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renowned King of Portugal in His Kingdoms and Dominions, they shall not be constrained by the ministers, officers, and subjects of the King of Portugal to put or load into their ships any other kind or quantities of goods and merchandizes than it shall please and seem good unto the said subjects of the King of Great Britain; and that the subjects of the King of Portugal shall enjoy the same freedom in the havens and dominions of the King of Great Britain.

VI. That if it shall happen that the subjects of the most renowned King of Portugal, or any other, within His Kingdoms and Dominions, or their merchandizes and goods, shall be taken, seized, or arrested by the office of the Court of Inquisition, or the Judges or Ministers thereof, which have been or shall be engaged or indebted to the subjects of the most renowned King of Great Britain, the said debts shall be fully paid out of the said goods and merchandizes within the year immediately following the said arrest without any hindrance or trouble of the said Court, or the Judges and Ministers of the same whosoever : and if any of the goods and merchandizes of the said subjects of the King of Great Britain shall remain in specie among the said goods and merchandizes so seized and arrested, the same shall be immediately restored unto them.

VII. That the captains, masters, officers, and mariners of the ships of the most renowned King of Great Britain, or His subjects, shall not commence any actions, nor procure any trouble against the said ships, or any the subjects of the said King, within the Kingdoms and Dominions of the King of Portugal, for their wages or salaries, under colour or pretext that they profess the Roman religion, or shall have put themselves into the service of the most renowned King of Portugal.

VIII. That the Consuls named and appointed by the most renowned King of Great Britain, for the aid and protection of His subjects, remaining within the Kingdoms and Dominions of the most renowned King of Portugal, shall fully and freely exercise the power and authority of Consuls within the said Kingdoms and Dominions, although they shall not profess the Roman religion. IX. That if any subjects of the most renowned King of Great Britain shall depart this life within the Kingdoms and Dominions

of the most renowned King of Portugal, the books, accounts, merchandizes and goods of them, or of any other subjects of the said King of Great Britain, shall not from henceforth be taken or seized by the judges of orphans and absents, or their ministers or officers, neither shall they be subject to their jurisdiction; but the same goods, merchandizes and accounts, shall be delivered by the possessors of them, to English agents, or factors residing in that city, named and appointed by the said deceased: and if he shall have named none while he lived, they shall be delivered to one or two English merchants (provided they be bachelors) by authority of the Conservator of the English, having first given caution, with good sureties, to be allowed by the said Conservator, to restore the said goods and merchandizes to the true owners thereof, or their lawful creditors; and those goods which shall appear to belong to the deceased, shall be delivered to his heirs, executors, or creditors.

X. That the most renowned King of Portugal, or His ministers, within His Kingdoms and Dominions, shall not arrest or withhold the ships of the subjects of the most renowned King of Great Britain, or His subjects, without His knowledge and consent for His services of war, or any other services whatsoever; but that the said ships and subjects may freely, and at their own pleasure, depart out of the ports and dominions of the said King, without any hindrance of the said King of Portugal or His ministers; and that the goods and merchandizes of the subjects of the King of Great Britain, shall not be taken for the service of the King of Portugal, but for the just and common price thereof, to be paid within two months following, unless some other time of payment shall be agreed on by both parties.

XI. That the Subjects of the most renowned King of Great Britain shall freely carry in their ships all things, goods and merchandizes, of what kind soever they be, even arms, victuals, or any other of the like kind, out of the ports and dominions of the said King, or of any ports and dominions whatsoever, (so that they be not immediately carried out of the ports of Portugal, or the dominions thereof,) to be transported to any ports and territories of the most renowned King of Castile; and that the most renowned King of Portugal, or His subjects, shall not, by seizures,

reprizals, or any other means, hinder the said ships, goods, and persons of the subjects of the King of Great Britain, but that they may safely sail to the ports and territories of the said King of Castile, and there exercise their merchandize and trade: and that the subjects of the Kings of Great Britain and Portugal shall, on both parts, have the same power, if hereafter it shall happen that either of the said Kings shall have war with the friend of the other, and the subjects of the King of Great Britain shall carry all kind of merchandize, even arms, victuals, or any other of the like kind, with the same freedom into the Kingdoms and Dominions of the King of Portugal, and shall there sell the same at their own pleasure, in public market or privately, without any hindrance, from the most renowned King of Portugal, or His ministers.

XII. Item, That the Convention of Truce made between Don Michael de Loronha, Conde de Linhares, Viceroy of Goa, and William Methwold, President of the English in the East Indies, the 20th of January, 1635, N. S. shall be continued and kept between the subjects of both Kings in the East Indies, and in all the Dominions of the most renowned King of Portugal, beyond the Cape of Good Hope, and that the Commissioners to be named by the said Kings, shall, in the East Indies, take cognizance within three years of the demands which have been or shall be made by the subjects and vassals of both Kings, for their Commerce in the Indies aforesaid, that so a perpetual Peace and Confederation may be confirmed and established by the said Kings, between their subjects on both parts.

XIII. And because the commerce and free coming of the subjects of the King of Great Britain to the coasts and parts of Africa, the Island of St. Thomas and other Islands comprehended under them, could not yet be agreed on by reason of the defect, of the Powers sent by the most renowned King of Portugal to His ambassadors, that by this debate this present Treaty of Peace and Amity between both Kings and their subjects be not delayed, it is on both parts concluded on, that in the lands, places, castles, ports, and coasts of Africa, Guinea, Bine, &c. the Island of St. Thomas and other islands comprehended under them, wherein it shall appear that the subjects of Great Britain have

dwelt for trade of merchandize, or have had trade or commerce there in the time of the Kings of Castile, or hitherto, there shall be no alteration or change, neither shall they have any trouble or injury done them by the Portugals for that cause. And if any customs be to be demanded from the subjects of the King of Great Britain, on any cause, in the castles, islands and places aforesaid, they shall not be greater or more grievous than those which shall be demanded from other nations in league with the King of Portugal; and the subjects of the King of Portugal wanting foreign ships for their navigation and commerce to the coasts and islands aforesaid, may freely, at their own pleasure, hire the ships of the subjects of the King of Great Britain: and that Commissioners and Ambassadors shall be named by both Kings, who shall treat and conclude concerning the commerce and free coming to the coasts, islands, and places aforesaid, which hath been demanded by the Commissioners of the King of Great Britain, for the subjects of their King; being persuaded out of the confidence of the ancient amity which hath been between the predecessors of the same Kings, that the most renowned King of Portugal will grant to no nation more ample rights, immunities, and privileges, than He will grant unto the subjects of the King of Great Britain.

XIV. And forasmuch as the most renowned King of Portugal by His grant, confirmed by His seal, dated in Lisbon the 21st of January, in the year of the birth of our Lord, 1641, hath given free power to the inhabitants of the lands subject to the Dominions of the States of Holland, &c. to bring in, and to export all kind of merchandizes out of His Kingdoms, Dominions, and Territories, that the subjects of the King of Great Britain shall have and enjoy the same power in the Kingdoms and Dominions of the said most renowned King of Portugal, according to the tenor of the said grant.

XV. And that the English merchants, and other subjects of the King of Great Britain shall enjoy as great, and the same immunity from being imprisoned, arrested, or any other way troubled in their persons, houses, books of accounts, and accounts, merchandizes and goods, within the Dominions of the most renowned King of Portugal, as hath been granted, or shall be here.

after granted to any other prince, or people in league with the King of Portugal.

XVI. And because there is yet no agreement made concerning freighting of the ships of the subjects of the most renowned King of Great Britain by the Portugals, for their commerce and navigation into Brazil, it hath pleased both Parties that Commissioners or Ambassadors shall be appointed, and sent by the said Kings within two years who shall have power to treat and agree concerning this Article.

XVII. And because the rights of commerce and peace shall be made unprofitable, if the subjects of the most renowned King of Great Britain shall be troubled for their consciences, while they go to and from the Kingdoms and Dominions of the most renowned King of Portugal, or reside there for commerce or business; therefore, that their commerce be safe and secure, as well on land as on sea, the most renowned King of Portugal shall take care, and provide that they shall not be molested or disturbed for the said case of conscience, so as they give not scandal unto others. And although the most renowned King of Portugal do acknowledge that He hath not power to determine and dispose of faith and religion; yet, out of His love and great affection to the most renowned King of Great Britain, and the English nation, He shall take care that the English, and other subjects of the said King, shall have and enjoy as great liberty in the practice and exercise of their religion within the Kingdoms, Dominions and Territories of the King of Portugal, as shall be permitted to the subjects of any other prince or commonwealth whatsoever.

XVIII. If it shall happen hereafter (which God forbid!) that any controversies and doubts shall arise between the said most renowned Kings, whereby there may be danger of the interruption of commerce and intercourse between their subjects, there shall be public monition given to the subjects on both parts, in all and singular the Kingdoms and Provinces of each King, and after such monition they shall have two years on both parts to transport their merchandizes and goods, and that no trouble, impediment, or hurt shall be done, in the mean time, either to things or persons on either part.

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