Civic Monuments and the Augustales in Roman Italy
Cambridge University Press, 15 sept. 2015
The combination of portrait statue, monumental support, and public lettering was considered emblematic of Roman public space even in antiquity. This book examines ancient Roman statues and their bases, tombs, dedicatory altars, and panels commemorating gifts of civic beneficence made by the Augustales, civic groups composed primarily of wealthy ex-slaves. Margaret L. Laird examines how these monuments functioned as protagonists in their built and social environments by focusing on archaeologically attested commissions made by the Augustales in Roman Italian towns. Integrating methodologies from art history, architectural history, social history, and epigraphy with archaeological and sociological theories of community, she considers how dedications and their accompanying inscriptions created webs of association and transformed places of display into sites of local history. Understanding how these objects functioned in ancient cities, the book argues, illuminates how ordinary Romans combined public lettering, honorific portraits, emperor worship, and civic philanthropy to express their communal identities.
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Abascantus Abascantus’s Adamo Muscettola Agrippina Minor altar Antonia Minor Appendix Archeologici di Napoli architectural Area Sacra Attività Culturali Augustalium Augustea Augustus banquet Basilica Noniana bisellium building building’s Camodeca Campi Flegrei civic Collegio degli Augustali commemorated commissioned concessione del Ministero D’Arms Dareggi decoration decumanus maximus decurions dedicated dedicatory inscription deified Domitian donations donors duoviri emperor worship epigraphic euergetism excavations Flavian Franciscis 1991 freedman funerary monuments Guadagno Herculaneum Hercules honor honorific ibid iconography idem images imperial cult imperial statues inscribed monuments insignia Licinius Licinius Primitivus magistrates Mammius man’s Maximus’s Misenum municipal Museo Archeologico Najbjerg Napoli e Pompei Nerva Ostia painted panel paving monuments paving projects pedestal Photo Porticus portrait precinct pronaos Puteoli Roman Rome Room Rusellae sacellum Sarmizegetusa sculptures Seviri Augustales Soprintendenza Speciale space statue bases suggest summa honoraria temple tomb town town’s Trajan Tutela Classis Vespasian Victoria’s visual wall Wallace-Hadrill