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1.—THE ALPHABET. ACCENTS AND OTHER MARKS.
PARTS OF SPEECH. 1. Alphabet.— The French Alphabet consists of 26 letters, the same as the English.
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P,
Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.
q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y,
W is used only in foreign words.
The Vowels are a, e, i, o, u, y. The remaining letters are Consonauts.
2. Accents.—There are three accents, which are placed over vowels :
1. The acute ( ), placed only over e: as été.
as, âme, rêve, ile, ôter, múr. 3. Other marks. (1.) The Apostrophe (°), showing that a vowel has been .
dropped: as, l'or instead of le or; l'âme instead of
la ame; l'histoire instead of la histoire. (2.) The Cedilla, a sign like a comma placed under c (before a, o, and u), thus ¢, giving c the sound of s, as reçu.
$, (3.) The Diæresis, or Trema (“), placed over a vowel, show
ing that this vowel must be pronounced distinct
from the preceding vowel: as, hair, noël. (4.) The Hyphen, connecting two words: as, a-t-il. 4. Genders. There are two Genders, Masculine and Feminine.