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Christianity see the non-Christian still far was convened at Liverpool from all outnumbering the Christian world. It is churches and societies in Great Britain only in the present century that the Church engaged in foreign missions. Their conof Christ has rediscovered her missionary ference continued four days, but the meetconstitution, reawakened to her original ings were in private. design as her Founder's propaganda, and The first public conference of an ecurepossessed herself of the long-lost ideal menical character came in the next decade. of her youth to bring all nations to His It was held at Mildmay Park, in the northlight. The century now closing has been ern part of London, October 21-26, 1878. distinguished from many before it, not That illustrious philanthropist, the Earl more by the births of the scientific spirit of Shaftesbury, presided. Some European than by the rebirths of the missionary and a few American delegates attended, spirit. Nor have steam and electricity but not many missionaries. In all, there changed the relation of man to nature were less than two hundred delegates. more than the revival of missions has The printed “ Proceedings " made a volchanged the relation of the Christian to ume of 434 pages. the non-Christian peoples. Nor will any The second Ecumenical Conference, also one who is disposed to make a sociologi- in London, was held at Exeter Hall, June cal study of results thus far reached -as 9-19, 1888, the Earl of Aberdeen, afterDr. James S. Dennis has done in his re- wards Governor-General of Canada, premarkable volumes on “ Christian Missions siding. Special interest attached to it as and Social Progress"_fail to see signs commemorating a century of Protestant that we are approaching a transition from missions. Sixteen hundred members were the slow snowflake stage of advance to enrolled-nearly one-eighth of them from the swift avalanche stage.

the United States—and the printed “ProOf such signs the one which is to be ceedings" made two volumes of 1,184 looked for at home rather than abroad is pages. Discussions of the relation of in the integration of the previously disin- Buddhism, Mohammedanism, and other tegrated forces, the unifying of the pre- religions to Christianity showed the clearer viously independent plans of many various light thrown upon missionary problems churches in a well-concerted, co-operative by the new study of Comparative Religion. advance, the deepening of all the channels Special prɔminence was given to the of individual or denominational activity principle of comity between the different by a tidal inflow of sympathy with the missionary bodies. - Comity," it was deunited endeavors of all Christians. It is clared, “is now the rule.” The stimuforty years since this process of integration lating effects of this Conference upon the was formally begun, which is nearing a missionary zeal of the British churches new stage in the Ecumenical Conference appeared in an increase of fifty per cent. meeting this month. Nor has there been in their offerings within the next two years. any less conspicuous gain in this than in Early in 1896 began the preparation other lines of the missionary advance. for the third Ecumenical Conference, to

The preliminary step was taken in be held in this city, April 21-May 1, 1900. March, 1860, when a General Conference When one reflects that there are about



DR. J. C. HARTZELL three hundred and fifty missionary socie- tance will be presented and discussed. ties-great and small-in the Protestant Section meetings will be held in the afterChurches, the immense labor of organizing noon in smaller halls and churches. To a conference and making up its programme secure adequate time for each of the many by correspondence with all quarters of the topics presented, a twenty-minutes rule world is at once apparent. The pro- has been adopted for the papers to be gramme includes a survey of the several read, and a five-minutes rule for the dismissionary fields in all the non-Christian cussion of them by volunteer speakers and some papal-Christian lands; discus- who have previously given in their names. sions of the various branches of work— Particulars must be learned from the evangelistic, educational and literary, official programmes, which may be pro medical, philanthropic, administrative; the cured by addressing Room 812, 156 Fifth relation of Christianity to other religions, Avenue. and of Christian missions to social prog- The personnel of the Conference inress, international peace, commerce, col- cludes many well-known and many note. onization, science and discovery, govern- worthy names. Ex-President Benjamin ments and diplomacy; the relations of the Harrison has accepted the position of several Churches to each other in mission- Honorary President, and will occupy the sionary co-operation; the home work re- chair at the opening and closing meetings. quired for the basis of the foreign work; In the list of those who have accepted the women's auxiliary organizations; the places as Honorary Vice-Presidents are Student Volunteers movement; the train. President Low, Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan, ing of children to an interest in missions; and the Hon. John W. Foster. President the translation and distribution of the McKinley, ex-President Cleveland, AdBible. In addition to all this, a prominent miral Philip, Captain Mahan, President place is given to the veterans who have Schurman, and Justice Brewer are among returned from their fields in Japan, China, those who have accepted honorary memIndia, the Turkish Empire, Africa, Oce berships. In the list of speakers are ania, and elsewhere, to speak of successes many names of eminence in the churches gained and opportunities waiting, and to and colleges of this country, such as Bishop plead for a tenfold reinforcement to meet Doane, of Albany, President Angell, of the call of nations for light and leading Michigan University, President Barrows, and healing for the body and the soul. of Oberlin, United States Commissioner Four years have proved none too long to Harris, of Washington, Dean Emily Miller, organize suitably for all this.

of Northwestern University, Dr. Grace The place of assembly is Carnegie Hall, Richards, of Vassar, notable for her heromost of whose ample space is reserved for ism amid the Armenian massacres. Be the delegates and honorary members. sides these there will be many "outlandAdmission will be by ticket up to a fixed ers,” whom we shall greet as our fellowtime-limit, after which all unoccupied citizens in the Christian commonwealth, seats will be thrown open. Here will be who will be the objects of equal attention, the general meetings, morning and eve- with somewhat more of curiosity. These ning, where the subjects of central impor- will be more generally from Great Britain



and her colonies, for a transatlantic voyage seems to Continental Europeans a very formidable thing.

A specially interesting visitor will be the Rev. Alexander Merensky, D.D., now one of the Secretaries of the Berlin Missionary Society, and from 1858 to 1882 its chief missionary in the Transvaal and adjacent regions. In 1880 he was at the head of the sanitary staff of the Boer forces in their war with England. In 1891 he led a corps of missionaries to the north of Lake Nyassa. Another veteran of varied service is the Right Rev. Bishop Ridley, who was sent to the Afghans in 1866 by the Church Missionary Society (of England), and in 1879 was appointed the first bishop of Caledonia in British Columbia. A much younger but equally significant figure is that of Dr. Harford-Battersby. While in Cambridge University he was active in Christian and missionary interests, and, after graduating with honors and taking his professional degree, he sailed in 1890 as a medical missionary to Africa in the service of the Church Missionary Society. Out of his experience grew the Livingstone Medical College for missionaries, of which he became the Principal. He desires to meet here those who are interested in medical missions, and hopes to see a committee formed here which will take up the subject of the liquor traffic among native races. This has been done in England with good results by the “Native Races and Liquor Traffic United Committee," of which he is the Honorary Secretary. The present scandal of the liquor traffic at Manila makes his visit seem very opportune.

Omitting many more of equal mark, we note the presence of the Rev. R. W. Thompson, of the London Missionary Society; the Rev. W. J. Edmonds, formerly a missionary in India, now a canon of Exeter Cathedral; the Rev. James Stewart, D.D., for thirty years a resident of South Africa, and head of the Lovedale Mission there, also Moderator of the General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland ; the Rev. Joseph King, organizing agent of the London Missionary Society in Australasia; Mr. Eugene Stock, of London, for many years Secretary of the Church Missionary Society, and organizer of its branches in Australasia and Canada; the Rev. J. C. Hartzell, D.D., Missionary Bishop of the Methodist Church in Africa; also many other well-known missionaries, as Dr. M. L. Gordon, of Japan, and Dr. H. G. O. Dwight, of Constantinople. Mr. and Mrs. Duncan McLaren, of Edinburgh, have been for many years active in promoting the missions of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, and will speak with authority from what they have observed in the tours they have made to visit their missions in India, China, and Japan. Among other names which we are reluctant to pass over is that of Miss Mary Reed, head of the asylum for lepers at Chandag, India, whose interesting story was lately published by the Revell Company; Miss Irene H. Barnes, of London, representing the Zenana Mission of the Church of England among Hindu women; and Miss Lilavarati Singh, a Hindu lady, who, having taken the

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1900) The Ecumenical Missionary Conference of 1900
A.B. and A.M. degrees with honor in the University of
Calcutta, is now professor of English literature in the
Woman's College of the Methodist Church at Lucknow.
All these are expected to address the Conference. And
probably no speakers will touch the general public with
such interest as those who, like the venerable John G.
Paton, the Apostle of the New Hebrides, from actual
contact with the facts of human life in non-Christian
lands, describe the struggle and the achievement of the
missionary in lifting that life from lower to higher levels
of morality and religion, of intelligence and welfare.
The evening assemblies in various places will be largely
of this character, while the mornings in Carnegie Hall
will be more devoted to subjects requiring deliberation
and discussion.

But the names above mentioned, with the others on the programme, are, with few exceptions, British or American. Representatives are there of Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland, but none from France has as yet been enrolled. There are several French Protestant missionary societies, one of which, since the French conquest of Madagascar, has been doing good work as the successor of the London Missionary Society. Some one of these may yet respond to the invitation to appear. But, as the Conference represents only the Protestant part of Christendom, some have asked, How can it be called "ecumenical," a name which affirms it as representing the inhabited world? Because it is a Conference of missions that are truly ecumenical, of workers who have actually gone into all parts of the inhabited world, and can truly say, with wandering Æneas:

Quæ regio in terris nostri non plena laboris? Because it represents the Protestant missionary societies, whose fields are in all non-Christian lands, in their present endeavor to co-operate in a united forward movement for the evangelization of the inhabited world, it is, in the genuinely Christian sense of the word, more truly ecumenical than any of the ancient councils which are so termed-councils which indeed represented the entire Church scattered throughout the Mediterranean world, but represented no interest in, no missionary undertaking for, the outer darkness of the pagan multitudes that stretched northward, eastward, southward, through the world as then known.

This wide-world interest will be imparted to the coming Conference not only by the personality of the delegates from all quarters of the globe, but also by the representative objects there brought together. A Missionary Exhibit has been prepared, which will visibly illustrate the social and moral conditions of the peoples for whom the Conference is interested, and the actual surroundings of the missionary in his work. It will also be, as far as possible, representative of the actual progress made during this century of missions. The ample Parish House of the Church of Zion and St. Timothy, at 333 West Fifty-sixth Street, quite near Carnegie Hall, has





been generously granted for the occasion. Spirit is essentially a missionary spirit. To secure the permanence of this exhibit, And the blessing which this World-Conwhich is likely to prove as serviceable ference of Missions brings to the churches here as it has been in England, particularly of this city and vicinity is precisely in the in furnishing loan exhibitions whenever revival and reinforcement of the missiondesired to promote interest in missions, a ary spirit essential to the reality of their corporation has already been formed. Christian faith. And now it is high

The Conference will open on Saturday time for very many who as yet are but afternoon, April 21, with an address by dimly conscious of the greatness of the the Honorary President, Mr. Harrison. opportunity to be fully awake to it before The Rev. Judson Smith, D.D., Secretary it has passed. of our oldest missionary society, the It is both desirable and probable that American Board of Commissioners for sympathetic meetings will be arranged in Foreign Missions, will deliver, as Chair- various cities not too far away to borrow man of the General Committee, an address from the Conference a few delegates or misof welcome, in response to which four sionaries for a day. Yet many churches addresses will be made in behalf of the more remote will be gazing hitherward, British, German, and Australian delega- and regretting the distance that prevents tions and the missionary corps. On the two their getting into even the outermost following Sundays the various churches ring of participants. The most distant of in the metropolitan district will be ad- these, however, may get coals from our dressed by delegates and missionaries. fire. Let such a church select the best Some time during the week, crowded as it member it has—man or woman--for the will be with the general, sectional, and over- business of observing and reporting; send flow meetings that are planned, a public that member here as its delegate, expenses reception will be given, which, it is under- paid, and then turn out in full ranks to stood, President McKinley will attend, hear the story of the Conference from him. with many others of high position in the This foreword of the Conference must public service and other stations. The end with a business-like word—a word so Conference will close on Tuesday eve- far from being an anticlimax to a great ning, May 1, with addresses on the present subject that St. Paul annexed it to his situation, the general outlook, and the sublime pæan on the Resurrection : “Now demand for the twentieth century.

concerning the collection for the saints." Never before have the churches of this This Conference will cost $40,000--a city and vicinity been greeted by the op- fraction, indeed, of the amount often spent portunity of such a spiritual uplift as this on some popular celebration; a fraction, World-Conference presents. That uplift too, of the amount it will produce, as is most thoroughly spiritual which is most experience has proved, in the increased broadly human in its sympathy with the returns of coming years to missionary gracious purposes of God for the raising treasuries. One-half of that $40,000 has of all fellow-men out of darkness into His been guaranteed ; less than half paid in; marvelous light. In our times new tests the time has come when the whole should of Christian character, different from those be in hand. Every church should at once that satisfied less philanthropic centuries, send $5, or more, to the Treasurer, Mr. inust be applied both to individuals and George Foster Peabody, 27 Pine Street, to churches, to whom the physical, moral, New York. Somebody in every church and religious destitutions of the non- should concern himself, or herself, to see Christian peoples have been uncovered, that it is done the day after reading this. and doors formerly shut have been opened And now, to all to whom this article has by the ubiquitous hand of commerce for appealed to interest themselves in this access to their relief. In such times as ours Conference by due attention to it, as the the Christianity that cares little for minis- greatest Christian assembly that has yet try to the needs of the unevangelized parts been gathered on this continent, there is of the world is not enlightened Christian- but one thing more to say. It is not on ity; the church that declines its due quota their business any more than yours that of missionary service is no true church of these brethren are coming hither from all Christ, led by the Spirit of Christ. That parts of the world.

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