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your sins."

representation, is to be broken ; and my blood, of which the wine is an emblem, is to be shed for the remission of

But in whatever sense the words “do this ir remembrance of me” are to be taken, the Quakers are of opinion, as far as St. Luke states the circumstances, that they related solely to the disciples themselves. Jesus Christ recommends it to those who were present, and to those only, to do this in remembrance of him; but he now here tells them to order or cause it to be done by the whole Christian world, as he told them to preach the Gospel to every creature.

To sum up the whole of what has been said in this chapter: If we consult St. Luke, and St. Luke only, all that we can collect on this subject will be, That the future Passover-suppers of Christ with his disciples were to be spiritual; that his disciples were desired to break their bread together in remembrance of him; or if, as Jews, they could not relinquish the Passover, to celebrate it with a new meaning; but that this permission extended to those only who were present on that occasion.



Account of St. Paul-he states that the words do

this in remembrance of me" were used at the Passover-supper--that they contained a permission for a custom, in which both the bread and the wine were included that this custom was the Passover, spiritualized by Jesus Christbut that it was to last only for a time-some conjecture this time to be the destruction of Jerusalem-but the Quakers, till the Disciples had attained such a spiritual growth, that they felt Christ's kingdom substantially in their heartsand as it was thus limited to them, so it was limited to such Jewish converts as might have adopted it in those times.

THE last of the sacred writers who mentions the celebration of the Passover-supper is St. Paul, whose account is now to be examined.

St. Paul, in his First Epistle to the Corinthians*, reproves them for some irregularities committed by them in the course of their religious meetings. What these meetings were is uncertain. They might have been for the celebration of the Passover-supper; for there was a synagogue of Jews at Corinth, of whom some had been converted. Or they might have been for the celebration of the Passover as spiritualized by Jesus Christ, or for the breaking of bread; which customs both the Jewish and Gentile converts might have adopted. The custom, however, at which these irregularities took place, is called by St. Paul the Lord's Supper. And this title was not inapplicable to it in either of the cases supposed, because it must have been, in either of them, in commemoration of the last supper which Jesus Christ, or the Lord and Master, ate with his disciples before he suffered.

* Chap. xi.


But, whichever ceremonial it was that St. Paul alluded


the circumstances of the irregularities of the Corinthians obliged him to advert to, and explain, what was said and done by Jesus on the night of the Passoversupper. This explanation of the apostle has thrown new light upon the subject, and has induced the Quakers to believe that no new institution was intended to take place as a ceremonial to be observed by the Christian world.

St. Paul,


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St. Paul, in his account of what occurred at the original Passover, reports that Jesus Christ made use of the words this do in remembrance of me.”. By this the Quakers understand, that he permitted something to be done by those who were present at this supper.

He reports also that Jesus Christ used these words not only after the breaking of the bread, but after the giving of the cup; from whence they conclude, that St. Paul considered both the bread and the wine as belonging to that which had been permitted.

St. Paul also says, “For as often as ye eat this bread and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come.” words they believe they discover two things; first, the nature of the thing permitted; and secondly, that the thing permitted, whatever it was, was to last but for a time. -; The thing, then, which was permitted to those who were present at the Passover- supper," was to show or declare his death. The words “show or declare” prove, in the first place, the connection of the thing permitted with the Jewish Passover; for, after certain ceremonies had been performed on the Pass

By these


over-night, “ the showing forth or declaration,” as it was called, followed, or the object of the meeting was declared aloud to the persons present; or it was declared to them publicly, in what particulars the Passoverfeast differed from all the other feasts of the Jews. Secondly, the word “death” proves the thing permitted to have been the Passover, as spiritualized by Jesus Christ; for, by the new modification of it, his disciples, if they were unable to overcome their prejudices, were to turn their attention from the type to the antitype, or from the sacrifice of the paschal lamb to the sacrifice of himself, or to his own sufferings and death. In short, Jesus Christ always attempted to reform by spiritualizing. When the Jews followed him for the loaves, and mentioned manna, he tried to turn their attention from material to spiritual bread. When he sat upon Jacob's well, and discoursed with the woman of Samaria, he directed her attention from ordinary or elementary to spiritual and living water.

So he did


this occasion. He

life to the dead letter of an old ceremony by a new meaning. His disciples were from henceforth to turn their



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