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satisfied. However, mind, been drawn from other parts of on our guard; and defy the devil the kingdom to be expended on

Barracks, Magazines, Martelloto deceive us now.

Towers, Catamarans, and all the I am, my Lords,

excuses for lavish expenditure, Your Lordships'

which the war for the Bourbons Most obedient Servant gave rise to. All things will reAud constant Friend,

turn; these rubbishy flimsy things,

on this common, will first be de WM, COBBETT.

serted, then crumble down, then swept away, and the cattle, sheep, pigs and

geese

will once more KENTISH JOURNAL. graze upon the common, which

will again furnish heath, furze and TUESDAY, Dec. 4, 1821. Elver- turf for the labourers on the neighton Farm, near Faversham, Kent. bouring lands.—After you leave - This is the first time, since I Dartford - the land becomes exwent to France, in 1792, that cellent. You come to a bottom I have been on this side of Shoot-of chalk, many feet from the surers' Hill. The land, generally face, and when that is the case the speaking, from Deptford to Dart- land is sure to be good; no wet ford is poor, and the surface ugly at bottom; no deep ditches, no by nature, to which ugliness there water furrows, necessary; suffihas been made, just before we cientiy moist in dry weather, and came to the latter place, a con- no water lying about upon it in siderable addition by the inclosure wet weather for any length of of a common; and by the sticking time. The chalk acts as a filterup of some shabby-genteel houses, ing-stone, not as a sieve, likegravel, surrounded with dead fences and and not as a dish, like clay. The things called gardens, in all man- chalk acts as the soft stone in ner of ridiculous forms, making, Herefordshire does ; but it is not all together, the bricks, hurdle- so congenial to trees that have rods and earth say, as plainly as tap-roots.-Along through Gravesthey can speak, “ Here dwell va- end towards Rochester the counnity and poverty.This is a little try presents a sort of gardening excrescence that has grown out of scene. Rochester (the Bishop of the immense sums, which have which is, or lately was, tax Cole lector for London and Middlesex) | cere desire to do their best to is a small but crowded place, smooth the inequalities of life, and lying on the south bank of the to give us, “ brave fellows," as, beautiful Medway, with a rising often as they could, strong beer, ground on the other side of the when their churlish masters or city. Stroud, which you pass fathers or husbands would have through before you come to the drenched us to death with small. bridge, over which you go to en- This, at the out-set of life, gave ter Rochester ; Rochester itself, me a high opinion of the judgand Chatham, form, in fact, one ment and justice of the female main street of about two miles and sex; an opinion which has been a half in length. -Here I was got confirmed by the observations of into the scenes of my cap-and-fea- my whole life. ---This Chatham ther days! Here, at between has had some monstrous wens sixteen and seventeen, I enlisted stuck on to it by the lavish expenfor a soldier. Upon looking up diture of the war. These will towards the fortifications and the moulder away. It is curious barracks, how many recollections enough that I should meet with erowded into

my

mind! The a gentleman in an inn at Chatham girls in these towns do not seem to give me a picture of the houseto be so pretty as they were thirty- distress in that enormous wen, eight years ago ; or, am I not so which, during the war, was stuck quick in discovering beautias as I on to Portsmouth. Not less than was then? Have thirty-eight fifty thousand people had been years

corrected my taste, or made drawn together there! These are me a hyper critic in these matters ? now dispersing. The coagulated Is it that I now look at them with blood is diluting and flowing back the solemness of a “ professional through the veins. Whole streets man," and not with the enthu- are deserted, and the eyes of the siasm and eagerness of an “ama- houses knocked out by the boys teur ?” I leave these questions that remain. The jack-daws, as for philosophers to solve. One much as to say, di Our turn to be thing I will say for the young wo- inspired and to teach is come,” men of these towns, and that is, are beginning to take possession that I always found those of them of the Methodist chapels. The that I had the great happiness to gentleman told me, that he had be acquainted with, evince a sin- been down to Portsea to sell half

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a street of houses, left him by a not the wen be dispersed! Yes, relation; and that nobody would and I shall see the eyos out of give him any thing for them furthousands of houses, if I live but ther than as very cheap fuel and a very few years. Let builders rubbish ! Good God! And is and owners of houses take warnthis “ prosperity?" Is this the ing; for such scenes are going to prosperity of the war?” Have take place, as never yet entered I not, for twenty long years, been into their speculations. This disregretting the existence of these persion of the wen is the only real unnatural, embossinents ; 'these difficulty that I see in settling the white - swellings, these odious affairs of the nation and restoring wens, produced by Corruption it to a happy state. But, disand engendering crime and mi- persed it must be; and, if there and slavery

y?. We shall be half a million, or more, of peothe whole of these wens aban-ple to suffer, the consolation is, doned by the inhabitants, and, at that the suffering will be divided last, the cannons on the fortifica- into half a million of parts. As tions

may be of some use in bat- if the swelling out of London, natering down the buildings. But, turally produced by the Funding what is to be the fate of the great system, were not sufficient; as if wen of all? The monster, called, the evil were not sufficiently great by the silly coxcombs of the from the inevitable tendency of press, " the metropolis of the em- the system of loans and funds, our pire?” What is to become of pretty gentlemen must resort to thát multitude of towns that has positive institutions to augment been stuck up around it? The the population of the Wen. They village of Kingston was smothered found that the increase of the Wen in the town of Portsea ; and why? produced an increase of thieves Because taxes, drained from other and prostitutes, an increase of all parts of the kingdom, were brought sorts of diseases, an increase of thither. Who, except such peo- miseries of all sorts; they saw, ple as “ Walter the base,” does that taxes drawn up to one point not see, that it is taxes, which produced these effects; they must have swelled out London! Who have a " penitentiary,for indoes not see, , that these taxes stance, to check the evil, and that must cease to be carried thither they must needs have in the Wen! in such . quantities ? `And, must So that here were a million of pounds, drawn up in taxes, em- | about thirty inches distant from ployed not only to keep the thieves each other.' In short, as far as and prostitutes still in the Wen, soil goes, it is impossible to see but to bring up to the Wen work- a finer country than this. You men to build the penitentiary, who frequently see à field of fifty and whose families, amounting, acres, level as a die, clean as a perhaps, to thousands, make an garden and as rich. Mr. Birkaddition to the cause of that crime beck' need not have crossed the and misery, to check which is the Atlantic and Allygkany into the object of the Penitentiary! Peo- bargain to look for land too rich ple would follow, they must fol- to bear wheat; for here is a plenty low, the million of money. How- of it. In short, this is a country ever, this is of a piece with all the of hop-gardens, cherry, apple, rest of their goings on. They pear and filbert orchards, and and their predecessors, ministers quickset hedges. But, alas! and House, have been collecting what, in point of beauty, is a together all the materials for a country without woods and lofty dreadful explosion ; and, if the trees ! And here there are very explosion be not dreadful, other few indeed. I am now sitting in heads must point out the means of a room, from the window of which prevention

I look, first, over a large and level Wednesday, 5 Dec. The land field of rich land, in which the in quitting Chatham is chalk at drilled wheat is finely come up, bottom; but, before you reach and which is surrounded by clipSITTINGBOURNE, there is a vein ped quickset hedges with a row of of gravel and sand under, but a apple trees running by the sides great depth of loam above. About of them ; next over a long sucSittingbourne the chalk bottom cession of rich meadows, which comes again, and continues on are here called marshes, the shortto this place, where the land ap- est grass upon which will fatten pears to me to be as good as it sheep or oxen; next, over a little can possibly be. Mr. William branch of the salt water which WALLER, at whose house I am, runs up to Faversham ; beyond has grown, this year, Mangel- that, on the Isle of Shepy, which Wurzel, the roots of which weigh, rises 'a little into a sort of ridge I think, on an average, twelve that runs along it; rich fields, pounds, and in rows, too, at only pastures and orchards lie all

corn

around me; and yet, I declare, f that he is a great advocate for that I a million times to one prefer corn-bills! I suppose he does as a spot to live on, the heaths, the not wish to let people who have miry coppices, the wild woods and leases see the bottom of the evil. the forests of Sussex and Hamp- He may get his rents for this shire.

year ; but it will be his last year, Thursday, 6 Dec.— " Agricul- if the interest of the Debt be not tural distress” is the great topic very greatly reduced. Some peoof general conversation. The ple, here think, that is Webb Hallites seem to prevail smuggled in even now! Perhaps here. The fact is, farmers in ge- it is, upon the whole, best that the neral read nothing but the news- delusion should continue for a papers ; these,

in the Wen, are year longer; as that would tend under the controul of the Corrup- to make the destruction of the systion of one or the other of the tem more sure, or, at least, make factions; and, in the country, the cure more radical. nine times out of ten, under the Friday, 7 Dec. - I went controul of the parsons and land- through Faversham. A very pretlords, who are the magistrates, as ty little town, and just ten minutes they are pompously called, that walk from the market-place up is to say, Justices of the peace. to the Dover turnpike-road. Here From such vehicles what are far- are the powder-affairs that Mr. mers to learn! They are, in Hume so well exposed. An ingeneral, thoughtful and sensi- mensity of buildings and expenble men ;

but, their natural sive things. Why are not these good sense is perverted by these premises let, or sold? However, publications, had it not been this will never be done, until there for which we never should have be a reformed parliament. Pretty

a sudden transition from little Van, that beauty of all beauwar to peace” lasting seven years, ties; that orator of all orators ; and more sudden in its destructive that saint of all saints; that finaneffects at last than at first. Sir cier of all financiers, said, that, Edward Knatchbull and Mr. Ho- if Mr. Hume were to pare down neywood are the members of the the expences of government to “ Collective Wisdom” for this his wish, there would be others, country. The former was, till of the Hunts, Cobbetts and Carlate, a Tar-Collector. I hear, liles, who would still want the

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