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taught. The history of opinions in There will accordingly be found in the philosophy and science is one of the Appendix, a list of books, pamphlets, and most interesting branches of human tracts that may be had of the Commitknowledge, and in like manner religion tee's booksellers, and the Committee should be taught as a branch of gen- recommend the purchase of them for eral knowledge, as a department of his distribution as a means both of increastory, the history of all religions and all ing the funds applicable to the printsects in all ages and in all countries. ing of tracts and also of spreading pure Not only should the facts of religion religion. With regard to future pubbe taught, but, for the sake of moral lications, the Committee have in their effect, the universally recognised truths possession a MS. translation of the Gosand obligations of religion, the being pel of Matthew into Bengalee, the and attributes of God, his love of vir- joint production of the Rev. William tue and hatred of vice, the personal, Yates, a Baptist Missionary, and of relative, and social duties, should be in- Rammohun Roy and Mr Adam, two of culcated. The most bigoted idolater in the Members of this Committee, India, if left to his own unbiassed im- which, if they had the necessary pressions and not rendered suspicious funds, they would immediately print by attempts at proselytism, would not under the superintendence and reviobject to his children being taught the sion of the two last mentioned indiviplain and undoubted facts, truths, and duals. Rammohun Roy also proposes duties of religion. The Committee are executing his long suspended design, of aware that this simplification of religion translating his Compilation of the Preto the minds of native youth would be cepts of Jesus into Bengalee and Suns. the best preparation for their reception krit, and of placing his translation at of Christianity when they come to ma- the disposal of the Committee. The ture years and judgment, but this is an Con.mittee are quite aware that transadvantage gained openly and fairly, in lations into Bengalee and Sunskrit of consistence with the known religious those portions of Scripture have alcharacter of parents and children, and in ready been executed, but under cirsuch a way as to cherish, support, and cumstances which unavoidably attach strengthen the best principles of human much error and imperfection to them, nature, instead of oppressing their in- and they therefore consider that they tellect and obscuring their moral per- would render an eminent service to ceptions, by indoctrinating them with the cause of Christianity in this coun. distinctions and opinions which are be- try, if they could induce their learned yond the reach of their faculties. Such Associate to carry into effect his oriare the views that are entertained by ginal purpose, of presenting to his the Committee on this important sub- countrymen the Precepts of Jesus, in ject, and thcy give expression to them the vernacular dialect of Bengal, and in on this occasion, both because they are the classical language of India. The regarded as just in themselves and de- Committee have also in view the pubserving to be generally acted upon, and lication of a Series of Tracts on the also because it is hoped that many will Unity of God, in English, Bengalee, be induced to give their aid to plans of and Sunskrit, establishing the truth of education formed accordingly. What that doctrine, by proofs drawn from Na. specific plans the Committee may tural and Revealed Religion, and conadopt for the advancement of education sidering it as opposed both to Polythewill depend upon the degree of public ism and Trinitarianism. This series of support they receive and the informa- tracts would also be well adapted for tion they may be able to collect on the distribution among Mussulmans, if present state of education in this translated into Hindostanee, Persian, country—a subject on which the Com- and Arabic, to make them acquainted mittee hope to communicate the result with Unitarians, as a distinct denomi. of their inquiries in the next Annual nation of Christians, and by this means Report.
to produce a favourable impression on VI. Tracts.--Short, plain, and ra- their minds respecting the truth and tional Tracts are calculated to diffuse in- excellence of Christianity, but the formation and to excite inquiry, and are want of funds will prevent the Comtherefore a valuable means of intellec- mittee at present from engaging in this tual, moral, and religious improvement. undertaking. The publications of the
Committee have generally been print- have been received from various indied at the Unitarian Press which be- viduals both in this country and abroad, longs to Rammohun Roy; in some besides additions that have been made cases entirely at his expense, and in to it by purchase, at the expense of the others, at the expense to the Commit- Committee. It is open to the public, tee only of press-work and paper. and various individuals have at differ
* VII. Library.-Public Libraries may ent times received books from it. The be made very etiective instruments for Committee invite all the aid and patronthe diffusion of religious as well as of age which such a Theological Library general knowledge. Confessedly very may appear to the public to deserve. few individuals ever read books writ- They tender their thanks for those doten exclusively on the subject of reli- nations of books that have already gion, and one reason is, that the public been received, and they will gratefully have not the requisite facilities and acknowledge all other gifts, whether of means of comparison and selection. orthodox or heterodox works, that may There are Libraries to supply the pub- hereafter be sent to them. lic taste on almost every other subject, • VIII. Madras.- Mr William Robut there is no Library in Calcutta open berts, a native Hindoo has, with great to the public, well supplied with The zeal and industry, been laboring at ological works of every description. Madras for several years, under the The most valuable Theological collec. patronage of the English Unitarians, as tions are not generally accessible, and the Pastor of a small Native congregathose that are open to the public are tion of Unitarian Christians. In comextremely meagre and almost exclu- pliance with Mr Roberts's request and sively sectarian. If all these Collec. with the recommendation of his Eng. tions were thrown into one, it would be lish friends and supporters, it was at a great means of spreading religious one time in conteinplation to authorize knowledge, especially when aided by Mr Adam to proceed to Madras to asthe weekly discourses of the public certain the present state and prospects teachers of Christianity. Why is it of Unitarianism at that Presidency; that the voice of the preacher falls so but after mature consideration this step powerless on the ear? It is because, was deemed inexpedient, in conseamong other reasons, the minds of the quence both of the inadequacy of the hearers have not been exercised by funds applicable to such a purpose, and previous reading and reflection on the the importance of Mr Adam's presence same or similar subjects. Let then in Calcutta at the present juncture. books of religion be put within their The Committee have no means of judgreach,-books on every subject that ing of the utility of Mr Roberts's las can be considered as. directly connect bours except from his own reports, but ed with religion,-Theology, Mental although they are evidently liroited to Philosophy, Ethics, Education, Mis- a very humble and contracted sphere, sions, &c. Let all denominations of yet the Committee are strongly imChristians unite in forming such a Li. pressed with the conviction of the inbrary, and the most beneficial effects tegrity of his character, his firmness in may be anticipated in conjunction with maintaining Divine truth under the the other means that are employed for niost discouraging circumstances, and exciting an encreased degree of atten- his unwearied perseverance in his ention to the subject of religion, and deavours for promoting the moral and forming the public mind to a just ap- religious improvement of his little preciation of its important truths. The fock, and for extending the knowledge Committee do not expect that other of Unitarian Christianity. The ComChristian sects will join with them at mittee, therefore, to express their syinpresent in these views, but however pathy with him in his labours, aud to distant the prospect of such co-opera- encourage and aid him in their prosetion may be, they have determined, in cution, presented him with a donation the mean time, to pursue the object of 100 Madras Rupees. A further dowith the means they possess, and with nation of 350 Madras Rupees was made the aid, in books or in pecuniary con- to Mr Roberts, being part of a sum of tributions, which public-spirited indi- 375 dollars received from America, but viduals or societies in India or in for which does not appear in the Commiteign countries may be disposed to give. tee's Accounts, as it was placed at Mr A small Library has been formed, and Adam's disposal. several valuable donations of books IX. Funds.--Annexed is the Treasurer's Statement of Accounts with stacle in the way of an easy interhim to the close of the present year, change of opinions on the different including three separate funds, viz. the measures submitted for consideration. Missionary Fund, the Chapel Fund, This constitution of the Committee, aland the Contingent Fund. 1. The though originally necessary, in conseMissionary Fund has been created by quence of the small number of indiloans from individuals in Calcutta, to viduals in India who took an active inwhom the sums borrowed are payable terest in the promotion of Unitarian by the Committee without interest, Christianity, is attended with this pracwhenever the voluntary subscriptions tical inconsistency, that while the Comreceived from the public shall enable mittee are a public body, possessing them : the principal sum is Sa. Rs. public property in trust for specific 25,000, and the interest is applied to the purposes, and derived in part from insupport of a Unitarian Missionary. 2. dividuals not belonging to their own The Chapel Fund has been formed by body, yet they are not amenable to donations received from individuals in the public, because not elected, but this country, in England, and in Ame- hitherto only voluntarily associated. rica, and the Treasurer's Statement The number of public professors of shows a cash balance in its favor of Sa. Unitarianism in Calcutta, however, Rs. 9557 2, besides the ground pur- has recently experienced a considera. chased for S. Rs. 12,250 and Calcutta ble increase, and the Committee there. subscriptions still remaining unpaid to fore propose to render themselves electhe amount of 5 or 6000 Rupees. 3. tive, in order that Calcutta Unitarians The Contingent Fund has been formed may possess a real and direct control by monthly, quarterly, and annual sub- over a body which represents them, scriptions received in Calcutta, and and that every individual of them may amounting, when reduced to one de- be the more induced to contribute his nomination, to about 160 Rupees per personal and zealous exertions for the month : A donation to this fund of Sa. promotion of its objects. Considering Rs. 1562 1 8 has also been received also the extending relations and prosfrom the British and Foreign Unitarian pects of Unitarian Christianity in this Association, together with a promise, country, the local appellation assumed after the lapse of two years, of an an- seems now to be less appropriate than nual subscription of 500 Rs. The pre- it originally was, and the Committee sent balance in favour of this Fund is therefore recommend that the present Sa. Rs. 4455 1 4. The purposes to opportunity be taken, to make the dewhich this Fund has been and is at signation more comprehensive, and present applied, are the payment of the with that view they suggest that the rent of the Hurkaru Public Rooms and new institution should be called, THE of the organ used in public worship, BRITISH INDIAN UNITARIAN ASthe employment of a native copyist, a
This will not only more messenger, and occasionally a pundit, correctly express the extent of the obthe printing of tracts, the freight and jects contemplated, but will also be a custom-duties on shipments of books, call on all Unitarians in every part of the postage of letters and parcels, sta- India where the existence of the Astionary, and all other variable and in- sociation may become known, to unite cidental charges arising out of the bu- with each other and with the Unitarisiness of the Committee.
ans in Calcutta, for the promotion of “X. Organization of the Committee. those objects, by the formation of AuxIt has already been stated, in one of the iliary associations, which it cannot be publications of the Committee, that, al- expected will be done, while the prethough they assumed this name, they sent limited title of the Parent Institudid not thereby intend to describe tion is retained. The Calcutta Unitatheinselves as the representatives of a rian Committee have therefore resolved, larger body. They were constituted a that if those gentlemen who have subCommittee by their own voluntary act, scribed in aid of their funds, and are without reference to a higher authori- now present, will form themselves into ty, and they received others into their a Society having the same objects in number, according as persons were view, and willing to assume all their found disposed to associate with them, responsibilities, they will transfer all limiting the increase however to such their rights, titles, powers, and proa number as would not throw any ob- perties to that Society, or to its Com
mittee, for the time being. In the con- Correspondence of the American fidence that the measure proposed will Unitarian Association, on the state meet with the approbation of this of Unitarian Christianity. (ContinuMeeting, the following Resolutions are ed from p. 352.] submitted for consideration .
1. That this meeting does hereby form itself into a Society which shall I am fully aware of the reports be called the British Indian Unitarian which have reached you, respecting Association, having the same objects the state of Unitarianism in this quarand principles as the Calcutta Unita- ter, and I know they must have had rian Committee, assuming all the re- the more weight, because supported, sponsibilities of that Committee, and if not by the evidence, at least by the receiving all their rights, titles, pow. desponding tone of many Unitarians. ers, and properties.
But from whatever quarter such state• 2. That the Members of the Calcut- ments come, they are entirely without ta Unitarian Committee be requested to foundation. Unitarianism is making act as the Committee of the British In- just the advance, which any reasonable dian Unitarian Association, for the ensu- man might have anticipated; and I ing year, under the Rules and Regula- speak deliberately when I say, that, if tions formed by the Calcutta Unitari- its prospects might be more animating, an Committee for itself, with power to they could not well be surer. Many supply vacancies in their own number; of those, who first embraced our faith and that the Committee be requested in this region, expected an immediate to frame and submit to the next Annu- revolution, thinking that no one could al meeting, such further Regulations as fail to welcome the light-they found may appear necessary to give efficien- that many, who, though they had not cy to the Association.
been Unitarians, had long been prepared 53. That this meeting views with for the new faith, joined them at once; deep interest the combined exertions and from this movement they took an of English and American Unitarians to encouragement, which was not warestablish a Mission in this country, ranted by our knowledge of human pledges itself to zealous and preserving nature, because they might have cooperation with them, confides in known that the moment they had formtheir continued sympathy and aid in ed themselves into a society, they had the prosecution of this object, and brought matters to that state that earnestly solicits the assistance and every man must choose his party, and countenance of such Unitarians in Eu- after the lines were decidedly drawn, rope and America as have hitherto it was a serious thing, and required withheld their support.
great resolution, to pass from one side 4. That this Meeting invites all Uni. to the other. Such instances have tarians, whether Christian or Hindoo, been—there have been a few in this to form themselves into Associations town, who have passed from the CalAuxiliary to the British Indian Unita- vinistic society to mine, but in each rian Association, and to place them- instance, they were men of great deselves in communication with the Se liberation and uncommon firmness, and eretary of that Association.
it was plain, that without those traits of • The Calcutta Unitarian Committee character, they would have remained conclude this Report of their proceed with their party to this day, rather than ings with the assurance that, under have encountered the difficulty and whatever name they may act, they odium of a separation. Such being the will continue sacredly to devote their obstacles to the increase of our sociebest exertions to the extension of pure ties, their members became a little disChristianity in India. They are cheer- couraged. You can judge of the reaed by the prospect which has begun sonableness of their anticipations, if to open before them. They earnestly you consider, that, in the country, invite all who value rational religion to every man is under the superintendcooperate with them.
And they ence of his neighbours, generally has bumbly supplicate on their past and fu- his wife against him in his liberality, ture labors the blessing of that Being and we have no loose and shifting po“ from whom all holy desires, all good pulation in this region, where old habcounsels, and all just works do pro- its, prejudices, and opinions have a ceed." ;
power, that may be measured by the number of their years. You can judge, gaining as fast as we ought to expect. then, whether, when I tell you that I do not mention these things by way Unitarianism is surely advancing, it is of accounting for our slow growth, for not as much as we could rationally ex- I know of no society in this region, pect, though not all we might desire. growing faster than ours. Our pews
I confess that it is alınost with re- are filling up slowly, it is true, but gret that I hear of associations and au- well; and though some of our more diences gathered in small towns, where ardent members have been at times there are not Unitarians enough to needlessly concerned, there has never form a regular socicty. It affords a been an instance in which the Orthodox momentary joy and triumph, and that have made the least impression on our is all. They soon find that they have prosperity or our numbers. In truth I made themselves a mark, and have cut know of no disposition to injure us.- If down the bridge by which others might there is any, it is not in the Orthodox have joined them. I know it is hard clergyman, who is uniformly fair and for them to be destitute of the ordi- manly, and I have not the least doubt nances of religion ; but they do not gain wishes well to my people and to me.' them by their separation, except when some liberal preacher happens to stray
1. FRANKLIN COUNTY. in their neighbourhood; and they put *I am perfectly satistied, that in the off, indefinitely, the hope of having county of Franklin the cause of Unisocieties, churches, and ministers of tarianism is gradually advancing. So their own.
far as I recollect, there has been no se* I think that the reason, I have given, cession on the ground of principles, is enough to show, that no sudden revo- from my parish for the space of ten or lution could have been expected in this fifteen years. Calvinists, indeed, we region. There are other causes, that have, and always have had; but they operate also everywhere against us. are generally satisfied with serious, Gold and silver are the measures of practical preaching. In MS, the value, with the people at large, and next town on the east, where they had they see that the Unitarians give less had an Orthodox minister for almost to what pass for religious purposes, than twenty years, there was a Unitarian the Orthodox. Doubtless many sound society established two years ago, reasons and explanations may be given which has increased. Similar remarks for that difference, but the misfortune would apply to the state of things is, that the people generally cannot be in C- The Unitarian society in made to comprehend, that what a man H- -, though small in the number gives is not a just measure of his devo- of actual subscribers, is, I believe, intion to bis faith. Besides, it seems as if creasing both in number and influence, the liberality of many consisted wholly and there is reason to hope, that, at no in their aversion to lectures, religious distant period, it may constitute the macharities, &c., things harmless enough jority of the town. In C-, a Uniin themselves, and in the hands of the tarian society was established about a Orthodox, engines of power. Many of year since. That town, though large the most upright and enlightened men and wealthy, has not been distinguished who become Unitarians, are those, who, by religious zeal of any kind ; and alfro.n their former aversion to the re- though we may hope, we cannot be ceived faith, bave passed for infidels or sanguine of great success in that place. indifferent. They would recommend There has lately been a Unitarian soany other cause to the people at large, ciety organized in S- -, consisting but they rather discredit this—and of twentyfive or thirty members in its there are always some, like the re- origin, which, it is expected, will be cruits of David at Adullam, who attend considerably increased by those who Unitarian meetings, for the sake of are already prepared to subscribe. A hearing a little common sense, occa- small society has likewise been organsionally, under the name of religion, ized in G- -, and the new Unitathough they care nothing about the rian society in N- which is an matter. These are obstacles, especially object of as much interest, perhaps, as the money-giving, which do much to any other, is in a very hopeful state. withstand a general impression in our We have had hopes of something effavor. This brings me back to the fectual in the large town of C; point with which I started, that we are but there is a want of spirit there, and