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general information, by improvements in that the people may with less feeling of education, and in general by that gradual humiliation submit to the yoke in prepaenlargement of the common mind, which ration. We are to have slavery of mind by embracing truth upon one subject is as well as of property. Propery is to be expanded for the reception of truth upon tied to creeds and creeds to property. another. But not only are we encour- The history of these measures in other aged by thinking of the manner how, countries should put us on our guard but the place where this has been ef- against them in this. The authority of fected. It has taken place in the most reason in matters of religion was ably enlightened and moral part of the na- vindicated, and a masterly argument tion, which has always been preeminent- was instituted against the trust deeds! ly distinguished by its love of freedom, lately invented, and an analysis given of and is now justly claiming the high dis- that of Hanover Church in particular, tinction of being the cradle of the reli- showing that it was an instrument gious, as well as of the civil liberties of which was intended to enslave the the country. It took the lead in our po- minds and lock up the property of the litical, and is now doing the same in our people, in a manner which it was as unreligious revolution. The blessings of justifiable in the one party to enforce, as the former have extended themselves to degrading in the other to submit to. the humblest members of our communi. The various topics handled were treatty, and it was gratifying to see evidence ed with great power and with great efthat those of the latter are doing, and fect, and we hope hereafter to do better fitted to do, the same. The labors of justice to the whole address. After the Unitarian Minister at Large have Judge Story's remarks, the question reconclusively shown the adaptation of our curred on the acceptance of the Reportreligious views to the wants of the poor and it was passed in the affirmative. and ignorant, a circumstance of peculiar The Rev. Dr Thayer, of Lancaster, encouragement. There was encourage. next made some pertinent observations ment too, in the very circumstances of introductory to the following resolution ; this meeting. It was cheering to see how ‘Resolved, That the state of religious many were not ashamed to assemble on sentiment, and the progress of religious such an occasion, and for such purposes. inquiry, are such as to afford encourageThe speaker then turned from what had ment to the friends of truth. He was been doing, to what still remained to be seconded by Mr F. A. Farley, of Boston, done. We have no monopoly of light, and the resolution was adopted. and it is our duty to impart it to others. The Rev. Mr May of Brooklyn, Con. The truths we hold are great truths, and proposed a resolution in these words; the obligation is correspondingly impera- * Resolved, That the American Unitarian tive to extend them.
Association highly disapprove the spirit Judge Story then called the attention of acrimony and misrepresentation, which of the meeting to another and a most im- is too often discovered in the religious portant subject, the discussion of which, publications of the day.' Mr May, in he said, was loudly called for by the the course of his remarks, noticed the circumstances in which we of the pres- promising aspect of things in the State ent day stand. He referred to the at- of Connecticut, which in many parts tempts of late set on foot to establish in shows evident signs of an approaching the state and nation an ecclesiastical emancipation from consociations and unpower, from which, if successful, we scriptural creeds, which it is the duty of shall have everything to fear. Gentle- Unitarians to do everything to promote men might say there is no danger, but and nothing to retard. We regret, howon the other hand no liberty is long en- ever, that he did not give some more joyed which is not watched. Prevention particular notice of the facts upon which is better than remedy. We live in crit. his resolution was grounded. He was ical times, and it might be asked wheth- ably seconded by the Rev. Mr Sullivan er we were safe even here, where reli- of Keene, N. H. who stated that the gious liberty is secured to us by our same things were true of his section of Constitution and by the attachments of a the country, and that the acrimony and long series of years to our free institu- misrepresentation complained of, were tions. The various methods adopted to chargeable more upon the clergy than build up this ecclesiastical tyranny were the people, among whom the spirit of enumerated. We are to have funds for inquiry was busily at work, and fast prothe perpetual propagation of certain arti- ducing its[salutary effects, in purifying cles of faith. "Human reason is vilified, their faith from old corruptions and loosening their minds from a blind submis- leave it discretionary with the host to sion to ecclesiastical dictators. The provide or not provide, and equally disresolution was adopted.
cretionary with the individual guests, to S. Higginson, jr. Esq., of Cambridge, accept or not accept the proffered hospithen presented the following resolution, tality, asking no questions for conscience's which he supported by a statement of sake. The latter view of the subject facts.
* Resolved, That the increasing prevailed, as being more consistent with demand for Unitarian preachers, calls the rules of good breeding, and so the profor an increase of the means by which position for indefinite postponement was this demand may be supplied.' The carried. Rev. Mr Hall of Northampton, in an ani. The choice of preacher was next mated address, in which he spoke of the made, and by long established rules it efforts required of Unitarians for the should have fallen upon a Unitarian. diffusion of their faith, seconded the But the Orthodox seemed determined resolution, and it was passed.
that the Liberal party shall not monoJudge Story moved, that the Report be polize the credit of being the only reprinted, and circulated as a tract, which formers of abuses, and, leaving the was voted. The Ascription, beginning, reformation of the faith to them, took From all who dwell below the skies,' to themselves that of other matters, and was then sung by the assembly standing, chose the Rev. President Humphreys after which the meeting was adjourned by a majority of thirtyfive votes. On sine die.
Thursday, the Convention Sermon was
delivered by the Rev. Dr Griffin. We Massachusetts Convention of Con- have already spoken of the character of gregational Ministers.—The annual his performance in our Notices of Remeeting of this Convention, was held in cent Publications. the Court House, in Boston, on Wednes. day and Thursday, May 28th and 29th. Ordination at Baltimore.-On Wed. No business of much importance was nesday, the 23d of April, the Rev. Geo. transacted, except that which regularly W. Burnap of the Theological School in comes before the mceting, in relation to Cambridge, was ordained as the pastor of the charity for which the Convention was the First Independent Church, in Baltiinstituted. The committee to whom more, formerly under the charge of the last year was referred the question of Rev. Mr Sparks. Introductory Prayer, measures to be adopted respecting the by the Rev. Mr Furness, of Philadelphia ; dinner, which has usually been given to Reading of the Scriptures, by the Rev. the ministers of the State by the societies Mr Briggs, of Lexington; Sermon, by of Boston, were not ready to report, in the Rev. James Walker, of Charlesconsequence of Professor Stuart's non- town; Ordaining 'Prayer, by the Rev. attendance. He had given his written Dr Porter, of Roxbury, Charge, by the views on the subject, however, but they Rev. Dr Ripley, of Concord; Right were not communicated to the Conven- Hand of Fellowship, by the Rev. Mr tion. Some conversation ensued on a Stetson, of Medford; Address to the proposition for an indefinite postponement Society, by the Rev. Dr Bancroft, of of the whole subject, in which the origin Worcester ; Concluding Prayer, by the and history of the custom were detailed. Rev. Mr Ware, of New York. The ground taken by the majority was, that it was indelicate to interfere in the Installation in Boston.-On Wednespremises. This was opposed, principally, day, May 21st, the Rev. Mellish Irving by the Rev. Mr Wisner, an Orthodox Motte was installed as Pastor of the minister of Boston, who was the most South Congregational Society in Boston. active debater on that side both last year Introductory Prayer, by the Rev. Mr and this. He could see no impoliteness Gannett; Selections from Scripture, by in giving notice to his host that he beg- the Rev. Mr Ripley ; Sermon by the ged he would not be at the expense of Rev. Dr Channing ; Prayer of Installaan entertainment in future, which has tion, by the Rev. Dr Ware, Professor of hitherto been very gratefully received Divinity in Harvard University ; Charge, and properly estimated, but which is now by the Rev. Dr Harris, of Dorchester; a piece of extravagance, and ought, for Fellowship of the Churches, by the Rev. temperance and example's sake, to be dis- Mr Upham, of Salem ; Address to the continued. The Rev. Mr Hildreth, how. Society, by the Rev. Mr Greenwood; ever, was of a different opinion, and Concluding Prayer, by the Rev. H. thought the more proper course was to Ware, jr.
Ordination at Dennis. The ordina. of Medford; Ordaining Prayer, by the tion of the Rev. Daniel Mansfield Stearns, Rev. Dr Ware, of Harvard University; as Pastor of the Congregational Church Charge, by the Rev. Dr Ripley, of Conand Society in North Dennis, took place cord; Right Hand of Fellowship, by the on Wednesday, May 14th. Introductory Rev. Mr Burton, of East Cambridge ; Prayer, by the Rev. Mr Hersey, of East Address to the Society, by the Rev. Mr Barnstable; Sermon, by the Rev. Dr Field, of Weston ; Concluding Prayer, Lowell, of Boston; Consecrating Prayer, by the Rev. Mr Whitman, of Waltham. by the Rev. Mr Shaw, of Eastham; Charge, by the Rev. Mr Simpkins, of Ordination at New York-On ThursBrewster; Right Hand of Fellowship, day, June 19th, the Rev. William Parby the Rev. Mr Stearns, of Stoughton; sons Lunt, was ordained as Pastor of the Address to the Church and Society, and Second Congregational Unitarian Society Concluding Prayer, by the Rev. Mr in the city of New York. Introductory Stone, of Provincetown.
Prayer, by the Rev. Mr Colman, of Sa
lem; Selections from the Scriptures, by Ordination at Brighton.-On Wed- the Rev. Mr Pierpont, of Boston ; Sernesday, June 4th, the Rev. Daniel Aus.. mon, by the Rev. Mr Greenwood, of tin, from the Theological School in Cam- Boston; Prayer of Ordination, by the bridge, was ordained Pastor of the First Rev. Dr Kendall, of Plymouth; Charge, Congregational Society in Brighton. In- by the Rev. Mr Frothingham, of Boston; troductory Prayer, by the Rev. Mr Right Hand of Fellowship, and Address White,of Littleton; Selections from Scrip- to the Society, by the Rev. William ture, by the Rev. Mr Francis, of Water- Ware, of New York ; Concluding Prayer, town; Sermon, by the Rev. Mr Stetson, by the Rev. Mr Parkman, of Boston
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
Russia.-On the 27th of April, the subjects. The objects of the war are to emperor of Russia made a formal dec.
secure the observance of the treaties laration of war against the Ottoman which the Porte considers as no longer Porte, and it is understood that about the existing, entire liberty, for the future, of same date the Russian army on the commerce in the Black Sea, and of naviPruth, passed that river, and entered the gation of the Bosphorus. He declares Turkish territories. No particular ac- that although he is at war with the count of the operations of the army has Porte for reasons which are independent yet reached us. The declaration enu- of the convention of July 6, 1827, with merates various causes of complaint Great Britain and France, he will not against Turkey for the last sixteen years, depart from the stipulations of that conthe principal of which are the violation vention. The duties which it imposed of the convention of Akerman, and other upon Russia he says will be strictly obtreaties, the closing of the Bosphorus served, and the Allies will find her alagainst the Russian trade on the Black ways ready to act in concert with them, Sea, the interference with the negotia- in the execution of that treaty, and altions for peace between Russia and Per- ways zealous to cooperate in a work sia, and the hostile declarations in the which is recommended by religion, and Turkish manifesto of the 12th of Janua- all the feelings which do honor to hu- , ry. The emperor disavows any ambi- manity. The declaration concludes by tious designs, and declares that countries saying that the emperor will not lay down and nations enough already obey the his arms till he has obtained the results laws of Russia, and cares enough are stated in the declaration, and that he united with the extent of her dominion; expects them from the benedictions of but that the war being brought on by Him, to whom justice, and a pure conTurkey, she must bear the burden of science have never yet appealed in vain. making good all the expenses caused by It appears from various declarations it, and the losses sustained by Russian from members of the British and French
governments, that an entire harmony sacramental tests which were required subsists between Russia and the other to be taken as a qualification for office, Allied powers. The fleets of the three merely a declaration that no privilege, powers, which were disabled in the bat- power, or influence which may be detle of Navarino, have been repaired, and rived from the office, shall be made use are supposed to be employed in the wa- of to overthrow or disturb the present ters of the Archipelago, for enforcing church establishment. A resolution, prothe convention of July 6. A body of posing a committee of inquiry into the French troops, prepared for foreign ser- Catholic claims, passed the house of vice, and a large naval armament with commons, after a debate of three days, transports for the conveyance of troops, by a majority of six votes, in a very full was lately assembled at Toulon and house, viz. yeas, 272; nays, 266. After Marseilles, which was probably destined the adoption of this resolution, the house for the Morea. But it seems the Allied of lords were invited to a conference powers have resolved on a different for the purpose of communicating the course, and the armament has been dis- resolution, and asking their concurrence. persed, and the troops marched to their The conference was agreed to, and five respective cantonments. The war be- conferees were appointed on the part of tween France and Algiers still continues. each house to meet on a future day,
named by the house of lords. This GREECE.-Count Capo d'Istria has ar- form of proceeding, though not without rived in Greece, where he was received precedent, is quite unusual in the Britwith enthusiasm by all parties. He has ish parliament. At the conference, Sir organized a provisional government, and Francis Burdett, on the part of the has used great efforts to introduce order house of commons, submitted the foland efficiency into the different depart- lowing resolution, which was reported ments of the administration. In aid of to the lords, and the 9th of June was the finances he has established a bank, appointed for taking it into consideraand invited men of property in the tion; viz.—That it is expedient to considcountry to invest their funds in it. He er the laws affecting his Majesty's has endeavoured to introduce a system of Roman Catholic subjects in Great Britorganization into the army, and has taken ain and Ireland, with a view to such decisive measures for the suppression of final and conciliatory adjustments as piracy. The attempt of the Greeks to may be conducive to the peace and obtain possession of the island of Scio strength of the United Kingdom, to the proved unsuccessful. After having ob- stability of the Protestant Establishtained the command of the whole island ment, and to the general satisfaction and except the castle, and having held that concord of all classes of his Majesty's fortress in a state of seige for several subjects. weeks, a large reinforcement of Turkish troops arrived from the Asiatic coast, PORTUGAL.-Don Pedro, emperor of under the protection of a fleet from the Brazil, on the 3d of March last, by a pubDardanelles, in consequence of which lic decree completed his abdication of the they were obliged to retreat to the west- crown of Portugal, in favor of his daughern part of the island, and were soon ter, Donna Maria, who is recognised as after taken off by Greek and French queen of Portugal, by the constitutional vessels.
charter, given to Portugal by Don Pe.
dro, on the death of the late king. Don GREAT BRITAIN.-The ministry of Miguel, the brother of the emperor of which the Duke of Wellington is the Brazil, and appointed by him regent of head, appears to be firmly established, Portugal, during the minority of Donna notwithstanding the secession of some Maria, has shown little disposition to reof its members, and they seem disposed gard the obligations of the constitution, to retain their power, hy adopting a but on the contrary seems inclined to ascourse of liberal policy, and by such sume an absolute authority, in his own reforms as are strongly called for by the right, as successor to his father. The public sentiment. A bill has passed both friends of the constitution have been dishouses of parliament, by the support of graced, the advocates of absolute author. the ministry, and has received the Royal ily promoted, and in many of the princiassent, for the repeal of the corporation pal towns, except Lisbon and Oporto, Don and test acts, and substituting for the Miguel has been openly proclaimed king, without opposition. The British troops United States. The late president of
have been withdrawn from Portugal, and the union, Arce, had resigned. Two par. it is reported that all the foreign ambas- ties called the Guatemalians or Central
sadors, accredited at the court of the re- ists, and the St Salvadorians or Liberalgent, have received orders from their ists, were at open war with each other. governments to give notice of the termi- Honduras, and Porto Rico, were in a nation of their functions, in case he should state of tranquillity. Mr Rochester left carry into effect the designs he is sup. Omoa May 17th. posed to meditate, of having himself declared king, by a convocation of the thrte estates of the kingdom.
Mexico.-The state of this country
has undergone no improvement, but is South AMERICA.—The information rather growing worse. No effectual from the new States of the South, is not measures have been taken for sustainof a very agreeable character. Accounts ing the credit of the government in Euhave reached us from Brazil, that nego- rope, and the dividends on the large loans ciations were in train, for a peace between obtained in London remain unpaid. The that country and Buenos Ayres, on a ba- Mexican stocks, as well as those of the sis which was likely to be successful, other new American States, are conseviz. tbe recognition of the independence quently at a very low ebb in the Euroof the country about which the two par- pean markets. Measures of still further ties have been contending. In the mean severity against the Spaniards in Mexi. time the finances of both the belligerent co, have been adopted, which have an parties are in a poor state, particularly of unfavorable effect on the trade of the the Buenos Ayreans, and what was worse country, for the latter country, their government is in a state of the greatest disorganiza- UNITED STATEs.—The Congress of tion. The republic of Colombia is in the United States closed its annual seshardly a better state. The government sion on the 26th of May. The measures appears to be in a state of abeyance. The of the greatest public interest adopted national convention, at the date of the during the session, were,an act increasing last information from that country, was the duties on certain articles of foreign still in session, deliberating on the mode manufacture, designed for the promotion of remedying the evils of the times, and of domestic manufactures; an act for the on amendments of the constitution, which relief of the surviving officers and solshould restore efficiency to the govern- diers of the Revolution ; an act appropriament. Bolivar was at Bogota, and had ting a million of dollars in aid of the addressed a message to the convention, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal ; and an act in which he resigned his office as pres- making an appropriation for the conident of the republic. He represents the struction of a break-water at the mouth government as entirely prostrated, and of Delaware river. The first of these insubordination everywhere prevalent, measures was contested with warmth in and recommends a new distribution of both houses of Congress, and the opinpower, in which there shall be a strong ions of the public are much divided on executive, and in which the legislative the question of its justice and expedienbody shall have less control. If the re- cy. A large number of private bills ports which have reached us can be de- were passed, by which the just claims pended on, there can be little doubt that of individuals, who had long sought re. Bolivar will be constituted Dictator, and dress in vain, have been acknowledged the forms of his administration will be and liquidated. regulated at his pleasure.
A convention between this country
and Great Britain, has been recently CENTRAL AMERICA.—The condition published, by which the form of proof this government is still worse than ceeding is arranged, for preparing the that of Colombia. Mr Rochester, ap- question respecting the boundary line pointed Charge d'Affaires of our own between Maine and New Brunswick, to government, to reside at Guatemala, late. be submitted to the arbitration of a third ly proceeded as far Omoa, for the pur- power. Mr Albert Gallatin of Pennsyl. pose of entering on the duties of his ap- vania, and Judge Preble of Maine, have pointment, but he there received such been appointed commissioners on the part information of the distracted state of the of our government, to prepare the statecountry, as induced him to return to the ment of our claim, for this arbitration.