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cleanse our hands!” He then breaks the uppermost cake of bread in the dish, and says,

“ Blessed art thou, O Lord, our God, king of the universe, who hast brought forth bread from the earth!” Then he takes half of another cake of bread, and breaks it, and says,

- Blessed art thou, O Lord, our God, king of the universe, who hast sanctified us with thy commandments, and commanded us to eat the unleavened bread!” Then he gives every one at the table of each of the two cakes of bread that are broken, and every one repeats audibly the two last blessings. He then takes the green top from the horse-radish, and puts on the balls before mentioned, and pronounces a blessing. He then puts these into the hands of the

guests, and they pronounce the same. After this he cuts the bottom cake, and puts a piece of it upon a piece of horse-radish, and pronounces a formula of words in allusion to an historical fact.

These ceremonies having been thus completed, the guests sup.

After supper a long grace iş said. Then the fourth


is filled. A long prayer follows on the subject of creation. This is


again followed by a hymn, enumerating and specifying the twelve wonders which God did at midnight. Another hymn succeeds, specifying the fifteen great works which God did at different times, both on the night and on the day of the Passover. Then follows a prayer in praise of God, in which a desire is expressed that they may be again brought to Jerusalem. Then follows a blessing on the fourth cup, which is taken; after which another hymn is sung, in which the assistance of the Almighty is invoked for the rebuilding of the temple. This hymn is followed by thirteen canticles, enumerating thirteen remarkable things belonging to the Jews; soon after which the ceremony ends.

This is the manner, or nearly the manner, in which the Passover is now celebrated by the Jews. The bread is still continued to be blessed, and broken, and divided, and the cup to be blessed, and handed round among


guests; and this is done whether they live in Asia, or in Europe, or other part

in any

of the known world.

SECTION * John vi. 27.


Second Supper is that enjoined by Jesus at Caper

naum-It consists of bread from Heaven-or of the flesh and blood of Christ--But these are not of a material nature, like the Passover-bread, or corporeal part of Jesus--but wholly of a spiritual - Those who receive it are spiritually nourished. by itand may le said to sup with Christ- This

-Supper supported the Patriarchs--and must le taken by all Christians-Various ways in which this Supper may le enjoyed.

The second Supper recorded in the Scriptures, in which bread and the body and blood of Christ are mentioned, is that which was enjoined by Jesus when he addressed the multitude at Capernaum. Of this supper the following account may be given : .. “ Labour not *,” says he to the multitude, “ for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you.”

A little further on in the same chapter,


when down

when the Jews required a sign from heaven (such as when Moses gave their ancestors manna in the wilderness) in order that they might believe on him, he addressed them thus: “Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my

Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he that cometh down from heaven, and giveth light unto the world.

." Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life. He that cometh unto me shall never hunger, and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.” It appears

that in the course of these and other words that were spoken upon this occasion, the Jews took offence at Jesus Christ, because he said he was the bread that came down from heaven : for they knew he was the son of Joseph; and they knew both his father and mother. Jesus therefore directed to them the following observations:

66 I am the bread of life. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the bread, which cometh

If any

down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. I am the living bread, which came down from heaven. man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever. And the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat? Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whosoever eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day; for my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me and I in him. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

This is that bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead; he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.

As the Jews were still unable to comprehend the meaning of his words, which they discovered by murmuring, and pronouncing


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