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of his independence in thinking and this place; and at the time I left, preaching, and who now has a sort of there were judged to be over three Independent Methodist society under hundred houses then building. Here his care, on being requested, readily then is a city numbering nearly twenty granted me admission into his pulpit. thousand inhabitants, carrying on exWednesday evening, therefore, June tensive trade and manufactures, in13th, a general view of the belief and creasing with unparalleled rapidity; disbelief of Unitarians, was exhibited containing a medical college, where to an attentive audience of about one students from that and the neighbouring hundred and fifty persons. Immediately States, attend medical lectures—and after the close of the services, the having also within its bosom a college reverend gentleman in whose church for the education of its young men, I had been preaching, observed to the which, though not now in actual opecongregation, “that a counterpart to ration, will doubtless soon be revived the discourse just delivered would be under favorable auspices. Add to preached in that place, next Sabbath these things, that hundreds—I had almorning, at the usual time of worship.” most said thousands—during the unAs I did not preach the next Sabbath healthy season, come up from the in the morning, I went and heard the lower country,' some to spend a week “counterpart my sermon. I confess or two, and then to pass on to the North I was agreeably disappointed. To be and East, and others to spend the sumsure Mr R- — did not seem to have mer in that enchanting city-and then a very extensive knowledge of biblical you may form some idea of the imcriticism, though, even in this depart- portance of this place, for diffusing ment, he was not wholly a stranger- widely correct and enlightened views but he gave ample proof of having of Christianity, thought much on the subject, and that • The materials for building up a Unitoo with no ordinary powers of mind. tarian society in this place, I believe to Throughout the whole, there was ex- be abundant and of good quality. The hibited so much of the spirit becoming more enlightened among the different a disciple of Jesus, as made me in love sects are fast becoming at odds with with the goodness of his heart, though the exclusive and horrible systems of I could not, in all respects, subscribe to Calvin and his would-be followers. And the infallibility of his understanding. if a Unitarian church could be built and
In the afternoon I preached in the a pastor settled, there are good reasons New Jerusalem church, and as the to believe that the society would soon Swedenborgian society held their ser- be, to say the least, as numerous and vices in the forenoon and evening, they, respectable as any in the city. The with much kindness and christian char- few who now acknowledge themselves ity, which, from my partial acquaint- Unitarians do not feel able to erect such ance, I should think characteristic of a church as they think would be most the sect, granted the Unitarians the advantageous to the growth of the soprivilege of worshipping in their house ciety. They want assistance-and if when unoccupied by them. After any circumstances may be regarded as this, our services were on Sabbath after a claim, I should think theirs might be. noon, and one evening of the week, • You have asked my judgment in the number usually attending being one thing,-permit me, in conclusion, from one hundred and fifty to two bun- to volunteer it in another. If a misdred,,probably sometimes more than sionary go into the Western country, this number. You now have most of let him be well provided with tracts, the incidents connected with my five that wherever he preaches he may weeks' preaching in C
sell them, or distribute them gratuitousYou ask me “What judgment I form. ly. It is true you have depositories in ed of things in that city ?” I will tell that region, but they will go slowly you as brietiy as possible. It is one of from the booksellers' shelves, unless the most flourishing and rapidly in- there is something to arouse the attencreasing cities of our country. I give tion of the people to the subject. And you one fact, that you may be enabled when an extraordinary meeting is held to judge of its trade. Between the 5th in a city, and a stranger preaches,-and and 12th of February, 1827, twentyone if, like Paul, when addressing the Athe. steam boats, averaging two hundred nians, he bring “certain strange things” tons each, arrived at and departed from to the ears of the attentive multitude
it is then, if ever, that like Paul's au- votional services were conducted by ditors, they are desirous of knowing the Rev. Dr Phillips of Sheffield ; after something more of this “new doctrine.
which the Rev. Dr Hutton delivered a And if the preacher have tracts, he discourse from 1 Cor. iv. 4, 5. would soon find himself surrounded * After service, C. Richmond, Esq. with anxious inquirers after them. was called to the chair. The minutes
I have made these observations, of the last General Meeting were read because, wherever I preached, tracts by Dr Rees and confirmed. were very much sought after. In ev- 'The Treasurer read the statement ery place there seemed to be a growing of the year's accounts of the Society. dissatisfaction with the religious senti- • Mr Aspland, Mr Edgar Taylor, Mr ments generally preached. The people Bowring, and Dr Rees, then read the are getting tired of hearing changes Report of the Committee under its difrung on the sublime mysteries of the ferent heads. Westminster Catechism. They want 1. In what may be called the Missomething more simple and practical, sionary department, the Report detailsomething whose tendency is both to ed all the proceedings of the Commitenlighten the understanding and to tee during the past year, noticing the purify the heart, and we believe that cheering results of the assistance given the doctrines of Unitarianism, which in the establishment of a Unitarian are those of pure Christianity, are ev- Congregation at Northampton, and vaery way calculated to supply their rious instances in which assistance had wants, and to effect those all important been afforded to other congregations. purposes, for which they were de- • 2. In the Civil Right department signed by the Author and Finisher of the Report details the flattering prosour faith,
pect which had presented itself of the
subject of the claims for relief from the Calcutta.-The following is an ex- operation of the Marriage Act being tract from a letter written by Mr Adam, effectively considered. The Report the Unitarian Missionary at Calcutta. then congratulates the Dissenters gen
* A salary of one hundred and fifty erally on the successful result of the rupees per month is attached to the exertions of the United Committee for head teachership of Rammohun Roy's the abolition of the Sacramental Test. Anglo-Hindoo School, and he author- *3. The Book Report detailed the izes me to say that he holds it open for progress of the usual business of that the acceptance of any Missionary who department. may be sent to Calcutta, and who may 4. The Foreign Department combe competent and willing to aid me oc- prised a great deal of interesting matcasionally in English preaching, and in ter. The state of things in Calcutta general Missionary duties. if he is a and Madras furnished great ground for single man, he could live (and he could satisfaction, and the Report contained do no more than live with any tolera- some valuable information as to the ble degree of comfort and respectabil- state of Unitarianism in America. ity) on three hundred rupees per • 5. Under the head of Miscellamonth, and by this offer, therefore, you neous Observations, the Committee have one half of his salary already pro- suggested a direction to their succesvided for. May I not hope that exer- sors to prepare and circulate a short tions will be made to obtain the re- abstract of the design, plan,
and history maining half, and that some one will of the Association. The Report then be found to “ come over and help noticed the state of religious opinion
in Ireland, and after paying a suitable
tribute of respect to Dr Drummond, British and Foreign Unitarian As- suggested that the Meeting should, by sociation.- [The following account of a vote, in vite him to preach their next the Third Anniversary Meeting of this anniversary sermon; and also, that a Society, which was held on Wednes- visit should be undertaken to Ireland day, the 28th of May, is abridged from by some minister accredited to the the Monthly Repository for July last.] mission by the Association.
• The religious services, at the Cha- • Resolutions on the subject of the pel in South Place, Finsbury, were abolition of the Sacramental Test, were attended by an unusually large con- proposed and passed, among which gregation. The introductory and de- were the following ;
us ? »,
« “ That no difference of religious Prayer by the Rev. Mr Thompson, of opinions, however wide, can lessen the Barre; Charge by the Rev. Mr Bassensibility of this meeting to the libe- com, of Ashby; Right Hand of Felral and generous support which they lowship by the Rev. Mr Sewall, of received, in the late application to Par- Danvers ; Address to the Society by liament, from the Roman Catholics of Rev. Mr Wilson, of Petersham; Conthe United Kingdom; and that com- cluding Prayer by Rev. Mr Harding, mon gratitude would compel them to of New Salem. make, in return, a tender of their best wishes on behalf of the claims of the Ordination at Providence, R. 1.Roman Catholics, for unrestricted and On Wednesday, September 10th, the equal religious freedom, if they were Rev. Frederick A. Farley was ordainnot bound to aid, according to their el pastor of the Westminster Congremeans, the cause of these their fellow gational Society in Providence, R. I. subjects and fellow Christians, by the Introductory Prayer and Selections still higher obligations of patriotism and from Scripture by the Rev. Mr Greenreligion,-believing, as they do, in the wood, of Boston, Sermon by the Rev. sincerity of their minds, that the ex- Dr Channing, of Boston ; Prayer of isting disqualifications which aggrieve Ordination by the Rev. Dr Edes, of the British and Irish Roman Catholic Providence ; Charge by the Rev. Mr population, are in open hostility to the Parkman, of Boston; Right Hand of peace and union and prosperity of the Fellowship by the Rev. Mr Gannett, kingdom, and are, at the same time, a of Boston ; Address to the Society by sure hindrance to the progress of the the Rev. Mr May, of Brooklyn, Conn. Protestant faith, and a violation of and Concluding Prayer by the Rev. Mr dishonor to our comnion Christianity, Walker, of Charlestown. which establishes no point of morality more plainly, nor commands any duty Dedication at Belgrade, Maine.more solemnly, than that one Christian On Thursday, the 11th of October, a shall not make the condition of another new church in Belgrade, Maine, was more wretched or less happy on ac- solemnly dedicated to the service of count of his faithful adherence to the God. Introductory prayer by the Rev. dictates of his conscience and the law Mr Farmer, of Cambridge; Reading of of his God.”
the Scriptures by the Rev. Mr BrimA much larger proportion than usual blecom, of Norridgwock; Dedicatory of the congregation remained to take Prayer by the Rev. Mr Hutchins, of part in the subsequent proceedings, and New Portland; Sermon by the Rev. all expressed a strong feeling of interest Mr Wells, of Kennebunk ; Address to and satisfaction in what passed.
the Society by the Rev. Mr Drew, of Upwards of two hundred and fifty Augusta ; Concluding Prayer by the friends to the Society sat down to din- Rev. Mr Brimblecom; Benediction by ner at the London Tavern, William the Rev. Mr Hutchins. Smith, Esq. M. P. in the Chair.
• The greatest harmony and good or- Dedication at Raynham.--On der prevailed throughout the evening, Wednesday, October 15th, the new and the whole of the proceedings of church, erected by the Second Conthis Anniversary were considered to gregational Society, in Raynham, was exceed in interest any former occasion.' solemnly dedicated to the service of the
only true God, through the only Me. Ordination at Hardwick.-The diator Jesus Christ. Selections from Rev. John M. Merrick was, on Wed- the Scriptures, by the Rev. Mr Goldsnesday, August 27th, ordained pastor bury, of N. Bridgewater; Dedicatory of the Congregational Church and Prayer, by the Rev. Mr Clark, of Society in Hardwick. Introductory Norton; Discourse, by the Rev. Mr Prayer, by the Rev. Mr Clark, of Huntoon, of Canton; Concluding Princeton ; Sermon, by the Rev. Mr Prayer, by the Rev. Mr Hamilton, of Bartlett, of Marblehead; Ordaining Taunton.
Died, at Cambridge, September 19, bition of christian deportment. BlindJohn MELLEN, Esq. aged 76. ness, that sorest of personal calamities,
We should be guilty of injustice to came upon him. The light of the body' the community, if we did not speak of was extinguished, the beautiful forms the character of this honored friend. of nature were veiled in darkness, the His life was an active and useful one, countenances of friends were seen only but was passed in the discharge of du- through the eye of memory, the pages ties which did not extend themselves that breathed the spirit of divine and over a wide sphere of relations. His human wisdom were sealed from his name, therefore, might not be familiar vision, and the paths in which his feet to many of our readers, if he had not had run to obey the calls ot benevospent his last years in a place in which, lence were to be trodden with a slow from the peculiar constitution of its and cautious step, or no more entered. society, his trials and virtues were They who have not experienced the brought under the notice of men from trial, cannot know what it is, to have every part of our country. Few, who all those avenues of communication have resided in Cambridge of late years, with the outward world, which we enhave not carried away with them à joy through the sight, closed—to feel respect for the sightless man, whose one's self dependent as an infant upon cheerfulness, courtesy, and instructive the watchful attentions of others, and conversation were known by report to be turned at once from all that has even to those who did not enjoy the interested and occupied the mind in benefit of his acquaintance.
visible life to the resources which the Mr Mellen was for soine time the soul has accumulated in itself. The minister of Barnstable, a village of severity of this change Mr Mellen ensome importance below Plymouth, in dured, and his conduct showed that he this Commonwealth. Having received had not lived and looked on the works from his father, who was himself a and word of God in vain. After using clergyman in the interior of this State, such means for the restoration of his the principles of a religious education, sight as skill and prudence united in his mind was early and permanently in- recommending, he relinquished the terested in religion, and it was through hope of resuming his former pursuits, life the subject of his most earnest and and gathered up his thoughts for a pleasant thoughts. The prolonged ill- cheerful submission to his lot. For ness of Mrs Mellen, occasioned by her years he dwelt in utter darkness. residence in Barnstable, and for whose Through this period not a complaint restoration a removal into a different was heard to escape his lips, nor did atmosphere was considered necessary, gloom settle on his countenance. Uniinduced him to resign his connexion formly tranquil and happy, he shed a with a people, whom he had faithfully moral brightness over the domestic served, to whom he was strongly at- circle. He suffered as a Christian ; a tached, and who never speak of him, stranger would not have known that at this distant day, but in terms of he suffered. He never spoke of his respect and affection. Domestic cir- loss of sight, unless in obedience to the cumstances induced him to fix bis abode call of others, and then in tones which, at Cambridge, where his desire of use- while they expressed his sense of cafulness and love of activity caused lamity, indicated an entire resignation his influence to be felt in municipal to the Divine will. His mind seemed concerns, as well as in the social circle. to be even more active than before bis He was chosen to represent the town blindness. The knowledge which he in the legislature; and other offices of had laid up in former years was now trust to which he was elected, so long an inexhaustible fund, from which he as his ability of active service continu- brought the materials for new processes ed, showed the contidence in his char- of thought, and the aids to a constant acter with wbich he had inspired the moral improvement. The truths, and minds of his fellow citizens.
to a wonderful extent, the words even, But the providence of God called of the New Testament were engraven him to another and more painful exhi- on his memory, and its spirit had long been cherished in his heart. The evi- tion an irresistible charm. It was a dent pleasure with which he listened, privilege, for which we could not but and the judicious criticism of his re- be grateful to Him who gives us the marks, converted the office of reading good examples of his servants, to witaloud into a privilege, and he never ness the silent life of such a Christian. wanted friends who were glad to avail It was yet a higher blessing, to listen, themselves of such an opportunity of
While the voice doing and of acquiring good. He was
Discoursed of natural and moral truth thus enabled to maintain an acquaint- With eloquence, and such authentic power, ance with the current literature, and That in his presence humbler knowledge stood with the theological writings of the Abashed, and tender pity overawed.' day. In the latter, he took a deep in- The testimony which such excel. terest, and observed the progress of lence bears to the efficacy of a simple religious opinions with a dispassionate faith, is valuable. Mr Mellen was a but attentive mind. His own belief in Unitarian, an avowed and consistent regard to the great topics in discussion Unitarian. In this faith he lived ; in was distinct and firm, and was the re- this faith he endured, for years, one of sult of those exercises to which he had the greatest privations, without repinbeen accustomed, through a long course ing, and without losing the energy of of religious thought and experience. his mind; in this faith he anticipated He had never been a pupil of the Cal- the approach of death, during a severe vinistic school, nor ever regarded illness, when neither fear nor rapture Christ as equal with the Father who possessed his soul, but in a calin relisent him. During the many hours of ance on the mercy of God, and in a meditation, which constituted a blessing hope of eternal life, drawn from the rather than a trial consequent on his gospel of Jesus Christ, he appeared as exclusion from active employment, he a servant waiting for his master's compursued his inquiries after truth. His ing; in this faith he died. Of him, if friends saw in him a remarkable in- of any one, may we not believe, that stance of one, who, in the decline of life, he has passed into that world, where was untouched by the control of pre- there shall be no darkness, where the judice, and whose mind was willing to righteous shall forever behold the receive, and anxious to obtain, light on works and glory of God, and where the every subject connected with the soul that, amidst the trials and sufferchristian faith. His mind was in the ings of the present state, pursued its highest sense liberal; candid in its researches after truth and goodness, judgments, and tender to the infirmi- shall be enabled to maintain an evties of others, but honest in its scrutiny, erlasting progress towards perfec. and open to every true conviction. tion,--that world, which is emphatiThe consequence was, that he advanc- cally light. ed with advancing truth. Ethical sub- In his will, Mr Mellen remembered jects had for him peculiar attractions, the people of his early charge, and the and he studied them, as they are best church, to which he had distributed studied, in his own heart, and under the memorials of Christ. He left dithe teaching of Christianity.
rections, that a valuable addition should It need not be said, that the society be made to the service of the commuof such a man was delightful to all nion table at Barnstable, thus desiring, who knew him. The unbroken tran- as it were, in his last thoughts, to assoquillity of his soul, the holy content- ciate the friends and duties of his ment of his spirit, and the rich stores ministry, with the expectations of an of his intellect, gave to his conversa- immortal life.
CORRECTION. On pa ge 326, we find, on review, that we mistook the meaning of a passage adduced from Augustin in our article on the Calvinistic Doctrine of Infant Damnation. We gave the passage in proof that he believed in the damnation of some baptized infants, when his meaning simply is, that God does not immediately take all such infants out of this world into heaven, but permits them to grow up, and prove a postates, and then consigns them to hell. The error does not at all afect the question of Augustin's belief in the damnation of unbaptized infants, all of whom he gave up to eternal burnings, as is abundantly evident from our other quotations.
Erratum.-On p. 342, near the bottom of the first column, for in read Din.