSICAL SEMINARY, What then is to be done? Shall in which a correct and thorough we relinquish this part of our education might be reudered more public forms? Certainly not. It accessible and common. is unquestionable, that app'o. What a pity, that among all priate music, when appropriale. the generous benefactors of Har. ly performed, has a tendency to vard College, who have founded aid very much the verbal expres- profe-sorships for almost every sion of sentinent. Let us then, other branch of literature and with the blessing of God on the scienre, none have ever thought means in our power, supply what fit to provide any thing for one is wanting, to give the proper ef. of the noblest of sciences, and feet to this part of our professed most pleasing of arts! the very worship. But how is this to be mistress of rhetoric and poetry, done? Some will reply, let the and principal handmaid of devopeople be liberal in providing in- tion itself! What a pity, that in struction for those, who are prin- all the prosperity of the college, cipally to perform this service; one class after another should and let them be more attentive to come and go, witbout any other the qualifications of their teachers. instruction in the principles of muThis indeed would be very good sic, than they catch at random advice; but still it would leave one from another! How differroom for several hard questions. ent, in this interesting and import. How are the people generally to ant point, would be the state be awakened to the importance of our churches, were all the of the subject? Who is to do it? sons of Harvard initiated, as far Where is a competent number of as their capacities would admit, good instructors to be found? Few into the theory and practice of seem aware of the number and this art! Dispersing, as they afgreatness of our present defects; terward do, it all directions, and and most of those few are pre- animated, as they generally would vented by their business or pro be, by an active zeal, they must fessions, from engaging in the in. have a vast influence, esp-eially struction of others.
that part of them, who engage in Something however may be the sacred profession. Under done by the few good instructors the smiles of heaven they would we have; something by every every where sow the seeds of an person of genuine taste, who, abundant harvest. within the circle of his intimates, Should the present attempt to and occasional associates, will ap- raise funds for the support of the