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merous for those who want them. This is probably a proof of the rising situation of this Society. It is remarkable again, thať the rich have by no means their proportioni of such servants. Those of the wealthy who are exemplary, get them if they can. Others decline their services. Of these some do it from good motives ; for knowing that it would be difficult to make


their complement of servants from the Society, they do not wish to break in upon the customs and morals of those belonging to it by mixing them with others. The rest, who mix more with the world, as I have been informó ed, are fearful of having them, lest they should be overseers of their words and man

For it is in the essence of the Quakerdiscipline, as I observed upon that subject, that every member should watch over another for his good. There are no exceptions as to persons.

The servant has as much right to watch over his master with respect to his religious conduct and conversation, as the master over his servant; and he has also a right, if his master violates the discipline, to speak to him, in a respectful manner, VOL. II.




for so doing. Nor would a Quaker-servant, if he were well grounded in the principles of the Society, and felt it to be his duty, want the courage to speak his mind upon such occasions. There have been instances where this had happened, and where the master, in the true spirit of his religion, has not felt himself insulted by such interference, but has looked upon his servant afterwards as inore worthy of his confidence and esteem. Such a right, however, of remonstrance, is, I presume, but rarely exercised.

I cannot conclude this subject without saying a few words on the character of the Quaker-poor.

In the first place, I may observe, that one of the great traits in their character is independence of mind.

When you converse with them, you find them attentive, civil, and obliging; but you see no marks of servility about them, and you hear no flattery from their lips. It is not the custom of this Society, even for the poorest member to bow, or to pull off his hat, or to observe any outward obeisance to another, who may happen to be rich.

Such customs are


forbidden to all upon regious principles. In consequence therefore of the omission of such ceremonious practices, his mind has never been made to bend on the approach of superior rank. Nor has he seen, in his own society, any thing that could lessen his own importance or dignity as a man. He is admitted into the meetings for discipline equally with the rich. He has a voice equally with them in all matters that are agitated there. From these causes

From these causes a manliness of mind is produced, which is not seen among any other of the


in the island in which we live. It may

also be mentioned as a second trait in their character, that they possess extraordinary knowledge. Every Quaker-boy or girl who comes into the world, must, however poor, if the discipline of the Society be kept up, receive an education. All, therefore, who are born in the Society, must be able to read and write. Thus the keys of knowledge are put into their hands, Hence we find them attaining a superior literal and historical knowledge of the Scriptures, a superior knowledge of human nature, and a knowledge that sets them above many of


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the superstitions of those of their own rank in life.

Another trait conspicuous in the character of the Quaker-poor is the morality of their lives. - This circumstance may easily be accounted for. For, in the first place, they aré hindered in common with other Quakers, by means of their discipline, from doing many things that are morally injurious to themselves. The poor of the world are addicted to profane swearing. But no person can bring the name of the Creator of the universe into frequent and ordinary use, without losing a sense of the veneration that is due to him. The poor of the world, again, frequently spend their time in public houses. They fight and quarrel with one another. They run after horseracings, bull-baitings, cock-fightings, and the still more unnatural battles between man and man. But by encouraging such habits, they cannot but obstruct in time the natural risings of benevolence, both towards their fellow-creatures, and to those of the animal-creation. Nor can they do otherwise than lose a sense of the dignity of their


own minds, and weaken the moral principle. But the Quaker-poor, who are principled against such customs, can of course suffer no moral injury on these accounts. To which it may be added, that their superior knowledge both leads and attaches them to a superior conduct. It is a false, as well as a barbarous maxim, and a maxim very injurious both to the interests of the rich and poor, as well as of the state to 'which they belong, that knowledge is unpropitious to virtue.

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