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ages, 'venerable men, brave heroes, happy souls,' in the language of the Dordrechtan Prolocutor, could swallow the draught, and recommend it to the lips of others. Calvin, whose 'strongest passages, however tortured, cannot be made to teach any such opinion,' spatches little infants even from their mothers' breasts, and precipitates them, harmless as he cannot but acknowledge them to be, into hell. Those other noble lights of the church,' Zancbius, Beza, Perkins, Whitaker, nay, even Van Mastricht and Dr Beecher's 'Reformers;' Luther and Melancthon with the Lutheran church though their symbol remains ;' the 'good old English Church,' with her bishops, George of Landaff, Usher, and Davenant; the Synod of Dort, that ample representation;' Turretin, the pupil that excelled his master; the · Reverend Assembly at Westminster,' with their Prolocutor and Doctors, representing the Calvinism of Old England and New;' Edwards and Bellamy, those able expounders of the only true scheme of religion ;' Gill, though 'a Baptist ;' Hildersham with his firebrands of hell;' and Rivet, who indignantly repelled the charge as I do,'—these and a host of others we have quoted or referred to, and last not least, the tender hearted provider of the “easiest room,' where the little ones may “fare the best and feel the least, though in hell they must be-all, all have been compelled to acknowledge and to teach the 'monstrous doctrine,' the horrible decree' which to say they ever countenanced, is to utter a slander and a falsehood.'
Nay, what is more, Dr Beecher himself, the indignant vindicator of the holy dead,' who is thankful that the time is come, when a charge so injurious, and so long circulating in the dark, is made public, who appeals to the eye of an intelligent community—a community which can understand an argument,' a community, we will add, who will not long suffer arrogance and ignorance to sit in its high places, and with the air of superior wisdom attempt to impose on the weak and uninformed, without rebuke and retribution,-Dr Beecher himself, nothwithstanding the great change of views and language' among the professed followers of Calvin, is compelled to make admissions on the subject, which are quite as fatal to the character of his God, as the very doctrine lie impudently disowns in the name of all who have held it. To say that infants are damnable in the sight of God, and that it is uncertain whether he will not actually cast some of them into hell,* or with Dr Griffin, to leave their future state a matter of doubt, bowing in awful silence't before the
* This is what Calvin would call • leaping a beam and sticking at straws.' + Park Street Lectures. VOL. V.NO. VI.
unknowo will of that God, the last glimpse of whose countenance represented it dark with anger and kindling with vengeance, is so evidently and so undeniably as revolting to all natural feeling and as fatal to the divine character for justice or goodness, as to assert he actually inflicts the punishment he declares they deserve, that we shall not waste any time in proving it, though it was a part of our original purpose to do so. If modern Calvinists, ihe · Calvinists of Boston and its vicinity,' do not believe in infant damnation, we repeat it, that we rejoice at their partial deliverance from their master's bondage. But if ever the discussion of Calvin's doctrine of reprobation should be renewed, they will find they must go back to the 'monstrous doctrine' from which they have set themselves free, or altogether abandon the Calvinistic faith. Dr Beecher's impatience for an opportunity to speak once more for God and the truth,'* is now, we trust, relieved. But if he really intends to use that opportunity as these solemn words indicate he ought, the only course for him is, to confess his errors, to call them no worse, and thus make the best atonement to injured truth that remains in his power.
* This is the language of the Spirit of the Pilgrims.' Can it be that the conductors of that work, or any body of men who make any pretensions to character or truth, will prostitute themselves or their influence, to the support, either of the positions of Dr Beecher's original note, or of his Letters in its defence? So far as it involves a question of learning, however, there is an 'exhibition' in their number for February, 1829, which would diminish our surprise if they should. At the expense of an apparent anachronism, we shall notice it. It is contained in the following passage from a review of Professor Stuart's Commentary on the Hebrews;
•The reviewer in the Christian Examiner,' says the reviewer in the Spirit of the Pilgrims, apparently had never read the arguments of Professor Stuart.'• Had he read the volumes before us, he could have placed no confidence in an argument, which he must have felt to be nothing; and he would not have fallen into some very palpable errors, which resulted from his following Lardner RATHER THAN STUART. [!] We will give an example of what we mean. He quotes an epistle of Jerome, and refers to it in his note, as though he had consulted the original. It is, according to him, ad Evangelium. If HE HAD LOOKED INTO STUART, or Jerome himself, he would have seen the mistake, and quoted it CORRECTLY, ad Evagrium. But, relying on Lardner, who had so quoted Jerome, he fell into thIS BLUNDER.'
Now what are the facts ? The Spirit of the Pilgrims quotes the Paris edition of 1609, Tom. I. p. 1060. The reviewer in the Examiner quotes the edition of the learned Benedictine, Martianay, Paris, 1699. This last edition reads,
Ad Evangelium, with a note in which it is remarked, that the printed books have given, not Evangelium, but Evagrium. But ALL THE MANUSCRIPT COPIES retain Evangelium, or Evangelum.' Other reasons for Martianay's reading are added, which we pass over. It appears then that Professor Stuart followed the reading of an older and inferior edition, and that his encomiast had not wit or knowledge enough to correct the Professor's mistake. This is the amount of the • blunder' committed by the reviewer in the Christian Examiner, which we trust he will excuse us for noticing without conferring with him. The Spirit of the Pilgrims and its reviewer we leave to digest the matter as they may.
NOTICES OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS.
43. A Discourse preached at the Dedication of house to the purposes of religion, be.
the First Congregational Unitarian Church; lieving in the one God, the Father," liam Henry Furness, Minister of the Soci- in Jesus Christ as the appointed mesety.
senger of God, “exalted by him to be The occasion on which this sermon a prince and saviour”-in the holy was delivered, justified considerable spirit, as the power of the Deity disJatitude of remark. A church erected played in the constitution and energies by the only society in Philadelphia of the soul, in the moral ability of man, that is willing to bear the name of Uni- and the eternity of moral distinctions. tarian, was to be dedicated to what its This passage is followed by a discussion builders deem the promotion of true re- of the duty of free inquiry and its ligion. Mr Furness availed himself of consistency with true charity, which, the opportunity to glance at several though it mars the unity of discourse, topics on which misapprehension exist- we are glad was not omitted, as it afed in the public mind. His discourse' fords some of the most valuable parawas particularly adapted to the senti- graphs in the sermon. ments and feelings of the place where The grounds of preference for his it was delivered, but it contains many own views, advanced by Mr Furness fine passages which may be read with are, 1. Their universal receptiòn,-that pleasure and benefit by every one.
no Christian has ever denied or doubted His text was 1 Cor. iii. 16 ; • Know ye them. • When we consider what a not that ye are the temple of God?' discordant host of opinions covers the • This outward and visible temple,' says christian world, what an immense inMr F. bas been reared for the sake fluence self-interest and passion in a of that inner sanctuary, that temple not thousand forms have had upon the humade with hands—which is in the hu- man mind, inducing it to deny and assert man soul, and where only He who is almost everything, is there not a very a pure and perfect spirit, and whose strong presumption in favor of those service consists in the constant exer- views' (we wish the frequent repetition cise of kind affections and good princi- of this word had been avoided,] · which ples, can be truly worshipped.'' How amidst the incessant and stormy flucis this object to be advanced ? By the tuations of human opinion have always truths here to be dispensed and con- remained, sometimes indeed virtually templated. What are these truths ? This disputed, never expressly, never perquestion suggests the topics of dis- haps acknowledged in all their impor. course ; 1. To state the main views of tance, yet never directly denied ? ' 2. religion to which this place is devoted, That, Liberal Christianity is a purely and 2. To enumerate the principal rea- scriptural system.' The remarks unsons (Mr Furness should have said der this head are confined chiefly to a some of the principal reasons,) why we notice of errors that have prevailed in have preferred these views to all othe. the interpretation of the Bible. They
. We owe it to the large and re- are just, but we think Mr F. might spectable community of which we are have given a more direct and satisfac
part—that it may be disabused of all tory defence of his position. 3. That unhappy prejudices ; we owe it to our- * this system is eminently practical.' selves—that we may not be deprived If our limits permitted, we should be of the great benefits accruing from the glad to make large quotations, but we sympathy and countenance of our fel- can only copy a part of the reply which low men; we owe it to God—that his Mr. F., after bringing positive proof that truth may triumph, to declare our opin- Unitarianism surpasses other systems ions and the grounds upon which we in moral power and spiritual efficacy, maintain them.' A noble sentence, makes to the question, why is not its which we wish every Unitarian would superiority proved by its effects? We weigh and remember. Under the first are disposed to regard it as more ingehead Mr F. enlarges upon the ideas nious than sound, but let our readers which he thus presents in one view at judge. its close. We solemnly devote this Under these circumstances, so far from con
sidering it an objection to Unitarianism that its scepticism, it is, we solemnly believe, seriously concerned if we saw 'it followed by those simple and noble views to which, rapid and striking effects. We should begin to in the good providence of God, we doubt whether it is that pure system of truth have been permitted to attain.' which we believe it to be. If it readily affected It will be seen that many subjects the minds of the generality of those whose previous self-regulation has been in no wise re
are touched upon in this discourse ; markable, we might suspect that it purchased most of them, we think, with great seits success by yielding something to the lower licity. Mr Furness's style is accurate tendencies of our nature. History points us to those religions which were more or less earthly
and often pithy. We cannot doubt that in their character, as having produced the great such preaching will have its effect
in est visible effects. The greatest apparent tri- Philadelphia, and we have therefore umphs of the Christian faith were wrought at heard with pleasure, unaccompanied by it may well afford a ground of suspicion when surprise, that the church so recently a religion falls in easily with men's feelings opened for worship, is fully attended, and exerts an immediate influence. There is and that the society is continually insome improper sympathy, some collusion, we creasing. may be sure. On the other hand, we may infer the perfect spirituality, the uncorrupt divinity of pure Christianity from its want of apparent success. Being spiritual, it can affect readily only spiritual beings. Every one that is of the
44. The False Accusers of the Brethren Retruth, said the Saviour, heareth my voice.' PP26, 27.
proved, and the Accused Instructed how to
Reply; a Sermon, preached before the SopWhat follows we rejoice to believe; porters of the British and Foreign L'nitarian
Association, at their Annual Meeting, May But although we may not be able to point to any striking results of the principles of our
28th, 1828. By Joseph Hutton, LL. D.
London. 1828. 8vo. pp. 48. faith among those who profess them, we have one ground of triumph,--and a great and glori
DR Hutton has been favorably ous one it is. None could be more so. All the known in this country by his discourse real moral worth exhibited under any and every entitled “Omniscience the Attribute of form of Christianity, all the real moral advancement made even by those who oppose us most
the Father only, published as one of violently, we can trace to the operation of those the tracts of the American Unitarian simple truths which we maintain as the vital Association. The sermon before us is doctrines of Christianity, and which enter into the composition of every system of Christian
such as we might expect from his faith. Yes, all the moral improvement that known liberality and candor. The topic has gone on in the world, the achievements of was excellently adapted to the occasion, civilization, the successes of liberty, the triumphs and the sentiments such as ought to be of mind over brute force, all of these are owing to the moral energy communicated to our nature
mpressed upon every heart, and made by those undisputed truths to which we cling the rule of christian thought and lanas the great truths.' pp. 27, 28.
guage. Especially in these days of . Finally, we value our faith because bitterness and division, we could hope we believe it to be particularly fitted to that if listened to, they would exercise a the present advanced state of the mind.' most salutary influence. But whether The observations on the indifference to
listened to or not, it is a satisfaction to religion that grows out of a silent know that there are some men who scepticism, pervading many cultivated can stand sufficiently apart from the minds, are good, and show the desire of violence and wrath of party passion to the writer to make his instructions ap- judge coolly, and speak candidly, and plicable to the wants of society where utter even a feeble plea for the good he is placed. It is well known, and will which has been banished from the deeply to be lamented, that many per- christian intercourse of sects. It is sons of fine intellect and great intiuence against the censorious and calumniating in our Southern cities, deny the divine spirit of party that Dr Hutton mainly origin, and hence the authority of our re- protests; and urges those who suffer ligion. This is the result, partly of such from it, to bear it as Paul bore it when a rapid developement of mind as is now he unjustly suffered from it. This is taking place,” but “ a still more efficient the main drift of the discourse; of which cause is the narrow and unworthy the following passage is a fair specimen forms in which the subject of religion as regards both sentiment and manner. is commonly presented. “And,' we Happily, there is no christian creed in which say with our friend, if anything is to
the well constituted mind will not find the need. save this portion of the community from established in the heart, will render all the
ful food of piety and virtue ; and these, once the most wretched indifference and
minor errors and extravagances of theory com
paratively harmless. The goodness of the man, deemer completely, yet be talks, if put to it, like the tree which Moses cast into the bitter respectfully of our Lord and Saviour Jesus waters of Marah, or the meal which Elisha Christ. The Unitarian can scarcely stoop even mingled with the poisonous pottage, will often to such customary politeness towards a personsweeten the bitterness and neutralize the venom age whom in his heart he hates, whose claims of the creed, and that, too, with so insensible he resists, whose honors he prides himself in as well as efficient an operation, as to leave the denying. His aim now is to dethrone the Carworthy professor altogether unsuspicious of its penter's gon; by sly insinuation to lower his containing anything disagreeable or noxious. influence, or by opeu opposition to disgrace his As the good man frequently imagines that good- determined followers. As to disgracing the ness in others which he feels within himself, so Saviour himself, it is happily out of their pow. would he appear sometimes to invest his creed, er, for “He that sitteth in the heaven shall by his mode of viewing it, with unreal excel laugh at them, Jehovah shall have them in lence, his own virtuo, like certain optical glass- derision.” Is it possible,' he continues, 'to es, supplying the illusive medium through which suppose that a mind thus acting can be innowhat to the naked eye of the impartial spectator cent in its motives, its conclusions, its deterappears hideous and deformed, is seen in appa- minations? If our thoughts are known to God, rent symmetry and beauty.' pp. 11-13.
all their operations are known, with every Our readers may also be pleased to
cause of effects so perverse. If he searches the
heart, there will he see not only real opposition, see the following passage near the con
but rancorous ill will against the Lord, and clusion.
against his Anointed.' pp. 17,18. My Unitarian brethren, let the advice of this great and good man, enforced as it was bey serves, in a note, “I trust that few such
Upon this passage Dr Hutton obtrue that we have been, and are to this day, passages are to be found in the pages grievously calumniated by many of our fellow of modern controversy. I add with members of the christian church. Under the pleasure, that my memory does not influence of ignorance and prejudice, the pious and the good amongst them have too frequently enable me to refer to one, in which united with the unprincipled and the malignant the province of the Searcher of hearts to misrepresent us. Regarding us as enemies is so directly invaded, or the injunction of God and of his Christ, they bave " verily of the Redeemer against hasty and unthought within themselves” that they ought to withhold from us, as such, even that measure of charitable judgments, in appearance at kindly feeling, and courteous, not to say fair and least, so completely set at defiance.' honorable treatment, which they refuse not to accord to the members of every other sect.
We suppose from this, that he has not What then? Shall we on this account shrink
seen some recent publications on this abashed from the presence of our fellow men ? side of the water. Shall we retire intimidated from the contest with error ? Shall we speak no more of what we deem the eternal truths of the gospel? Shall we fear to proclaim our apostolic creed, “ To us there is but one God, even the Father, and 45. Faith and Works inseparable:' A Serone Lord, Jesus Christ?” God forbid that the mon delivered in the First Parish Meetingfear of mortal man should effectually work this house, Haverhill, Lord's Day, November 9, snare for us ! Rather let us rejoice that we are 1828. Also, Confidence in God;' a Sermon counted worthy to suffer shame, if need be, for
delivered on the Occasion of the Annual a cause which we regard as that of God and of Thanksgiving, November 27th, 1828. By bis Christ. We stand at the judgment seat of Dudley Phelps, Pastor of the Church. 8vo. the Searcher of hearts; we are amenable to him, my brethren, and to him only, for our conduct
We have read these discourses with as disciples of his Son. Anticipating his sentence, let us deeply feel, and give utierance to great satisfaction. Though wholly disthe feeling in no spirit of supercilious aversion tinct in their topics, they
are published and contempt, but in that of meekness and love together, at the request of their hearers, unfeigned, that “with us it is a very small thing to be judged of man's judgment."
and we think must be perused with
pp. 40, 41.
edification and pleasure by every seriIn the course of the sermon is quoted, ous and unprejudiced Christian. It is by way of illustrating the subject, a
to the first of these, that we would parvery remarkable passage from Isaac ticularly invite the attention of our readTaylor ; which it will do our readers It treats of a subject, in itself of good to peruse very deliberately-es- the highest importance, but often perpecially as the book from which it is verted and misunderstood. The inseptaken is recommended by a celebrated arable connexion of faith and works; Orthodox review as excellently adapt- the evidences by which a true faith is ed to be put into the hands of the young, ascertained; the utter worthlessness of and written throughout in a tone of af: all that faith, which terminates in specufectionate remonstrance.
Jation, or is not accompanied by the It is not,' says he, [Taylor) ' simple neglect purity of true piety and virtue,are of the Saviour we now perceive, but direct here exhibited with clearness and powhostility. The mere worldling neglects the Re- That grand awakening truth, that