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if thou wilt not forgive the sin of this people, blot my name out, and let it not stand in that book, nor let it ever be known that I am the writer of it. Which shews great wisdom in Moses, and wonderful.condescension in the Almighty, to suffer a poor frail worm to make so free. But Moses represented the great Mediator; and a mediator must draw near to both parties. And, whosoever declares or wages war, the Captain of our salvation is the God of armies; he mustereth the forces, numbers the slain to the sword, and gives the victory. “And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called faithful and true, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.” And we read, in the book of Genesis, of the wars of the confederate kings, who fought in the plains of Sodom, where the five kings were overthrown, and all the cities of the plain plundered, and the people led into captivity, whom Abraham and his confederates rescued. But the wars in my text seem chiefly to intend the wars of Egypt. God had sent Joseph into that country, who had made known to the king of Egypt God's intention of sending seven years plenty, and of the seven years famine that was to succeed. In the seven years famine Joseph had bought up all the land of Egypt, except the land of the priests, for the king. The king, being in possession of the whole country, sends for Jacob and all his family, bidding them not regard their stuff, for the good of all the land of Egypt was theirs. But some of the succeeding kings and heirs of the land of Egypt knew not Joseph, though they enjoyed the land which Joseph had bought up for the crown. One of these heirs of the crown and country pays no regard to the promise of his predecessors, but turns his guests into slaves. This people being the people of God, God, like the king and sovereign of his people, sends his ambassador to demand his subjects from thraldom. This his just request being denied, he wages war with the king of Egypt. Hence it is said that God took him a nation from the midst of another nation by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, Deut.iv. 34. And he proceeded as great generals often do, who frequently distress the invaded by cutting off or poisoning their waters; so God turns all the waters of the river, ponds, and brooks, into blood, so that they could not drink thereof, Exod. vii. 24.
He distressed them in their cattle also, by sending a grievous murrain among them. And he brought such instruments of death forth from his armoury as are not in the power of an earthly prince to furnish out.
Nor was the beginning of this war army against army, but rather single combat. The Lord of hosts fought the field; his troops were making brick in Goshen. He sent frogs, lice, pestilence, hail, and fire, into the land, which destroyed their corn, trees, and vines; then he sent darkness; and, last of all, smites the heir apparent, and all the firsthorn of the land; and having humbled them, and spoiled them of their treasure, he enriched his own subjects with the spoil. He led his armies out with an high hand, and with the full consent of the truly mortified king of Egypt.
But he, repenting of his submission, and of the compulsive terms he had agreed to, pursues them with all his strength. Moses, as their leader at the head, seeing they were likely to be surrounded, calls to his Sovereign for aid. He is ordered to divide the sea, and lead the armies of the Lord into it; and, they being hid as in an ambuscade, their enemies pursue; but, lest the pursuers should travel too fast for the pursued, the wheels of the war chariots drop from their axles, and this troubles the host, and impedes their march. The armies of God gain the shore, when the returning waves, like soldiers in ambush, fall upon their enemies in the rear, and overwhelm them. This raises the Lord's honour, and spreads his fame: “ And, in very deed, for this cause,” says God, « have I raised thee up, to shew in thee my power, and that my name may be declared thoughout all the earth.” And, indeed, it is upon this stroke that Jethro so much admires him: " Now I know that the Lord is greater than all gods: for, in the thing wherein they dealt proudly, he was above them,” Exod. xviii. 11. And upon this also the Almighty got a new title; “ The Lord is a man of war: the Lord is his name."
And upon this victory was that famous song
composed, which will be sung once more upon the destruction of another Egypt, and upon the completion of a better salvation: “ Thy right hand, O Lord, is become glorious in power; thy right hand, O Lord, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them; they sank as lead in the mighty waters,” Exodus xv. Thu'manner of Israel's obtaining this victory is worthy of our observation. Israel wins the day by fearing, crying, and running away; while Pharaoh loses the battle, his own life, and that of all his army, by triumphing, boasting, and pursuing. And what army, except the Israel of God, ever made such a slaughter without blood, without a sword, and got such a victory without a blow? And we are under the same captain, commander, and leader, now. Our Lord, singlehanded, without any to help, overcame Satan, and all his devils with him. He overcame the world, and all the serpent's seed that is in it. He overcame death and the grave, and then ascended to heaven with a shout; the Lord with the sound of a trumpet; and led captivity captive; and then sends his Spirit upon rebels, telling them that his victories are placed to our account: “Be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.” And our victory in every skirmish depends upon fearing the Lord, crying for help, and running to him for support, succour, and safety. And he that confides in his Lord's love not only wins the field, but never diminishes aught of his strength; for
“ We are more than conquerors through him that hath loved us.” So much for the war at the Red Sea.
Now for the brooks of Arnon; where we have an account of another war of the Lord, and of another victory obtained. “Rise ye up,
your journey, and pass over the river Arnon. Behold, I have given into thine hand Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his land: begin to possess it, and contend with him in battle. This day will I begin to put the dread of thee and the fear of thee upon
the nations that are under the whole heaven, who shall hear report of thee, and shall tremble, and be in anguish because of thee,” Deut. ii. 24, 25. The wonder that appears in this account is, that the Captain of our salvation had given inzo their hand Sihon before they had seen him. He had given them also his land before they entered into it, and the victory before the sword was dran n.
The next wonder is the quick dispatch of che messengers of dread and of fear, which were to reach the nations that were under the whole heavens. All these were to hear the report of Israel, and should tremble and be in anguish because of them. And I do not think this war is quite endea' yet; for, although it be true that “the earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of the judges thereof: if not, where, and who is he?" yet I think that God's Israel are still fighting to gain the possession that God has given them. There is a new earth that we