Emerging Complexity: The Later Prehistory of South-East Spain, Iberia and the West Mediterranean

Couverture
Cambridge University Press, 19 avr. 1990 - 304 pages
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How, when and why did inherited differences of wealth, status and power arise in human communities? At the heart of Emerging Complexity is the thesis that complex societies developed independently during the Copper and Bronze Ages in south-east Spain, and in the wider context of the Iberian peninsula and the west Mediterranean. Chapman rejects the concept of diffusion from the Aegean and east Mediterranean, until recently seen as the cradle of complex society in later prehistoric Europe. The unprecedented amount of new data on south-east Spain since the 1970s unavailable to many prehistorians. This detailed synthesis is therefore valuable as a general introduction to the area, as well as being important for prehistorians concerned with the emergence of complexity in the Aegean and throughout Europe.
 

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Table des matières

Iberian prehistory and traditional archaeology
18
the implications of the absolute chronology
35
Radiocarbon dates from Iberian megalithic tombs page
40
Thermoluminescence dates from Portuguese megalithic tombs
41
Neolithic Copper Age and Bronze Age radiocarbon dates for southeast Spain 502
50
southeast Spain the cultural framework 5000500 bc
54
Typological division of the Almeria culture by Leisner and Leisner
62
Typological division of the Almeria culture by Blance
63
Frequencies of different metal types at El Argar
164
Weights of metal in grammes from six Bronze Age sites in southeast Spain
165
Out of reach? Complexity interaction and integration in southeast Spain
169
Stages of metalworking on Argaric settlements in southeast Spain
171
Tomb types containing Beaker material at Los Millares
183
Numbers of burials recorded from megalithic tombs at Los Millares 1867
186
Numbers of prestige grave goods in tombs at Los Millares
193
Representation of the total population in known Argaric burials in southeast Spain
201

Chronological subdivision oftheArgaric culture
90
Dancin in the dark? Adaptation and intensification in southeast Spain
97
Presenceabsence of cereals and tree crops in southeast Spain
115
Presenceabsence of faunal remains from Neolithic Copper Age and Bronze Age sites in lowland southeast Spain
116
Prehistoric sites with quantitative faunal reports in southeast Spain
117
Frequencies of wild animal bones from Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age in southeast Spain
118
Prehistoric sites for which site territories measured by Oilman and Thornes
120
Land use potential of site territories measured by Gilman and Thornes
121
recent models of intensification and cultural change
141
Neolithic Copper and Bronze Age sites and population sizes in southeast Spain 1523
152
Numbers of Copper and Bronze Age sites in three regions of southeast Spain
155
Population densities for the Copper Age and the Argaric Bronze Age in three regions of southeast Spain
158
Copper axe and awl frequencies on Copper Age sites in five areas of southeast Spain
162
models and the archaeological record in southeast Spain
211
Summary of variables and their archaeological indicators
213
Site size for Copper Age settlements around the Tagus estuary
232
Radiocarbon dates for Copper Age settlements in southern Portugal
233
Average monthly and annual temperatures and precipitation in La Mancha compared with Madrid and Murcia
236
Site sizes of Bronze Age moiilla settlements in La Mancha
240
Ranking of relative centrality among nine points in the Mediterranean west of Sardinia
263
Ranking of relative centrality among eight points in the westcentral Mediterranean
264
Ranking of relative centrality among sixteen points in the west Mediterranean
266
variability evaluation and complexity
268
Index
299
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