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mated to three of his disciples at the transfiguration, that the dispensations of Moses and John were to pass away; and that he taught himself “ that the kingdom of God. cometh not with observation ;" or that it consisted not in those outward and lifeless ordinances, in which many of those to whom he addressed himself placed the essence of their religion.

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CHAPTER XVI.

SECTION I.

Supper of the Lord--Two such suppers; one enjoined by Moses, the other by Jesus Christ The former called the Passover-original manner of its celebrulionthe use of bread and wine added to i-ihese long in use when Jesus Christ celebrated it --Since his time alterations made in this supper ly the Jewsbut l'read and wine still continued to be component parts of it, and continue so to the present dayModern manner of

ihe celebration of il. THERE

HERE are two Suppers of the Lord recorded in the Scriptures ; the first enjoined by Moses, and the second by Jesus Christ.

The first is called the Supper of the Lord, because it was the last supper which Jesus Christ participated with his disciples, or which the Lord and Master celebrated with them in commemoration of the Passover. And it may not improperly be called the Supper of the Lord on another account, be

cause

cause it was the

supper

which the lord and master of every Jewish family celebrated, on the same festival, in his own house.

This supper was distinguished, at the time alluded to, by the name of the Passover-supper. The object of the institution of it was to commemorate the event of the Lord passing over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered the former from their hard and oppressive bondage.

The directions of Moses concerning this festival were short, but precise.

On the fourteenth day of the first month, called Nissan, the Jews were to kill a lamb in the evening. It was to be eaten in the same evening, roasted with fire ; and the whole of it was to be eaten, or the remains of it to be consumed with fire before morning. They were to eat it with loins girded, with their shoes on their feet, and with their staves in their hands, and to eat it in haste. The bread, which they were to eat, was to be unleavened, all of it, and for seven days. There was to be no leaven in their houses during that time. Bitter herbs also were to be used at this feast. And none who were VOL. II.

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uncircum

uncircumcised were allowed to partake of it.

This was the simple manner in which the Passover and the feast of unleavened bread (which was included in it) were first celebrated. But as the Passover, in the age following its institution, was not to be killed and eaten in any other place than where the Lord chose to fix his name, which was afterwards at Jerusalem, it was suspended for a time. The Jews, however, retained the festival of unleavened bread wherever they dwelt. At this last feast, in .

process of time, they added the use of wine to the use of bread. The introduction of the wine was followed by the introduction of new customs.

The lord or master of the feast used to break the bread, and to bless it, saying, “ Blessed be thou, O Lord, who givest us the fruits of the earth!" He used to take the cup, which contained the wine, and bless it also : “ Blessed be thou; O Lord, who givest us of the fruit of the vine!” The bread was twice blessed upon this occasion, and given once to every individual at the

But the cup was handed round three times to the guests. During the intervals

between

feast.

between the blessing and taking of the bread and of the wine, the company acknowledged the deliverance of their ancestors from the Egyptian bondage; they lamented their

present state ; they confessed their sense of the justice of God in their punishment; and they expressed their hope of his

mercy,

from his former kind dealings and gracious promises.

In process of time, when the Jews were fixed at Jerusalem,' they revived the celebration of the Passover; and as the feast of unleavened bread was connected with it, they added the customs of the latter, and blended the eating of the lamb, and the use of the bread and wine, and their several accompaniments of consecration, into one ceremony. The bread therefore and the wine had been long in use as constituent parts of the Passover-supper, (and indeed of all the solemn feasts of the Jews,) when Jesus Christ took upon himself, as the master of his own family of disciples, to celebrate it. When he celebrated it, he did as the master of every Jewish family did at that time. He took bread, and blessed, and broke, and gave it to his disciples. He took the cup

of 2 C 2

wine,

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