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In view of such an amazing increase as this, what overwhelming responsibilities rest upon the present church! Fifty years hence, and where there is now one person there will be give, and a hundred years hence, sixteen. Sixteen times as many souls must pass their probation on our soil-will he exposed 10 eternal perll-and will require a propor tional amount of effort for their salvation. In fifty years from this time, if the io fluerice of religion be no greater in proportion to the number of the people than it is now, our children now around our tables and in schools, will behold in our land nearly five times as many agencies of evil as at present “Where one theatre, with its purlieus of vice and lafamy, now allures to destruction," five "of those noxious seminaries will then edu. cale their hundreds and their thousands for a lite of profligacy and a hopeless end; where one jall now raises its horrid and cheerless front," five will vex the eyes of the political economist, and chill the beart of every friend of man. Where a penitentiary now adınils a regiment of disarmed malefactors, and confines them in degrading servitude and chains, its walls must be so extended as to recrive a little army or relons, who will he prevented by physical force alone from seizing the property, or silacking the lives of peaceable in ha: bilants. For one printed velicle or slander and falsehood, of ribaldry and blasphemy, which uow dislionors the press,"five of these pestiferous agents will pervade the coule muoty; and all sorts of wischievous influence will be increased in the same proportion."
J. Evarts. The declaration of American independence is, to our old men, but as an event of yes terday. Looking forward no farther than the period that has elapsed since that event, and we bchold a hundred inillions of souls living under the institutions, and inheriting the character brqueathed to ibem by us. The fathers, mothers, and preachers, and schoolmasters, who ar- to mould ibai generation, are now in our arins and at our fire.sides; and what we make them, they will make the juillions of the next century.
What a privilege oughi we to count it, 10 live here, in the very in fancy of this nation, and to be permitted to vive the starting impulse to causes whose action will not cease tiil such vart unultitudes lave felt their influence in shaping their destiny for the life ilial now is and for that which is to conne! How can we answer it to our ows consciences-how cao we answer it to our God- how can we meet in judgment myriads of the unsaved from among our fellow.countrymer, if we do not with our mix bt for ibem now, what our harulo find to do? The line for planting those institutions which are indispensable for perpeluating the prosperity of our country, and securing to her vast populatiori, in all cowlug time, the light of everlasliug life, will soon be past The work of the present generation cannot be handed uver to the next.
THE DUTCH HISTORY. "HOLLAND is the land of chivalry of the middle classes. Here they may suy in honest pride to the hereditary Lords and Nobles of the earth in the other countries of Europe, 'See what we grocers, fish-curers, and ship owners have done in days of yore in this little country!' But, alas! this glary is faded. In the deserted streets of Delft, and Leyden, and Harlem the grass is growing through the seams of the brick pavements, the ragged petticoat futters in the wiod out of the drawing-room case. ment of a palude; the echo of the woodeo shoes, slattering through the empty saloons, tells of past magnificence- of actual indigence. This has been a land of warlike deeds of high and independent feeling; the home of patriota, of heroen, of scholars, phitusophers, of men of science, of artists, of the persecuted for righteous and political opinions from every country, and of the generous spirits wbo patronized them. Why is the Holland of our minds no longer that old Holland of the 16th and 171b centuries? Wby are ber streets silent, ber canals green with undisturbed slime?
"The greatness of Holland was founded on commercial prosperity and capital, not upoo productive industry. Her capital and industry were not employed in producing what ministers to human wants and gratifi. Cations; but in transmitting what other countries produced, or manufac. tured, from one country to another. She was their broker.' When their capitals, applied at first more beneficially to productive industry, had grown large enough to enter also into the business of circulation, as well as into that of production into commerce, properly so called, the prosperity of Holland founded upon commerce alone, unsupported by a basis vf productive industry within herself, among the mass of her own population, fell to the ground. This is the history of Holland. It speaks an important lesson to nations."
Pews from the Churches.
Louisiana, Missouri, July 14, 1812. Within the last few days we have received thirty-six of the principal citizens of this county: und since my return from St. Louis finy persons have been iranslated from the kingdom of darkness into the kingdom of favor and peace. The harvest is truly plente. ous bere, but very few laborers,
J. CREATH, Jr. Centreville, Bourbon county, Kentucky, July 22, 1812 I have intelligence still more pleasing than the good news in iry last. The meeting at Republicani, in Fayette county, which closed on the 16th ultimo, after seven days labors, ultimated, as you would have anticipated, from brother J. Curd's excellent letter, ju gaiving 90 for the Lord, wearly all from the world. On Friday before the first Lord's day in this month, we bekan a theeting at New Union, in Woodford county, and continued six days. Sixty volunteers (none of course polied) rallied to the standard of our glorious Caplaio. On the next Saturday (9111) we commenced a meeting at Old Union, in Fay. etle county, and gained 56 additions. Those old and experienced soldiers of the cross, Thomas and Jom smiths, were with us at the latter place, to the great joy and edification of all. Our weeting here lasted seven days. On the following day I set out for Macedo. mia, in Fayeite county, where I remained five days. With the assistance of brother J. Rogers we gained 21 noble souls to Christ. The whole country eeems to be aroused, nud hundreds are turning 10 the Lord. May Heaven grant that they may brighily dig. play in life the religion. they profese. Tlus in five or six weeks we have witnessed the surrender of 2.29 persons to the Lord. Praised he his holy namel The cause of ile Bible, Christian union, liberty, and love will prevail.
JOHN ALLEN GANO. Millersburg, Callaway county, Missouri, June 21, 1842. The gospel has been gloriously triumphing in our neighborhood. I haye lately baptized twenty.threr, and liave witnessed the confession of six others, some of whoni have since been baptized by brother Rice; the rest will be baptized shortly. The cause is also pirogreasing at other places. Brethren Marcus P Wills and Thomas M. Allen have lalterly baptized a great wany. May the Lord continue his blessivys with all the holy brethren!
Laporte, Indiana, July 13, 1842. The good cause which yon plead is progressing slowly in this part of the country. We concluded a meeting yesterday, on Stillwelt Prairie, in the south part of this comty, w thich caused us to rrjoice greatly. On Lord's day we constituted a church of Afteen pretubers The merling continued until Monday evening, when eleven more united. T'en during the meeting put on the Lord Jesus by confession and immersion, and pros pects are good for more. Our congregations were large, and very attentive most part of the time. Preaching brethren present, Sargent, Comer, and myself. 01 how I long for the wignal advancement of the good cause in Northern Indiana!
G. W, TURNER.
Mifflin, Richland county, Ohio, July 13, 1842. I inte my pen to inform yon of the happy result of our meeting on last Lord's day.Thiraigh the labors of our beloved brother J. Reed, our evangelist, eleven joyful converts were added to our numher by haplisos; also, four others four weeks previous, and pros. pecto good for the future; for which we thank our heavenly Father and take courage.
Richmond, Virginia, July 14, 1842. Again I feel it my duty to make you glad at the prospect of belier times in the metrope. lis of this Old Dominion. Since I wrote last we have immersed thirteen, eight men and five women-all good respectable citizens. The First Baptist Church cut off a member who asked a letter or certificate; but for some cause or other thought betler of it, and gare him a certificate. We trust the old asperities will rub off in time; and when they sce or wey can see) that we are bent upon serving God more devoutly, and not upon building up a sect, they will take us hy the hand and help us to exalt the Saviour to that place in the koarts of the people which has been usurped by Popes, Priests, creeds and human dogmus.
Minerva, Ohio, July 26, 1842. I live closed my meeting in Lisbon The result is, thirteen moru obeyed the gospel Te veok before, in East Fairficid, we had eighteen, making thirty oue in three weeks.
JH JONES. Newark, Licking county, Ohio, August 10, 1842. Just closed a meeting at Elizabethtown-12 obeyed. Also, at the Brushy Fork of Licking, 4 submitteil, and 6 elsewhere-in all, 21.
Albion, Illinois, August 5, 1842. We have now five churches in this small county, containing about 200 niemberg Brothers Mathes and Edmondson, from Indiana, with brother Goodwin, preached here on Fatarday, Lord's day, and Munday: Two additions to ibe church at Albion; five at brother Mills'; and one at Bompus. The brethren intend constituting another church at Gryville, 7 miles from one, Monday week. Brother Goodwin is not only very successful as a huilder up of churches, but very Zealous in enforcing practical holiness, thai Christians may so let their light shine before aw , that others seeing their good works, may glorify their l'ather who is in heaven. May the good cause spread far and wide, and 10 God be ali the glory!
Richmond, Virginia, August 10, 1842. Since I last wrote I have been a trip to the lower country. i continued to haptize up to the morning of my departure from our city. On the norning I left, I baptized a re. siectable lady hy haif alier 4 o clock, and was on the Norfolk boat at sun rise. I preachen four times at Grafton in York county, three times in Hampton, once at the Grove, once at William-burg, and I wice at Hickory Nery in Jam's City Counly. Nine respecta. ble additions were made to the good cause of original Christianity. This was performed in seven days. several have been baptized bere since my last account.
Fayette, Mi, August 3, 1842. The eause of Jesus is advancing a little here. We have liomersed twelve or fifteen persons ibis year, some of them influential persons. The church here numbers 44Prospecte somewhat flattering There was one inqersed a few weeks since the same hour of the night in which he confessed.
D. M. DARDEN.
ANNUAL MEETING. The next Annual Meeting of the brethren in Upper Missoni will be held at Barry, in Clay county, on the Friday before the second Lord's day in October
OBITUARY. Ir trecomes our painful duty to announce the departure of two sisters from our society, with whom we oft communed, and for whom we entertained no ordinary esteem. They have gone over to the majority, and left us only the remembrance of their virtues. But we of the minority will soon follow them, and renew our acquaintance in happier climes.
PITTSBURG, July 28, 1842. Dear brother Campbell-It hecomes my painful duty to inform you that our beloved sister CATHARINÈ M:VAY, wife of brother J T M Vay, this day, at 2 o'clock PM, departed this life, after an illness of near six weeks She bore her sickness with Christian fortitude, and before her death expressed her confidence in God, and gave rvidence of poscessing a glorious hope of immortality Her loss is deeply felt by her husband and by ali her friends; but they sorrow not as those who have no hope. Her death was tranquil as her life had been exemplary and useful. May the Lord help us all to live the of the righteous, that our last days may be like theirs! Yours in Christ,
WARRICK MARTIN. Fal asleep in the hope of eternal life, on the 9th of July last, in her 75th year, sister JANE GARRET, wife of James Garret, of Guernsey county, Ohio. Sister Garrel was one of the first disciples of the apostolic faith as tanght in the present reformation. She ben been an intimate acquaintance of mine for some thirty years; and if a pious and ex. amplary attachment to the Lord's cause and people can authorize us to say that such are blessed, then hath she entered into the rest that remains for the people of God.
THE NATURE OF THE CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATION.
No. VII. Never has the necessity or importance of a scriptural organization of churches appeared to me in a more interesting attitude, nor as demanding a more candid and concentrated application of mind, than at the present moment, Church order has long been regarded by me, as well as by many intelligent and devoted Christians, as a subject of vital importance to the interest and honor of the Christian institution. But to contemplate myriads of zealous disciples of Christ essaying to restore the original order of things-to walk after the divinely approved models of the apostolic communities and yet so defective in both the theory and practice of Christian organization, is a subject not merely of deep regret, but of the most serious inquiry and research. Our daily discoveries, during a recent tour of seven weeks, in which we have conversed with many Elders of churches, and seen many thousand Christians, superadded to all our former reflections and experiences, have again arrested our attention and commanded our thoughts to this all engrossing subject. And to call forth all our energies on this topic, our more intelligent brethren and our friends amongst the various denominations are every where obtruding it upon our consideration, and demanding a full discussion of the entire subject of church organization.
So earnest and so urgent are these demands, so numerous and so zealous the inquiries for light, and so vital the subject to the harmoni. ous and vigorous action of the whole Christian community, that we are prompted—nay, impelled to look into the whole matter with all possible discrimination. A learned and intelligent brother in one of the most respectable branches of the Chr stian profession, has very opportunely invited a discussion on so much of the subject as concerns the Christian ministry; and this involves the whole question
of constitutional organization. I am therefore providentially constrained to investigate this subject with candor, assiduity, and all possible despatch.
True, indeed, that the Christian facts, the Christian doctrine, and the Christian characier, standing as they do in the most intimate relation to our individual and personal salvation from sin and ruin, are always first in order, as they are first in importance in whatever concerns the honor and happiness of man. The organization and govern. ment of the Christian church are indeed very intimately connected with all the precepts and the promises of the Christian gospel, and whatever essentially affects the one must more or less involve the other. Still the question of organization and administration is not first, but second, both in the order of time and of importance. The first being amongst the senior departments of the current reformation, much canvassed and pretty well understood, the second now calls for an impartial and full development.
Regarding the latter rather as the politics of Christianity than as of its essence or of jis soul-redeeming power, I fear nothing from any apparent or real division of views or theories on the subject amongst our brethren. We are not disposed to schism, division, or even strife on any theoretical views of church organization or church govern
The strong amongst us do not despise the weak, nor do the weak condemn the strong; but the strong wait on the weak, and bear with the weak, and do not serk to please themselves, but to maintain unity of spirit in the bonds of peace.
The three great denominations of Protestants so unreasonably and so ardently differed on the politics of Christianity as to inflame each other to a paroxysm of discord, insomuch that each of them left the arena of conflict under the banners of his own theory of Christian politics. Hence the names Episcopalian, Presbyterian, and Independdent, or Congregationalist, are severally inscribed on the partizan flagg of these three great schisms of Protestants, and regarded as ensigns armorial of their respeciive families. We doubtless have learned neither to love nor to hate each other on account of the mere politics of the Protestant families, and to discuss any question with modera. tion, Christian affection, and zeal.
Without farther ceremony I here introduce to the attention of our readers the following essays from a correspondent of high standing and respectability; and though not of us, is to be heard with all respect; indeed, with more attention than if he were one of us, inasmuch as his views are not biassed by any predilections for our peculiarities, nor are they, perhaps, at all tinctured with any special antipathy toward our