Sexual Meanings: The Cultural Construction of Gender and Sexuality

Couverture
Sherry B. Ortner, Harriet Whitehead
CUP Archive, 30 nov. 1981 - 435 pages
This 1996 collection of essays deals with the ways in which sex and gender are socially organized and conceptually construed in various cultures. Its scope is not limited to a series of cross-cultural issues of sex roles and sexual status but rather encompasses a wide range of sex-related practices and beliefs. Ceremonial virginity in Polynesian ritual androgynism in New Guinea, the valorization of young African bachelors, and fantasies of male self-sufficiency in South American myth are among the subjects discussed. Taken in their totality, these essays demonstrate that cultural notions sexuality and gender are seldom straightforward extrapolations of biological facts but are the outcome of social and cultural processes. The book is not only a compendium of symbolic approaches to gender but is also an important statement of the theoretical directions in anthropological research in this field.
 

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Table des matières

The gender revolution and the transition from bisexual horde
31
a new look at institutionalized
80
female ritual leaders
116
some implications
164
conceptions and missed
192
male sexual ideology in
216
Politics and gender in simple societies
275
Women warriors and patriarchs
330
the case
359
Index
410
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