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PLUPERFECT TENSE (Plus-que-parfait).


j'avais rend-u, tu avais rend-u,

il avait rend-u,

j'eus rend-u, tu eus rend-u,

il eut rend-u,

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we had rendered.

vous aviez rend-u, you had rendered.

ils avaient rend-u, they had rendered.

PAST ANTERIOR TENSE (Passé antérieur).

I had rendered.

thou hadst ren-

he had rendered.

nous eûmes

we had rendered. vous eûtes rend-u, you had rendered. ils eurent rend-u, they had rendered.

FUTURE ANTERIOR TENSE (Futur antérieur).

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tu aurais rend-u, thou wouldst have vous auriez

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we should render. you would render. they would render.

j'aurais rend-u (or) I should have nous aurions j'eusse rend-u), rendered.

il aurait rend-u, he would have ren- ils auraient

que je rend-e,

que tu rend-es,

qu'il rend-e,

we should have rendered.

you would have

rendered. they would have rendered.



that I may ren- que nous rend

that thou mayst
that he may ren-

que vous rend-

qu'ils rend-ent,

that we may ren-
that you may ren-
that they may ren-

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XV.-VERBS CONJUGATED INTERROGATIVELY, NEGATIVELY, AND INTERROGATIVELY WITH A NEGATIVE. All Verbs are conjugated interrogatively, negatively, and interrogatively with a negation, like avoir and être (see p. 18-21). It is therefore only necessary to give one simple tense and one compound tense as examples:


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1. The Pronoun is always connected with the verb by a hyphen, as:

aimais-je? was I loving?

2. Final e mute is accented before je, as:

aimé-je ?

do I love?

eussé-je aimé ? should I have loved?

3. When the third person ends in a vowel, t is always inserted (between two hyphens) between the verb and the pronoun, as:

aime-t-il ?
aime-t-elle ?

does he love?
does she love?

4. In the first person est-ce que is frequently used, as: est-ce que j'aime ? lit., is it that I love? = do I love ?

This is always the case with rendre and with most verbs

which have only one syllable in the first person of the Present Indicative, as:

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Write out all the Tenses of the Indicative and Conditional Moods of aimer, finir, recevoir, rendre, in the Interrogative form, the Negative form, and the Interrogative. form with a Negative.

XVI.-EXERCISES ON THE FIRST CONJUGATION. Remark carefully the preposition following the verb, which is often different in French and English; as: penser à, to think of.

nous pensons à notre mère, we think of our mother.
on (indefinite pronoun), one, they, people.


The Simple Tenses.


1. Je cherche mon chapeau. 2. J'aime ma mère. 3. Tu cherches ton cahier. 4. Il cherche sa plume. 5. Nous pensons à notre mère. 6. Vous aimez les cerises, n'est-ce pas (is it not so)? Oui, j'aime beaucoup les cerises. 7. La bonne femme donnait toujours du pain aux pauvres. 8. Nous admirions souvent cette belle église. 9. Mon oncle arriva lundi. 10. Je tombai dans l'escalier. 11. On trouva un enfant mort dans la neige. 12. Les enfants trouvèrent un nid d'oiseaux. 13. Portez cette lettre à la poste. 14. Vous porterez aussi ces souliers chez le bottier. 15. Je louerais ce petit garçon, s'il était plus appliqué. 16. Les enfants joueraient, s'ils avaient le temps.

1. I love my father and my mother. 2. Thou lovest thy parents. 3. She loves her brother. 4. We think of our father. 5. You think of your mother. 6. They think of their aunt. 7. The good son gave always bread to the poor (pl.). 8. I admired often those beautiful churches. 9. My aunt arrived yesterday. 10. The boys fell in the staircase. 11. We found two children dead in the snow. 12. The girls will find a bird's nest. 13. Carry these letters to the post. 14. You will carry also these letters to the post. 15. They would take (say carry) the shoes to the boot-maker, if they had time. 16. We would praise those little boys, if they were diligent.

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