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65. There is another institution which ernment of the country accords even to I may here bring to your notice. Rain- idolatry and Mahometanism, from the inmohun Roy has built a small, but very fant state of the Church Establishment, neat and handsome College, which he and the comparative liberality of some of calls the Vedant College, in which a few its members, and from other causes youths are at present instructed, by a which I cannot here detail, the prejudices very eminent Pundit, in Sungskrit litera- of the Christian population are necessariture, with a view to the propagation and ly much weakened, and ample encourdefence of Hindoo Unitarianism. With agement is given to free and unfettered this institution he is also willing to con- investigation. nect instructions in European science 68. Besides the Native members of and learning, and in Christian Unita- the Committee, there is a distinct class rianism, provided the instructions are of the Native community wbich professes communicated in the Bengalee or Sungs- Hindoo Unitarianism. I have elsewhere krit language. What an admirable open- described this class, and I therefore ing to your missionaries! Happy, thrice merely add here, that the great exertions happy, and honored the man who has the made by Government and by individuals, ability, and the inclination, and the means by Europeans and Natives, by Orthodox to avail himself of it!
and Heterodox, to diffuse education, have * 6. There is a Unitarian Press, also tended to the increase of this class, and the property of Rammohun Roy, at that even institutions under exclusively which several pamphlets and tracts have Orthodox management, have, to my cerbeen, and continue to be printed, almost tain knowledge, sent forth Native youths, all bearing on the Unitarian controver- not only opponents to idolatry, and besy, or tending to promote philanthropic Jievers in one God, but decidedly friendly objects. The last original publication to Christian Unitarianism.' printed at this Press, is a Bengalee Grammar in the English language, by Ram
Letter from Mr Adam of Calcutta.-mohun Roy, which, although its arrange- The following note from Dr Tuckerman, ment is defective, throws much new
contains extracts from the first letter light on the idioms and construction of that has been received from Mr Adam the Bengalee, and may therefore be con- since his entering upon the active labors sidered as a valuatie present to all who of his mission. make the acquisition of that language a * To the Editor of the Christian Examiner. study, and particularly to those mission- “Sir, I have great pleasure in being aries who labor in Bengal, or who may able to tell you that, by a late arrival hereafter be sent for that purpose. from Calcutta, I have received a letter
7. Besides the European members of from the Rev. Mr Adam, in which he the Committee, there are various individ- tells me, that he has been successful in uals in the different ranks of European exciting the attention of the community society, who are either Unitarians, or there, to the claims of pure Christianity, are in a greater or less degree friendly to to an extent beyond his most sanguine their objects. Scarcely a month passes expectations. He says, “the English without my hearing of, or becoming ac- morning service, which I commenced in quainted with, either personally or by August, was very indifferently attended. correspondence, some person of this de- But an evening course of lectures, which scription, who had been previously alto- I began on the first Sunday of that gether unknown to me in that character. month, has been numerously and respecRammohun Roy has lately received an tably attended. The subject of the lecanonymous letter from Bombay, starting tures is the doctrine of the divine unity, controversial difficulties, seeking for in- in all its aspects and relations to Trinitaformation, and evidently showing that rianism, to Polytheism, &c. *** When I the mind of the writer is opening to ra- speak of our service being numerously tional vicws of Christianity. Is it not attended, I mean, with reference to our probable from these circumstances, that expectations, and to the congregations a spirit of inquiry has spread farther than which usually assemble in Calcutta we could have anticipated from the small churches and chapels. *** But, besides amount of exertion to produce it? From the mere attendance, there is a spirit of the conflictings, not of different sects inquiry abroad, the effects of which ! merely, but of different religions, from will not venture to anticipate. Several the liberty and respect which the Gov- persons, formerly Trinitarians, have avow.
ed themselves Unitarians; and within a were pleased to see in the Christian month our subscription list for general and Register for April 19th, the following incidental expenses, has risen from thirty communication from the Secretary of the or forty rupees a month, to one hun- American Unitarian Association. dred and fifty per month. Nor is the • The Executive Committee of the amount thus subscribed made up of large American Unitarian Association have sums, from a few wealthy individuals; voted to publish a second series of tracts but of small sums, from about thirty dif- of a more popular character and cheaper ferent persons.
*** About the middle of execution than the first series. They October, also, I began a course of famil- will appear in the duodecimo form, and iar lectures on the first principles of re- be paged for binding in volumes, and will Jigion, to a small congregation of Natives, be furnished to members of the Associabut all of them respectable and intelli- tion. Tracis will be reprinted that have gent, and affording their voluntary at- already been extensively read, and there. tendance at a fixed hour on a stated day. fore have not been included in the first
Cannot you send me a coadjutor in scries, but for which there is a demand the labors in which I am engaged ? from places where Unitarianism is a leeg I will only add, that my hands are full of familiar subject than in this vicinity. work, and that my heart is full of hope; The former series in duodecimo will be and that I feel myself happy, and useful, continued.' and grateful to the merciful providence of God, for all the way in which he has Unitarian Library.–From a circular led me.”
of the American Unitarian Association, * This intelligence, I doubt not, will we learn that measures are to be taken gladden many, as it certainly does to collect Unitarian books and pamphlets, • Yours, very truly,
and that contributions to this object are JOSEPH TUCKERMAN. solicited. Our wish,' say the Execu. 'April, 1828.
tive Committee, 'is to form a Library in
which copies of all books, pamphleti, Rammohun Roy and Mr Adam's sermons, periodicals, and religious paWritings.-At the meeting held in Bos- pers, the purpose of which is to explain, ton for the promotion of a Unitarian mis- defend, or enforce Unitarian views of sion to Bengal, it may be remembered Christianity, may be preserved. Vol. by those present, or who read the reports umes, old and new, tracts and manuof the doings of the assembly, thai Mr scripts, will be acceptable. Especially Newton, who had for some time resided at should we be glad to form a collection of Calcutta, insinuated, if he did not direct works by which the history of Unitarianly assert, that the several Appeals which ism in this country may be illustrated.* have appeared under the name of Ram- We need not mention the benefits that mohun Roy, were not the actual compo- may result from such a Library or Resitions of that distinguished indivilual, pository as it is proposed to establish. but of another person, an English gen- They will readily occur.
We will only tleman of high character and standing at allude to the fact, that no such collection Calcutta. We have at this moment in is now in existence, or, if there be, it is our hands a letter from that gentleman, not generally known, and is not open for Dr Gordon, which, in the strongest terms, the public good.' denies the truth of the whole statement.
Mr Newton made similar remarks re- Test and Corporation Acts.--On the specting Mr Adam's replies to the ques- 26th of February, Lord John Russell tions of the Rev. Dr Ware of Cainbridge, made a motion in the British House of attributing these, also, to Dr Gordon, We Commons, that the House resolve itself have the evidence before us for pronoun- into a committee of the whole to consider cing these remarks to be of the same the subject of a repeal of the celebrated character with those respecting Rammo- Test and Corporation Acts. The vote hun Roy. Everything else Mr New- was 237 for, and 193 against it, givton said, which was of a character to di- ing to the friends of religious freedoin a minish public confidence in M: Adam, is majority of 44. This majority, says the shown by documents before us to be London Times, “is in truth what may be equally unjust.
called a thundering event. It will sound
from one end of the kingdom to the othNew Series of Unitarian Tracts.-- We er, and the echo will be heard in foreign
parts.' It is indeed a signal triumph of jus- according to the usual terins of appointtice and reason over bigotry and oppres- ment, was to hold the office for life, or sion.
during good behaviour. The only reaA faithful outline of the nature, his- son assigned for so extraordinary a meastory, ani operation of these Acts, is given ure as that oposed, was, that Mr Porin Lord John Russell's speech on submit- ter had avowed Unitarian opinions. The ting his motion. The following is the attempt was unsuccessful, 59 voting for, account of them by Blackstone; Com- and 91, against it. The Protestant inmentaries, Book IV. Chap. 4. § 3. habitants of the town which is the scene
In order the better to secure the es- of his ministerial labors, were unwilling, tablished church against perils from non- it seems, to share with the minority of conformists of all denominations, infidels, the Synod, the disgrace of so open a vioturks, jews, heretics, papists, and sec- lation of Protestant principles, and, as we taries, there are however two bulwarks learn from the Christian Pioneer for Feberected ; called the corporation and test ruary last, assembled in the Town Hall, acts : by the former of which no person New townlimavady, on the 18th of Decan be legally elected to any office re- cember, for the purpose of presenting Mr lating to the government of any city or Porter with a Service of Plate. Dr corporation, unless, within a twelve Moore, on the part of the Protestant month before, he has received the sacra- inhabitants, read the following address : ment of the Lord's supper according to the rites of the church of England; and
“ TO THE Rev. WILLIAM PORTER. he is also enjoined to take the oaths of “ Rev. and Dear Sir,-We, members allegiance and supremacy at the same of the different Protestant Congregations time that he takes the oath of office; or, in the town and neighbourhood of Newin default of either of these requisites, townlimavady, request your acceptance such election shall be void. The other, of a Service of Plate, as a mark of our called the test act, directs all officers, sincere regard and esteem. We feel great civil and military, to take the oaths and pleasure in declaring, that we recognise make the declaration against transub- in you the exercise of those Christian stan in any of the king's courts at virtues, without which, profession is but Westminster, or at the quarter sessions,
We recognise in you, Sir, an within six calendar months after their indulgent parent, an affectionate husadmission: and also within the same time band, a kind master, and a sincere friend; to receive the sacrament of the Lord's with a morality unspotted, a candor and supper, according to the usage of the adherence to truth unsurpassed. church of England, in some public church Though some of us may entertain immediately after divine service and ser- sentiments different from yours on certain mon, and to deliver into court a certifi- doctrines, about which the wisest and cate thereof signed by the minister and best men have not been able to agree, churchwarden, and also to prove the yet we all perfectly concur in expressame by two credible witnesses; upon sing our warm approbation of the impresforfeiture of 5001. and disability to hold sive manner in which you have uniformthe said office.'
ly inculcated, both by precept and examIt is true, that the Acts have been a lit- ple, the practical duties of Christianity, tle modified, and that annual Acts of In- and of your strenuous advocacy, and demnity are passed, by which the penal- manly exercise of the right of private ties of the Corporation and Test Acts are judgment in the formation of religious remitted,and that granted as a favor which opinions. is claimed as an inalienable right. But “ We feel otirselves called on to express this ought not and does not satisfy a high- our disapprobation of the attempt made at minded nation, a decided majority of the last meeting of Synod, to deprive you which is believed to consist of Dissenters of the Clerkship of that body, merely befrom the Established faith,
cause you had the candor to avow, ana
the consistency to adhere to theological Irish Protestantism.-At the annual opinions which you believed to be right. meeting of the Synod of Ulster in June We, however, rejoice, that that attempt last, a motion was made to deprive the was defeated by the good sense and good Rev. Mr Porter of his office as Clerk to feeling of the body. that body. He had faithfully discharg- “Whilst we admire and applaud that ed his official duties for eleven years, and, elevated spirit and unbending integrity,
which, in opposition to the seductive wise and worthy cannot thus be conciliasuggestions of worldly wisdom, prompt- ted. That right of private judginent, ed your conduct on that occasion, we which you are pleased to give me credit marvel that in the present enlightened for vindicating and exercising, I do most age and country, such conduct should willingly allow to all my fellow Chrishave incurred the censure of some of tians. Though perfectly conscious that your brethren in the ministry. We can- the commendation of my conduct as a not heip lamenting, that teachers of the man, a minister, and a member of Synod, Gospel should have departed so widely is much exaggerated; yet I do not hesifrom its forbearing and charitable spirit, tate to acknowledge, that this very erand that men, cailing themselves Pres- aggeration is gratifying to my feelings; byterians, should have evinced so little for it is kindness which has biassed your regard for what we deein the fundamen- judyment. tal principles of their church; namely, “ The pecuniary value of these things, the right of private judgment, and the considerable as it is, constitutes only a sufficiency of the Scriptures, as a rule small portion of their worth: neither oj faith.
silver nor cold did I expect to bequeath e inost ardent wishes for your to uv chuuren, but these memoriais of happiness here, and your scceptance your esteem and friendship, it shall be hereaiter, through the blessed Redeem- ny study to transmit to them unsullied, er, we take the liberty of subscribing and I trust they will duly appreciate the ourselves your artectionate iriends," legacy. To you, Mr Chairman, and my
other friends, I return heartfelt thanks. "To the above Address, Mr Porter re
Most sincerely do I wish, that it may be plied :
weil with you now, and eternally well “Ur Chairman.--I do assure you, with you hereaiter." and my other frienas, that with very few «On the Tea-pot and Coffee-Urn, is persons adecu, would I at this moment the following inscription, beautifully enexchange my feelings. During the graven :-“ Presented to the Rev. WILcourse of last suinmer, there was a time, LIAM PORTER. by his Protestant Friends, I confess, when my spirit was nearly of different denominations, in Newtownsubdued, and when I thought I should limavady and its vicinity, as a mark of be borne down by obloquy, merely for their high esteein for his many amiable having expressed opinions, which, how qualities in private life; and their cordial aver erroneous they may be deemed, can approbation of his fearless and disinterhave emanated from no other source than ested assertion of the invaluable RIGHT conscientious conviction. But that time OF PRIVATE JUDGMENT.-1827.", is past. I have found that there are liberal-minded men of every church, and of Ordination at Cambridge.-At Lechevery creed, who will not allow an indi- merc Point, on Wednesday, March 5th, vidual, whose intentions are upright, to the Rev. Warren Burton was ordained be run down by vulgar clamor. The ap- as pastor of the Third Congregational Soprobation of the persons whose names are ciety in Cambridge. The services were subscribed to that address, more than as follows;- Introductory Prayer, by compensates for all the injurious impu- Rev. Dr Lowell, of Boston ; Reading of tations to which I have been subjected; the Scriptures, by Rev. Mr Walker, of they are persons whose social, moral, Charlestown; Sermon, by Rev. Mr and intellectual respectability, cannot be Greenwood,of Boston ; Ordaining Prayer, called in question. These articles are by Rev. Mr Beede, of Wilton, N. H.; not begrimed, as such things have some- Charge, by Rev. Dr Ware, of Cambridge; times been, by the filthiness of the hands Right Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. Mr which present them. It affords me ad- Barrett, of Boston ; Concluding Prayer, ditional gratification, to reflect that this by Rev. T. B. Gannett, of Cambridgemark of your regard has not been earned port. by subserviency to popular prejudices, or by fomenting sectarian and political ani- New Church in Philadelphia.- We mosities. By ministering to the dissem- regret we have no room for the Memoination of jealousy, hatred, and all un- rial and Address delivered on the occasion charitableness, it is easy for any one to of laying the corner stone of a new obtain applause from the misjudging church for the Unitarian Society in multitude ; but the approbation of the Philadelphia, whose history is given above. The ceremony was performed Committee, with an appropriate expreson Tuesday, the 25th of March, with the sion of the purposes for which the house customary religious services.
After a is to be erected, all of which, written prayer by the Rev. James Taylor, the upon parchment, was inclosed and destone was laid by Messrs Ralph Eddowes osited in the stone by Mr John Vaughan. and John Vaughan. Mr Eddowes then The Pastor, the Rev. W. H. Furness, read a paper cotaining an abstract of the then made an address to those assemhistory of the Society, with the names of bled on the occasion, and the services the architect, William Strickland, of the were closed with prayer by the Rev. Mr principal mechanics and the building Stetson of Medford, Mass.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
GREAT BRITAIN.— The new minis. adopted, since the opening of the session, try, under the Duke of Wellingto, ap- to show very clearly the present political pears to be firmly established. The de character of those bodies. The candiclared basis on which the members of it dates for the presidency of the Chamber were invited to take their offices, in regard of Deputies, elected by the Chambers, to some of the leading questions of poli- to be presented to the King, were part cy, was the same as that on which the royalists, and part liberals. Royer Colvery successful administration of Lord lard, of the Liberal party, but a man of Liverpool was formed, and on which Mr great moderation, a friend of the constiCanning and Lord Goderich organized tutional charter, and a man of distinthe cabinet; but it differs from the two guished talents, received the appointlast cabinets, in excluding persons belonging to the old whig party. The head of this ministry, and other menibers of TURKEY:- The Ottoman government the greatest iniluence, are opposed to the having been, from the date of the battle Catholic claims, but a majority of the of Navarin, vigorously engaged in making members are in favor of them. The pub- preparations for defence, and having prolic curiosity having been a good deal ex- tracted the negotiations with the Amcited respecting the causes of the disso. bassadors of Russia, France, and Great lution of the late cabinet, several expla- Britain, as long as was practicable, connations were made in both houses of par- sistently witî its determination not to acliament, early in the session. The dis- cede to the demands of those Powers, on solution appears to have arisen from a the 12th of January threw off all pacific triting personal difference between two appearances, and issued a manifesto, in of the members--a difference which which the demands of the allied powers would have been of very little moment, are ascribed to the desire of the christian had it not shown an uncomfortable degree nations, and particularly of Russia, to of jealousy, on the part of the tory par- ruin the Sublime Porie, to overthrow ty, of the influence of the whigs. The the Ottoman empire, and to exterminate present governmenthas distinctly declar- Islamism. It charges Russia with liaved its intention of adhering to the prin- ing instigated the Greek insurrection, ciples of the treaty of July 6, relative to and represents the interest expressed by the affairs of Greece, but they have ex- the allies in favor of the liberties of the hibited greater anxiety to preserve peace Greeks, az a mere pretence, to favor the with Turkey, than appears to have been project of destroying the Mussulman nafelt by their predecessors. They came tion. In reference to the proposition of into power too late, however, to take any the allies, that the Porte should give to measures to avert the rupture of the the Greeks a form of independent govnegotiations at Constantinople, and ernment, and a chief of their own nation, there is reason to believe that they will as in Wallachia and Moldavia, on condicontinue to act in strict concert, and tion of their paying an annual tribute, cordial understanding with Russia and the manifesto declares, tható neither reaFrance.
son, nor law, nor policy, nor religion,
could admit of such propositions being FRANCE.- In the French Legislative accepted. After narrating the course of Chamber, no measures have yet been the negotiations, and the efforts after the