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“ In the year 1816, a census was taken, when it was found that the population of the Island of Bombay had increased to 161,550, of whom 800 were Jews, natives of India.
' In the year 1849, another census was taken, when the population of the Island of Bombay amounted to 566,119; of whom 19,294 were nominal Christians, and 1,132 were Jews, viz. :oys under 13 years of age..
158 Girls do. do. do..... 142 Males 14 to 50
do..... 371 Females do.
do..... 304 Males 51 to 80
do..... 83 Females do.
Total 1132 " In a series of letters regarding the native army which I wrote, and were published in the • Bombay Times' in 1840, the following extract
The Jews are also very good men, and there is a sprinkling of them throughout the army. I believe the 19th Regiment has more than any other corps in the service, from 70 to 80; the 4th, 21st, and 24th Regiments, have from 20 to 35 each ; but the remaining corps in the service have but a few, varying from 3 or 4 to 15 at the utmost. Almost every Jew in the ranks of the Bombay army, has been either born or brought up from infancy in their respective regiments.
6. The information contained in the above sentence, I obtained part personally, and the rest from a correspondence with the adjutants of several of our native regiments. “In
my own corps we had, a few years ago, five or six native commissioned officers who were Jews.
Our Havildar (Serjeant) Major was a Jew ; some of our pay-orderlies of companies, and several of our drummers and fifers were also Jews.
“I regret I did not bring home with me a mass of memoranda, which I had in my possession before I left India, or I could tell you much regarding their habits, &c., but this I can say, from personal experience, I always found the Jews amongst the most cleanly, well-behaved, and I may say, by far the most intelligent, of our native soldiers. And with the exception of being addicted to drink, and when this was carried to excess, to quarrels among themselves, it was very seldom that a Jew was ever brought up for any offence to the orderly room. They never intermarry with the Hindoos or Mahometans, and live by themselves.”'
The following extract from a letter from a clergyman in Kurrachee, written in Feb., 1851, will be read with interest :
“ I have great pleasure in telling you there is a demand for Scriptures, and hope you will send me a supply of them: Old Testaments, in parts, from Genesis to Malachi ; and also, if you have any in stock, I should like some copies of the Old Testament bound up in a volume. These I have had application for from Jews (soldiers) in the native regiments stationed here."
We are glad to know that the spiritual interests of the descendants of Abraham, in that distant part of the British Empire, are not neglected. The schools in connection with the Mission of the Free Church of Scotland have for many years past had a number of Hebrew children among their pupils. For an account of this interesting work, we must refer our readers to the printed reports of the labours in that Mission.
The following is a return of the attendance of Hebrew children at the Church Missionary Schools at Bombay:
“In December, 1845, at the Money School, 9; at the Barkote Maharatta School, 38. Total 47.
“In December, 1846, Money School, 9 boys ; at the Barkote Maharatta School, 50 boys; 3 girls. Total 62.
“In December, 1847, at the Money School, 9 boys; at the Barkote Maharatta School, 72 boys; 4 girls. Total 85.
' In December, 1848, at the Money School, 4; at the Barkote Maharatta School, 64 boys ; 4 girls. Total 72.
“In December, 1849, at the Money School, 9; at the Barkote Maharatta School, 46 boys; 4 girls. Total 59.”
MISSIONS TO THE JEWS.
The Rev. J. C. Reichardt has safely reached the Holy City, to sojourn there for a time, and to supply the lack of service which may be occasioned by Mr. Nicolayson's proposed visit to England. Mr. Reichardt thus mentions his approach to Jerusalem, and his first impressions as to the state of the city :
“ About half way we dismounted, in order to take some refreshments under the shadow of a few trees, when we heard the sound of horses' feet in full gallop, and then a loud voice in English exclaim, Reichardt, are you here?' It was the voice of Brother Nicolayson, accompanied by Mr. Hodges. It was, indeed, a great
delight to meet these brethren in the wild mountains of Benjamin. Mr. Nicolayson brought me your letter of Oct. 23rd, and also provisions, and after having rested for an hour, and partaken of our plain food during friendly conversation, we continued our journey to the Holy City. When we approached the last hill, we were met and welcomed by many friends, who had come out
horseback to greet us ; the Bishop and his daughter, the English Consul and Mrs. Finn, Dr. and Mrs. Macgowan, Mr. Calman, Mr. and Mrs. Hershon, Miss Cooper, and almost every member of the little Protestant community. It was quite a lively scene, and what with this friendly mark of respect and interest in our safe arri. val, and what with the solemn scene, Jerusalem, Mount Olivet, and all the sacred spots, stretched before us, my heart felt overwhelmed, and I could only silently pray to the Lord, that He would be pleased to bless us, and to make us a blessing
“ It was just after sunset when, at the side of the Bishop, and accompanied by our friends who followed, I entered the Holy City by the Jaffa gate ; and as, in consequence of many reports from different friends, I had very moderate expectations, I was glad to find that my expectations with regard to Jerusalem and its environs, were far exceeded by the reality. This has since been confirmed by many visits paid to different parts of the city and neighbourhood. And also with regard to the work and the instruments employed, there is no reason to feel disappointed. The work indeed is difficult, and we must not at once expect great results, but I have already conversed with many Jews, either in Hebrew, German, or English, and found them friendly and reasonable. I stood by them to-day near the western wall, where they wail and pray: I felt and sympathized with them, and they listened to my words, addressed to them in Hebrew, with great attention, because they felt that I spoke to them sincerely, and with concern for their best interests. They said to me,
“ All the words you have spoken are words of truth.” I have also visited all the members of our little community, both Jewish and Gentile Christians, and am glad to find that there is a nice spirit among them, which by God's grace may be cultivated. All are much attached to the Bishop and Mr. Nicolayson, and the attendance on Sundays, both morning and afternoon, show that they take a delight in going to the Lord's house on His Holy Day.”
LETTER FROM DR. MACGOWAN.
As a pleasing corroboration of the impression conveyed by the preceding communication, in regard to the labours of the Mission having succeeded in communicating a grateful and friendly feeling to the Jewish population of the Holy City, we extract the following from a recent letter from Dr. Macgowan:
“I have a gratifying incident to mention, which occurred on our entering into our new residence. Shortly after, I received a message from the Chief Rabbi, to announce his intention of paying me a visit. He came, accompanied with about twenty of the most respectable rabbies of Jerusalem, including his wife and two daughters, and some other respectable matrons. Our room was filled with our visitors, who, when all seated, in their Jewish oriental costume, presented a venerable and imposing sight. The