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III. His Britannic Majesty being anxious that the troubles and disturbances which unfortunately prevail in the Dominions of His Catholic Majesty in America should entirely cease, and the subjects of those provinces should return to their obedience to their lawful Sovereign, engages to take the most effectual measures for preventing His subjects from furnishing arms, ammunition, or any other warlike article to the revolted in America.

The present Additional Articles shall form an integral part of the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance signed on the 5th day of July, and shall have the same force and validity as if they were inserted word for word, and shall be ratified within forty days, or sooner if possible.

Done at Madrid, this 28th day of August, 1814.
H. WELLESLEY, (L.S.)

Signed

M. EL DUQUE DE SAN CARLOS, (L.S.)

TREATY between Great Britain and Spain, for the Abolition of the Slave Trade. Signed at Madrid, 23d September,

1817.

In the Name of the Most Holy Trinity.

It having been stated in the second Additional Article of the Treaty, signed at Madrid, on the 5th day of July, of the year 1814, between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the King of Spain and the Indies, that His Catholic Majesty concurs in the fullest manner, in the sentiments of His Britannic Majesty, with respect to the injustice and inhumanity of the traffic in slaves, and promises to take into consideration, with the deliberation which the state of His Possessions in America demands, the means of acting in conformity with those sentiments; and engages moreover to prohibit His subjects from carrying on the Slave Trade, for the purpose of supplying any Islands or Possessions, excepting those appertaining to Spain; and to prevent by effectual measures and regulations, the protection of the Spanish flag being given to

VOL. II.

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la proteccion de la bandera Española á los extrangeros que se empleen en este tráfico, bien sean súbditos de Su Magestad Británica, ó de otros Estados y Potencias :

Y consiguiente Su Magestad Católica al espíritu de este Artículo, y á los principios de humanidad que le animan, no habiendo perdido nunca de vista un asunto que tanto le interesa, y deseoso de adelantar el momento de su logro, se ha determinado á cooperar con Su Magestad Británica á la causa de la humanidad, adoptando, de acuerdo con su dicha Magestad, medios eficaces para llevar á efecto la Abolicion del Tráfico de Esclavos: suprimir el ilícito comercio de esclavos por parte de sus respectivos súbditos; y precaver que sean molestados ó perjudicados, por los cruceros Británicos, los buques Españoles que trafiquen en negros, conforme á la ley y á los Tratados. Las dos altas Partes Contratantes han nombrado en consecuencia por sus Plenipotenciarios, á saber:

Su Magestad el Rey del Reyno Unido de la Gran Bretaña é Irlanda, al Muy Honorable Don Henrique Wellesley, Miembro del Muy Honorable Consejo Privado de Su Magestad, Caballero Gran Cruz de la Muy Honorable Ordendel Baño, y Su Embajador Extraordinario y Plenipotenciario cerca de Su Magestad Católica; y Su Magestad el Rey de España y de las Indias, á Don Josef García de Leon y Pizarro, Caballero Gran Cruz de la Real y distinguida Orden Española de Cárlos III. &c. &c. &c. Consejero de Estado, y primer Secretario de Estado y del Despacho Universal; los cuales habiendo cangeado sus respectivos Plenos Poderes, hallados en buena y debida forma, se han convenido en los Articulos siguientes:

I. Su Magestad Católica se obliga á que el Tráfico de Esclavos quede abolido en todos los Dominios de España, el dia 30 de Mayo, de 1820, y que desde esta época en adelante no será licito á ningun vasallo de la Corona de España el comprar esclavos ó continuar el Tráfico de Esclavos, en parte alguna de la costa de Africa, bajo ningun pretexto, ni de ninguna manera que sea; bien entendido, sin embargo, que se concederá un término de cinco meses desde dicha fecha de 30 de Mayo, de 1820, para que completen sus viages los buques que hubiesen sido legítimamente habilitados antes del citado dia 30 de Mayo.

foreigners who may engage in this traffic, whether subjects of His Britannic Majesty, or of any other State or Power:

And His Catholic Majesty, conformably to the spirit of this Article, and to the principles of humanity with which He is animated, having never lost sight of an object so interesting to Him, and being desirous of hastening the moment of its attainment, has resolved to co-operate with His Britannic Majesty in the cause of humanity, by adopting in concert with His said Majesty, efficacious means for bringing about the Abolition of the Slave Trade; for effectually suppressing illicit traffic in slaves, on the part of their respective subjects; and for preventing Spanish ships trading in slaves, conformably to Law and to Treaty, from being molested or subjected to losses from British cruizers. The two high Contracting Parties have accordingly named as their Plenipotentiaries, viz.

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Sir Henry Wellesley, a Member of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, and His Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Catholic Majesty; and His Majesty the King of Spain and the Indies, Don Josef Garcia de Leon y Pizarro, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and distinguished Spanish Order of Charles the Third, &c. &c. &c. Counsellor of State, and First Secretary of State and of the general Dispatch; who, having exchanged their respective full Powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles:

I. His Catholic Majesty engages, that the Slave Trade shall be abolished throughout the entire Dominions of Spain, on the 30th day of May, 1820; and that, from and after that period, it shall not be lawful for any of the subjects of the Crown of Spain, to purchase slaves, or to carry on the Slave Trade, on any part of the coast of Africa, upon any pretext or in any manner whatever; provided however, that a term of five months from the said date of the 30th of May, 1820, shall be allowed for completing the voyages of vessels which shall have cleared out lawfully, previously to the said 30th of May.

II. Queda estipulado, por el presente Artículo, que desde el dia del cange de las ratificaciones del presente Tratado en adelante, no será lícito á ningun súbdito de la Corona de España el comprar esclavos, ó continuar el Tráfico de Esclavos en parte alguna de la costa de Africa al norte del Ecuador, bajo ningun pretexto, ó de cualquiera manera que fuere; entendiéndose, sin embargo, que se concederá un término de seis meses desde la fecha del cange de las ratificaciones de este Tratado, para que puedan completar sus viages los buques que hubiesen sido despachados de puertos Españoles para la referida costa, antes del cange de las dichas ratificaciones.

III. Su Magestad Británica se obliga á pagar en Londres, el 20 de Febrero, de 1818, la suma de 400,000 libras esterlinas, á la persona que Su Magestad Católica designe para recibirlas.

IV. La expresada suma de 400,000 libras esterlinas se ha de considerar como una compensacion completa de todas las pérdidas que hubiesen sufrido los súbditos de Su Magestad Católica, ocupados en este Tráfico, con motivo de las expediciones interceptadas antes del cange de las ratificaciones del presente Tratado; como tambien de las que son una consecuencia necesaria de la abolicion de este comercio.

V. Siendo uno de los objetos de este Tratado por parte de los dos Gobiernos el de impedir que sus respectivos súbditos comercien ilegítimamente en esclavos, las dos altas Partes Contratantes declaran, que considerarán como comercio ilícito de esclavos el que se haga en adelante del modo siguiente; á saber:

1o. En buques Ingleses ó que lleven pabellon ingles, ó en cualquier otro buque y bajo cualquier pabellon, siempre que sea por cuenta de súbditos Ingleses.

20. En buques Españoles que hagan el tráfico en cualquiera parte de la costa de Africa al norte del Ecuador, despues del cange de las ratificaciones del presente Tratado; entendiéndose, sin embargo, que se concederán seis meses para completar el viage de los buques, segun el tenor del Artículo II del presente Tra

tado.

3o. En buques Españoles ó con pabellon Español, ó en cualquier otro buque y bajo cualquier pabellon que sea, por cuenta de súbditos Españoles, despues del 30 de Mayo, de 1820, enque

II. It is hereby agreed that, from and after the exchange of the ratifications of the present Treaty, it shall not be lawful for any of the subjects of the Crown of Spain to purchase slaves or to carry on the Slave Trade, on any part of the coast of Africa, to the north of the Equator; upon any pretext or in any manner whatever; provided, however, that a term of six months, from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this Treaty, shall be allowed for completing the voyages of vessels which shall have cleared out from Spanish ports for the said coast, previously to the exchange of the said ratifications.

III. His Britannic Majesty engages to pay in London on the 20th of February, 1818, the sum of £400,000, to such person as His Catholic Majesty shall appoint to receive the same.

IV. The said sum of £400,000 is to be considered as a full compensation for all losses sustained by the subjects of His Catholic Majesty, engaged in this traffic, on account of vessels captured previously to the exchange of the ratifications of the present Treaty; as also for the losses which are a necessary consequence of the abolition of the said traffic.

V. One of the objects of this Treaty, on the part of the two Governments, being mutually to prevent Their respective subjects from carrying on an illicit slave trade, the two high Contracting Parties declare, that they consider as illicit, any traffic in slaves carried on under the following circumstances:

1st. Either by British ships and under the British flag, or for the account of British subjects by any vessel or under any flag whatsoever.

2d. By Spanish ships upon any part of the coast of Africa, north of the Equator, after the exchange of the ratifications of the present Treaty: provided, however, that six months shall be allowed for completing the voyages of vessels, conformably to the tenor of the Second Article of this Treaty.

3d. Either by Spanish ships and under the Spanish flag, or for the account of Spanish subjects, by any vessel or under any flag whatsoever, after the 30th of May, 1820, when the traffic in slaves

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