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DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, TO WIT :
District Clerk's Office. BE it remembered, that on the twenty-eighth day of August, A. D. 1820, and in the forty-fifth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Hilliard & Metcalf of the said district have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following, viz.
“ Letters addressed to Trinitarians and Calvinists, occasioned by Dr. Woods' Letters to Unitarians. By Henry Ware, D. D. Hollis Professor of Divinity in the University at Cambridge."
In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned;" and also to an Act, entitled,
“ An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned ; and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical and other prints."
J, W. DAVIS, Clerk of the District of Massachusetcs.
Occasion of the following letters.-Controversy useful.-
Importance of the points at issue.
Atonement.-Alleged misrepresentations.-Language of
the Orthodox not to be understood literally Re-
demption.-Sacrifice.-Atonement.-Two natures and
LETTER VI. 76-86.
Divine influence. That which is peculiar to Calvinism to
be distinguished.-General doctrine.-Indirect influ-
LETTER VII. 86-103,
Tendency and moral influence of Unitarian and of Trini-
tarian views,-generally,-as respects piety to God,
TO TRINITARIANS AND CALVINISTS.
The Letters of the Rev. Dr. Woods to Unitarians, which have now been for some time before the public, suggest to me the propriety of addressing the few following pages on the same subjects, to Trinitarians and Cal. vinists. I feel the greater readiness to do it, and enter upon the task the more cheerfully, as the discussion of the interesting subjects, about which they are concerned, seems to be taking a character of moderation, temperance, and urbanity, which promises a favourable result. It assures us, that the great end, which, on each side, we propose to ourselves, will not be lost sight of in the ardour of debate, and the desire to maintain subordinate opin. ions, in which we differ from each other; and that we are not going to sacrifice the spirit of religion to any of its forins, or its dogmas.
I am far from thinking religious controversy to be universally an evil. It becomes so, only when it is improperly conducted. It is bad, and produces bad effects, only when the discussion of interesting questions of faith or duty is carried on with an intemperate spirit, or with sophistry; and when the disputants, ranged on each side, manifest inore of a spirit of party, than of the love of truth. So far indeed is the public discussion of those questions, about which Christians hold different opinions, from being a thing, that should be discouraged as hurtful; that we ought rather to rejoice in it, as an evidence of a prevailing interest in the subject of religion in general, as
a symptom of religious life in the community, and as a ineans of preserving that life, of awakening a deeper interest, of turning the public attention still more to the subject, and thus furnishing opportunities for impressing upon the minds of men a sense, which they might otherwise not have, of its high value and importance. These desirable effects it may produce in a considerable degree, however imperfectly and defectively the controversy may be conducted, and although great faults of manner, and even of temper, may mingle themselves in the debate. But if there be a reasonable degree of exemption from bad passions, party views, the arts of controversy, and offensive personality; the effect of bringing the subject into view, in the various lights in which it inay
presented, can hardly fail to be highly favourable to the cause of Christian truth.
The book, which has given occasion to the present pamphlet, and upon which some remarks will be made in the course of the discussions which follow, is entitled to more than common attention on several accounts. The subjects of which it treats are in themselves highly important; and being those, about which the Christian community is at the present time much divided, they have.excited a peculiar interest of late by being brought more frequently than common before the public mind. It comes from a gentleman of acknowledged talents and learning, and of high standing among his brethren as a scholar and a theologian. It professes to speak with authority, as it speaks in the naine of that part of the Christian community, for whom it claims the very honourable distinction of the Orthodox of New England,” and is designed to explain and defend the opinions, by which they are distinguished, for the purpose of guarding them against misapprehension, and in order to do away the effects of misrepresentation.
The writer of the following sheets hopes to perform the duty he has assigned himself, whatever inay be its defects in other respects, in a spirit, which shall not be liable to exception. It is his design to make such remarks, as occur to him, on the opinions and reasonings of the pamphlet before him, and to give a free exposition of his own views upon the several subjects treated of by Dr. Woods,