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p John, 6 : 37, 39, and 10: 15, 16. 91 John, 2:1; Rom. 8:34. r John, 15: 13, 15; Eph. 1: 7, 8, 9; John, 17: 6. s John, 14: 16; Heb. 12 : 22; 2 Cor. 4:13; Rom. 8:9, 14, and 15: 18, 19; John, 17:17. * Psal. 110:1; 1 Cor. 15 : 25, 26; Psal. 4:2, 3; Col. 2 : 15.

CHAP. IX.

OF FREE WILL.

I. God hath cnducd the will of man with that natural liberty and power of acting upon choice, that it is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined to do good or evil."

a Matt. 17 : 12 ; Jam. 1:14; Deut. 30 : 19.

II. Man in his state of innocency had freedom and power to will and to do that which was good and well-pleasing to God; but yet mutably, so that he might fall from it.

b Gen. 1 : 26; Eccl. 7: 29; Gen. 3 : 6. c Gen. 2: 16, 17.

III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation, so as a natural

man, being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin, is not able by his own strength to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.

d Rom. 5:6; John, 15 : 5. e Rom. 3 : 10, 12. f Eph. 2:1, 5; Col. 2 : 13. & John, 6 : 44, 65; Eph. 2 : 2, 3, 4, 5; 1 Cor. 2 : 14; Tit. 3 : 3, 4, 5.

IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and by his grace alone enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good ;i yet so as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil.k

h Col. 1: 13; Phil. 2 : 13. i Rom. 6: 18, 22. k Gal. 5: 17 ; Rom. 7: 15, 18, 19, 21, 23.

V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to good alone in the state of glory only.

1 1 John, 3 : 2 ; Jude, 24 ; Eph. 4:13; Heb. 12 : 23.

CHAP. X.

OF EFFECTUAL CALLING,

I. ALL those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only he is pleased in his appoint

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ed and accepted time effectually to call a by his word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ, enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God, taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh. Renewing their wills and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good, and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ :3 yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace. a Rom. 8 : 30, and 11:7; Eph. 1: 10, 11.

b Thes. 2; 13, 14; 2 Cor. 3:3, 6. c Rom. 8:7; Eph. 2: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; 1 Tim. 1:9, 10. Acts, 26 : 18 ; Col. 2 : 10, 11 ; Eph. 1:17, 18. e Ezek. 36 : 26. f Ezek. 11:19; Phil. 2 13; Deut. 30 : 6; Ezek. 36 : 27. 8 Eph. 1 :

:19; John. 6 : 44, 45. h Cant. 1:4; Psal. 110:3; John, 6 :

Rom. 6:16, 17, 18.

37;

II. This effectual call is of God's free and special grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in man, who is altogether passive therein, until being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit, he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.

i 2 Tim. 1 : 9; Tit. 3 : 4,5 : Eph. 2: 4, 5, 8, 9; Rom. 9:11. k 1 Cor. 2 : 14 ; Rom. 8:7; Eph. 2: 5. 1 1 John 6:37; Ezek. 36 : 27; Rom. 8:9; John 5: 25.

III. Elect infants dying in infancy are regenerated and saved by Christ,m who worketh when and where, and how he pleaseth ; " so also are all other elect persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the word.

m Luke, 18 : 15, 16, and Acts, 2 : 38, 39, and John 3 : 5, and 1 John, 5 : 22, compared Rom. 8 : 9. n John 3:8. 01 John, 5 : 12 ; Acts 4:12.

IV. Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the word, and may have some common operations of the Spirit,9 yet not being effectually drawn by the Father, they neither do nor can come unto Christ, and, therefore cannot be saved ;r much less can men not professing the Christian Religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess; s and to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested.

p Matt. 23: 14 ; 9 Matt. 7: 22, and 13: 20, 21 ; Heb. 6: 4, 5. r John, 6 : 64, 65, 66, and 8: 24. s Acts, 4 : 12; John, 14:6; Eph. 2 : 12 ; John, 4: 22, and 17: 3. John, 9:10, 11 ; 1 Cor. 16 : 22 ; Gal. 1:6, 7, 8.

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CHAP. XI.

OF JUSTIFICATION.

I. THOSE whom God effectually calleth, he also freely justifieth, a not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous, not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone; nor by imputing Faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness, but by imputing Christ's active obedience to the whole law, and passive obedience in his sufferings and death, for their whole and sole righteousness, they receiving and resting on him and his righteousness by faith ; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God.

a Rom. 8 : 30, and 3 : 24. b Rom. 4:4, 5, 6, 7, 8; 2 Cor. 5:19, 21 ; Rom. 3:22, 24, 25, 27, 28 ; Tit. 3:5, 7; Eph. 1:7; Jer. 23 : 6; 1 Cor. 2 : 30, 31 ; Rom. 5 : 17, 18, 19. c Acts, 10 : 44; Gal. 2 : 16 ; Phil. 3:9; Acts 13: 38, 39; Eph. 2: 7, 8.

II. Faith thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification ;d yet it is not alone in the person jus

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