After revolution: mapping gender and cultural politics in neoliberal Nicaragua
University of Texas Press, 2001 - 304 pages
"This will be a very significant contribution to gender studies, the literature on social movements, and our understanding of post-socialist societies. . . . Its clear and sensitive writing style makes it very valuable for classes and a broad audience, while its sophisticated understanding of contemporary theory on development, social movements, and discourse analysis makes it useful for more specialized readers."--Frances Rothstein, Professor of Anthropology, Towson UniversityNicaragua' Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a broad program of social transformation to improve the situation of the working class and poor, women, and other non-elite groups through agrarian reform, restructured urban employment, and wide access to health care, education, and social services. This book explores how Nicaragua' least powerful citizens have fared in the years since the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled back these state-supported reforms and introduced measures to promote the development of a market-driven economy.Drawing on ethnographic research conducted throughout the 1990s, Florence Babb describes the negative consequences that have followed the return to a capitalist path, especially for women and low-income citizens. In addition, she charts the growth of women' and other social movements (neighborhood, lesbian and gay, indigenous, youth, peace, and environmental) that have taken advantage of new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic portraits of a low-income barrio and of women' craft cooperatives powerfully link local, cultural responses to national and global processes.
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From Cooperatives to Microenterprises
Narratives of Development Nationhood and the Body
Toward a New Political Culture
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1990 elections active activists Aleman amnlae areas artisans attention bakery barrio Ben Linder Casa Ave Maria Central American Chamorro chapter Chavez civil society clothing co-op conapi cultural Daniel Ortega decade democratic differences dinista discourses discussion employment enterprises feminist Francisco Estrada fsln gender global groups household Hurricane Mitch husband indigenous informal sector interviews later Latin America lesbian lesbian and gay lives located low-income majority Managua ment microenterprises mother neighborhood neoliberal ngos Nica Nicaragua Nicaraguan revolution nomic offered organizations pamic participation party Plaza political popular post-Sandinista problems production recent residents response revolutionary Sandinista government Sandinista period sell sewing sexual small businesses small industries social movements Somoza space street structural adjustment struggle tion urban cooperatives Violeta Chamorro visited welders woman women workers working-class workshop Xochiquetzal