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expence to be less." I do not corruption in Kent, owing partly know how low Mr. Hume would to the swarms of West Indians, wish to go; but, for myself 1 Nabobs, Commissioners, and say, that, if I eyer have, the others of nearly the same descrippower to do it, I will reduce tion that have selected it for the the expenditure, and that in place of their residence; but, owquick time too, down to, what it ing still. more to the immense. was in the reign of Queen Anne; sumis of public money that have, that is to say, to less than is nou during 'the last thirty years, been paid to tax-gatherers for their la- expended in it. And, when one bour in collecting the taxes; and, thinks of these, the conduct of the monstrous as Van may think the people of Dover, Canterbury, and idea, I do-not regard it as impos- other places, in the case of the sible that I may have such power; ever-lamented Queen, does them which I would certainly not em- everlasting honour. The fruit in ploy to do an act of injustice to Kent is more select than in Hereany human being, and would, at fordshire, where it is raised for. the same time, maintain the throne cyder, while, in Kent, it is raised in more real splendour than that for sale in its fruit state, a great in which it is now maintained. deal being sent to the Wen and a .. But, I would have nothing to do great deal sent to the North of with any Vans, except as door-England and to Scotland. The keepers or porters.
orchards are beautiful indeed.
Kept in the neatest order, and Saturday, 8 December.-Came indeed, all belonging to them exhome very much pleased with my cels any thing of the kind to be visit to Mr. Waller, in whose seen in Normandy; and, as to house I saw no drinking of wine, apples, I never saw any so good spirits, or even beer; where all, in France as those of Kent. This even to the little children, were up county, so blessed by Providence, by candle-light in the morning, has been cursed by the system in and where the most perfect so- a peculiar degree. It has been briety was accompanied with con- the receiver of immense sums, stant cheerfulness. Kent is in a raised on the other counties. This deplorable way. The farmers are has puffed its rents to an unnaskilful and intelligent, generally tural height; and now that the speaking. But, there is infinite drain of other counties is stopped,
it feels like a pampered pony, country. There appears gene. turned ont in winter to live upon a rally to be a bottom of clay; not
It is in an extremely soft chalk; which they persist in "unsatisfactory state," and has calling clay in Norfolk. I wish certainly a greater mass of suf I had one of these Norfolk men fering to endure than any other in a coppice in Hampshire or part of the kingdom, the Wens Sussex, and I would shew bim what only excepted. Sir EDWARD clay is. · Clay is what pots and KNATCHBULL, who is a child of pans and jugs and tiles are made the system, does appear to see no of; and not soft, whitish stuff that more of the cause of these suffer- crumbles to pieces in the sun, inings than if he were a baby. How stead of baking as hard as a stone, should he ? Not very bright by and which, in dry weather, is to nature ; never listening but to one be broken to pieces by nothing side of the question ; being a man short of a sledge-hammer. The who wants high rents to be paid narrow ridges on which the wheat him : not gifted with' much light, is sown; the water furrows; the and that little having to strive water standing in the dips of the against prejudice, false shaine, pastures; the rusty iron-like coand self interest, what wonder is lour of the water coming out of there that he should not see things some of the banks; the deep in their true light!
ditches; the rusty look of the
pastures; all show, that here is a NORFOLK JOURNAL. bottom of clay.
Yet there is
gravel too; for the oaks do not Bergh-Apton, Monday, 10 Dec. grow well. It was not till I got - From the Wen to Norwich, from nearly to SUDBURY that I saw which I am now distant seven much change for the better. Here miles. There is nothing in Essex, the bottom of chalk, the soft dirty Suffolk, or this county, that can looking chalk that the Norfolk be called a hill. Essex, when people call clay, begins to be the you get beyond the immediate in-bottom, and this, with
little fluence of the gorgings and dis- exception (as far as I have been) gorgings of the Wen; that is to is the bottom of all the lands of say, beyond the demand for crude these two fine counties of Suffolk vegetables and repayment in ma- and Norfolk.--Sudbury has some nure, is by no means a fertile fine meadows near it on the sides of the river Stour. The land all acre, exclusive of the greens taken along to Bury Saint Edmund's is off two months
which weighed very fine ; but no trees worth 5 tons to the acre. Then, there looking at. Bury, formerly the is the inter tillage, so beneficial to seat of an Abbot, the last of whom the land, and the small quantity was, I think, hanged, or some of manure required in the broadhow put to death, by that match-rows, compared to what is reless tyrant, Henry vil., is a very quired when the seed is drilled pretty place; extremely clean or sown upon the level. Mr. and neat ; no ragged or dirty NICHOLLS, a neighbour of Mr. people to be seen, and women CLARKE; has a part of a field (young ones I mean) very pretty transplanted on seven turn ridges, and very neatly dressed.-On put in when in the other part of this side of Bury, a considerable the field, drilled, the plants were distance lower, I saw a field of a fortnight old. He has a much Rape, transplanted very thick, larger crop in the transplanted for, I suppose, sheep feed in the than in the drilled part. But, if spring. The farming all along it had been a fly-year, he might to Norwich is very good. The have had none in the drilled part, land clean, and every thing done while, in all probability, the crop in a masterly manner.
in the transplanted part would Tuesday, 11 Dec.--Mr. Sa- have been better than it now is, MUEL CLARKE, my host, has about seeing that a wet summer, though 30 acres of Swodes in
rows. favourable to the hitting of the Some at 4 feet distances, some at Swedes, is by no means favour30 inches ; and, about 4 acres of able to their attaining a great size the 4 feet Swedes were trans- of bulb. This is the case this year planted. I have seen thousands with all turnips. A great deal of of acres of Swedes in these coun- leaf and neck, but, not bulbs in
ties, and here are the largest crops proportion. The advantages of - that I have seen. The widest transplanting are, first, you make
are decidedly the largest sure of a crop in spite of fly; crops here.' "And, the trans- and, second, you have six weeks planted, though under disadvanta- or two months longer to prepare geous circumstances, amongst the your ground. And the advanbest of the best. The wide rows tages of wide rows are, first, that amount to at least 20 tons to the you want only about half the
quantity of manure ; and, second, | lawful queen. Fox's “ Book of that yon plough the ground two Martyrs," that ought to be called or three times during the summer. " the Book of Liars,” says that
Grove, near Holt, Thursday, Cranmer, the recanter and re-re13th Decr.-Came to the Grove canter, held out his offending hana (Mr. Withers's), near Holt, along in the flames, and cried out “that with Mr. Clarke. Through Nor-hand, that hand !" If he had wich to Aylsham and then to Holt. cried out Catherine ! Catherine! On'our road we passed the house I should have thought better of of the late Lord Suffield, who him; but, it is clear, that the married Castlereagh's wife's sis- whole story is a lie, invented by ter, who is a daughter of the late the protestants, and particularly Earl of Buckinghamshire, who by the sectarians, to white-wash had for so many years that thump- the character of this perfidious ing sinecure of eleven thousand a hypocrite and double apostate, year in Ireland, and who was the who, if bigotry had something to son of a man that, under the name do in bringing him to the stake, of Mr. Hobart, cut such a figure certainly deserved his fate, if any in supporting Lord North and af- offences committed by man can terwards Pitt, and was made a deserve so horrible a punishment. peer under the auspices of the - The present LORD SUFFIELD latter of these two heaven-born is that Mr. EDWARD HARBORD, Ministers.' This house, which is whose father-in-law left him 5001. a very
ancient one, was, they say, to buy a seat in parliament, and the birth - place of Ann de Bo- who refused to carry an adress to leyne, the mother of Queen Eliza- the late beloved and lamented beth. Not much matter; for she Queen, because Major Cartwright married the king while his real and myself were chosen to accomwife was alive. I could have ex- pany him! Never mind, my lord; cused her, if there had been no you will grow less fastidious! They marrying in the case ; but, hypo- say, however, that he is really crisy, always bad, becomes de- good to his tenants, and has told testable when it resorts to re- them, that he will take any thing ligious ceremony as its mask. She, that they can give. There is some no more than Cranmer, seems, sense in this ! He is a great Bibleto her last moments, to have re-Man; and, it is strange that he membered her sins against her cannot see, that things are out of
order, when his interference in see the estate of Mr. Hardy at this way can be at all necessary, LEVERINGSETT, a hamlet about while there is a Church that're- two miles from Holt. This is the ceives a tenth part of the produce first time that I have seen a valley of the earth. There are some oak in this part of England. Froin woods here, but very poor. Not Holt you look, to the distance of like those, not near like the worst seven or eight miles, over a very of those, in Hampshire and Here fine valley, leaving a great deal fordshire. All this eastern coast of inferior hill and dell within its seems very unpropitious to trees boundaries. At the bottom of of all sorts.-We passed through this general valley, Mr. Hardy the estate of a Mr. Marsin, whose has a very beautiful estate of house is near the road, a very about four hundred acrés. His poor spot, and the first really house is at one end of it near the poor ground I have seen in Nor- high' road, where he has a maltfólk. A nasty spewy black gravel house and a brewery, the neat on the top of a sour clay. It is and ingenious manner of managworse than the heaths between ing which I'would detail if my Godalming and Liphook; for, total unacquaintance with machiwhile it is too poor to grow any nery did not disqualify me for the thing but heath, it is too cold to task. His estate forms a valley give you the chirping of the of itself, somewhat longer than grasshopper' in summer." How-broad. The tops, and the sides ever, Mr. Marsin has been top of the tops of the hills round it, wise to enclose this wretched land, and also several little hillocks in which is just like that which Lord the valley itself, are judiciously Caernarvon las enclosed in the planted with trees of various sorts, parishes of Highclere and Bergh-leaving good wide roads, so that clere, and which, for tillage, real- it is easy to ride round them in a ly is not worth a single farthing carriage. The fields, the fences, an acre.- Holt is a little, old- the yards, the stacks, the buildfashioned, substantially-built mar- ings, the cattle, all showed the ket-town. The land just about greatest judgement and industry. it, or, at least, towards the east, is There was really nothing that the poor, and has been lately en-most critical observer, could say closed.
was out of order. However, the Friday, 14th Dec. Went to forest trees do not grow we here,